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Israel's compliance with OECD decisions Background, facts and figures – NHW (MSW, ISW) Background, facts and figures - HW Compliance with OECD Recommendations.

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Presentation on theme: "Israel's compliance with OECD decisions Background, facts and figures – NHW (MSW, ISW) Background, facts and figures - HW Compliance with OECD Recommendations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Israel's compliance with OECD decisions Background, facts and figures – NHW (MSW, ISW) Background, facts and figures - HW Compliance with OECD Recommendations and Decisions Questions and discussion WGWPR 13 th meeting ( ) Paris

2 Integrated Waste Management in Israel Policy Hierarchy Source Reduction Recovery & Recycling Landfill Goals Minimum land use Prevent damage Rehabilitate past damage International innovations/directions Implementation Legislation, laws and regulations Government decisions Allocation of responsibility Enforcement Voluntary agreements with stakeholders Voluntary involvement and cooperation of general public & NGOs

3 Non Hz Solid Waste - Facts & Figures %

4 Number of Sites Large Dumps in Israel

5 MSW recycling rate in Israel (%)

6 Hazardous Substances Waste Management Hazardous waste is managed within the Hazardous Substances Division Possession of hazardous material requires Hazardous Material Permit Permit specifies conditions for handling hazardous waste Audits/inspections of facilities include their hazardous waste

7 Hazardous Waste Management in Israel Policy Hierarchy Source Reduction Recovery & Recycling Reuse as energy source Landfill Producer Responsibility Rehabilitation of the national treatment site at Ramat- Hovav Implementation Legislation, laws and regulations Enforcement Initiatives to support projects for waste minimization Improving technologies for waste treatment

8 Disposal/Recovery

9 Hazardous Waste Recovery Miscellaneous

10 Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of Hazardous Wastes), 1994 These regulations provide the legal basis for implementing the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and for compliance with OECD decisions and recommendations on transboundary movements of waste. The import or export must be from or to a party to the Basel Convention

11 Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of Hazardous Wastes), 1994 Import or export of hazardous waste requires a permit from the Ministry of Environmental Protection Consent is required Import is permitted for R operations only ESM is required Insurance and bank guarantee are required Data collection and distribution is required

12 Comprehensive Waste Management Policy – C(76)155 Statutory National Solid Waste Management Master Plan approved by the planning and building board (2006). Recycling required by legislation. Collection, treatment and disposal are legal responsibility of local authorities. EIA required for proposed treatment and disposal sites. Operational Conditions in business license on all sites. Landfill levy imposed. Tire recycling required by legislation. Public involvement in policy and approval of waste management facilities. Accepts

13 Environmentally Sound Management of Waste C(2004)100 C(2007)97 Existing national and local infrastructure and institutional capacity, national and local government. Existing enforcement and compliance inspectorate and legal penalties (under the Business Permit & Hazardous Substances Permit). Polluter Pays Principle. Sustainable Solid Waste Management Master Plan. Cleanliness fund, financed by landfill levy and fines, which provides budgets for source reduction, recycling and recovery projects. LF Levy: External costs; Fund – promote recovery Information exchange – Israeli Waste Forum, Industry Association ISO – 7 firms and organizations - Israeli Standard Institute. Accepts with time frame (2012)

14 Waste Paper Recovery – [C(79)218] Collection and Disposal of Waste for Recycling Law, Collection and Disposal of Waste for Recycling Regulation Government Decisions relate to waste paper recovery. Landfill Levy Fund. 300,000 thousand tons are collected annually (30% of the consumption). 260,000 ton/year recycled in Israel - 75% of the local paper production capacity. Future goal - 520,000 ton/year. Certain types of waste paper are separately collected and exported ~40,000 ton/year. Accepts

15 Re-use and recycling of beverage containers – [C(78)8] The Deposit Law on Beverage Containers, Deposits on Beverage Containers Regulations, The Cleanliness Law, Results 2008: –Beverage containers under the Deposit Law: 68% –Voluntary re-use: 93% (500 ml glass beer bottles – out of 60 million/year). –Voluntary collection of beverage containers (>1.5 l): 18% Accepts

16 Export of some components of MSW – only after sorting and processing – Free Import/Export Order: –Paper and cardboard 40,000 ton/year (~15%). –PET - ~1,000 ton/year (~12%). MSW facilities have an overall ban on hazardous waste treatment under the Business license. Reduction of Transfrontier Movements of Waste C(90)178/Final Accepts with time frame (2011)

