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Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges

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Presentation on theme: "Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges"— Presentation transcript:

1 Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges
Margit Rüütelmann Estonian Waste Management Association Waste Recycling Cluster

2 Estonian Waste Management Association
Established in 1996 by 26 waste management companies. In 2006 over 50 members Today 40 members, 13 individual members The mission of EWMA is to stand for the common interests of the members and to develop waste management in Estonia directed by the general principles of sustainable development.

3 Waste generation The dominating waste sources are:
oil shale mining oil shale chemistry power production Municipal waste forms about 3-4 % of the total amount of waste.

4 Waste generation Generated waste in million tons: Year Total Hazardous
Recycled % 2006 20,0 6,7 7,5 37,3% 2007 21,3 8,6 31,7% 2008 19,3 7,7 5,8 30,2 % 2009 15,6 6,8 4,4 28,3%

5 Generation of MSW Year Total Recycled Landfilled Recycling % 2006
30,3% 2007 18,7% 2008 22,6% 2009 97 861 22,2% 2010 246 851 -13,5%

6 Waste generation, 2010 incl. MSW 268 938 tons Landfilled 286 475 tons
Waste taken to the landfill sites 353 518 tons incl. MSW 268 938 tons Landfilled  475 tons incl. MSW 246 851 tons Recycled by landfill operators 67 043 tons

7 Composition of MSW

8 MSW in EU 25

9 Waste generation Generation of municipal waste – 441 326 tons
Number of inhabitants: 1,34 million ( ) Total amount of waste generated – 15,6 million tons 11,6 tons/person Generation of municipal waste – tons 329 kg/person

10 Landfills National Waste Management Plan landfill sites in Estonia The closure process of non-compliant landfill sites started in 2001 In 1999 Estonia had 351 municipal landfills July 16th, 2009 6 compliant landfill sites (5 for municipal waste +1 for hazardous waste)

11 Landfills in 1999

12 Landfills in 2011

13 Pollution Charge Gate fee in landfill sites for MSW is about 50 EUR/t.
Pollution charge for release of waste into the environment 8,5 EUR per ton of waste 14,38 EUR 17,25 EUR 20,77 EUR 24,86 EUR 29,84 EUR Gate fee in landfill sites for MSW is about 50 EUR/t.

14 Pollution Charge 3/4 of the pollution charge goes to the local authority for the development of waste management in the area. Restriction If local authority has not fulfilled the obligation to administer organized municipal waste collection – no pollution charge.

15 Organized Municipal Waste Collection
Obligation since January 1st, 2005. Organized municipal waste collection covers municipal waste from households and enterprises. The aim of organised municipal waste collection is to get almost all municipal waste holders covered with contracts.

16 Organized Municipal Waste Collection
About 220 local authorities. Low-density areas. Co-operation between small local authorities. Report of National Audit Office - 43% of local authorities do not have organised municipal waste collection.

17 Organized Municipal Waste Collection
Until Dec.31st, 2010 – competition to grant special or exclusive right to collect waste within certain transport area. Since Jan.1st 2011 – competitions according to the rules provided by Public Procurement Act – services concession. In-house agreements are prohibited.

18 Future Perspectives Separate collection of waste MBT Recovered fuels
National Waste Management Plan General trends defined: Separate collection of waste MBT Recovered fuels Mass incineration

19 Treatment capacities, MSW
Company 2010 Tallinn Landfill Ltd RDF tons MSW tons MSW March 2011 Ragn-Sells - tons MSW Autumn 2011 Estonian Energy, Iru Heat and Power Plant Mass incineration tons MSW June 2013 TOTAL: tons

20 Treatment capacities, MSW
Re-use and recycling + RDF, mass incineration tons/year Capacity of 5-6 landfills (in tons of waste was landfilled ) Generation of MSW 450 – tons/year Overcapacity – competition between treatment facilities.

21 RDF incineration 2010 2011 Kunda Nordic Cement
tons of recovered fuels incinerated incl tons of RDF incl tons of RDF produced in Estonia 2011 tons of recovered fuels RDF produced in Estonia was also exported to Latvia – Cemex.

22 Waste Recycling Cluster

23 What is a cluster? The objectives of the cluster Driving force
To increase the added value of the companies To increase the sales of the products-services and export. Driving force Co-operation between the companies of the same and different sectors and research & educational institutions.

24 Project partners 17 companies 15 waste management companies
road building company cement company 3 research and educational institutions Estonian University of Life Sciences Tallinna Technical University Tartu University Türi Colledge Cluster is open to new partners.

25 Cluster development Dec, 2009 – Nov, 2010
Preliminary projects – Compost production and production of recycled aggregates from C&D waste. Jan.01, 2011 – Dec.31, 2013 Waste Recycling Cluster Co-financed by Enterprise Estonia from the European Regional Development Fund.

26 Main objectives of Waste Recycling Cluster
To increase the amounts of waste recycled in Estonia. Products compliant to quality standards and sertified: Compost Recycled aggregates Recovered fuels To increase production capacity and volumes, joint marketing. To increase sales of the products-services and export.

27 Waste Recycling Cluster
Waste -> Products Waste Recycling Cluster Production of recovered fuels Production of recycled aggregates Production of compost

28 Activities Study-trips -> acquire the knowledge and experiences other countries, partners search. Research - > market research, quality of the products, capacity sharing. Seminars, conferences. Development of training programs for the employees. Participation in other projects.

29 Production of compost

30 Production of compost

31 Production of compost

32 Production of recycled aggregates

33 Production of recycled aggregates

34 Production of RDF

35 RDF in Kunda Nordic Cement

36 Contacts Margit Rüütelmann

37 Thank you for your attention!

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