Presentation on theme: "Instructions for Playing Jeopardy"— Presentation transcript:
1Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100Read the question and click on theto advanceTo return to the main playing boardfor another question, click on the blue boxin the left hand corner of the answer screen.To advance to Double Jeopardy clickPress page down to begin playing the gameCorrect AnswerReturn
10Most Americans learn about government and politics through an informal learning processhigh school civics courses.direct explanation from their parents.mass media
11an informal learning process Answeran informal learning processReturn
12Public opinion is defined as widely held beliefs about the public’s role in politics and policy.beliefs about government held by a majority of people.opinions solicited from a random sample of the public.the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy.
13Answerthe distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy.Return
14political orientation. political socialization. The process through which an individual acquires his or her particular political orientations, including his or her knowledge, feelings, and evaluations regarding his or her political world, is known aspolitical orientation.political socialization.politicalideology.political indoctrination.
19The family’s role in political socialization is central because of children’s tendencies to rebel against parents and their beliefs.parents tend to purposively guide their children’s political orientations.of its monopoly on time and emotional commitment.the family puts emphasis on formal political education.
20of its monopoly on time and emotional commitment. Answerof its monopoly on time and emotional commitment.Return
21A political ideology is the process through which an individual acquires his or her political skills.the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues.a coherent set of values and beliefs about public policy.the set of courses that a political science student must complete to attain a degree.
22Answer a coherent set of values and beliefs about public policy. Return
23a sharp turn in public thinking to more liberal positions on issues. Recent presidential elections have showna sharp turn in public thinking to more conservative positions on issues.that voters are less interested in ideology or issue positions than in candidate traits such as competence and integrity.a sharp turn in public thinking to more liberal positions on issues.that voters are more interested in issue positions than in candidate ideology.
24Answerthat voters are less interested in ideology or issue positions than in candidate traits such as competence and integrity.Return
25There is evidence that when incomes and educational levels are equal the political participation of members of minority groups and the majority are also equal.Hispanics participate more than whites and African Americans participate less than whites.members of minority groups tend to participate more than members of the majority.members of the majority tend to be more politically active than minorities.
26Answermembers of minority groups tend to participate more than members of the majority.Return
27favor divided government. oppose divided government. To say that Americans identify as ideological conservatives, but are actually operational liberals is to say that Americansoppose big government in principle, but want it to do more in practice.favor big government in principle, but want it to do less in practice.favor divided government.oppose divided government.
28Answeroppose big government in principle, but want it to do more in practice.Return
29Compared to men, women are more likely to support higher levels of military spending.support spending on social services.be indifferent to issues of government spending.support military intervention around the world.
30support spending on social services. Answersupport spending on social services.Return
31A disadvantage of telephone public opinion surveys is that they cost more than face-to-face surveys.that they have a higher response rate than face-to-face interviews.that some individuals do not own phones.that they have a lower response rate than mail interviews.
32that some individuals do not own phones. Answerthat some individuals do not own phones.Return
33constantly fluctuating. surprisingly sharp and sophisticated. Public opinion analysts agree that the level of public knowledge about politics isdismally low.pretty good.constantly fluctuating.surprisingly sharp and sophisticated.
35example sample census slice Because it would be prohibitively expensive to ask every citizen his or her opinion on a whole range of issues, polls rely on what is called a(n) ________ of the population.examplesamplecensusslice
39Sampling error describes how many samples a survey estimate is based on.what percentage of the sample provided answers to the questions.how close a sample estimate is to the real population value.how often a sample statistic is correct.
40how close a sample estimate is to the real population value. Answerhow close a sample estimate is to the real population value.Return
41They have always voted about as much as whites despite legal barriers. Which of the following is TRUE in regard to the voting habits of African Americans and Hispanic Americans?They have always voted about as much as whites despite legal barriers.The gap between their voter turnout and that of whites has widened considerably over the past thirty years.Members of these groups are less likely to vote the higher their income.Members of these groups are more likely to vote than whites of the same income level.
42AnswerMembers of these groups are more likely to vote than whites of the same income level.Return
43Which of the following is typical of most adult Americans when it comes to political participation? A majority of Americans will participate in a protest such as a demonstration, strike, or sit-in at least once in their lives.Most will participate in all twelve major kinds of political activities at some point in their lives.Most will vote in an election, but only a minority of people do more than that politically.Most will vote in an election and do one or two other political activities, usually contacting local officials, joining a political club, or donating money to a candidate.
