Presentation on theme: "Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges Margit Rüütelmann Estonian Waste Management Association Waste Recycling Cluster."— Presentation transcript:
Waste Management in Estonia Future Challenges Margit Rüütelmann Estonian Waste Management Association Waste Recycling Cluster
Estonian Waste Management Association Established in 1996 by 26 waste management companies. In 2006 over 50 members Today 40 members, 13 individual members The mission of EWMA is to stand for the common interests of the members and to develop waste management in Estonia directed by the general principles of sustainable development.
Waste generation The dominating waste sources are: oil shale mining oil shale chemistry power production Municipal waste forms about 3-4 % of the total amount of waste.
Waste generation Generated waste in million tons: YearTotalHazardousRecycled% ,06,77,537,3% ,38,66,731,7% ,37,75,830,2 % ,66,84,428,3%
Waste generation, 2010 Waste taken to the landfill sites tons incl. MSW tons Landfilled tons incl. MSW tons Recycled by landfill operators tons
Composition of MSW
MSW in EU 25
Waste generation Number of inhabitants: 1,34 million ( ) Total amount of waste generated – 15,6 million tons 11,6 tons/person Generation of municipal waste – tons 329 kg/person
Landfills National Waste Management Plan landfill sites in Estonia The closure process of non-compliant landfill sites started in 2001 In 1999 Estonia had 351 municipal landfills July 16th, compliant landfill sites (5 for municipal waste +1 for hazardous waste)
Landfills in 1999
Landfills in 2011
Pollution Charge Pollution charge for release of waste into the environment ,5 EUR per ton of waste ,38 EUR ,25 EUR ,77 EUR ,86 EUR ,84 EUR Gate fee in landfill sites for MSW is about 50 EUR/t.
Pollution Charge 3/4 of the pollution charge goes to the local authority for the development of waste management in the area. Restriction If local authority has not fulfilled the obligation to administer organized municipal waste collection – no pollution charge.
Organized Municipal Waste Collection Obligation since January 1st, Organized municipal waste collection covers municipal waste from households and enterprises. The aim of organised municipal waste collection is to get almost all municipal waste holders covered with contracts.
Organized Municipal Waste Collection About 220 local authorities. Low-density areas. Co-operation between small local authorities. Report of National Audit Office - 43% of local authorities do not have organised municipal waste collection.
Organized Municipal Waste Collection Until Dec.31st, 2010 – competition to grant special or exclusive right to collect waste within certain transport area. Since Jan.1st 2011 – competitions according to the rules provided by Public Procurement Act – services concession. In-house agreements are prohibited.
Future Perspectives National Waste Management Plan General trends defined: Separate collection of waste MBT Recovered fuels Mass incineration
Treatment capacities, MSW Company Tallinn Landfill LtdRDF tons MSW tons MSW March 2011 Ragn-SellsRDF tons MSW Autumn 2011 Estonian Energy, Iru Heat and Power Plant Mass incineration tons MSW June 2013 TOTAL: tons
Treatment capacities, MSW Re-use and recycling + RDF, mass incineration tons/year + Capacity of 5-6 landfills (in tons of waste was landfilled ) Generation of MSW 450 – tons/year Overcapacity – competition between treatment facilities.
RDF incineration Kunda Nordic Cement tons of recovered fuels incinerated incl tons of RDF incl tons of RDF produced in Estonia tons of recovered fuels RDF produced in Estonia was also exported to Latvia – Cemex.
Waste Recycling Cluster
What is a cluster? The objectives of the cluster –To increase the added value of the companies –To increase the sales of the products-services and export. Driving force –Co-operation between the companies of the same and different sectors and research & educational institutions.
Project partners 17 companies 15 waste management companies road building company cement company 3 research and educational institutions Estonian University of Life Sciences Tallinna Technical University Tartu University Türi Colledge Cluster is open to new partners.
Cluster development 1.Dec, 2009 – Nov, 2010 Preliminary projects – Compost production and production of recycled aggregates from C&D waste. 2.Jan.01, 2011 – Dec.31, 2013 Waste Recycling Cluster Co-financed by Enterprise Estonia from the European Regional Development Fund.
Main objectives of Waste Recycling Cluster 1.To increase the amounts of waste recycled in Estonia. 2.Products compliant to quality standards and sertified: –Compost –Recycled aggregates –Recovered fuels 3.To increase production capacity and volumes, joint marketing. 4.To increase sales of the products-services and export.
Waste -> Products Production of compost Production of recycled aggregates Waste Recycling Cluster Production of recovered fuels
Activities Study-trips -> acquire the knowledge and experiences other countries, partners search. Research - > market research, quality of the products, capacity sharing. Seminars, conferences. Development of training programs for the employees. Participation in other projects.