Presentation on theme: "Serge ProkoviefSerge Prokovief Russian Composer, pianist, and conductor One of the major composers of the 20 th century Born in Sontsovka, a rural."— Presentation transcript:
Serge ProkoviefSerge Prokovief Russian Composer, pianist, and conductor One of the major composers of the 20 th century Born in Sontsovka, a rural estate of the Russian Empire After the Russian Revolution, Prokovief left Russia and lived in the U.S., Germany, then Paris. Returned back Soviet Union in 1936, became apart of Union of Soviet Composers (isolation of Soviet Composers)
Symphony ClassiqueSymphony Classique Prokovief’s Symphony Classique is a piece filled with ambiguous irony and admiration of the 18 th century’s classical music Composed in 1916 Four movement form: Allegro, Larghetto, Gavotte:Non Troppo Allegro, Finale: Molto Vivace Two fast outer movement which bracket the two slow movements.
Continued… Gavotto movement inspired by a stylized dance The piece has a lighthearted and humorous character Sharply dissonant and maintains a steadfastly tonal base The Classical tone is shone through the harmonic language Sudden shifts between tonal centers
Continued… First movement, Allegro, is in Sonata form The Gavotte sounds very Mozartean The piece ends with an exuberant finale Constant shifts of tone implements suspense and excitement
Xian XinghaiXian Xinghai One of the earliest generation of Chinese Composers Influenced by western classical music Has influenced generations of Chinese musicians Wrote vocal works that encouraged people to fight Japanese invaders Composed over 300 works: Composed in major musical forms: two symphonies, a violin concierto, choral works Won the title “People’s Composer”
Yellow River Piano Concerto Yellow River Piano Concerto The piece Xian Xinghai is best known for Piano and Orchestra Composed in 1939, Premiere in 1969 during Cultural Revolution 8 movement piece originally, rearranged to 4 movements: Prelude, Ode, The Yellow River In Anger, Defend the Yellow River Used traditional folk melodies
Continued… Yellow River Piano Concerto was banished from the Chinese concert stage at the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976 Remained popular outside of China Late 1980’s filtered back into Chinese mainstream and performed by Chinese and Western artists
The MovementsThe Movements Prelude: The Song of the Yellow River Boatman: Momentum of Waves- Rapid chromatic crescendo and use of cymbals Ode to the Yellow River: Praise of the Yellow River- Deep and rich timbre of the cello The Wrath of the Yellow River: Brings out melody Defend the Yellow River: Finale, polyphonic canon, thematic writing(popular in traditional Chinese), first phase played by trumpet
Form ComparisonForm Comparison Symphony Classique Four Movements: Allegro, Larghetto, Gavotte:Non Troppo Allegro, Finale: Molto Vivace Allegro Yellow River Piano Concerto Originally 8 movements but got rearranged into 4: Prelude, Ode, Wrath of the Yellow River, Defend the Yellow River
First MovementFirst Movement Symphony Classique Allegro: Sonata Form D Major to C Major: Harmonic Masculine, strong Lighthearted feel Yellow River Piano Concerto Prelude Pentatonic Scale of D Definite Rhythmic Drive Exciting Characteristic Represents rapid waters of the river
Second MovementSecond Movement Symphony Classique Larghetto Slow Triple Meter Tempo picks up in middle Yellow River Piano Concerto Ballad Style Peaceful Pentatonic Scale of B flat Meter goes from simple- quadruple to simple- triple Faster tempo
Third MovementThird Movement Symphony Classique Gavotte Baroque Dance Triple Meter Ternary Form Harmonic I-VII-VII Yellow River Piano Concerto Wrath Four Different pentatonic scales Starts calmly with bright introduction Cheerful and lively Becomes dramatic, anger
Fourth MovementFourth Movement Symphony Classique Molto Vivace Sonata Allegro Rapid and energetic Sudden Modulation Bright quality Yellow River Piano Concerto Defending Yellow River Passionate Concludes battle Ends with Coda Pentatonic Scale of C Fast tempo- simple duple Tonic and dominant harmonies Ends in Piano – soft
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