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Region presentation on issues selected for improvement in an action plan Swietokrzyskie voivodeship EWM Project Meeting 3-4 February 2005 Dundee, Scotland,

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Presentation on theme: "Region presentation on issues selected for improvement in an action plan Swietokrzyskie voivodeship EWM Project Meeting 3-4 February 2005 Dundee, Scotland,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Region presentation on issues selected for improvement in an action plan Swietokrzyskie voivodeship EWM Project Meeting 3-4 February 2005 Dundee, Scotland, UK Polish Academy of Sciences Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute Kraków, Poland

2 Regions

3 Swietokrzyskie voivodeship – waste management areas

4 Disposal methods Current situation - Swietokrzyskie voivodeship Current situation - Swietokrzyskie voivodeship mainly storage (landfill), occasional recycling/re-use, marginal selection; biogas recoverymainly storage (landfill), occasional recycling/re-use, marginal selection; biogas recovery 7 installations for thermal utilization of waste all near hospitals7 installations for thermal utilization of waste all near hospitals 1 separating line in Municipal Waste Management Plant in Kielce, with max. efficiency of t/y. There are mainly separated “packages waste” (PET’s). Separated waste are divided into “pure” and “mixed” (paper and plastic) granulate1 separating line in Municipal Waste Management Plant in Kielce, with max. efficiency of t/y. There are mainly separated “packages waste” (PET’s). Separated waste are divided into “pure” and “mixed” (paper and plastic) granulate Plan - Swietokrzyskie voivodeship Plan - Swietokrzyskie voivodeship collection, recycling/re-use; using as alternative fuels, fertilizers or rehabilitation purpose; burning and incineration; biogas recovery; storage only if necessary.collection, recycling/re-use; using as alternative fuels, fertilizers or rehabilitation purpose; burning and incineration; biogas recovery; storage only if necessary.

5 Waste production Total waste produced in 2002 – 1386 kt Total waste produced in 2002 – 1386 kt Recovered – kt Recovered – kt Managed – 510 kt Managed – 510 kt Thermal – 9.4 kt Thermal – 9.4 kt Compost – 4.5 kt Compost – 4.5 kt Landfilled – kt Landfilled – kt Temporary stored – 62.8 ktTemporary stored – 62.8 kt Total waste stored untill 2002 – kt Total waste stored untill 2002 – kt Total area of waste dumps – ha Total area of waste dumps – ha Total hazardous waste produced – 2602 t Total hazardous waste produced – 2602 t Recovered – 979 tRecovered – 979 t Managed 1457 t (of which 16 t stored)Managed 1457 t (of which 16 t stored) Temporary stored – 166 tTemporary stored – 166 t

6 Average municipal waste composition (2003)

7 Legal regulations – environmental charges Fee for use of the environment – waste storage Fee for use of the environment – waste storage Value depends on type of waste (20 main groups) and varies from about 2€/t up to nearly 40 €/t Value depends on type of waste (20 main groups) and varies from about 2€/t up to nearly 40 €/t Fees collected by the Swietokrzyskie voivodeship for municipal waste (code ) Fees collected by the Swietokrzyskie voivodeship for municipal waste (code ) 2004 – 3,69 EUR/t2004 – 3,69 EUR/t 2005 – 3,72 EUR/t2005 – 3,72 EUR/t Fines for illegal waste disposal Fines for illegal waste disposal

8 Pre-exploitation landfill monitoring Monitoring during the pre-exploitation phase – assessment of the initial environmental background Monitoring during the pre-exploitation phase – assessment of the initial environmental background Average meteorological data Average meteorological data Control of the monitoring equipment installation, especially the observation holes for the underground waters and stabilisation of the bench- marks. Control of the monitoring equipment installation, especially the observation holes for the underground waters and stabilisation of the bench- marks. Measurement of underground water levels Measurement of underground water levels Indication of sample collection points Indication of sample collection points Determination of geochemical background of surface and underground waters in the areas indicated for monitoring in the further phases. Determination of geochemical background of surface and underground waters in the areas indicated for monitoring in the further phases.

9 Landfill monitoring during exploitation Examination of rainfall Examination of rainfall Examination of substances and parameters Examination of substances and parameters Measurement of underground water level in observation holes Measurement of underground water level in observation holes Control of the structure and composition of wastes Control of the structure and composition of wastes Control of landfill surface sediment according to bench-marks Control of landfill surface sediment according to bench-marks

10 Post-exploitation landfill monitoring Examination of rainfall Examination of rainfall Measurement of underground water level Measurement of underground water level Control of landfill surface sediment according to bench-marks Control of landfill surface sediment according to bench-marks Examination of substances and parameters in surface waters, waste waters, underground waters and landfill gas (biogas) Examination of substances and parameters in surface waters, waste waters, underground waters and landfill gas (biogas)

11 Gas monitoring parameters Methane – CH 4 Methane – CH 4 Carbon dioxide – CO 2 Carbon dioxide – CO 2 Oxygen – O 2 Oxygen – O 2 Water monitoring parameters pH pH Electrolytic conductance Electrolytic conductance Organic coal Organic coal Contents of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr+6, Hg) Contents of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr+6, Hg) Total of polynuclear hydrocarbons Total of polynuclear hydrocarbons

