Presentation on theme: "Immigration in the 1900s. “Old Immigration” When the 13 colonies were established, most immigrants to America were from England. Before 1880, Most of."— Presentation transcript:
Immigration in the 1900s
“Old Immigration” When the 13 colonies were established, most immigrants to America were from England. Before 1880, Most of the these people came from northern & western Europe. Majority were Protestants. They came to escape religious & political persecution or economic opportunities Ireland England France
“New Immigration” Between 1880-1924, most immigrants coming to the United States were from southern and eastern Europe Italy Poland Greece Russia Mostly were Catholics & Jews. It also included people from Mexico; other nations in Latin American and Japan
Spoke English Protestant Different appearances and habits They spoke little or no English Catholic, Jewish, Orthodox Christian Different appearances and habits Extremely poor and uneducated
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor was the symbol of America to many immigrants looking for a new life A Land of Hope The millions of immigrants who sailed to America were greeted by the Statue of Liberty.
Immigrants coming into New York were stopped at Ellis Island Ellis Island Incoming immigrants were given a physical to check for diseases and their criminal record was checked
With the huge numbers of immigrants, inspectors had just 2 minutes to complete the process and many immigrants had their last names changed by the inspectors because they didn’t have the time or patience to struggle with the foreign spellings
Stairs of Separation As the immigrants walked up the staircase, U.S. Public Health Officials watched them for signs of a number of illnesses. Inspection Line Now began a series of tests that would determine their fate Only 2 % were sent back 2% of 12 Million Would you like to have 2% of $12 Million Dollars?
Medical Exam The Inspector would take about 7 seconds to determine if the immigrant had any infectious diseases. Medical Inspectors watched the people & marked them with chalk The exam was frightening & embarrassing
Asked a Series of 29 Questions The Same as Were Asked Before Leaving Europe To See if Your Story Remained the Same Immigrants that were detained for medical or other reasons stayed in these rooms, tightly packed with rows of bunk beds.
Once All the Testing Was Done, You Were Allowed to Leave the Island & Become an American Or Become a “Bird of Passage” intended to immigrate temporarily to earn money; and then return to their homeland.
Ethnic Cities – Little Italy Little Italy, New York City, circa 1901 By the late 1800s, immigrants made up a great portion of the country’s largest cities, including New York City, Chicago and Boston
Ethnic Cities - Chinatown Immigrants lived in their own separate neighborhoods – like Little Italy or Chinatown – and kept many of their former traditions. Chinatown, New York City
Asian Immigration During the late 1800s, the west coast (California) saw a boom in the amount of immigrants coming from Asia. Most Chinese immigrants came to America because over-crowding in China led to high unemployment, poverty and famine.
Asians immigrants arriving on the west coast went through Angel Island in San Francisco. The inspection process on Angel Island was more difficult than on Ellis Island. Immigrants endured harsh questioning and a long detention in filthy ramshackle buildings
Adjusting to a New Land · Most immigrants settled in the cities of the NE & Midwest where they took unskilled jobs. By 1900, lower Manhattan was the most crowded place in the world. Gradually immigrants became “Americanized” assimilated into mainstream American society by learning its values and behaviors. Often it was the children of the immigrants who were first to become “Americanized”
The Rise of Nativism The flood of immigrants into the U.S. worried many Americans who felt their way of life could be changed. Nativism is an extreme dislike for foreigners by native-born people and a desire to limit immigration.
The Rise of Nativism New immigrants were easy scapegoats for the fear of social change that many experienced due to the rapid changes based on the Industrial Revolution. Workers blamed immigrants for low wages or shortages of employment. A resentment of foreigners crept into America’s attitudes.
· Chinese immigrants were frequently attacked, and occasionally killed, by racist mobs. Anti-Asian Sentiment · Many Americans feared they would lose their jobs to the Chinese. As a result; labor groups pressured politicians to restrict Asian immigration. Asians were prohibited from buying land in California. Seattle's anti-Chinese riot of February 8, 1886
Chinese Exclusion Act The Chinese Exclusion Act was the law passed by Congress that greatly reduced the amount of Asian immigrants coming to America in the late 1800s. The law barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese from becoming U.S. citizens.
Americans showed prejudice against Japanese immigrants as well. In San Francisco; the local school board put all Chinese; Japanese; and Korean children in special Asian schools. This led to anti-American riots in Japan. Under the Gentlemen’s Agreement; Japan’s government agreed to limit immigration to the US in exchange for the repeal of the San Francisco segregation order.
This system established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country. The goal of the quota system was to cut sharply European immigration to the United States. Favors “desirable” immigrants over others The system achieved that goal!