Presentation on theme: "Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100 Read the question and click on the to advance To return."— Presentation transcript:
Instructions for Playing Jeopardy Click on the question that you want to attempt, example $100 Read the question and click on the to advance To return to the main playing board for another question, click on the blue box in the left hand corner of the answer screen. To advance to Double Jeopardy click Press page down to begin playing the game Correct Answer Return
an informal learning process high school civics courses. direct explanation from their parents. mass media Most Americans learn about government and politics through
Return Answer an informal learning process
widely held beliefs about the public’s role in politics and policy. beliefs about government held by a majority of people. opinions solicited from a random sample of the public. the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy. Public opinion is defined as
Answer Return the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy.
political orientation. political socialization. political ideology. political indoctrination. The process through which an individual acquires his or her particular political orientations, including his or her knowledge, feelings, and evaluations regarding his or her political world, is known as
Answer Return political socialization.
fluctuate more.lack commitment. change as one’s position in the aging order changes their life conditions. grow firmer. As one becomes more socialized with age, one’s political orientations
Answer Return grow firmer.
of children’s tendencies to rebel against parents and their beliefs. parents tend to purposively guide their children’s political orientations. of its monopoly on time and emotional commitment. the family puts emphasis on formal political education. The family’s role in political socialization is central because
Answer Return of its monopoly on time and emotional commitment.
the process through which an individual acquires his or her political skills. the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues. a coherent set of values and beliefs about public policy. the set of courses that a political science student must complete to attain a degree. A political ideology is
Answer Return a coherent set of values and beliefs about public policy.
a sharp turn in public thinking to more conservative positions on issues. that voters are less interested in ideology or issue positions than in candidate traits such as competence and integrity. a sharp turn in public thinking to more liberal positions on issues. that voters are more interested in issue positions than in candidate ideology. Recent presidential elections have shown
Answer Return that voters are less interested in ideology or issue positions than in candidate traits such as competence and integrity.
the political participation of members of minority groups and the majority are also equal. Hispanics participate more than whites and African Americans participate less than whites. members of minority groups tend to participate more than members of the majority. members of the majority tend to be more politically active than minorities. There is evidence that when incomes and educational levels are equal
Answer Return members of minority groups tend to participate more than members of the majority.
To say that Americans identify as ideological conservatives, but are actually operational liberals is to say that Americans oppose big government in principle, but want it to do more in practice. favor big government in principle, but want it to do less in practice. favor divided government. oppose divided government.
Answer Return oppose big government in principle, but want it to do more in practice.
Compared to men, women are more likely to support higher levels of military spending. support spending on social services. be indifferent to issues of government spending. support military intervention around the world.
Answer Return support spending on social services.
A disadvantage of telephone public opinion surveys is that they cost more than face-to-face surveys. that they have a higher response rate than face-to- face interviews. that some individuals do not own phones. that they have a lower response rate than mail interviews.
Answer Return that some individuals do not own phones.
Public opinion analysts agree that the level of public knowledge about politics is dismally low.pretty good. constantly fluctuating. surprisingly sharp and sophisticated.
Answer Return dismally low.
Because it would be prohibitively expensive to ask every citizen his or her opinion on a whole range of issues, polls rely on what is called a(n) ________ of the population. examplesample censusslice
Answer Return sample
The key to the accuracy of public opinion polls is political ideology.sampling error. the larger the size of the sample, the better. random sampling.
Answer Return random sampling.
Sampling error describes how many samples a survey estimate is based on. what percentage of the sample provided answers to the questions. how close a sample estimate is to the real population value. how often a sample statistic is correct.
Answer Return how close a sample estimate is to the real population value.
Which of the following is TRUE in regard to the voting habits of African Americans and Hispanic Americans? They have always voted about as much as whites despite legal barriers. The gap between their voter turnout and that of whites has widened considerably over the past thirty years. Members of these groups are less likely to vote the higher their income. Members of these groups are more likely to vote than whites of the same income level.
Answer Return Members of these groups are more likely to vote than whites of the same income level.
Which of the following is typical of most adult Americans when it comes to political participation? A majority of Americans will participate in a protest such as a demonstration, strike, or sit- in at least once in their lives. Most will participate in all twelve major kinds of political activities at some point in their lives. Most will vote in an election, but only a minority of people do more than that politically. Most will vote in an election and do one or two other political activities, usually contacting local officials, joining a political club, or donating money to a candidate.
Answer Return Most will vote in an election, but only a minority of people do more than that politically.
Which of the following groups would be LEAST likely to vote in a typical election? middle-class minority voters poor white voters rich white voters poor minority voters
Answer Return poor white voters
Civil disobedience necessarily involves non-violent protests to achieve desired results. consciously breaking a law thought to be unjust. working within the laws to achieve objectives. rioting and violence to achieve desired results.