44AnswerMost will vote in an election, but only a minority of people do more than that politically.Return
45middle-class minority voters Which of the following groups would be LEAST likely to vote in a typical election?middle-class minority voterspoor white votersrich white voterspoor minority voters
47Civil disobedience necessarily involves non-violent protests to achieve desired results.consciously breaking a law thought to be unjust.working within the laws to achieve objectives.rioting and violence to achieve desired results.
48consciously breaking a law thought to be unjust. Answerconsciously breaking a law thought to be unjust.Return
49voting in presidential elections. voting in local elections. The most common form of political participation in the United States isvoting in presidential elections.voting in local elections.belonging to a political party.writing letters to public officials.
50voting in presidential elections. Answervoting in presidential elections.Return
51Which of the following is TRUE about most liberals in American politics? They favor keeping taxes and government spending low.They believe we should guard carefully the rights of defendants in criminal cases.They are supportive of prayer in public schools.They oppose abortion.
52AnswerThey believe we should guard carefully the rights of defendants in criminal cases.Return
53Which of the following statements is FALSE? Liberals generally think we should spend less on military spending; conservatives are more likely to support maintaining higher levels of military strength.Liberals seek to tax the rich more; conservatives seek to maintain the free market and tax the rich less.Liberals are more likely to favor military intervention around the globe; conservatives are less willing to commit troops to action.Liberals generally believe thatwe can solve the problems that cause crime; conservatives believe that we should stop “coddling” criminals.
54AnswerLiberals are more likely to favor military intervention around the globe; conservatives are less willing to commit troops to action.Return
55as group benefits voters. When people are asked about their ideology, an equal number answer conservative and ________.moderate.liberal.highly religious.as group benefits voters.
60In general, liberal ideology supports a strong central government that sets policies to promote equality.individuals responding generously to each other to solve society’s problems without looking to government to do soa small, less active government that gives freer reign to the private sector.strong local and state governments that are closer to the people.
61a strong central government that sets policies to promote equality. Answera strong central government that sets policies to promote equality.Return
62increased military spending. free-market solutions. Conservatives would tend to favor each of the following EXCEPTaffirmative action.low taxes.increased military spending.free-market solutions.
64What is central to the ideology of the Republican Party? The American government has become too wide ranging.The American government doesn't do enough for its citizens.The American government is based on too little political participation.The size of the American government is not a particularly important issue to most people.
65The American government has become too wide ranging. AnswerThe American government has become too wide ranging.Return
66Groups with political clout Younger voters Which of these groups tends to be more conservative?Groups with political cloutYounger votersAfrican AmericansHispanics
67Groups with political clout AnswerGroups with political cloutReturn
68They believe we should spend much less on the military budget. Which of the following is TRUE of most conservatives in American politics?They favor free market solutions to problems rather than looking to the government for regulating business.They believe we should spend much less on the military budget.They are in favor of affirmative action programs.They are opposed to prayer in public schools
69AnswerThey favor free market solutions to problems rather than looking to the government for regulating business.Return
70mixture of liberal and conservative. A political figure who is in favor of increased military spending, supported freedom of choice on abortion, opposed affirmative action programs, wanted to tax the rich more, and felt the courts should stop coddling criminals would be a(n)socialist.mixture of liberal and conservative.liberal.conservative.
71mixture of liberal and conservative. Answermixture of liberal and conservative.Return
83Legitimacy in terms of American elections means the public is satisfied with the qualifications and the policy positions of the candidates.the public is nearly unanimously happy with the results.the election is nearly unanimously accepted as a fair and free method to select political leaders.the best candidate is selected.
84Answerthe election is nearly unanimously accepted as a fair and free method to select political leaders.Return
85Which of these is a function of elections in America society? Elections institutionalize political activity.Elections provide regular access to political power.Elections channel political participation through the electoral process.all are correct
87The three kinds of elections in the U.S. are primary elections, general elections, and elections on specific policy.primary elections, secondary elections, and tertiary elections.primary elections, ancillary elections, corollary elections.primary elections, general elections, and competitive elections.
88Answerprimary elections, general elections, and elections on specific policy.Return
89initiative petition. referendum. stakeholder election. The state level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a state constitutional amendment is called a(n)initiativepetition.referendum.stakeholder election.primary election.
91What new way to register to vote was implemented with the passage of the Motor Voter Act? By checking a box on your driver’s license application or renewal form.After you take driver’s education classes.When you buy or lease a car, by checking off a voter registration form.In an approved drive-through motor vehicles’ bureau.
92AnswerBy checking a box on your driver’s license application or renewal form.Return
93the mandate theory of elections. The belief that in order to support democratic government a citizen should always vote is a belief in the notion ofcivic duty.political efficacy.suffrage.the mandate theory of elections.
95Political efficacy refers to the belief that the costs of voting outweigh the benefits.significant policy differences exist between the parties.one should always support democratic government.ordinary people can influence the government.
