WHAT ARE DRUGS? Drugs are substances that are used to treat or prevent diseases. They are also used to relieve pains, to help control mental or physical ailments, and even to help diagnose illnesses.
DRUG VOCAB Tolerance Body becomes accustomed to drug and causes the user to experience a need for more and more drug to achieve the desired effect or high. Psychological Dependence A condition that occurs overtime and causes user to believe that drug is needed in order to feel good or function normally.
DRUG VOCAB Physiological dependence A user develops a chemical need for a drug. Symptoms of withdrawal occur when the effects of the drug wear off. Symptoms can include nervousness, insomnia, headaches, vomiting, chills, and cramps. Addiction A physiological or psychological dependence on a drug.
DEPRESSANTS Drugs that act on the central nervous system and slow down brain activity. Impairs co-ordination, balance and judgment Higher doses can lead progressively to drowsiness, vomiting, coma and even death.
TYPES OF DRUGS The pain relief induced by analgesics occurs either by blocking pain signals going to the brain or by interfering with the brain's interpretation of the signals, without producing anesthesia or loss of consciousness. There are basically two kinds of analgesics: non-narcotics and narcotics.pain relief Examples: Opium Morphine Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Percodan Vicodin
ANABOLIC STEROIDS Drugs that promote muscle growth and increase lean body mass. These drugs mostly have legitimate medical uses They are often misused by those wishing to enhance their athletic performance or strength.
PRESCRIPTION DRUGS A drug that is available with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist EXAMPLES: o Antibiotic (penicillin) o Hydrocodone (narcotic pain killer) o Prozac (anti-depressant)
MARIJUANA AND THC Marijuana is one of the names given to the Cannabis sativa plant when it is used as a drug. The active ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC
INHALANTS Inhalants are volatile substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a psychoactive or mind-altering effects Examples of inhalants: o Gasoline o Glue o Aerosol cleaners
NARCOTICS A drug (opium & morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain and induces profound sleep A drug that in excessive doses can cause stupor, coma and convulsions A drug subject to restriction
PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS A psychoactive drug is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain functions, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood consciousness and behavior These drugs may be taken recreationally to purposefully alter one’s consciousness They are often helpful in treating depression, anxiety, insomnia and other psychological disorders
CLUB DRUGS Club drugs are a group of psychoactive drugs that tend to be abused by teens and young adults at bars, nightclubs, concerts and parties Commonly abused “Club Drugs” o GHB – Gamma hydroxybutrate o Rohypnol – (chemically similar to a sedative) o Ketamine (anesthetic used in veterinary practice) o MDMA (ecstasy) o Methamphetamine (meth)
RISKS FACTORS INVOLVED IN DRUG TAKING Users can never be sure of exactly what they are taking Not knowing the strength of what has been bought could lead to an accidental overdose (which may be life- threatening) Users can’t be precisely sure of the effect the drug will have, even if they have taken it before.
Sharing dirty needles or syringes carries a risk of serious infections Mixing drugs with drugs, or drugs with alcohol Getting a criminal record. Effects on relationships, financial pressures, reducing judgment or performance etc.
KNOW THE FACTS The following statistics are from the results of a major national survey of secondary schoolchildren aged 11-15 published by the Department of Health (DH) in 2002. 12% of pupils had used illegal drugs in the last month and 20% had used illegal drugs in the last year 13% of boys reported taking drugs in the last month compared to 11% of girls
Use increased with age. Six percent of 11-year-olds had used drugs in the last year compared to 39% of 15- year-olds Cannabis is the most likely drug to have been used, with 13% of pupils reporting use in the last year. Cannabis use also increases sharply with age with 1% of 11-year-olds having used the drug in past year compared with 31% of 15-year-olds