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Recycling and Disposal of Fishing Gear and other Marine Debris February 10, 2010 Alaska Forum on the Environment Fran Recht, Pacific States Marine Fisheries.

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Presentation on theme: "Recycling and Disposal of Fishing Gear and other Marine Debris February 10, 2010 Alaska Forum on the Environment Fran Recht, Pacific States Marine Fisheries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Recycling and Disposal of Fishing Gear and other Marine Debris February 10, 2010 Alaska Forum on the Environment Fran Recht, Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission With attendance thanks to Marine Conservation Alliance Foundation/NOAA MD

2 Environmental Protection Agency waste hierarchy Most preferred → Source Reduction & Reuse Recycling/Composting Combustion with Energy Recovery Landfilling and Incineration without Energy Recovery Least preferred →

3 Gillnet Recycling 1990’s, 2009/10 1990’s, 2009/10 Alaska- Dillingham, Naknek, Alaska- Dillingham, Naknek, Cordova, Kenai, Petersburg Cordova, Kenai, Petersburg (4 WA, 1 OR) (4 WA, 1 OR) NFWF/NOAA MD program Recycling Study 2009 Unalaska, Kodiak for Unalaska, Kodiak for MCAF MCAF 750 tons/yr ; 400 t/yr

4 Net and Line Composition Gillnet – nylon 6 Gillnet – nylon 6 Seine net- nylon 66 Seine net- nylon 66 Old mid-water trawl nets- 100% nylon or nylon in the upper 2/3 part, other 1/3 polyethylene (HDPE). Old mid-water trawl nets- 100% nylon or nylon in the upper 2/3 part, other 1/3 polyethylene (HDPE). Codend-polyethylene Codend-polyethylene Bottom trawls HDPE, rubber, chains Bottom trawls HDPE, rubber, chains Floats HDPE or other plastic, HDPE feels waxy Floats HDPE or other plastic, HDPE feels waxy Changing composition now Changing composition now

5 Challenges Net recycling different scenarios: –Communities where gillnet recycling was happening and then stopped –Communities where gillnet recycling on- going Kodiak, Dutch Harbor –Fishing gear recycling? Part of larger solid waste, landfill issue

6 Local problems, solutions Investigate obstacles and potentials Economic and logistical challenges. Sustainable Sustainable Use local coordinators and work in partnership

7 Lead Entities NGO--Copper River Watershed Project Cordova– 18,670 lbs NGO--Copper River Watershed Project Cordova– 18,670 lbs Native Village Associations Native Village Associations –Dillingham, 15,000 –Naknek, 16,750 –Petersburg Fishermen’s Association- United Cook Inlet Drift Association Kenai Fishermen’s Association- United Cook Inlet Drift Association Kenai

8 Community Partners Community Partners Fishermen Fishermen Gear dealers Gear dealers Packing houses Packing houses Shipping companies Shipping companies Municipalities,Solid Waste Operations Municipalities,Solid Waste Operations Harbors Harbors Sea Grant Sea Grant Community groups Community groups Interested citizens Interested citizens

9 Purposes of Projects Collect/recycle gillnet from communities Collect/recycle gillnet from communities Study feasibility of recycling gear from communities Study feasibility of recycling gear from communities Recycling will be on-going after program ends Recycling will be on-going after program ends Not derelict gear Not derelict gear Not gear etc. from beach clean ups Not gear etc. from beach clean ups BUT ISSUES RELEVANT BUT ISSUES RELEVANT Derelict gear retrieval (NOAA image)

10 Common Goals Collect lots of stuff (debris or gear) to minimize environmental, social costs Ship and dispose/recycle stuff with minimum cost Be as environmentally good as possible. Re-use, recycle, make useful products, at least, dispose of safely

11 Common Challenges Efficiency— Efficiency— handling, transportation handling, transportation Minimize costs Minimize costs (maximize revenue potential) Assure sustainable funding Assure sustainable funding Dealing with changes— Dealing with changes— global oil prices, financial, political priorities

12 Costs Disposal and Recycling Alaska disposal cost at landfills $70/ton, $0.035/lb Alaska disposal cost at landfills $70/ton, $0.035/lb AK Landfills closing= 83 between ’89-06 alone AK Landfills closing= 83 between ’89-06 alone All wastes baled and shipped out of Petersburg, Sitka, Haines landfills. $250/ton, $0.125/lb disposal All wastes baled and shipped out of Petersburg, Sitka, Haines landfills. $250/ton, $0.125/lb disposal Future may involve shipping to WA Rabanco landfill. Future may involve shipping to WA Rabanco landfill. Shipping and disposal costs alone for beach clean-up debris (2005) $0.64/lb. Shipping and disposal costs alone for beach clean-up debris (2005) $0.64/lb. Dutch Harbor costs to handle and ship clean nets: $0.14/lb (assuming some revenue from nets) Dutch Harbor costs to handle and ship clean nets: $0.14/lb (assuming some revenue from nets)

