Presentation on theme: "Herzeliya Interdisciplinary Center Petroleum and Energy: Geopolitics, Economics, Strategy & Security Dr. Amit Mor June 2010 Waste to Energy Technology."— Presentation transcript:
Herzeliya Interdisciplinary Center Petroleum and Energy: Geopolitics, Economics, Strategy & Security Dr. Amit Mor June 2010 Waste to Energy Technology Presented by: Nimrod Wiznitzer
Research Thesis: What are the possible applications for waste to energy as an alternative energy source? Could it replace fossil based fuels as a primary source of energy?
Identifying the Problem.. The consumption habits of modern consumer lifestyles are causing a huge worldwide waste problem. Having overfilled local landfill capacities, many first world nations are now exporting their waste to third world countries. This is having a devastating impact on ecosystems and cultures throughout the world. Dependence on foreign oil has become a security threat and a financial liability to many countries, among them are Israel, U.S.A., and many European countries.
Waste to Energy – What is it? Any waste treatment that creates energy in the form of electricity or heat from a waste source that would have otherwise been disposed of in landfill. More advanced Waste-to-Energy processes result in useable fuel commodity such as: Hydrogen or Ethanol.
There are 3 different methods to create energy from waste: Physical waste-to-energy technologies mechanically process waste to produce forms of fuel. It is targeted at waste that is non-combustible such as glass and metals. Thermal waste-to-energy technologies use heat or combustion to treat wastes, producing a mixture of combustible gases. Biological waste-to-energy technologies use microbes or other organisms to produce fuels from waste.
Waste to Energy – Applications: The main applications for Waste-To-Energy technologies are: Electricity. Steam. Natural Gas. Fuel Cells. In other words, Waste-To-Energy technologies can create a variety of different energy sources.
Waste to Energy – Advantages: The majority of waste that would normally go into landfill sites can be reused. The fuel is obtainable cheaply. There will always be a reliable source of fuel as people will always produce waste. The use of WTE technologies prevents the release of forty- million metric tons of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Waste to Energy – Disadvantages: There are still debates over whether WTE plants are clean and free from harmful chemicals. Thermal based WTE technologies still emit a certain amount of CO 2 into the atmosphere during the incineration process. Thus, it is not a completely “green” technology. WTE facilities are expansive to construct.
Waste to Energy VS Fossil Fuel Compared with coal and oil fired power stations all WTE plants (including the electricity only plants) emit less CO 2. Currently, Europe’s WTE plants can supply 20 million people with electricity and 32 million with heat. As more people turn towards eco-friendly waste management methods, WTE technology will take a large part of the market share. Therefore, many are likely to invest in this uprising technology and increase the uses of WTE over fossil fuel.
Summary & Conclusions: WTE technologies can be used to create a variety of energy sources (Electricity, Gas, Fuel). These energy sources can be applied for supplying electricity, fueling vehicles, heating houses and much more. WTE technologies create an environment-friendly solution for handling the pollution created by landfill waste sites, and the problem of over-flowing landfill waste sites. WTE technologies have the potential to decrease the use of fossil fuel as a primary energy source, mainly because it is as efficient, less polluting and has an increasingly growing market which allures more people to invest in WTE technologies.
References: The Cleantech Report, Waste to Energy. Lux Research (2007). Eunomia 2006: A changing climate for energy from waste. http://www.waste-management- world.com/index/display/article- display/348534/articles/waste-management- world/volume-9/issue-6/waste-to-energy-special/wte- technology-playing-a-vital-part-in-sustainable- solutions.html http://www.waste-management- world.com/index/display/article- display/348534/articles/waste-management- world/volume-9/issue-6/waste-to-energy-special/wte- technology-playing-a-vital-part-in-sustainable- solutions.html Oilgae – Waste to Energy: Production, Application. http://www.oilgae.com/energy/sou/ae/re/was/was.html http://www.oilgae.com/energy/sou/ae/re/was/was.html Aesi - Alternative Energy Solutions.http://www.aesintl.net/http://www.aesintl.net/