Presentation on theme: "José Graziano Da Silva Regional Representative for Latin America and the Caribbean Food And Agriculture Organization, FAO CONFERENCE ON “TAKING ACTION."— Presentation transcript:
José Graziano Da Silva Regional Representative for Latin America and the Caribbean Food And Agriculture Organization, FAO CONFERENCE ON “TAKING ACTION FOR THE WORLD’S POOR AND HUNGRY PEOPLE” Beijing, China- Octubre 17-19, 2007
Economic Growth in Latin America and The Caribbean 2000 – 2007 (Projected data) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys.
After stagnating in 1997-2002, poverty and indigence rates have fallen sharply in recent years, yet the percentage of people living in poverty is still close to the 1980 figure. LATIN AMERICA : TRENDS IN POVERTY AND INDIGENCE, 1990-2006 (Percentages) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys. b/ Includes indigentes more poor no indigents
Between 2002 and 2005, the number of poor and indigent population declined by 12 and 16 million persons. This might show a change in trend, but now there are still more poor people than in 1980. LATIN AMERICA: POVERTY AND INDIGENCE, 1990-2006 (Millions of people) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys. b/ Includes indigentes more poor no indigents
Gini index map from WorldPolicy.org World Map Gini coefficient
Poverty Incidence in Country Latin America Soure: Confeccion FAO, on the basis of data from “Social Panorama the America Latin 2006 document”. *Includes Forestry, Livestock, Fisheries
Undernourishment in figures REGION 1990-922002-04*Variation rate Population (millions)% % Percentage points TOTAL DEVELOPING COUNTRIES823.120830.0176.9-3 LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN59.41352.110-7.3-3 North America (Mexico)4.655.350.70 Central America5.0177.5192.52 Caribbean7.7276.821-0.9-6 South America42.01432.59-9.5-5 Source: FAO SOFI 2006
Statistics on Undernourishment and malnutrition for Latin America and Caribbean Source: a/ Datos de Food Security Statistic 2007 FAO b/Este índice se calculó como la razón entre la oferta de energía alimentaria (Kca/persona/día) y el requerimiento mínimo promedio per-capita (2200 kca/persona/día). Valores mayores a 1 significa superávit y menores a 1 déficit.
Source: Datos de Food Security Statistic 2007 FAO Malnutrition of Children a/The proportion of children under-five with weight less than that of 2 standard deviations below the median. b/ The proportion of children under-five with height or stature less than that of less that satandard deviations below the median.
The Malnutrition is transmitted: The Malnutrition of Children: It´s from one generation to other, reducing development chances. Undernourished children go less to school, learn less and leave school before. They have worse training and they do not have a lot of initiative. They get worse jobs, and they never get enough earnings to come out from poverty.
Projections of the extreme poverty rate up to 2006 indicate that the region is back on track towards the first target of the Millennium Development Goals (actual progress is greater than the time elapsed) LATIN AMERICA (17 COUNTRIES): LEVELS AND PERCENTAGES OF PROGRESS IN REDUCING EXTREME POVERTY BETWEEN 1990 AND 2006 a/ Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys and projections on the basis of official information from the countries. a/ The percentage of progress is calculated by dividing the reduction (or increase) in the rate of extreme poverty in percentage points observed during the period by half of the 1990 extreme poverty rate. The red line represents the percentage of progress expected in 2006 (64%). b/ Urban areas.
The number of people suffering from undernourishment declined from 59 to 52 million between 1990 and 2002-2004. Even so, projections indicate that 40 million people will still be undernourished in 2015. Source: FAO 2006 Target 2015
Reasons for the progress made towards the target: higher growth, increasing employment and rising per capita social expenditure LAC (21 COUNTRIES): SOCIAL EXPENDITURE AS A PERCENTAGE OF GDP IN 1990-1991, 1996-1997 AND 2002-2003 (Percentages) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys.
The tax burden is too small but differs sharply across countries TAX REVENUES (% GDP, 2005) Tax rev. + SS: 17.9% Total: 21.9% Caribbean w/o SS (5 countries): 25.5% The tax burden in the Caribbean is higher, however
Even when the figures are corrected for GDP, there is still room to increase Latin America’s tax burden PER CAPITA GDP AND TAX REVENUES (Percentages of 2003 GDP and constant dollars at 2000 prices) Source: ECLAC, on the basis of special tabulations of data from national household surveys.
ODA as a percentage of donor GNI Projected Source: OECD data base (2007) Monterrey target (0.7% of GNI) Overseas Development Assistance Since Monterrey (2002), Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) flows increased but still far below the target
Beijing, China- Octubre 17-19, 2007 José Graziano Da Silva Regional Representative for Latin America and the Caribbean Food And Agriculture Organization, FAO