Answer Return consciously breaking a law thought to be unjust.
The most common form of political participation in the United States is voting in presidential elections. voting in local elections. belonging to a political party. writing letters to public officials.
Answer Return voting in presidential elections.
Which of the following is TRUE about most liberals in American politics? They favor keeping taxes and government spending low. They believe we should guard carefully the rights of defendants in criminal cases. They are supportive of prayer in public schools. They oppose abortion.
Answer Return They believe we should guard carefully the rights of defendants in criminal cases.
Which of the following statements is FALSE? Liberals generally think we should spend less on military spending; conservatives are more likely to support maintaining higher levels of military strength. Liberals seek to tax the rich more; conservatives seek to maintain the free market and tax the rich less. Liberals are more likely to favor military intervention around the globe; conservatives are less willing to commit troops to action. Liberals generally believe that we can solve the problems that cause crime; conservatives believe that we should stop “coddling” criminals.
Answer Return Liberals are more likely to favor military intervention around the globe; conservatives are less willing to commit troops to action.
When people are asked about their ideology, an equal number answer conservative and ________. moderate.liberal. highly religious.as group benefits voters.
Answer Return moderate.
The most liberal religious group in America is the Christian Right. the Jews. the Catholics.the Protestants.
Answer Return the Jews.
In general, liberal ideology supports a strong central government that sets policies to promote equality. individuals responding generously to each other to solve society’s problems without looking to government to do so a small, less active government that gives freer reign to the private sector. strong local and state governments that are closer to the people.
Answer Return a strong central government that sets policies to promote equality.
Conservatives would tend to favor each of the following EXCEPT affirmative action. low taxes. increased military spending. free-market solutions.
Answer Return affirmative action.
What is central to the ideology of the Republican Party? The American government has become too wide ranging. The American government doesn't do enough for its citizens. The American government is based on too little political participation. The size of the American government is not a particularly important issue to most people.
Answer Return The American government has become too wide ranging.
Which of these groups tends to be more conservative? Groups with political clout Younger voters African Americans Hispanics
Answer Return Groups with political clout
Which of the following is TRUE of most conservatives in American politics? They favor free market solutions to problems rather than looking to the government for regulating business. They believe we should spend much less on the military budget. They are in favor of affirmative action programs. They are opposed to prayer in public schools
Answer Return They favor free market solutions to problems rather than looking to the government for regulating business.
A political figure who is in favor of increased military spending, supported freedom of choice on abortion, opposed affirmative action programs, wanted to tax the rich more, and felt the courts should stop coddling criminals would be a(n) socialist.mixture of liberal and conservative. liberal.conservative.
Answer Return mixture of liberal and conservative.
The 2000 presidential election was ultimately decided by Congress.the people. the Supreme Court. the Electoral College.
Return Answer the Supreme Court.
Legitimacy in terms of American elections means the public is satisfied with the qualifications and the policy positions of the candidates. the public is nearly unanimously happy with the results. the election is nearly unanimously accepted as a fair and free method to select political leaders. the best candidate is selected.
Answer Return the election is nearly unanimously accepted as a fair and free method to select political leaders.
Which of these is a function of elections in America society? Elections institutionalize political activity. Elections provide regular access to political power. Elections channel political participation through the electoral process. all are correct
Answer Return all are correct
The three kinds of elections in the U.S. are primary elections, general elections, and elections on specific policy. primary elections, secondary elections, and tertiary elections. primary elections, ancillary elections, corollary elections. primary elections, general elections, and competitive elections.
Answer Return primary elections, general elections, and elections on specific policy.
The state level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a state constitutional amendment is called a(n) initiative petition. referendum. stakeholder election. primary election.
Answer Return referendum.
What new way to register to vote was implemented with the passage of the Motor Voter Act? By checking a box on your driver’s license application or renewal form. After you take driver’s education classes. When you buy or lease a car, by checking off a voter registration form. In an approved drive- through motor vehicles’ bureau.
Answer Return By checking a box on your driver’s license application or renewal form.
The belief that in order to support democratic government a citizen should always vote is a belief in the notion of civic duty.political efficacy. suffrage.the mandate theory of elections.
Answer Return civic duty.
Political efficacy refers to the belief that the costs of voting outweigh the benefits. significant policy differences exist between the parties. one should always support democratic government. ordinary people can influence the government.
Answer Return ordinary people can influence the government.
A paradox of American electoral history is that while suffrage has expanded participation in elections has increased. fewer Americans exercise the right to vote. people place greater value on their right to vote. fewer people are eligible to register to vote
Answer Return fewer Americans exercise the right to vote.