96Answerordinary people can influence the government.Return
97A paradox of American electoral history is that while suffrage has expanded participation in elections has increased.fewer Americans exercise the right to vote.people place greater value on their right to vote.fewer people are eligible to register to vote
98Answerfewer Americans exercise the right to vote.Return
99What are the three primary factors that shape voters’ choices? Party identification, candidate identification, policy positions.Party identification, party voting, suffrageRetrospective voting, party voting, civic duty votingLegitimacy, initiative, efficacy
103A majority of present day journalists believe that the most important thing that the media do or try to do isinvestigate claims made by the government.get information quickly to the public.provide entertainment.discuss national policy.
104Answerinvestigate claims made by the government.Return
105“Yellow journalism” refers to a style of reporting that focuses on violence, corruption, wars, and gossip, often without regard for the truth.exposes the weaknesses of political leaders.fails to cover “tough stories” out of fear of retribution.focuses on the personal lives of public figures and elected officials.
106Answerfocuses on violence, corruption, wars, and gossip, often without regard for the truth.Return
107the Wall Street Journal. The nation's most influential newspaper and its unofficial "newspaper of record" isUSAToday.The New York Times.the Wall Street Journal.the Washington Post.
109USA Today. The New York Times. Cable News Network. For most newspapers in medium-sized cities and small towns, their principal source for reporting national and world news isUSA Today.The New York Times.Cable News Network.the Associated Press.
111Richard Nixon believed he lost the 1960 presidential election because news coverage of his campaign was consistently biased against himof voter fraud in New York City.on televised debate, he was sweating and had ugly beard stubble compared to Kennedy’s crisp appearance.of Kennedy's dramatic pledge not to raise taxes.
112Answeron televised debate, he was sweating and had ugly beard stubble compared to Kennedy’s crisp appearance.Return
116Cable News Network (CNN) has taken the place of the three major networks as Americans' primary source for news.specializes in after-the-fact news summaries and in-depth analysis.has brought television into a new era of bringing the news to people and political leaders as it happens.is a government-owned news agency that specializes in international news.
117Answerhas brought television into a new era of bringing the news to people and political leaders as it happensReturn
118News is whatthe public believes are the most important political issues facing the country.government officials want it to be.has the greatest impact on the most people.is timely and different.
120Which of these is NOT part of the FCC’s regulation of the airwaves? Limiting the ownership of the broadcast media by large conglomeratesLimiting the number of stations owned or controlled by one companyEnsuring that the station serves the public interestMonitoring the equal time rule
121AnswerLimiting the ownership of the broadcast media by large conglomeratesReturn
122The 2000 presidential election was between what two candidates? Obama and McCainPalin and BidenBush and GoreNixon and Kennedy
128Elections have a tendency to expand the scope of government because so many people become involved in the process.voters like to feel that they are sending a message to government to accomplish something.elections open opportunities for more government employment.because they are so expensive to conduct.
129Answervoters like to feel that they are sending a message to government to accomplish something.Return
131Which of the following is MOST likely to threaten a candidate’s chances for reelection? Disagreement between the candidate and his/her political party.Increased immigration during the incumbent’s term.Revelations of personal scandal of the incumbent.An economic downturn during the incumbent’s term.
132An economic downturn during the incumbent’s term. AnswerAn economic downturn during the incumbent’s term.Return
133Which of the following is TRUE about the Electoral College? It is used in nearly half of the democratic nations around the world.It is scheduled to be phased out in 2009, though some still argue its usefulness and want to rescind the phase-out.An elector has never voted differently from the popular vote winner of his state.It over-represents small states.
134It over-represents small states. AnswerIt over-represents small states.Return
135As provided in the Constitution, how are electoral votes allocated for each state? Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in the House of Representatives.many electoral votes as it has members in the House of Representatives.Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in both the House and the Senate.Each state is proportioned to their population, with all states having at least one vote.Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in the Senate.
136AnswerEach state has as many electoral votes as it has members in both the House and the Senate.Return
137A consequence of the Electoral College is introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process.over-represents less populous states.may result in the election of a president who did not receive the most popular votes.All are correct.
139the House of Representatives. the Federal Election Commission. Electors in the electoral college meet in their states in December (following the November general election) to officially cast their ballots, then mail their votes tothe House of Representatives.the Federal Election Commission.the Supreme Court.the vice president.
141The "electors" in the Electoral College are the members of Congress from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their state's votes.the members of Congress from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their state's votes.selected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years.selected by state legislatures well in advance of the presidential election, and each elector votes his or her own conscience as to who would be the best president.
142Answerselected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years.Return