Presentation on theme: "MUNICIPAL, SOLID WASTE TREATMENT OVERVIEW AND ASSESSMENT Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group ILS, Inc 2003 Rev 1.3."— Presentation transcript:
MUNICIPAL, SOLID WASTE TREATMENT OVERVIEW AND ASSESSMENT Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group ILS, Inc copyright @ 2003 Rev 1.3
MISSION STATEMENT To safeguard human health and the environment by using the latest technology to provide efficient and cost-effective, environmentally friendly industrial and domestic waste management and disposal. PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
WASTE STATISTICS This picture illustrates the quantity of trash produced by an average American family per year (over 3 tons) PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
COMPARISON OF AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group
LANDFILL Inexpensive, but most dangerous solution Sooner or later uncontrolled chemical reactions will occur Creation of explosive methane gases Great danger to ground water and the environment PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
SANITIZED LANDFILL Costs are approx. US$ 40.-/ton Ground water decontamination partly prevented by expensive lining system installed in the dump prior to filling Monitoring of gases required for over 100 years A Ground Water B Compacted Clay C Plastic Liner D Leach Collection Pipe E Geotextile Mat F Gravel G Drainage Layer H Soil Layer I Old Cells J New Cells K Leach Pond PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
STANDARD INCINERATION Proven technology for volume reduction Costs vary between US$ 200.-/ton and US$ 600.-/ton Creation of air pollution and highly toxic ashes Problematic disposal of created ashes (approx. 25% of input) A B C D E FG A Waste Acceptance C Slag Remover E Drier G Active Carbon Filter B Combustion Chamber D Steam Boiler F Gas Scrubber PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
INCINERATION WITH DIOXIN BREAKER Proven technology for volume reduction Air pollution is reduced at relatively high costs Problem of highly toxic residue ashes remains A Waste Acceptance B Incinerator C Heat Recovery / Boiler D Gas Scrubber A B C D PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
STANDARD PYROLYSIS Relatively expensive Permanent operating problem with tar and oils Problematic disposal of created char residue (toxic) Waste Reception Pyrolysis Waste Water Treatment Ferrous and Non- Ferrous Metals Sulfur Salts Heavy Metals Scrubber Char PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
PLASMA ARC Totally destroys all organics, but shows inefficient energy balance Small throughput Expensive operation and maintenance, approx. US$ 1000.-/ton Power Supply Cooled Field Coil Gas Vortex Gas Injection Chamber Starting Electrode Rear Water Cooling System Rear Electrode InsulatorFront Electrode Front Water Cooling System PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
ULTRAHIGH TEMPERATURE PYROLYSIS-HYDROLYSIS No residues or toxic emissions Great efficiency in recovering 100% of the energy contained in waste materials Very economical PYR MEX TM 1 Infeed 2 Cooled infeed auger 3 Reactor 4 Pyrogas 5 Solid particles outfeed 6 Oxygen free storage tanks 1 2 3 5 4 6 THE ULTIMATE SOLUTION ILS, Inc.
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS FOR AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION The German environmental standards for air pollution prevention are the most vigorous in the world: –Cal‘n base:O 2 –Dust :10 mg/Nm 3 or less –HCI:10 mg/Nm 3 or less –SOx:50 mg/Nm 3 or less –NOx:200 mg/Nm 3 or less –CO:50 mg/Nm 3 or less –Dioxin:0.1 Ng-TEG/Nm 3 or less –Hg:0.1 mg/Nm 3 or less –Cd:0.1 mg/Nm 3 or less –Pd:4 mg/Nm 3 or less PYR MEX TM ALL FULFILLED BY PYROMEX! ILS, Inc.
EMISSION LIMITS FOR WASTE TREATMENT PLANTS HCL (mg/Nm 3 ) HF (mg/Nm 3 ) SOx (mg/Nm 3 ) NOx (mg/Nm 3 ) CO (mg/Nm 3 ) Cd (mg/Nm 3 ) Hg (mg/Nm 3 ) Dioxin (TEQ-ng/Nm 3 ) 50 --- 100 240 100 0.1 50 2 300 --- 100 --- 0.1 24 --- 30 514 63 --- 0.1 30 2 300 350 --- 0.1 41 --- 100 200 --- China EU Japan UK USA PYR MEX TM ALL FULFILLED BY PYROMEX! ILS, Inc.
