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Energy from Waste (EfW): the SEQ journey By: Arron Lee Manager Waste Services Field Services Group Brisbane City Council CSIRO EfW Seminar.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy from Waste (EfW): the SEQ journey By: Arron Lee Manager Waste Services Field Services Group Brisbane City Council CSIRO EfW Seminar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy from Waste (EfW): the SEQ journey By: Arron Lee Manager Waste Services Field Services Group Brisbane City Council CSIRO EfW Seminar

2 What’s in a name? Energy from Waste (EfW) Waste to Energy (WtE) Bio-Energy Alternate Waste Technology (AWT) Alternative Waste Technology (AWT) Solid Refuse Fuel (SRF) Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) Thermal Technology Mechanical Biological Technology (MBT) Bio-fuel Bio-gas Bio-Mass Gasification Pyrolysis Incineration Anaerobic Digestion (AD) Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) Energy Recovery Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Renewable Energy Advanced Resource Recovery Technology (ARRT)

3 Waste Hierarchy EfW

4 Energy from Waste (EfW) EfW is common practice in Europe, UK, USA and some Asian countries (eg Japan, China and Korea) Energy outputs include electricity, fuels, chemicals, gasses and various bi-products Most common EfW technologies are incineration - / power plant and Anaerobic Digestion Although not new technologies, Pyrolysis, Gasification, and Plasma Arc Gasification are increasing in popularity Spittelau (Vienna) Chartres (France)

5 Driving EfW in the UK Changes in legislation and policy EU Landfill Directive requires ‘diversion’ Landfill Tax (discourage disposal to landfill) – approx $120/t Waste Strategy favours the ‘hierarchy’ approach Closure of most of the 8,000 licensed landfills in the UK Need to look at alternative technologies and services The price of electricity and demand for regional heating Targets Renewable Energy target – 30% from renewables Heat generation target – 10% from renewables Transport fuel target – 10% from renewables

6 Annual International W2E report (July 2013) Globally there are almost 2,200 thermal WtE plants with a disposal capacity of about 255 million tons per annum By 2017, another 180 or so plants will be built adding about 52 million annual tons of capacity The international WtE market will peak by 2017. The German consultant and market analyst Ecoprog GmbH’s Osaka (Japan) Esbjerg (Denmark) Brescia (Italy)Paris (France)

7 Why is EfW on the Australian agenda Community concern regarding ‘conventional’ landfill waste management practices To reduce exposure to global markets and rising fuel and energy costs Renewable energy source – generation of Carbon offsets Regional economic development and job creation Rising waste disposal costs (landfill levies) Depleted landfill capacity (in some areas) Create regional/localised closed loops Desire to employ leading technologies Community and Political interest It works somewhere AnaeCo / Dicom – Shenton Park, WA SITA –Neerabup, WA

8 Policy Development Australia Wide High activity in EfW Studies and Policy development across Australia. Zero Waste South Australia study (2012-13) Draft NSW EfW Policy Statement (2013) Draft WARR Strategy (2013) and Waste to Energy Position Statement (Thermal Technology) – May 2013 WSP – An investigation into the performance of WtE internationally - 2013 SA Standard for the production and use of Refuse Derived Fuel – Feb 2010 and SA Alternative Waste Technologies Position Paper – Jan 2006 (Draft) Vic Energy from Waste Guideline (all technologies) LGIS - Economic viability of an EfW industry in Qld - 2013 Qld currently drafting AWT Policy Statement

9 WALGA Commissioned Report April 2013 Waste to Energy Discussion Paper WtE has a role to play as part of integrated waste management systems Allowances must be made for the fact WtE facilities have long implementation periods Local Governments need to be more creative in contract types to incorporate Alliances, Partnerships, BOO, BOOT, JV’s etc There are a number of private sector companies going through approval processes to construct WtE facilities in WA

10 WA on the move CEFC providing debt finance / $50 million to New Energy Corporation Licensing rights to ENTECH's low temperature gasification technology 16.6MW facility at Port Hedland in the Pilbara –5 modules, $180M, 225,00t, 6 year build, 20 staff, 16.9MW Rockingham, near Perth. Discussions under way to build further energy-from-waste projects in other parts of Australia

