Presentation on theme: "Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges"— Presentation transcript:
1Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges Margit RüütelmannEstonian Waste Management AssociationWaste Recycling Cluster
2Estonian Waste Management Association Established in 1996 by 26 waste management companies.In 2006 over 50 membersToday 40 members, 13 individual membersThe mission of EWMA is to stand for the common interests of the members and to develop waste management in Estonia directed by the general principles of sustainable development.
3Waste generation The dominating waste sources are: oil shale miningoil shale chemistrypower productionMunicipal waste forms about 3-4 % of the total amount of waste.
4Waste generation Generated waste in million tons: Year Total Hazardous Recycled%200620,06,77,537,3%200721,38,631,7%200819,37,75,830,2 %200915,66,84,428,3%
5Generation of MSW Year Total Recycled Landfilled Recycling % 2006 30,3%200718,7%200822,6%200997 86122,2%2010246 851-13,5%
6Waste generation, 2010 incl. MSW 268 938 tons Landfilled 286 475 tons Waste taken to the landfill sites 353 518 tonsincl. MSW 268 938 tonsLandfilled 475 tonsincl. MSW 246 851 tonsRecycled by landfill operators 67 043 tons
9Waste generation Generation of municipal waste – 441 326 tons Number of inhabitants: 1,34 million ( )Total amount of waste generated – 15,6 million tons11,6 tons/personGeneration of municipal waste – tons329 kg/person
10LandfillsNational Waste Management Plan landfill sites in EstoniaThe closure process of non-compliant landfill sites started in 2001In 1999 Estonia had 351 municipal landfillsJuly 16th, 20096 compliant landfill sites (5 for municipal waste +1 for hazardous waste)
13Pollution Charge Gate fee in landfill sites for MSW is about 50 EUR/t. Pollution charge for release of waste into the environment8,5 EUR per ton of waste14,38 EUR17,25 EUR20,77 EUR24,86 EUR29,84 EURGate fee in landfill sites for MSW is about 50 EUR/t.
14Pollution Charge3/4 of the pollution charge goes to the local authority for the development of waste management in the area.RestrictionIf local authority has not fulfilled the obligation to administer organized municipal waste collection – no pollution charge.
15Organized Municipal Waste Collection Obligation since January 1st, 2005.Organized municipal waste collection covers municipal waste from households and enterprises.The aim of organised municipal waste collection is to get almost all municipal waste holders covered with contracts.
16Organized Municipal Waste Collection About 220 local authorities.Low-density areas.Co-operation between small local authorities.Report of National Audit Office - 43% of local authorities do not have organised municipal waste collection.
17Organized Municipal Waste Collection Until Dec.31st, 2010 – competition to grant special or exclusive right to collect waste within certain transport area.Since Jan.1st 2011 – competitions according to the rules provided by Public Procurement Act – services concession.In-house agreements are prohibited.
18Future Perspectives Separate collection of waste MBT Recovered fuels National Waste Management PlanGeneral trends defined:Separate collection of wasteMBTRecovered fuelsMass incineration
19Treatment capacities, MSW Company2010Tallinn Landfill LtdRDFtons MSWtons MSWMarch 2011Ragn-Sells-tons MSWAutumn 2011Estonian Energy,Iru Heat and Power PlantMass incinerationtons MSWJune 2013TOTAL:tons
20Treatment capacities, MSW Re-use and recycling + RDF, mass incineration tons/year Capacity of 5-6 landfills (in tons of waste was landfilled ) Generation of MSW 450 – tons/year Overcapacity – competition between treatment facilities.
21RDF incineration 2010 2011 Kunda Nordic Cement tons of recovered fuels incineratedincl tons of RDFincl tons of RDF produced in Estonia2011tons of recovered fuelsRDF produced in Estonia was also exported to Latvia – Cemex.
23What is a cluster? The objectives of the cluster Driving force To increase the added value of the companiesTo increase the sales of the products-services and export.Driving forceCo-operation between the companies of the same and different sectors and research & educational institutions.
24Project partners 17 companies 15 waste management companies road building companycement company3 research and educational institutionsEstonian University of Life SciencesTallinna Technical UniversityTartu University Türi ColledgeCluster is open to new partners.
25Cluster development Dec, 2009 – Nov, 2010 Preliminary projects – Compost production and production of recycled aggregates from C&D waste.Jan.01, 2011 – Dec.31, 2013Waste Recycling ClusterCo-financed by Enterprise Estonia from the European Regional Development Fund.
26Main objectives of Waste Recycling Cluster To increase the amounts of waste recycled in Estonia.Products compliant to quality standards and sertified:CompostRecycled aggregatesRecovered fuelsTo increase production capacity and volumes, joint marketing.To increase sales of the products-services and export.
27Waste Recycling Cluster Waste -> ProductsWaste Recycling ClusterProduction of recovered fuelsProduction of recycled aggregatesProduction of compost
28ActivitiesStudy-trips -> acquire the knowledge and experiences other countries, partners search.Research - > market research, quality of theproducts, capacity sharing.Seminars, conferences.Development of training programs for the employees.Participation in other projects.