LEGISLATION FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AUSTRIA aims to ban landfill of organics (>5%) by 2004 SWITZERLAND bans landfill of combustible waste FRANCE bans landfill of combustible waste by 2002 DENMARK bans landfill of combustible waste NETHERLANDS bans landfill of combustible waste, paper and cardboard, municipal waste landfill is banned since 2000 GREAT BRITAIN targets recycling of 25%, currently achieves only 6% PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
ORGANICS REDUCTION Pyromex guarantees the reduction of organics to less than >1% (German laws require >5%) PYR MEX TM <0.05 ILS, Inc.
ENERGY CONTAINED IN WASTE Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group
CALORIFIC VALUES Braun coal4,5005.2 Cardboard3,8004.4 Citrus peels4,5005.2 Car tires8,3009.6 Household waste (presorted)4,5005.2 Hospital waste6,7807,8 Manure (dried)3,7604.4 Neoprene7,1008.2 Nylon7,5708.8 Oil sludge8,80010.2 Paper4,4005.1 Paraffin10,34012.1 Polyethylene10,99012.7 Polypropylene11,03012.8 Polystyrol EPS9,80011.3 Rubber5,6006.5 Sewage sludge (dried)3,3003.8 Tar and refinery residues9,20010.7 Tar acid5.6006.5 Textiles4,0004.6 Wood4,2004.8 Secondary Energy Material approx. kcal/kg approx. kW/kg PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
REALITY The waste put into a dust bin over 1 year contains enough energy to heat water 500 bath keep the TV on for 500 hours The energy of 1 container of yogurt (0.3 ltr) keeps a light bulb glowing for 1 hour 1 CONTAINER 1 HOUR 3,500 showers for or PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TREATMENT Innovative Logistics Solutions, Inc. And The Pyromex Group
CONCEPT PLAN FOR A MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY 100% Municipal Solid Waste Weigh Bridge Storage Administration Building Storage Gas Storage Power Generation GASIFICATION Inert Sand Recycled Materials to Market Electricity to Market Sorting Recycling Shredding FE NFE AL PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
PLANNING Suitability of municipal, solid waste as energy source Plant sizing Site selection Calculation of recoverable energy Negotiation of energy sales agreement Strategy for risk taking and guarantees Setup of Pyromex municipal solid waste treatment plant beneficial to all parties involved and environmentally friendly PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
TECHNOLOGY SELECTION CONSIDERATIONS CO 2 Control DXNs Control Emission Control Landfill Control Cost Control Profit Growth Energy Recovery High Efficiency Utilization / Sale ENVIRONMENT ECONOMY PYR MEX TM ENERGY ILS, Inc.
WASTE COLLECTION Choosing the most suitable collection method Container Arm Roll Compactor Compactor & Container System Dust Drum & Packer System PackerDust Drum Container with Cover System Covered ContainerArm Roll PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
PRINCIPAL POINTS OF PYROMEX Treatment of waste materials, not simply a reduction in volume! Recycling of valuable materials and energy recovery, not only waste treatment! A profitable business, not just a break-even scenario! An environmental education center, not just a waste treatment plant! Meeting highest and most severe environmental rules and regulations! PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.
PLANT LAYOUT 50 t/d PLANT PYR MEX TM 1 Weigh bridge 10 Feed silo for reactors 2 Weigh control 11 Storage silos 3 Parking 12 Infeed system 4 Receiving bin 13 Reactors 5 Preshredder 14 Collection of inorganics 6 FE separation 15 Scrubber 7 NFE separation 16 Gas tanks 8 Secondary shredder 17 Gas engine and Generator 9 Conveyors 18 Induction coolers A Storage area B Control room D Administration office C Janitor E Lab 1 2 3 4 5 67 8 10 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 13 18 A B C DE 70m 26m ILS, Inc.
SUPPORT EQUIPMENT Typical List for a 50 t/d Plant Skip loader 1 5m 3 dump truck1 5 ton fork lift1 5,000 gal. Water truck1 Facility and parking lot „Street Sweeper“1 Low profile shuttle with 3 trailers1 6-cylinder pick-up truck 1 Fire prevention unit1 Standard 4-door automobiles1 Flatbed truck1 On-site 8,000 gal. water tower1 Stationary 53,000 gal. water tank for fire1 Knuckle boom1 PYR MEX TM ILS, Inc.