It was invented in 300 B.C.E in Europe Introduced to the Middle East and Asia in the 13 th C Started to decline in the 17 th C It was made of hundreds of iron links, covered the whole body and allowed for easy movement Excellent defence against swords and spears as swords were used to slash enemy not thrust through their bodies. Did not defend against heavy, blunt weapons. Did not protect against serious bruising or broken bones.
The shift to plate armour began in 1200’s Used by ancient Greeks and Romans Plate armour fully encased its wearer with the addition of steel plates to protect the knees. Armored men on their horses were like modern day tanks, they just barreled through enemy infantry lines. Plate armour was expensive to produce
Virtually sword proof Moveable joints to protect the fighter’s underarms Plated helmets, some with sharply pointed noses Could weigh as much as 20 kilograms and have as many as 20 pieces 2 edged swords weighed 5 kilograms could be handled well in one hand Beneath the shining metal, a knight would also wear thick padding and chain-mail armour
Boys began wearing armour with moveable joints in their teens By adulthood they were well trained and able to fight while standing on the ground. At tournaments and in battles, armoured knights sometimes fought dismounted from their horses. Knights conducted themselves according to a code of chivalry, which had as its highest value courteous behaviour toward women.
Only nobles could afford to be knights because of the high cost of armour. Wealthy nobles could equip others as well as themselves. Loyalty to one’s country didn’t exist in the medieval period. – Men to Nobles – Nobles to King Medieval armies were not national armies, but temporary gatherings of private armies brought together to support a King’s war goals. Since armies did not exist outside of wartime, military training was no boot camp. Instead, there were jousting tournaments. Jousting - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jamZyBva_LEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jamZyBva_LE
Developed in the 4 th C, this type of armour was very expensive and took up to a year to assemble Much like European knights, Samurai Warriors followed the Bushido Code or “Way of the Warrior.” This code demanded self-discipline and taught warriors to protect women and orphans. They were extremely loyal to their local leader, not the emperor. The chief weapon was a slightly curved sword – Katana Half the weight of the knight’s two-edged sword Made of two types of steel that cooled at different rates resulting in the characteristic curve. Took 1-3 wks to polish to reduce drag in battle
Consisted of metal breast plates tightly laced together in order to keep the armour from falling apart The odoshi, leather or silk cords used to lace up the armour, helped the Samurai Warriors to have the ability to identify members of a clan by the colour of the cord. The cords were also a sign of the rank of Samurai Warrior. The full suit incorporates 20 components: Metal breast plate Helmet & face mask Armoured sleeves Shoulder guards An armoured skirt (apron) protected upper thighs Shin guards http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yP9MmzyTIg
End of Armoured Men in Battle Came with the arrival of Swiss soldiers called, pikemen, who carried weapons with a long wooden handle and a pike-pointed blade tip called a pike. Unlike armoured knights, pikemen stood close together with their pikes sticking out and struck fear in all their enemies. Even armoured horses refused to try to break through.
Modern Day Armour: Dragon Skin Dragon Skin is a type of ballistic vest currently produced in California. – Its characteristic two-inch-wide circular discs overlap like scale armor, creating a flexible vest that allows a good range of motion and can allegedly absorb a high number of hits compared with other military body armor. – The discs are composed of ceramic laminates, much like the larger ceramic plates in other types of bullet resistant vests. – This armor has been known to withstand grenade blasts, and up to 40 rounds of ammo. Dragon Skin has been worn by special operations forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, SWAT teams, bodyguards tasked with protecting generals, and U.S. Secret Service personnel.
What were the consequences of high cost of armour? How has armour changed over time to improve soldiers’ ability to fight? The consequences of high cost of armour was that less people could buy it because it was expensive but the armour lasted long so if you bought it you would not have to buy more for a while. The change of armour over time has improved soldiers’ ability to fight by the way they are more protected so they do not have to focus on protecting their bodies they can focus on fighting.