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Where does your waste go?. BYU garbage truck. Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (10 miles). Dumps.

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Presentation on theme: "Where does your waste go?. BYU garbage truck. Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (10 miles). Dumps."— Presentation transcript:

1 Where does your waste go?

2 BYU garbage truck.

3 Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (10 miles). Dumps.

4 Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (5 miles). Dumps. Reloaded. Driven 25 miles to landfill.

5 Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (5 miles). Dumps. Reloaded. Driven 25 to landfill. Pushed into piles.

6 Where does your waste go? BYU garbage truck. Drives to Springville (5 miles). Dumps. Reloaded. Driven 25 to landfill. Pushed into piles. Covered with dirt.

7 What happens to the paper you put in a BYU recycling bin?

8 We collect the paper

9 What happens to the paper you put in a BYU recycling bin? We collect the paper Make sure it is sorted

10 What happens to the paper you put in a BYU recycling bin? We collect the paper Make sure it is sorted Bale the paper

11 What happens to the paper you put in a BYU recycling bin? We collect the paper Make sure it is sorted Bale the paper Ship it by the truck load to a paper mill

12 What happens to the paper you put in a BYU recycling bin? We collect the paper Make sure it is sorted Bale the paper Ship it by the truck load to a paper mill Annually BYU recycles over 100 tons of junk mail 400 tons of newspaper 1,300 total tons of paper

13 Why don’t we have recycling in Provo? We do!

14 Recycling in Provo Paper Drop-offs Newspaper only Supermarkets –Smith’s (300 N 200 W) –Allen’s (600 E 300 S) Movies 8 (Univ. Parkway) Kiwanis Park (950 N 1100 E) Glenwood Apartments

15 Recycling in Provo Paper Drop-offs All types of paper Elementary Schools Wasatch (900 E 1000 N) Jouaqin (500 N 500 E) Provost (630 S 900 E)

16 Recycling in Provo Green Waste Drop-off Takes: grass clippings leaves branches No stumps No large tree trunks Free to Provo residents Located in East Bay (1400 S Industrial Pkwy – approx 1400 S 650 E)

17 Recycling in Provo Curbside Recycling Green bins take: Grass Leaves Branches As of May 2004 there were 2200 green bins in Provo. Cost is $4 per month.

18 Recycling in Provo Curbside Recycling Christmas trees are picked up curbside throughout the city during last week in December and the first week of January

19 Recycling in Provo Curbside Recycling Blue bins take: Paper Plastic (#1 and #2) Metal But NOT glass As of May 2004 there were 1700 blue bins in Provo. Cost is $5 per month.

20 Recycling in Provo Results The yard waste program diverts 7,000 tons per year from the landfill –5,800 tons from drop-off –1,200 tons from curbside pick-up Household recycling (blue cans) divert 54 tons per month (650 tons per year) Provo City landfills about 2,000 tons per month (approximately 24,000 tons per year)

21 What happens to curbside recycling?

22 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility

23 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility. Then dumped into a big pile.

24 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility. Then dumped into a big pile. Sorted by hand from a conveyor belt.

25 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility. Then dumped into a big pile. Sorted by hand from a conveyor belt. Pushed into piles.

26 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility. Then dumped into a big pile. Sorted by hand from a conveyor belt. Pushed into piles. Stacked in bales.

27 Curbside Recycling It gets delivered to a sorting facility. Then dumped into a big pile. Sorted by hand from a conveyor belt. Pushed into piles. Stacked in bales. And then shipped to a paper making plant.

28 Waste Economics How to figure the cost of recycling? Does recycling have to make a profit or does it just need to cost less than garbage collection and disposal?

29 Waste Economics - Garbage 1.Waste placed in trash can 2.Custodian collects and puts in dumpster – cost of custodian 3.Garbage truck picks up – cost of truck operation ($100/hr) 4.Drives 10 miles to transfer station – cost of truck operation 5.Garbage dumped and repacked on larger truck – cost of “tipping” ($27 per ton here) 6.Garbage driven 25 miles to landfill – cost of truck operation 7.Garbage buried – cost of land use

30 Waste Economics - Recycling 1.Paper put in recycling bin 2.Custodian collects – cost of custodian 3.Recycling truck picks up – cost of truck operation 4.Drives 2 miles to BYU recycling facility – cost of truck operation 5.Paper is dumped, sorted and baled – cost of sorting 6.Paper is sold and shipped to paper mills on west coast or overseas – revenue from paper, savings of not paying to put in landfill, cost of shipping 7.Made into new paper – how does cost of recycled paper compare to cost of cutting trees down for paper?