12 Water monitoring parameters Parameter Monitoring frequency Pre-expl. ExploitationPost-exploit. Surface waters flow Once Every 3 mth Every 6 mth Surface waters composition Once Every 3 mth Every 6 mth Waste water volume -- Every 1 mth Every 6 mth Waste water composition -- Every 3 mth Every 6 mth Underground water level Once Every 3 mth Every 6 mth Underground water composition Once Every 3 mth Every 6 mth Landfill gas emission -- Every 1 mth Every 6 mth Landfill gas composition -- Every 1 mth Every 6 mth

13 Landfill monitoring costs Pre-exploitation Pre-exploitation Phase until the permit for landfill use is obtainedPhase until the permit for landfill use is obtained Phase cost EURPhase cost EUR Exploitation Exploitation Phase until the permit for landfill closure is obtained – yearsPhase until the permit for landfill closure is obtained – years Annual cost EURAnnual cost EUR Post-exploitation Post-exploitation Phase after landfill closure – up to 30 yearsPhase after landfill closure – up to 30 years Annual cost EURAnnual cost EUR

14 Landfills map

15 Selected item for improvement Effective implementation and acceptance of non- hazardous waste separation in Poland Effective implementation and acceptance of non- hazardous waste separation in Poland Public and schools education (especially waste incineration) Public and schools education (especially waste incineration) Creating the right organisation system for efficient management of waste Creating the right organisation system for efficient management of waste New technology for waste management New technology for waste management Accurate statistics recording measurement and verification Accurate statistics recording measurement and verification Dumping and the cost of storage (which causes dumping) Dumping and the cost of storage (which causes dumping) Contaminated land Contaminated land

16 Objective Data collection and analysis for Swietokrzyskie voivodeship for each component: Organisational structure Organisational structure Application of information technology to provide easy access to public environmental informationApplication of information technology to provide easy access to public environmental information Separate waste collection Separate waste collection Develop methods for municipal waste composition analysisDevelop methods for municipal waste composition analysis Develop methods to compare costs and benefits of separation at source with those of centralised separationDevelop methods to compare costs and benefits of separation at source with those of centralised separation Landfill and reuse Landfill and reuse Develop a computer based model forecasting impact of landfill on air & search for Best Available Practice in meeting EC directive 1999/31/EC on landfill management.Develop a computer based model forecasting impact of landfill on air & search for Best Available Practice in meeting EC directive 1999/31/EC on landfill management. Prepare a manual for treating malfunctioning landfill sites.Prepare a manual for treating malfunctioning landfill sites.

17 Planned result Organisational structure Organisational structure Arrangement of waste management in Swietokrzyskie voivodeship according to standards in EU – definitions of waste sorts and statistics Arrangement of waste management in Swietokrzyskie voivodeship according to standards in EU – definitions of waste sorts and statistics Improving of the social acceptance for waste management Improving of the social acceptance for waste management Cost internalisation Cost internalisation Separate waste collection Separate waste collection Study of optimal technologies for management of wastes from separate collection Study of optimal technologies for management of wastes from separate collection Improving the social awareness of separate collection Improving the social awareness of separate collection Landfill and reuse Landfill and reuse Encouraging the use of state-of-the-art technologies for waste reuse and recycling Encouraging the use of state-of-the-art technologies for waste reuse and recycling Encouraging investments in modernisation and rehabilitation of landfills Encouraging investments in modernisation and rehabilitation of landfills

18 Planned result GOAL Achieving appropriate standards in waste management according to sustainable development rules Arrangement of waste management in Swietokrzyskie voivodeship Waste management areas Implementation of reuse and recycling of waste municipalindustrialhazardous municipalindustrial hazardous Central areaNorth areaSouth-west areaSouth-east area

19 Spending of the regional budget 2004 [in EUR] Component 1234 Spending Target Expenditures Result spending target

20 Cooperation regional partner ZGH Boleslaw – metal mining waste management ZGH Boleslaw – metal mining waste management ZG Trzebionka – metal mining waste management ZG Trzebionka – metal mining waste management KOSD Kielce – industrial mining waste management KOSD Kielce – industrial mining waste management Local municipal waste landfills (selected landfills from Swietokrzyskie voivodeship) Local municipal waste landfills (selected landfills from Swietokrzyskie voivodeship) Separate waste collection in Malopolskie and Świetokrzyskie voivodeships Separate waste collection in Malopolskie and Świetokrzyskie voivodeships

21 Cooperation EWM partners Cooperation with Recycling Institute (Edinburgh) Cooperation with Recycling Institute (Edinburgh) LCA/LCC for waste managementLCA/LCC for waste management University of Debrecin University of Debrecin Application of PAS patent - Exploitation method of municipal and/or industrial waste landfillApplication of PAS patent - Exploitation method of municipal and/or industrial waste landfill Waste composition analysis by digital photography methodWaste composition analysis by digital photography method


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