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Sustainability Reporting Section 5: Carbon Management Click anywhere to move to the next slide.

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Presentation on theme: "Sustainability Reporting Section 5: Carbon Management Click anywhere to move to the next slide."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Sustainability Reporting Section 5: Carbon Management Click anywhere to move to the next slide

3 Carbon Management Plans Why are they required? How is waste incorporated? What is changing when including waste? Click anywhere to move to the next slide

4 Carbon Management in context Key step to meet the Duties under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act Almost all Scottish Public Bodies have a Carbon Management Plan (around 150 in total) Key components of a Carbon Management Plan: – Carbon baseline – Carbon reduction target – Project plan to meet target – Governance and reporting Click anywhere to move to the next slide

5 Waste within Carbon Management Plans As a minimum, the Carbon Management Plan includes internal waste; Councils include MSW Included in: – Carbon baseline – Carbon reduction target – Project plan to meet target Click anywhere to move to the next slide

6 Assessing the baseline (1) Estimate of tonnes If (1) own waste: – Based on waste survey – Estimate from volume of bins and uplift frequency If (2) entire MSW collection: – From reports to SEPA (2) Is much more accurate than (1) Click anywhere to move to the next slide

7 Assessing the baseline (2) (1) From own premises and processes Typically 1%-6% of total baseline or (2) For Councils from entire MSW collection Typically 30%-35% of total baseline Click anywhere to move to the next slide

8 Assessing the baseline (3) Carbon Trust emissions factor: – 447 kgCO 2 e/tonne Not a fixed factor (unlike for gas, oil, etc.) Based on aggregation of different aspects: – Waste composition into landfill – Landfill capacity – Electricity generation rates from landfill – Fugitive emissions from landfill Click anywhere to move to the next slide

9 Assessing the baseline (4) Each aspect has changed: – Composition of waste sent to landfill (increased recycling) – Improved landfill site management (lower fugitive emissions) – Increased levels of electricity generation (from landfill gas, encouraged by incentives) – Zero Waste Plan (waste segregation, landfill bans on biodegradable material) Click anywhere to move to the next slide

10 Assessing the baseline (5) So 447 kgCO 2 e/tonne no longer a representative emissions factor for waste Ideally move to using the Carbon Metric, but this has complications (as outlined earlier) However, updated values for use in Carbon Management Plans are now being developed Click anywhere to move to the next slide

11 Assessing the baseline (6) Options include: Scottish Mixed Household Waste to Landfill (HH) = 322 kgCO 2 e/tonne Scottish Mixed Commercial & Industrial Waste to Landfill (C&I) = 299 kgCO 2 e/tonne Click anywhere to move to the next slide

12 Assessing the baseline (7) Should Public Sector organisations adopt the Commercial & Industrial or the Household factors for Carbon Management Plan reporting? Click anywhere to move to the next slide

13 Assessing the baseline (8) HH waste to landfill = 322 kgCO 2 e/tonne C&I waste to landfill = 299 kgCO 2 e/tonne Two significant differences: – Plastic – Paper & Cardboard Click anywhere to move to the next slide

14 Baseline Example (1) Council includes MSW in the baseline Revised to use HH factor Waste emissions = -28% Total emissions = -9% Click anywhere to move to the next slide

15 Baseline Example (2) College includes own waste in the baseline Revised to use C&I factor Waste emissions = -33% Total emissions = -2% Click anywhere to move to the next slide

16 Implications Will need careful explanation to internal and external stakeholders Resist the temptation to claim a 9% reduction! Need to reassess target and projects at the same time Zero Waste Scotland plan guidance on this topic Click anywhere to move to the next slide

17 Revising the target Target must be on the same calculation basis as the baseline Typically, targets set top-down: e.g. 20% reduction by 2015 So resetting the baseline has a simple ‘knock-on’ impact Click anywhere to move to the next slide

18 Revising the project details May be same basis as baseline and target But large investment projects should use the full Carbon Metric, as recommended in the Zero Waste Plan Will need to convert to the same approach as the baseline and target Potential for confusion at this stage? Click anywhere to move to the next slide

19 In Summary … Reviewed the policy context Introduced the principles behind the Carbon Metric Provided examples of the Carbon Metric in use Introduced a new way to include waste within Carbon Management Plans Click anywhere to move to the next slide

20 Thank you


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