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Linguagens, Códigos e suas Tecnologias – Inglês Ensino Médio, 2º Ano Modal Verb Must X Should.

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Presentation on theme: "Linguagens, Códigos e suas Tecnologias – Inglês Ensino Médio, 2º Ano Modal Verb Must X Should."— Presentation transcript:

1 Linguagens, Códigos e suas Tecnologias – Inglês Ensino Médio, 2º Ano Modal Verb Must X Should

2 LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Must Should X

3 The modal verbs are special auxiliary verbs, which express ideas from the speaker like: ability, capacity etc… Definition LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

4 Must LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Pôster do The Show Must Go On, tributo a Freddie Mercury/ APLA/

5 You must do your homework tonight. She must tidy her room before she goes out. You mustn´t smoke in class. They mustn´t leave their bags here. Contraction: mustn’t = must not Positive and negative sentences. Must / Mustn’t It is not often used in question (have to is more common). Do I have to buy a grammar book? LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

6  Use must + infinitive to talk about rules and obligations. You must turn off your mobile phones before coming into class. obligation LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

7  Must / Mustn´t are the same for all persons. I must you must he must she must it must we must you must they must I must not You must not He must not She must not It must not We must not You must not They must not LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

8  Use must to talk about necessity. You must eat many vegetables to have a better life. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Fresh vegetables being placed into a plastic bag/ US Department of Agriculture/ Domínio Público

9  Use mustn’t + infinitive to say something is prohibited. You mustn’t smoke here. It’s forbidden. You mustn´t move in this place. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: The No Smoking sign/ Developed by AIGA/ Domínio Público Imagem: Do not pass/ RTCNCA/ Domínio Público

10  You can use mustn’t or can’t to talk about rules. You mustn’t park here. You can´t park here. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: New Zealand - No Parking symbol/ New Zealand Transport Agency/ Domínio Público

11 Attention!!! Mustn’t and don’t have to have completely different meanings. Compare: You mustn´t go = you can’t go. It’s prohibited. You don’t have to go = you can go if you want, but it’s not obligatory / necessary. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

12 More information...  Must and have to are very similar, but there is a small difference. We normally use have to for a general obligation (a rule at work or a law). We normally use must when the speaker imposes the obligation (for example, a teacher to students or a parent to children). But often you can use either. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must kecheng/material/%E5%9B%BE%E 7%89%87/05-1.jpg Cartoon: You have to speak a little more clearly!

13 Should  Advice  Suggestion  Obligation LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Pôster do Teatro alla Scala/ Tita, Milano, Italy/ eatro-alla-scala-academy-should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-small jpg

14  Use should / shouldn’t + infinitive to give somebody advice or say what you think is the right thing to do. They should have played better. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Two female players fighting over the ball at a soccer game for the University of California, San Diego/ Dirk Hansen/ Creative Commons Atribuição 2.0 Genérica

15 More examples: You should stop smoking! The modal above indicates advice. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Smoking woman/ TIFFANY DAWN NICHOLSON/ Creative Commons Atribuição 2.0 Genérica

16  Do not use the auxiliary Do / Does when making the question form with should. Should I wear a hat to the wedding? Not: Do I should wear a hat to the wedding? Should you buy flowers to her? Not: Do you should buy flowers to her? LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

17  Use should(n’t) when you think something is a good / bad idea. You should wear smart clothes for your job interview. You shouldn’t go to bed late before an important exam.  You can also use ought to / ought not to instead of should / shouldn’t You ought to change your job. The government ought to do more for old people. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

18 Summary of Grammar + I / You / he / she / it/ we/ they shouldwait _ I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ they. shouldn’tsmoke ?Should/ shouldn’tI/you/he/she/ it/we/they go? Form: modal verb + infinitive. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

19 Read the article beside and realize that the fourth line the modal Should is indicating suggestions. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must If you were the one who was so drunk or so stupid that you left your camera here in the park last night then you should go to Mosman Police tomorrow and ask them to give it back to you (after you apologise to them for you and your friends being so drunk and noisy, throwing bottles, breaking the bubbler, leaving broken glass and rubbish all over the place and generally messing up the park) P.S.: Not a good idea leaving the evidence on your camera’s memory card... Imagem: Eeyore's Birthday Party 2008, Austin TX/ Jack Newton/ Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

