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Great Depression Test Review. Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally  worried that the Stock Market would crash.  confident that business.

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Presentation on theme: "Great Depression Test Review. Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally  worried that the Stock Market would crash.  confident that business."— Presentation transcript:

1 Great Depression Test Review

2 Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally  worried that the Stock Market would crash.  confident that business would bring continued prosperity.  delighted that wealth was evenly distributed.  concerned with economic danger signs.

3 One sign that the economy might be weakening in the 1920s was  uneven distribution of national wealth. underproduction of consumer goods.  an increase in personal savings.  the collapse of large corporations.

4 When the Dow Jones Industrial Average began to drop sharply in late October 1929,  investors bought record shares of stock.  bankers pardoned personal loans and mortgages.  President Hoover warned Americans to stop investing.  investors raced to get their money out of the stock market.

5 European economies were hurt during the Depression when  President Hoover pardoned war debts.  Congress lowered tariffs.  United States companies stopped investing in Germany.  the United States increased its exports.

6 A major environmental crisis of the 1930s was known as  the Dust Bowl.  the Grapes of Wrath.  Black Tuesday.  the Great Crash.

7 In 1933 the Twenty-first Amendment brought an end to  Prohibition.  stock speculation.  the Depression.  the United States Communist party.

8 The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed  presidential elections.  the Bill of Rights.  the responsibilities of the federal government.  local relief programs and private charities.

9 Which of the following was a sign of an unsound economy during the 1920s?  Personal debt was decreasing.  Wages were keeping pace with production.  More goods were being produced than consumers could buy.  The Dow Jones Industrial Average was steady

10 How did most investors react to a sudden fall in stock prices in 1929?  They called in their loans.  They raced to sell their stocks.  They pooled money to buy stock.  They pledged their stocks as collateral.

11 Which was one effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930s?  The divorce rate nearly tripled.  Banks pardoned thousands of farm mortgages.  Hoovervilles sprang up in the nation’s cities.  Most industries gave top jobs to married women.

12 During the Depression, many African Americans  took low-paying jobs previously held by white workers.  experienced worsening conditions and discrimination in job and relief programs.  returned from northern cities to the South.  won new civil rights, such as access to education and health care.

13 President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was  encouraging massive government spending.  lowering import duties.  setting up federal relief programs.  encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector.

14 A fundamental disagreement between the candidates in the 1932 presidential election concerned whether or not  the Depression existed.  the federal government should try to fix people’s problems.  Americans should offer aid to European economies.  any relief efforts were necessary to ease the economic crisis.

15 Which New Deal agency was created to help businesses?  Federal Reserve Board  Civilian Conservation Corps  National Recovery Administration  Home Owners’ Loan Corporation

16 What was the purpose of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation?  make people deposit money in the bank  raise farm prices  provide funds to state agencies  Insured bank deposits up to $5,000

17 What was the Second New Deal?  a series of tax laws that primarily benefited the rich  a program designed to balance the national budget  a repeal of most New Deal policies  a wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits

18 Which of the following did New Deal programs fail to address?  protection of domestic workers  low prices for agriculture products  the decline of industrial prices  Native Americans’ need for schools, hospitals, and irrigation systems

19 What criticism did many Progressives make of the New Deal?  It unfairly taxed successful, hardworking people.  It promoted a regimented, militaristic society.  It did not do enough to redistribute wealth.  Many of its programs smacked of “Bolshevism.”

20 Why are Huey Long and Father Charles E. Coughlin referred to as demagogues?  They manipulated people with half-truths and scare tactics.  They called for state ownership of factories and farms.  They planned, but did not receive credit for, most New Deal programs.  They resorted to bribery in order to pass FDR’s programs.

21 Which of the following aroused the greatest opposition?  the Wagner Act  the Social Security system  FDR’s attempt to “pack” the Supreme Court  government funding of the arts

22 Why did FDR cut back on expensive relief programs in 1937?  He had lost faith in government programs.  He was worried about the rising national debt.  He wanted to put the money into weapons programs instead.  He wanted to lower the Social Security tax.

23 Which of the following was part of the New Deal legacy?  guaranteed health insurance for all citizens  an end to recessions in the economy  a restored sense of hope among the people  an end to discrimination against African Americans and women

24 This major New Deal agency provided jobs to young, unmarried men to work on conservation and resource development projects  Agricultural adjustment  Public Works Administration  Civilian Conservation Corps  Federal Emergency Relief Act

25 This group was founded in 1934 and opposed the New Deal.  American Liberty League  Bonus Army  Farmers  Demagogue

26 What did someone involved in a sit-down strike do?  refuse to go to work  not pay taxes  stop working but refuse to leave the workplace  go to work

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