What are the three primary factors that shape voters’ choices? Party identification, candidate identification, policy positions. Party identification, party voting, suffrage Retrospective voting, party voting, civic duty voting Legitimacy, initiative, efficacy
Answer Return Party identification, candidate identification, policy positions.
The use of detective-like reporting methods to unearth scandals is known as yellow journalism.trial balloons. investigative journalism. print journalism.
Answer Return investigative journalism.
A majority of present day journalists believe that the most important thing that the media do or try to do is investigate claims made by the government. get information quickly to the public. provide entertainment. discuss national policy.
Answer Return investigate claims made by the government.
“Yellow journalism” refers to a style of reporting that focuses on violence, corruption, wars, and gossip, often without regard for the truth. exposes the weaknesses of political leaders. fails to cover “tough stories” out of fear of retribution. focuses on the personal lives of public figures and elected officials.
Answer Return focuses on violence, corruption, wars, and gossip, often without regard for the truth.
The nation's most influential newspaper and its unofficial "newspaper of record" is USA Today. The New York Times. the Wall Street Journal. the Washington Post.
Answer Return The New York Times.
For most newspapers in medium-sized cities and small towns, their principal source for reporting national and world news is USA Today.The New York Times. Cable News Network. the Associated Press.
Answer Return the Associated Press.
Richard Nixon believed he lost the 1960 presidential election because news coverage of his campaign was consistently biased against him of voter fraud in New York City. on televised debate, he was sweating and had ugly beard stubble compared to Kennedy’s crisp appearance. of Kennedy's dramatic pledge not to raise taxes.
Answer Return on televised debate, he was sweating and had ugly beard stubble compared to Kennedy’s crisp appearance.
When was the Federal Communications Commission created?
Answer Return 1934
Cable News Network (CNN) has taken the place of the three major networks as Americans' primary source for news. specializes in after-the- fact news summaries and in-depth analysis. has brought television into a new era of bringing the news to people and political leaders as it happens. is a government-owned news agency that specializes in international news.
Answer Return has brought television into a new era of bringing the news to people and political leaders as it happens
News is what the public believes are the most important political issues facing the country. government officials want it to be. has the greatest impact on the most people. is timely and different.
Answer Return is timely and different.
Which of these is NOT part of the FCC’s regulation of the airwaves? Limiting the ownership of the broadcast media by large conglomerates Limiting the number of stations owned or controlled by one company Ensuring that the station serves the public interest Monitoring the equal time rule
Answer Return Limiting the ownership of the broadcast media by large conglomerates
The 2000 presidential election was between what two candidates? Obama and McCain Palin and Biden Bush and GoreNixon and Kennedy
Answer Return Bush and Gore
Approximately ______ of Americans vote in elections. 20 percent40 percent 60 percent80 percent
Answer Return 60 percent
Over the last five decades, voting based primarily on party identification has declined sharply. stayed almost exactly the same. increased.increased sharply.
Answer Return declined sharply.
Elections have a tendency to expand the scope of government because so many people become involved in the process. voters like to feel that they are sending a message to government to accomplish something. elections open opportunities for more government employment. because they are so expensive to conduct.
Answer Return voters like to feel that they are sending a message to government to accomplish something.
Which of the following is MOST likely to threaten a candidate’s chances for reelection? Disagreement between the candidate and his/her political party. Increased immigration during the incumbent’s term. Revelations of personal scandal of the incumbent. An economic downturn during the incumbent’s term.
Answer Return An economic downturn during the incumbent’s term.
Which of the following is TRUE about the Electoral College? It is used in nearly half of the democratic nations around the world. It is scheduled to be phased out in 2009, though some still argue its usefulness and want to rescind the phase-out. An elector has never voted differently from the popular vote winner of his state. It over-represents small states.
Answer Return It over- represents small states.
As provided in the Constitution, how are electoral votes allocated for each state? Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in the House of Representatives. many electoral votes as it has members in the House of Representatives. Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in both the House and the Senate. Each state is proportioned to their population, with all states having at least one vote. Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in the Senate.
Answer Return Each state has as many electoral votes as it has members in both the House and the Senate.
A consequence of the Electoral College is introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process. over-represents less populous states. may result in the election of a president who did not receive the most popular votes. All are correct.
Answer Return All are correct.
Electors in the electoral college meet in their states in December (following the November general election) to officially cast their ballots, then mail their votes to the House of Representatives. the Federal Election Commission. the Supreme Court.the vice president.
Answer Return the vice president.
The "electors" in the Electoral College are the members of Congress from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their state's votes. the members of Congress from each state, who vote strictly according to who won the majority of their state's votes. selected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years. selected by state legislatures well in advance of the presidential election, and each elector votes his or her own conscience as to who would be the best president.
Answer Return selected by state parties, usually as a reward for faithful service to the party over the years.