17 Reduction of Transfrontier Movements of Waste C(90)178/Final Israel strives for self sufficiency. Israel takes action to reduce the transfrontier movements of hazardous wastes to the minimum justified by environmentally sound and efficient management. Data is collected and distributed Accepts

18 Transboundary Movements of Wastes Destined for Recovery Operations C(2001)107/Final Transboundary movements of waste are destined to recovery in facilities applying ESM Two tiered control systems: Green control – under Free Import/Export Order, Business Licences. Amber control – under Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of Hazardous Waste), 1994 and Free Import/Export Order. Notification and Movement Documents are being used. Accepts with timeframe (2011)

19 Transfrontier Movements of Hazardous Wastes C(88)90, C(94) 152 Legal definition of hazardous wastes in Israel for the purpose of Transfrontier movement is broader than in OECD The implementation of the regulation is practically done using Basel and EU criteria for hazardous waste (or OECD) Amendment of the definition of hazardous waste is required Accepts with time frame (2011)

20 Transfrontier Movements of Hazardous Wastes C(83)180 Israel controls the transfrontier movements of haz. wastes as a party to the Basel Convention Illegal traffic is monitored through the Free Import Order and customs Israel agrees and complies with the general principles set out in the decision recommendation Accepts

21 Environmentally Sound Management of Waste C(2004)100 [C(2007)97] Regulatory and enforcement infrastructure through national and local government Existing enforcement and compliance inspectorate and legal penalties (under Hazardous Substances Permit and Business Permit). Hazardous Waste management facilities work under strict conditions and inspections, BAT is being implemented, improving environmental performance Adequate monitoring, recording and reporting programmes are in place Training of personnel, emergency plans, closure plans etc. are part of the liscences and permits Environmental Manangement System – voluntary through iso Accepts with timeframe 2012

22 THANK YOU! old.sviva.gov.il

23 Future Challenges - MSW Innovative Technologies Source Reduction Recovery (Recycling; composting; WTE) Consumption patterns SMM C & D Anaerobic Digestion 100 -> ton/day 1.1 MW

24 T he totality of steps aimed at reducing the quantity of waste which is generated The totality of steps – including reuse, recycling and thermal treatment Sustainable Integrated WM Policy A long-term approach for optimal landfill treatment Involvement of the Israeli Solid Waste Forum: Operators, Consultants, NGOs, Universities, local authorities and the government

25 Landfill Levy ( IS ; € /ton) Type of waste Type of LF Mixed or Dry Waste (MSW) Mixed (MSW) Dry WasteDry (C&D) Residuals after Sorting (<5% OM) SludgeMixed (MSW) Stabilized Industrial Sludge Construction and Demolition Requires a landfill operator to pay the levy. A dedicated account - only for purpose of setting up recycling and recovery infrastructure.

26 income: ~ € 20 million (100 million IS ) Financial support (guarantee): ~ € 8 million (37 million IS ) to local authorities. => Reduction of recovery costs. => Promotion of Recycling, Composting, WTE, AD, SMM Landfill Levy in Israel

27 Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of H.W.) - Definition of Hazardous Wastes Hazardous Wastes: a substance of any kind or form that contains a hazardous substance as defined by the law, intended for disposal or for recovery. In Practice: European criteria for hazardous wastes is applied. In the future: modification of the legal definition is planned

28 Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of H.W.) – Recovery Operations Recovery Operations are specified in Annex I to the regulations: There are 10 Recovery Operations identical to R1-R10 listed in Annex IV.B. to the Basel Convention or to Appendix 5.B. in OECD c(2001)107 Decision R11-R13 are not considered recycling operations in Israel

29 R11-R13 R11 – Uses of residual materials obtained from any of the operations numbered R1- R10 R12 – Exchange of wastes for submission to any of the operations numbered R1-R10 R13 – Accumulation of material intended for any operation in section B

30 Hazardous Substances Regulations (Import and Export of H.W.) – Disposal Operations Disposal Operations are specified in Annex II to the regulations: There are 15 Disposal Operations identical to D1-D15 listed in Annex IV.A. to the Basel Convention or to Appendix 5.A. in OECD C(2001)107 Decision


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