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Towards a Secondary Resources Economy The role of waste research, development and innovation (RDI) and the Waste RDI Roadmap Presented by: Henry Roman.

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Presentation on theme: "Towards a Secondary Resources Economy The role of waste research, development and innovation (RDI) and the Waste RDI Roadmap Presented by: Henry Roman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Towards a Secondary Resources Economy The role of waste research, development and innovation (RDI) and the Waste RDI Roadmap Presented by: Henry Roman (PhD) Occasion: Waste Management Summit, Mpumalanga Date: 09 March 2015

2 2 Presentation Outline National Waste Management Strategy Goals Towards a secondary resource economy The role of waste RDI and the intent of the Waste RDI Roadmap Conclusions

3 The National Waste Management Strategy Goals Department of Environmental Affairs (2011) 3

4 Background 4 While SA has embraced the principles of the waste hierarchy in legislation It still landfills ~90% of all waste generated Significant opportunity for research, development and innovation (RDI) to Fast-track this move away from landfilling towards alternatives Support decision-making and policy development

5 5 NWMS Goals - 2016 DescriptionTargets (2016) Goal 1: Promote waste minimisation, re- use, recycling and recovery of waste. 25% of recyclables diverted from landfill sites for re-use, recycling or recovery. All metropolitan municipalities, secondary cities and large towns have initiated separation at source programmes. Achievement of waste reduction and recycling targets set in IndWMPs for paper and packaging, pesticides, lighting (CFLs) and tyres industries. Goal 2: Ensure the effective and efficient delivery of waste services. 95% of urban households and 75% of rural households have access to adequate levels of waste collection services. 80% of waste disposal sites have permits. Goal 3: Grow the contribution of the waste sector to the green economy. 69 000 new jobs created in the waste sector 2 600 additional SMEs and cooperatives participating in waste service delivery and recycling Goal 4: Ensure that people are aware of the impact of waste on their health, well-being and the environment. 80% of municipalities running local awareness campaigns. 80% of schools implementing waste awareness programmes. Goal 5: Achieve integrated waste management planning. All municipalities have integrated their IWMPs with their IDPs, and have met the targets set in IWMPs. All waste management facilities required to report to SAWIS have waste quantification systems that report information to WIS. Goal 6: Ensure sound budgeting and financial management for waste services. All municipalities that provide waste services have conducted full- cost accounting for waste services and have implemented cost reflective tariffs. Goal 7: Provide measures to remediate contaminated land. Assessment complete for 80% of sites reported to the contaminated land register. Remediation plans approved for 50% of confirmed contaminated sites. Goal 8: Establish effective compliance with and enforcement of the Waste Act. 50% increase in the number of successful enforcement actions against non- compliant activities. 800 EMIs appointed in the three spheres of government to enforce the Waste Act. DST

6 Towards a secondary resources economy 6

7 7 Waste is first of all an economic concept – implicit in the word is the fact that resources are not being used efficiently. There is an economic loss every time resources are utilised in a way that results in them being discarded as waste. If resources can be saved, recovered or used more efficiently, there is a net economic gain. - UNEP, 2013

8 8 Opportunities in waste Waste has value – both social and economic value Moving waste up the hierarchy provides opportunities for - Socio-economic development New jobs and businesses Maximising resource recovery for downstream manufacturing growth Reduction in the reliance of natural resources, which are declining At least R25bn worth of ‘value’ locked up in South Africa’s waste streams, of which we’re sending R17bn to landfill

9 9 Opportunities in waste Opportunity waste streams Organic waste (industrial and agricultural biomass, municipal organic waste, food waste and sewage) Recyclables (metals, plastic, paper, glass, e-waste) Large industrial waste streams (power generation & mining) Opportunity areas Fastest growth in waste markets expected in emerging economies (China, India and Latin America) South Africa identified as one of five emerging markets with “exciting opportunities” (BofAML, 2013)

10 10 The role of R&D and Innovation South Africa Global Driving waste up the hierarchy comes up against complex socio-economic systems Therefore need to support decisions with sound evidence DST mandate – To develop, coordinate and manage a National System of Innovation (NSI) that will bring about maximum human capital, sustainable economic growth and improved quality of life for all

11 Intent of the Waste RDI Roadmap (2015 – 2025) 11

12 The Waste RDI Roadmap The Waste RDI Roadmap provides a framework to implement – 1. More effective decision-making 2. Faster insertion of context-appropriate Technology 3. Export of Know-How and Technology 4. Strengthened RDI capability and capacity And opportunities to strengthen waste RDI collaboration within and between the public and private sector 12

