6Landfill Site Comparisons Site ASite BSite CSite DCost$30,900,000$23,100,000$34,200,00028,200,000(cubic ft.)217,800,000243,926,000143,748,00078,408,000Top soil depth (ft.)4631Adv.away from school, airportaccessout of townaway from houses, townDisadv.summer wind2 houses, airportcommercial annexnear river, stream, drainage, steep, mine, nature preserveRec.noyes
7Other Possibilities Transport trash to another area Incineration Recycling/Compost
8Additions to Activity Build a landfill model Compare soil permeability Examine bedrock samples
9An Environmental Health Simulation KILDARE, USAAn Environmental Health Simulation
10MAP OF KILDARE, USAN=10,0001000600Lake Rainbow500
11SCENARIO 15 individuals diagnosed with illness Rash, arthritis progressing to seizures/paralysisYour group is a team of environmental sanitarians assigned to investigate the illness and control its spread.Money is available but use wisely since the more you spend the less is available for other town issues.
12INITIAL OPTIONSOption 1A: Interview doctors involved in the diagnosis of the disease$300Option 1B: Interview area business ownersOption 1C: Interview those individuals who have fallen ill with the mysterious symptoms.Option 1D: Run tests to screen for pathogens and toxins in Lake Rainbow.$1,500Option 1E: Conduct genetic screening of patients.Option 1F: Interview businesses where patients work.Option 1G: Conduct air emissions study of Kildare Industrial Park.$900Option 1H: Review literature written on similar symptoms of patients occurring in 1919.$100Option 1I: Conduct standard blood serum work on patients. This test will identify common pathogens, poisons, and blood chemistry abnormalities.$600Option 1J: Conduct tests on patients’ home environments.
14CONCLUSION PART 1? all have lake and fish in common no common toxins or pathogens in lake, (air, soil)All are homozygous for gene for I-roll
15OPTIONS PART 2 Option 2A: Conduct household water study. $400 Option 2B: Conduct local food study.$1,000Option 2C: Conduct local stream study.$600Option 2D: Conduct local air study.$500Option 2E: Conduct specific analysis of blood serum on patients for the presence of rare pollutants.Option 2F: Conduct study of local soil.Option 2G: Conduct analysis of the waste discharged from the entire Kildare Industrial Park.Option 2H: Conduct study of game fish in Lake Rainbow.$700Option 2I: Conduct study of city water supply.Option 2J: Conduct study of the waste discharged from individual industrial park businesses.
16CONCLUSION PART 2? Chemical called I-Swing in Lake (legal levels) Discharged by EPCHigh concentration in game fishThose affected have high concentrations of U-shake in blood
17OPTIONS PART 3Option 3A: Study I-Swing in the food chain of Lake Rainbow$3,000Option 3B: Study the interaction of I-Swing and the enzyme I-Roll.$3,500Option 3C: Study the blood serum in people who have eaten the fish but have not fallen ill.$1,500Option 3D: Study the metabolism of U-Shake in patients.Option 3E: Study U-Shake in the food chain of Lake Rainbow.
18CONCLUSION PART 3 I-swing bioaccumulates Biomagnification of I-swing in food chainThose with I-roll convert I-swing to U-shakeU-shake accumulates, causes symptoms
19CONCLUSION PART 3 I-swing bioaccumulates Biomagnification of I-swing in food chainThose with I-roll convert I- swing to U-shakeU-shake accumulates, causes symptoms
20POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS Solution 1: Solution 2: Solution 3: Solution 4: Though harsh, some have argued that little can and should be done. The genetic defect is rare and will be wiped out if not treated, since all inflicted will die.Solution 2:Genetic screening of the town at $250 a test. Warn homozygous recessive people for the I-Roll gene of danger in eating Lake Rainbow fish.Solution 3:Close down EPC until a filtering procedure can be developed to remove I-Swing. This process could take 1–5 years. Remove all fish from Lake Rainbow and restock with new fish.Solution 4:Fine EPC for dumping I-Swing into Lake Rainbow until I-Swing is removed from their waste. Remove all fish and restock the lake.Solution 5:Come up with an alternate solution.