13 Costs Disposal and Recycling Cordova received donated shipping worth $ 9369 for 18,670 lbs net. Cordova received donated shipping worth $ 9369 for 18,670 lbs net. Received $0.08/lb Received $0.08/lb If paid full shipping-cost.50-.08=.42/lb Dillingham paid discounted rate of 1173 to ship 8000 lbs. $0.15/lb, will receive $0.08/lb Dillingham paid discounted rate of 1173 to ship 8000 lbs. $0.15/lb, will receive $0.08/lb Cost would be $0.27/lb (if paid full price -.08= $0.19/lb) Cost would be $0.27/lb (if paid full price -.08= $0.19/lb) note: $300 per container is another cost that must be subtracted out (for getting container from Seattle dock to recycler)

14 Differences? Community Efforts Have Advantages Can use existing equipment Can work with existing programs Community support Can take advantage of containers going back “empty”

15 But also disadvantages Cooperation of many needed. Cooperation of many needed. Tendency is too many collection sites, handling, volunteer effort, no institutionalization. Tendency is too many collection sites, handling, volunteer effort, no institutionalization. In contrast: Beach clean- ups/derelict gear removal– a set group of folks “in charge” of handing. Can set up a “system” & run with it. Beach clean- ups/derelict gear removal– a set group of folks “in charge” of handing. Can set up a “system” & run with it.

16 Process– Research Phase Gear preparation, handling requirements of recycler* Gear preparation, handling requirements of recycler* Role of municipality, harbor, fleet Role of municipality, harbor, fleet —barriers, opportunities —barriers, opportunities Collection, Storage Options * Collection, Storage Options * Collection locations, supervision issues * Collection locations, supervision issues * Shipping Options Shipping Options

17 Start with the Endpoint, work “backwards” Need to know ultimate disposal location first, then work backwards Need to know ultimate disposal location first, then work backwards Gear preparation, handling requirements of recycler Lack of understanding jeopardizes future acceptance, reduces potential revenue offsets

18 Acceptable/Not Acceptable for Recycling Check with recycler first: Check with recycler first: Fishing gear– no organic material Fishing gear– no organic material Put in tarp, tied up Put in tarp, tied up Buoys, bottles, hard plastic fish boxes OK Buoys, bottles, hard plastic fish boxes OK Group like with like Group like with like NO STYROFOAM NO STYROFOAM NO POLYPROPYLENE LINES NO POLYPROPYLENE LINES Think of handling on other side…. Cooperative effort Think of handling on other side…. Cooperative effort

19 Fish net recycling If interested in revenue potential to offset shipping costs: If interested in revenue potential to offset shipping costs: –Nets are clean (sand, grass, gravel etc.) –Free from lines and buoys other gear –Tightly folded, twisted and tied with hanging twine or bagged –Gill, seine, trawl netting accepted –Lead line, corks, buoys accepted, but kept separate from nets –No crab line, No weed line Just get rid of? Just get rid of? Trawl net- fishermen returning to Seattle –Net with gear accepted at Port of Seattle 2-3 cents/lb Arranged with recycler. Will pick up –No gear– disposal free Gillnet : net without gear accepted Seattle, Bellingham, Anacortes, Astoria

20 Collection, Storage, Supervision Community Programs Ideally: Goal is to minimize handling–collection container is transport container. Gear only placed in container if properly prepared and bundled Requires supervision and cooperation, incentives

21 Shipping and disposal costs, logistics Getting materials out of communities, off beaches to final location(s) Getting materials out of communities, off beaches to final location(s)

22 Collection, Storage, Supervision Beach Clean-ups Ideally handle only once. Practically not so easy, but … Ideally handle only once. Practically not so easy, but … Know upfront what items to be: Know upfront what items to be: –collected for recycling –landfilled If in doubt, throw it out Establish separate piles/tasks Establish separate piles/tasks Communicate clearly with crews before collection begins-make part of orientation Communicate clearly with crews before collection begins-make part of orientation Supervise Supervise Have tarps, ropes for bundling fishing net, ease lifting at dock Have tarps, ropes for bundling fishing net, ease lifting at dock photos courtesy of NOAA

23 Waste to Energy Honolulu waste to energy – H Power (Covanta), Schnitzer Steel, NOAA, Hawaii Longline Association, + 8 other partners Fishing for Energy –Newport, OR 45 tons –Garibaldi, OR 12 tons –9 MA, 2 NY, 2 RI, 1 NJ, 1 ME –VA soon to start –Ntl Fish & Wildlife Found/NOAA MD Waste to Energy in Dutch Harbor? $25 million… Most waste to energy, waste to gas, waste to fuel facilities require grinding nets into small pieces

24 Fran Recht Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission Habitat Program P.O. Box 221 Depoe Bay, OR 97341 541-765-2229 franrecht@centurytel.net


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