11 Queensland’s EfW story so far Leader of EfW in Australia for many years. 450 megawatts (MW) of installed capacity With the exception of landfill gas operations, largely based upon single source waste streams: bagasse, green waste, wood waste, macadamia husks, coffee bean waste, abattoir scraps, sewerage bio- solids, etc. Technologies to date are either AD or Incineration/power plant Significant movement in Bio-energy sector Currently drafting AWT Policy (inclusive of EfW)

12 Findings from LGIS report on EfW using MSW in Qld July 2013, Local Government Infrastructure Services (LGIS) finalised report for EHP assessing economic viability of an EfW industry in Qld. The assessment found: –landfill gas utilisation currently remains the most economically viable EfW option. –by 2020, most Qld areas should have suitable conditions to support anaerobic digestion EfW investments except for South East Queensland where an earlier shift to refuse-derived fuel production and use is possible. –by 2030, most Queensland areas should have suitable conditions to support both anaerobic digestion and refuse derived fuel production.

13 Challenges and barriers to EfW investment in Qld Uncertainty in the emerging policy direction of Federal Government State strategy and policies still being drafted High capital investment / long term contracts / high risk Potential difficulties in accessing workers with skills in new technologies such as gasification Planning challenges Commodity market struggling

14 Challenges and Barriers to EfW investment in Qld Cheap landfill disposal The slick banter of the ‘snake oil’ salesman confusing Councils Difficulties in obtaining reliable information on feedstocks Public perception issues including the need for facilities to maintain a social licence to operate Lack of similar initiatives in a Queensland context, substantial differences to other jurisdictions and internationally

15 Qld Draft - State Strategy Targets MSW from 33% to 50% by 2024 overall: 55% in metropolitan areas 45% in regional centres the extent practically achievable in remote areas C&I waste from 42% to 55% by 2024 C&D waste from 61% to 80% by 2024 Factors influencing EfW 2012-13 Recycling rates

16 Factors influencing EfW

17 Between 2020 and 2030 most SEQ Council owned landfills will be either closed or nearing end of life. There are currently two large commercial putrescible landfills in SEQ with a 40-50 year capacity MSW, C&I and C&D are also growing rapidly (>population growth) Due to immature compost markets in SEQ, processing costs are unstable and well above the cost of landfilling Due to introduction of green waste bins by many Councils, garden waste volumes are escalating rapidly

18 Factors influencing EfW Brisbane’s Green Waste Profile

19 Factors influencing EfW All SEQ Councils are economically stretched – hindering investment Restricted level of interest in waste activities at State, LGAQ and CoM Irrespective of the Council, food waste remains approximately 20% of volume of general waste bins – total organics 45% - 50% It is not anticipated a landfill levy will be introduced in the short term Carbon tax is likely to be repealed Bio-energy gaining momentum in Queensland due to increasing fuel and energy costs and plenty of available feedstock

20 The evolution of Bio-Energy Pre-19 th Century – the Charcoal era 19 th Century – the Coal era 20 th Century – the Petroleum era Factors influencing EfW 21 st Century – Bio-economy



23 Qld is a leader in Bio-fuels Wilmar, Sarina Dalby Bio-refinery Ecotech Biodiesel, Narangbah Bio-diesel Ind, Maitland Manildra, Nowra ARF, Barnawartha Maquarie Oils, Cressy AR, Largs Bay ARF, Picton Ashoil, Tom Price Townsville, and Ingham Whyalla Darwin Dandenong, and Echuca Muswellbrook, Nowra, and Pt Kembla

24 Bio-Gases and Bio-Fuels becoming popular

25 Sustainable Aviation Fuels

26 The road ahead Until at least 2020, possibly 2030 landfilling will remain the most efficient disposal option for MSW and C&I in SEQ Total waste volumes and in particular green waste will continue to grow in volume in SEQ at an extremely rapid rate Councils and industry will continue to explore options for green and garden waste to address the immaturity of the compost industry Post 2020 there will be an emergence of viable commercial enterprises developing Bio-energy options using feedstocks such as food waste, green waste, wood waste, animal bi-products and/or crops

27 Energy from Waste (EfW) in Queensland, won’t happen overnight …………….. but it will happen! Watch this space! The End

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