Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas WASTE DISPOSAL TRASH/ORGANIC GREEN/RECYCLING William Corcoran, Associate Director, Procurement Services, Boston College
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Agenda o WASTE STREAM OF THE FUTURE o WASTE AS A RENEWABLE RESOURCE o WASTE TO ENERGY o SINGLE STREAM RECYCLING
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas o Landfill to Gas o Organic Recycling (Composting) o Sustainability o Boston College Process
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Building the Waste Stream of the Future Traditional Linear Waste Stream Chain Manufacturing---Packaging &---Retail---Consumer---End of Life Distribution The average person in the USA generatesWe need to ask ourselves 4.5 lbs. of waster per day, or nearly 1 ton“How can we better per year. Equates to 300 million tons/Yr/USA!Manage that 4.5 lbs.?”
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Building the Waste Stream of the Future Waste as a renewable Resource Waste as a valuable part of the new waste stream chain. Waste materials are no longer the end of the supply chain but rather the beginning of another chain. Today’s landfills are highly engineered, environmentally sound sources of renewable, alternative energy. That energy can be used to heat homes or create yet more products. Products that can be recycled again & again. Today’s disposal facilities, then, have become a proven and productive component of a renewable energy supply chain. Development of new, waste-based energy should be encouraged. Including new or proven thermal technology that can produce energy, which has the capacity to be stored. Waste-to-Energy Landfill gas to Energy Landfill gas to CNG Landfill gas to diesel
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Waste to Energy The waste-to-energy process safely converts municipal solid waste into clean, renewable energy. At BC our vendor owns & operates 16 waste-to-energy facilities in the U.S. with capacity to process 21,000 TPD of municipal solid waste. They state thier waste-to-energy plants generate 600 megawatts of electricity. Enough to power 650,000 homes. That is the equivalent of replacing 6.5 million barrels of oil or 1.7 million tons of coal. Their Massachusetts waste-to-energy plants process 4,500 tpd and generate 124 megawatts per hour. Every WM waste-to-energy facility is VPP Star Certified, the highest safety recognition granted by OSHA for exemplary health & safety performance. According to the EPA, waste-to-energy plants “generate electricity with less environmental impact than almost any other source of electricity.” Waste-to-energy helps reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Single Stream Recycling Entire recycling stream collected together Tipped in one pile & then processed By means of various mechanized screens and optical sorting technologies Single-stream programs have greatly increased the recycling rate at Boston College It is estimated recovering as much as 3X the amount of recyclable materials
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Single Stream Recycling Benefits of Single Stream Recycling (Based on one year of recycling at one Waste Management SS Facilty) Avoiding cutting down 2 million trees Saving 12.6 million gallons of gas Saving 2.8 billion gallons of water Eliminating 9.6 million pounds of air pollutants Saving 472 million kilowatts of electricity Saving 368,000 cubic yards of landfill space
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Landfill Gas to Energy Landfills offer a clean, renewable energy resource that is generated continuously as waste decomposes in landfills. This resource is known as landfill gas or methane. Like wind and solar power, landfill gas is a resource that can be harnessed to produce green energy and has many benefits and advantages compared to fossil fuels and alternative energy sources. The use of landfill gas as fuel reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The energy output is constant and not dependent on sun, wind or other environmental variables. The use of landfill gas provides a predictable, renewable energy source during hours of peak energy demand. University of New Hampshire Dell Computers Ford Motor Company BMW NASA’s Goddard Space Center
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Organic Recycling What is Organic Recycling? Food scraps are the key component in organic recycling. Waste that would normally be put in the garbage disposal are composted instead. This saves money and resources because the waste will not need to be separated from the water at a treatment plant. Waste such as paper plates, milk cartons, coffee filters, and food boxes are also suitable for organic recycling. Other carbon-based materials, such as lint, tissues, and house plants, can also be recycled.
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Organic Recycling Acceptable Materials o Food: By- products, Produce, Bakery, Deli/Meat, Dairy Rendering – Fats, Oil, grease (FOG) Food-soiled paper and Approved compostable Packaging (cardboard and paperboard) Plants & Flowers Yard Waste & Trimmings, Wood, Agricultural
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Benefits of Organic Recycling o Food and Organic recycling helps conserve landfill space o Recycling helps foster your Schools green image and reduces your carbon footprint o Reduces waste disposal costs It is normally wet waste, and weighs a lot! Organic Recycling
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Sustainability Waste is a valuable resource. Resource management lies at the nexus of sustainability and the economy. A more effective use of “resources” will drive better financial & economic results. Marketers, manufactures, retailers, Public Sector (Education) disposers alike must cooperate to innovate solutions where everyone wins. The Waste Industry provides the infrastructure for other industries’ sustainability efforts, contributing to financial & environmental well being.
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Sustainability 1.Population & Economic Development Increased Global Demand for Resources Increased Need for Sources of Power & Raw Materials Increased Demand for Materials that can be Reused & Recycled 2.Minimize impact on the Environment Climate change policies that demand a smaller carbon footprint 3.Customer Demand Consumers want to do Business w/ a Company who can help them become sustainable Capture the Value that Exists in the Waste Stream 4.Growth Continuously Improve our Service Offering
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Sustainability Boston Colleges Goals 1.Promote Recycling and Material Management – Particularly Single Stream & Organics Recycling 2.Create Culture of producer & generator responsibility for waste minimization 3.Embrace new energy policy that supports the integration of alternative, fossil-free energy from waste resource
Facilities Institute July 9-12, 2012 Houston, Texas Boston College Bid Process Review of RFP Contract Highlights