13 By supporting – Through the investment in science and technology Waste innovation (technological and non- technological) Waste innovation (technological and non- technological) The Waste RDI Roadmap 13 That will support the maximisation of diversion of waste from landfill towards value-adding opportunities Waste Research & Development (R&D) Waste Research & Development (R&D) Human Capital Development (HCD)

14 14 Supporting National Priorities National Development Plan (2011) National Waste Management Strategy (2011) Green Economy Accord (2011) Bio-economy Strategy (2013) Global Change Grand Challenge Research Plan (2010) Industrial Policy Action Plan (2014/14 – 2016/17) National Climate Change Response Strategy (2011)

15 Approach to the Roadmap 15 Understanding the landscape and the reasons for SA to do something other than landfill Global and local trends Economic benefits of moving up the hierarchy (value in waste) Understanding the needs of business / industry and the opportunities they provide for RDI Opportunities for RDI Understanding South Africa’s ability to respond to these opportunities Capability mapping Implementation Framework ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹

16 Priority RDI waste streams 16 Organic waste Municipal waste Waste tyres Plastic waste Electronic waste

17 17 Priority RDI focus areas (clusters) DEA dti DoT DoE CoGTA National Treasury Industry

18 18 Anticipated benefits of the Roadmap

19 Cluster Strategic RDI Plans 19 Short Term 2015-2016Medium Term 2017-2020Long-Term 2021-2025 Technology Solutions TS1 Process Performance Improvement Explore  Via structured dialogue with stakeholders and customers in prioritised waste streams, identify focus areas of valued needs for performance improvement  Informed by techno-economic modelling (drives requirements to Modelling and Analytics services) TRP Established well-coordinated network of nodes of capability – driven and guided by a lead unit - supporting activity in Process Performance Improvement  Establish Commercialisation Vehicle TS2 Technology Development  Explore global technology landscape and identify areas of differentiated technology opportunity for South Africa  Drive dialogue with key contributors, such as TIA to establish involvement and commitment  Define and set up to manage a pipeline of projects along the value chain with focus on Explore and Test  Build motivation, business case, model and plan for RC and COE  Establish Research Chair and Centre of Excellence with focus on technologies appropriate for developing countries – i.e. integration and performance improvement in informal sector; in urban and rural contexts  Build motivation, business case, model and plan for waste-stream specific COEs  Continue TS2 CoE  Establish 3 further CoE with focus on particular streams  Metals and mining  Organic and biomass  Polymer  Tyres TS3 Technology Evaluation and Demonstration  Review global best practice (e.g. Malaysia) in respect of evaluation and demonstration, baseline South Africa  Explore: identify relevant capability  Define an intent and strategy for SA, build motivation, business case, model and plan for CoC (ref. Water Tech Demo Centre)  Define and set up to manage a pipeline of projects along the value chain - Explore, Test, Demonstrate, Deploy – always towards Commercialisation  Establish CoC – begin to move forward on the pipeline of projects  Draws upon domain- specific capability from the well-coordinated network of nodes (TS1, TS2)  The focus is on route to Market – practical demonstration and uptake  Establish Product Development Centre – as a service node  Potential for export of know-how or services, technologies TS4 Technology Localisation  Define opportunity, intent, strategy and plan (from TS2) for technology adaptation and localisation.  Identify capability – strength and potential (support DST Industrialisation)  Establish first-line point of contact for inbound technology insertion potential  Satellite node to TS2. Embedded in CoC TS3

20 20 Human Capacity Development North-West University (2015) – BSc (Hons) Environmental Sciences: Waste Management Introduction to Env Management (existing module) Fundamentals of Waste Management (new module) Waste Management Law and Governance (new module) Environmental Analysis I (existing module) New Waste Management Solutions (new module) Research Project UKZN (2016) – MSc Eng (Waste Management) 10 Students registered

21 Concluding remarks 21

22 Conclusions Supporting the implementation of national policy And achieving the goals of the NWMS Will require – –Effective decision-making (based on sound evidence) –Faster insertion of context-appropriate technologies –Strengthened RDI capability and capacity The DST aims to support this through the implementation of the Waste RDI Roadmap Working together with government departments and the private waste and secondary resources sector 22

23 Dr Henry Roman Director: Environmental Services and Technologies E-mail: Ms Magamase Mange Deputy Director: Environmental Technologies E-mail: Prof Linda Godfrey Principal scientist E-mail: 23 Contact details

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