Presentation on theme: "2 nd SYNERGIA Forum Waste-to-Energy and public acceptance Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants Dr. Ella Stengler CEWEP - Managing Director."— Presentation transcript:
2 nd SYNERGIA Forum Waste-to-Energy and public acceptance Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants Dr. Ella Stengler CEWEP - Managing Director SYNERGIA, Athens June 2010
Perceptions … CEWEP CEWEP represents about 380 Waste-to-Energy plants across Europe. They offer: Thermal treatment of waste that is not otherwise recyclable in an environmentally sound way. At the same time making a significant contribution to Reducing GHG emissions - by diverting waste from landfills and - replacing fossil fuels in energy generation Ensuring security of energy supply Achieving renewable energy targets and Producing cheap sustainable energy
What we did … Making alliances: Coalition of European Associations tackling main concerns raised by NGOs Waste Management in user-friendly language A little humour goes a long way All available on www.cewep.eu
Communication approach Transparency and open dialogue With the press all emission results consistent, persistent press briefings, press releases With the neighbours ombudsman all emission results first to neighbours involved in new initiatives With the general public through media brochure With the authorities face-to-face contacts road shows Recommendations from Tom De Bruyckere’s presentation on ISVAG WtE Plant, Belgium, at the CEWEP Congress 2008
Communication approach Information In countries where people are familiar with WtE (e.g. long tradition in Scandinavian countries) perception is much better than in countries without WtE -> Information is essential …. Some facts and figures ….
Treatment of MSW in Europe About 40% of Municipal Solid Waste across the EU 27 is still landfilled, although landfill gases (methane) contribute significantly to global warming (methane equals 25 times CO 2 in mass). Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste in the EU 27 in 2008 Source: EUROSTAT
The Member States who have most successfully reduced dependence on landfill have done this by combining: material recycling biological treatment composting and anaerobic digestion and Waste-to-Energy Proving that WtE goes hand in hand with Recycling WtE hand in hand with Recycling
Treatment of MSW in the EU 27 in 2008 based on EUROSTAT data
Contribution to Climate Protection CO 2 savings via diverting waste from landfills and substitution of fossil fuels which would have been used to produce energy in conventional power plants Generation of renewable energy contribution to the 20 – 20 by 2020 targets of the European Renewable Energy Sources Directive.
CO 2 eq emission reduction EU 27 EU 27 CO 2 eq emission level in 2005: ca. 3900 m tonnes. CO 2 eq reduction target for 2020 relative to 2005: 780 m t Waste is a small contributor to current emissions (mainly landfill), but professional waste management can make a substantial contribution to the reduction of CO 2 in EU 27: Between 146 and 224 m tonnes (Prognos 2008) Through a combination of landfill diversion, more recycling and more efficient Waste-to-Energy Avoided CO 2 eq emisssions due to WtE (based on European energy mix): 25 m tonnes/yr in 2010, growing to 45 and potentially to 68 m tonnes/yr in 2020.
The avoided CO 2 Emissions due to Energy Production from WtE plants 14 Please note that this data excludes fossil emissions and therefore does not represent a full carbon footprint analysis!
WtE’s contribution to renewable energy generation Directive on Energy from Renewable Sources (RES): Definition of biomass (Art. 2) comprises the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste renewable energy source
Share of renewable Energy from WtE as a % of total renewable energy for selected countries Country20062020 NL14,34,4 BE13,32,5 DK12,56,3 DE7,53,0 CZ3,93,3 SE3,74,7 UK3,61,8 Assumption is that countries do achieve their binding target for renewable energy by 2020. Decline of % contributed by WtE is because total renewable energy per country must grow much faster in order to meet the target.
Renewable Energy from WtE = ca. 50% of the total energy generation by WtE Plants due to biodegradable part in MSW 17
Renewable energy production by WtE: In 2006 WtE supplied a considerable amount of Renewable Energy: 38 TWh for the whole of Europe This will grow by 2020 to a level of at least 66 TWh, and potentially to 98 TWh, through an increase of the amount of waste, diverted from landfilling and processed via WtE and by steady efficiency improvements (heat & electrical efficiency) Countries which continue to make a significant contribution through WtE to their total Renewable Energy production are: NL, BE, DK, DE, SE Note that the total Energy output of WtE and SRF is twice the amount regarded as renewable ! 18
The Total Energy Output projection for WtE 19 Includes both renewable and fossil components.
Lighting up the world power 148 million energy efficient 15 Watt light bulbs for a whole year From the electricity exported from European WtE plants in 2007 we could*: enough for a line of energy efficient 15 Watt light bulbs to run from Brussels to Honolulu (11 800 km) and light them for a whole year *In 2007 19 billion kWh of electricity was exported
WtE – cost effective RE source... and reliable 21 Source: EREF report 2009 * For LFG avg feed in rariff in EU: 71 € (incl minor subsidy) * * Market Price level for WtE 45-65 €/ MWh. Only few % of WtE Electricity gets some Renew Subsidy * **
WtE: l ow hanging fruit at relatively low cost If we want to achieve the 20 20 targets by 2020, we cannot afford “to waste” this readily available source ! 22
WtE: cleanly and safely treating your waste Sophisticated filtering devices minimise the emissions into the atmosphere by blocking the pollutants, originating from the waste, such as heavy metals. The Waste Incineration Directive 2000/76/EC introduced the most stringent emission limit values applied to any single industry in Europe.
WtE plant (MVR) Hamburg, operating Best Available Techniques (BAT)
Lisbon University's Institute of Preventive Medicine: waste incineration "does not impact on dioxin blood levels of nearby residents" of Waste-to-Energy plants www.sciencedirect.com www.sciencedirect.com UK Committee of Carcinogenity: “any potential risk of cancer due to residency near to municipal solid waste incinerators was exceedingly low, and probably not measurable by the most modern epidemiological techniques” http://www.advisorybodies.doh.gov.u k/Coc/munipwst.htm http://www.advisorybodies.doh.gov.u k/Coc/munipwst.htm Health studies
UK Health Protection Agency September 2009 "The Impact on Health of Emissions to Air from Municipal Waste Incinerators” confirmed the statement of the Committee on Carcinogenicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment and pointed out: “Since any possible health effects are likely to be very small, if detectable, studies of public health around modern, well managed municipal waste incinerators are not recommended”. Regarding the concentrations of particulate matter released into the air by Waste-to-Energy plants they state: “The contribution made by waste incineration to national emissions of particles is low. Data provided by Defra show that 2006 national emissions of PM10 from waste incineration are 0.03% of the total compared with 27% and 25% for traffic and industry respectively.” http://www.hpa.org.uk/web/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1251473372218
Health studies The Scientific Advisory Council of the Federal Medical Association (Germany) investigated potential health risks caused by emissions of Waste-to-Energy Plants, concluding: Source: German Medical Journal 90, edition 1 / 2, 11 th of January 1993, p. 45-53, Publications “ The evaluation conducted shows that currently operating Waste-to-Energy Plants, which are conform to the technical standards, cause very marginal health risks which can therefore be classified as negligible health risks for the population living in the vicinity of Waste-to-Energy Plants”