31 Generation of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States If Provo City puts 24,000 tons of garbage per year in the landfill, and BYU puts 4,000 tons of garbage per year in the landfill, and Private waste haulers add more from what they pick up at apartments Then how much waste is generated and put in landfills each year?

32 Municipal Solid Waste in US (Pounds per person per day) 19602001 Generation2.684.41 Recycling0.170.99 Composting0.000.32 Discards2.513.10 Population180 million285 million

33 Waste Produced pounds per person each day 1 st = LowestSouth Dakota3.73 pounds/day 2 nd Idaho4.44 12 th Utah5.86 42 nd California8.49 47 th = HighestKansas9.48 National Avgerage 7.18

34 Waste Recycled pounds per person each day 47 th = LowestMississippi0.02 pounds/day 42 nd Utah0.28 40 th Idaho0.37 2 nd Oregon3.10 1 st = HighestCalifornia3.41 National Average 1.92

35 Waste Landfilled pounds per person each day 1 st = LowestMaine0.97 pounds/day 16 th Idaho4.07 25 th California4.93 30 th Utah5.30 47 th = HighestKansas8.39 National Average 4.71

36 Lowest Landfilling States LandfilledRecycledBurned Maine17%49%33% Minnesota29%46%25% Massachusetts31% 38% Connecticut36%19%45% Oregon46%49%5% Utah (36 th ) 90%5% National Average 65%27%8%

37 Waste Incinerated pounds per person each day 1 st = LowestIdaho and 20 other states 0.00 pounds/day 26 th California0.14 29 th Utah0.29 45 th Maine1.91 47 th = HighestConnecticut3.38 National Average 0.55

38 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

39 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

40 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

41 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

42 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

43 Waste Statistics by State (pounds/capita/day) StateMSWLandfillRecycledBurned

44 Composition of Municipal Solid Waste (before recycling) Paper35.7% Yard trimmings12.2% Food scraps11.4% Plastics11.1% Metals7.9% Clothing7.1% Glass5.5%

45 2001 US Recycling Rates MaterialRecycling Percentage Newspaper60% Yard Waste57% Office paper55% Aluminum cans49% Junk mail32% Glass containers22% Plastics containers10%

46 Estimated Composition of Municipal Solid Waste (after recycling) Paper25% Yard trimmings8% Food scraps15% Plastics14% Metals8% Clothing10% Glass6%

47 Where do we go from here? What options do we have?

48 Where do we go from here? Make no changes? In 1988 the US had 7,924 landfills (dumps) In 2001 the US had 1,858 landfills “At the national level, capacity does not appear to be a problem, although regional dislocations sometimes occur.” (EPA) The landfill for the southern half of Utah County has approximately 75 years worth of space left.

49 Where do we go from here? Make no changes? March 2001: Spanish Fork residents began battling a developer and the city when it was discovered that asbestos, contaminated water and potentially explosive concentrations of methane gas were detected under and around their homes sitting atop the former county landfill. The homes were two years old. April 2002: Ten homes were moved to a neighboring subdivision.

50 Where do we go from here? Pass new legislation? Ten states currently have a “bottle bill” where a deposit is charged on each container of carbonated drinks. No state has been able to pass a bill that includes water and juice bottles in the deposit system.

51 Where do we go from here? Pass new legislation? 30 states currently ban yard waste from their landfills. Most of these bans occurred in the early 1990s, in response to federal government policies demanding a reduction in solid waste flows.

52 Where do we go from here? Lead by Example? Tear-A-Part Auto Recycling in Salt Lake sells salvaged auto parts but also recycles car fluids (gas, anti-freeze, etc.) and gives them away to their customers. They also voluntarily remove and recycle mercury switches which are a significant pollutant when left in cars.

53 Where do we go from here? Research and Development? New technology may make plastic sorting unnecessary –ReSyk, a Utah company with ties to BYU, has developed a process to recycle mixed plastic.

54 What is your stewardship?

55 Doctrine and Covenants 104: 13-17 For it is expedient that I, the Lord, should make every man accountable, as a steward over earthly blessings, which I have made and prepared for my creatures. I, the Lord, stretched out the heavens, and built the earth, my very handiwork; and all things therein are mine. And it is my purpose to provide for my saints, for all things are mine. But it must needs be done in mine own way; and behold this is the way that I, the Lord, have decreed to provide for my saints, that the poor shall be exalted, in that the rich are made low. For the earth is full, and there is enough and to spare; yea, I prepared all things, and have given unto the children of men to be agents unto themselves.

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