Agrowtopias Food Local Fresh Affordable Agrowtopias Model High Demand & High Profit Margin Abundant Yield Minimum Space
“A person who sees a problem is a Human Being; a person who finds a solution is a visionary; and the person who goes out and does something about it is an entrepreneur.” - Naveen Jain *We are human beings, visionaries & entrepreneurs.
Top Causes of U.S. Deaths (CDC)Access to Affordable Healthy Food Heart disease: 596,577 Cancer: 576,691 Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 142,943 Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 128,932 Accidents (unintentional injuries) Source: CDC/National Center for Health StatisticsCDC/National Center for Health Statistics *(4 out 5 can be linked back to health ) Food Deserts Genetically modified Foods Processed Food Misinformed Consumers
Aging Population of Farmers Environmental Issues “Nobody wants to [farm],”... “And it’s not just here — it’s around the entire world. Farming has become a lost art.”- Gleen Beck Only about 5% of farmers are under 25. (Census of Agriculture 2007) Soil Quality in Urban Areas *Chalmette murphy oil spill Air Pollution Climate Change
Cure or Dependence?Prevention Synthetic Medicine $325.8 billion spent on prescription drugs in 2012 in a time of unaffordable healthcare. (IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics) For the Profit Natural Medicine 9.7 billion spent on Organic Produce in 2012. (Organic Trade Association survey) For the People Culp-Ressler, Tara. "Prescription Drug Spending Drops As Struggling Americans Are Forced To Cut Back On Health Care." Think Progress. Web.
Solutions : Younger Farmers & Innovative Farming Methods. Farms of the future need: ingenuity, creative new technologies, community support, younger influences, and stronger business models. Many successful D.I.Y gardens are sweeping agriculture on a small scale and should be considered on a larger scale. Change the view of urban farms into unique forms of edible art rather than traditional views.
“Creativity is thinking up new things. Innovation is doing new things.” -Theodore Levitt
The Engineer… The Entrepreneur… Have inquisitive minds Understands state of the art technologies Strong Analytical Skills Masters of Machines Is People Oriented Great at Negotiating Planning Managing Money & Materials +
“Innovation is the specific tool of the entrepreneur. ” -Peter F. Drucker
Innovative Farming Methods Aquaponic System Storage Container Farms Zero CarbonFarming Electroculture An opportunity to combine the green thumb of urban farmers with the designs and ingenuity of engineers; to identify and solve the urban farming and food supply problems for a healthier future.
Aquaponics is a very efficient method of growing food that uses a minimal amount of water and space while utilizing waste. Resulting in an end product of organic fish and vegetables. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=qHWC2J4xYnM https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=qHWC2J4xYnM Vertical Aquaponics How Aquaponics Works." Http://aquaponics.com/. 2010-2014 Nelson and Pade, Inc. Web. Brook, Russell. "How Does Aquaponics Work?" Home Aquaponic Systems. Web.
“ Hydroponics is the growing of plants in nutrient-filled water without soil.” 6 Hydroponic Systems Ebb & Flow Water Culture Wick (Simplest) Drip Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Aeroponic Ebb & Flow- Timer pumps and floods the system when turned on; Reservoir automatically drains the nutrient solution when pump is off. - Method used in zero carbon greenhouses Nutrient Film Technique- Operates on a continues flowing stream (film) of nutrient solution to the roots of the plants. The roots that reach down into the nutrient solution, are able to wick up moisture to the upper roots, and the upper roots can also still get the air/oxygen that the plants need as well. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=2iqOqBCrL5g https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=2iqOqBCrL5g " The Six Types of Hydroponic Systems, Part 1." Hydroponics Online. 9 July 2010. Web. 14 Sept. 2014.
Chin, A. (2013, February 17). Shipping container greenhouse urban farm unit by damien chivialle. Retrieved September 7, 2014, from / MODULAR HIGH DENSITY FARMING USING SHIPPING CONTAINERS ON THE RISE."Agritecture. AGRITECTURE 2011–2014. Web. *Great for Hydroponics & Aquaponic systems ANYWHERE! Storage Container Farms Who’s Doing It? Urban Container Farms (Flordia) “Alesca Life Technologies”, (Bejing) Podponics (Georgia) Freight Farms (Boston) Growtrainer ( Dallas) * Also in the U.K.
Combined use of hydroponics and LED lighting. The ebb & flow system is used to contain water and provide nutrients to the produce, while the LED lighting system is used to provide sufficient lighting & heat. Zero carbon farming is farming in a way that reduces greenhouse gas emissions. It is managing land, water, plants and animals to meet the triple challenge of landscape: Restoration, climate change and food security. Methods: Maximum groundcover (no bare earth) No-till cropping Compost Hydroponics & LED Lighting " What Is Carbon Farming." Carbon Farmers of Australia. Web. Goal=“Zero Carbon Output” Australia & U.K.
“ “Electroculture is a method of applying atmospheric electricity to the fertilization of plant life” -Justin Christofleau Methods Antennas Magnets Pyramids Sound Electric Wires (Copper) Natural Batteries Benefits Accelerate growth rates Increase yields Improve Crop Quality Protect plants from diseases, insects and frost Christofleau, Justin. Electroculture. The Society of Scientist & Inventors of France. 1927 White, Dr. G. S. Cosmo-ElectroCulture, Los Angeles, 1929 https://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=WSt89OF4PJM
How can engineers and entrepreneurs make urban farming more practical & profitable for the future?