20 The terrorist attack should have been avoided, so the Twin Towers would still be there. MORE EXAMPLES... LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: LOC Lower Manhattan New York City World Trade Center August 2001/ Carol M. Highsmith/ public domain

21 People should learn to speak English. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must LEARN & LOVE ENGLISH Imagem: A Student of the University of British Columbia studying for final exams / Gnarlycraig / Domínio Público

22 Learning English should be taught in schools in the early grades. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Students studying at Albany Senior High School, New Zealand / Mosborne01 / GNU Free Documentation License

23 People shouldn’t be afraid of Jack o’ lantern, it is only a legend. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Jack o'lantern : Ange et démon/ MANSOUR DE TOTH/ GNU Free Documentation License

24 You should visit Jerusalém if you ever get the chance. Suggestions LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: Jerusalem, Dome of the rock, in the background the Church of the Holy Sepulchre/ Berthold Werner/ public domain

25 “Of all the animals of creation man is the only one drinks without being thirsty eat without being hungry and talks without saying anything.” John Steinbeck “Of all the animals of creation man is the only one drinks without being thirsty eat without being hungry and talks without saying anything.” John Steinbeck The world should read more poems from famous writers. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must Imagem: John Steinbeck/ Nobel Foundation/ public domain

26 The end. LÍNGUA INGLESA, 2º Ano do Ensino Médio Modal Verbs – Should x Must

27 Tabela de Imagens n° do slide direito da imagem como está ao lado da foto link do site onde se consegiu a informaçãoData do Acesso 4Pôster do The Show Must Go On, tributo a Freddie Mercury/ APLA/ z1qdnb4s.jpg s.jpg 18/09/2012 8Fresh vegetables being placed into a plastic bag/ US Department of Agriculture/ Domínio Público egetables.jpg 19/09/2012 9The No Smoking sign/ Developed by AIGA/ Domínio Público ng.svg 19/09/2012 9Do not pass/ RTCNCA/ Domínio Públicohttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Do_not_p ass.svg?uselang=pt-br 19/09/ New Zealand - No Parking symbol/ New Zealand Transport Agency/ Domínio Público ile:New_Zealand_- _No_Parking_symbol.svg&page=1 19/09/ Pôster do Teatro alla Scala/ Tita, Milano, Italy/ part_1434/ /file/teatro-alla-scala- academy-should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-small jpg 4/ /file/teatro-alla-scala-academy-should- i-stay-or-should-i-go-small jpg 19/09/2012

28 Tabela de Imagens n° do slide direito da imagem como está ao lado da foto link do site onde se consegiu a informaçãoData do Acesso 14Two female players fighting over the ball at a soccer game for the University of California, San Diego/ Dirk Hansen/ Creative Commons Atribuição 2.0 Genérica men%27s_soccer_Players_fighting_over_ball.jpg?us elang=pt-br 19/09/ Smoking woman/ TIFFANY DAWN NICHOLSON/ Creative Commons Atribuição 2.0 Genérica woman_Kelsey.jpg 19/09/ Eeyore's Birthday Party 2008, Austin TX/ Jack Newton/ Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic s_Birthday_Party_2008_Party_Cones.jpg 21/09/ LOC Lower Manhattan New York City World Trade Center August 2001/ Carol M. Highsmith/ public domain r_Manhattan_New_York_City_World_Trade_Center _August_2001.jpg 21/09/ A Student of the University of British Columbia studying for final exams / Gnarlycraig / Domínio Público pg 21/09/ Students studying at Albany Senior High School, New Zealand / Mosborne01 / GNU Free Documentation License students-studying.jpg?uselang=es 21/09/2012

29 Tabela de Imagens n° do slide direito da imagem como está ao lado da foto link do site onde se consegiu a informaçãoData do Acesso 23Jack o'lantern : Ange et démon/ MANSOUR DE TOTH/ GNU Free Documentation License lantern-FR.JPG 21/09/ Jerusalem, Dome of the rock, in the background the Church of the Holy Sepulchre/ Berthold Werner/ public domain _Dome_of_the_rock_BW_14.JPG 21/09/ John Steinbeck/ Nobel Foundation/ public domain 962.jpg 21/09/2012


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