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Understanding implications of Article 25A in light of:

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1 Understanding implications of Article 25A in light of:

2 Article 25 A: “The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law ”

3  Focus on quality of education  Objectives:  Get reliable estimates of the status of children’s schooling and basic learning (reading and arithmetic level) at the district level;  Measure the change in these basic learning and school statistics from last year; and,  Interpret these results and use them to affect policy decisions at various levels.  Inspired by ASER India

4  A household survey based on sampling  85 districts – 84 rural, 3 urban (Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar)  A total of 600 households surveyed in each district i.e. 30 villages per district selected randomly using the Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) technique and 20 households selected randomly in each village  One government and one private school surveyed in a village

5  Conducted by volunteers  Data collected on: * enrollment, *learning levels, * attendance,* school facilities, * mother’s literacy

6  The Annual Status of Education Report 2011 highlights some key issues pertaining to Education in terms of Access, Quality and Equity

7 ENROLLMENT 20 % children out of school (age 5- 16)

8 30% ( Rural Sindh) % out of school children as high as almost

9 In contrast, 90% enrollment in all 3 urban districts

10 Girls Lag Significantly Behind Boys in Enrollment

11 Highest gender gap in FATA (rural) Only one girl enrolled out of every five students

12 Decreases Sharply Enrollment from grade ONE to TEN

13 Highest out of school children in age group Children out of school in such crucial age of learning!

14 Higher out of school GIRLS for 6-10 year children Need to ensure that mainstreamed children, especially girls, are sustained in school over time

15 Out of school girls significantly higher in KP and FATA for 6-10 year children FATAKP

16 Learning Levels…

17 More than half of all children may complete primary school without learning to read Urdu of grade II fluently.

18 Almost 60% of the children may complete primary without learning how to read an English sentence of grade II fluently

19 Almost two thirds of all children may complete primary school without learning to do basic arithmetic at grade II level

20 Girls’ learning levels lower than boys (Rural overall)

21 If given a chance, girls outweigh boys! Case of Karachi (Urban)

22 2/3 of mothers of children in the Overall Rural sample are illiterate  More than 70% for Rural KP, Sindh, Balochistan and GB  More than 80% in Rural FATA! Mother’s Literacy

23 Missing Facilities

24 Almost Half of government schools in rural overall do not have useable water!! Basic Facilities

25 Almost 60% of government schools in rural overall do not have useable toilets!! Basic Facilities

26 Is the provision of fundamental right to education being ensured?? Is the quality of the education being provided satisfactory?? Unfortunately no……

27  20% children still out of school  Learning levels of enrolled children not up to the mark – girls trail boys in rural areas (enrolment /learning outcomes)  Significant differences in enrollment of boys as compared to girls

28 Right to Free and Compulsory Education Bill passed by Senate for Islamabad Capital Territory  Positive step – precedence set for the provinces  Need to analyze this Bill in terms of Implementation  Are the definitions complete?  Are roles and responsibilities clearly defined?  How much expenditure has been set aside for the enactment of this Act?

29  Passed by the Senate on July….2012  29 Articles (inc. title and definitions)  Article 3: Right of child to free education  3 sub-Articles, a – m clauses and Art. 20  This act is inclusive (special education and disadvantaged children)  Registration & norms/standards of schools (14,15,25)  Private Sector stipulations (10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 24)  Teachers’ Quality, rights & responsibilities (17, 18, 19, 23)  (link)

30  PPP  PML Q  PML N  PTI  ANP  Jamaat-e-Islami  JUI  PML Q Humkhayal

31 Thank You


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