2Throughout most of the 1920s, Americans were generally worried that the Stock Market would crash.confident that business would bring continued prosperity.delighted that wealth was evenly distributed.concerned with economic danger signs.
3One sign that the economy might be weakening in the 1920s was uneven distribution of national wealth.underproduction of consumer goods.an increase in personal savings.the collapse of large corporations.
4When the Dow Jones Industrial Average began to drop sharply in late October 1929, investors bought record shares of stock.bankers pardoned personal loans and mortgages.President Hoover warned Americans to stop investing.investors raced to get their money out of the stock market.
5European economies were hurt during the Depression when President Hoover pardoned war debts.Congress lowered tariffs.United States companies stopped investing in Germany.the United States increased its exports.
6A major environmental crisis of the 1930s was known as the Dust Bowl.the Grapes of Wrath.Black Tuesday.the Great Crash.
7In 1933 the Twenty-first Amendment brought an end to Prohibition.stock speculation.the Depression.the United States Communist party.
8The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed the Bill of Rights.the responsibilities of the federal government.local relief programs and private charities.
9Which of the following was a sign of an unsound economy during the 1920s? Personal debt was decreasing.Wages were keeping pace with production.More goods were being produced than consumers could buy.The Dow Jones Industrial Average was steady
10How did most investors react to a sudden fall in stock prices in 1929? They called in their loans.They raced to sell their stocks.They pooled money to buy stock.They pledged their stocks as collateral.
11Which was one effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930s? The divorce rate nearly tripled.Banks pardoned thousands of farm mortgages.Hoovervilles sprang up in the nation’s cities.Most industries gave top jobs to married women.
12During the Depression, many African Americans took low-paying jobs previously held by white workers.experienced worsening conditions and discrimination in job and relief programs.returned from northern cities to the South.won new civil rights, such as access to education and health care.
13President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was encouraging massive government spending.lowering import duties.setting up federal relief programs.encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector.
14A fundamental disagreement between the candidates in the 1932 presidential election concerned whether or notthe Depression existed.the federal government should try to fix people’s problems.Americans should offer aid to European economies.any relief efforts were necessary to ease the economic crisis.
15Which New Deal agency was created to help businesses? Federal Reserve BoardCivilian Conservation CorpsNational Recovery AdministrationHome Owners’ Loan Corporation
16What was the purpose of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation? make people deposit money in the bankraise farm pricesprovide funds to state agenciesInsured bank deposits up to $5,000
17What was the Second New Deal? a series of tax laws that primarily benefited the richa program designed to balance the national budgeta repeal of most New Deal policiesa wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits
18Which of the following did New Deal programs fail to address? protection of domestic workerslow prices for agriculture productsthe decline of industrial pricesNative Americans’ need for schools, hospitals, and irrigation systems
19What criticism did many Progressives make of the New Deal? It unfairly taxed successful, hardworking people.It promoted a regimented, militaristic society.It did not do enough to redistribute wealth.Many of its programs smacked of “Bolshevism.”
20Why are Huey Long and Father Charles E Why are Huey Long and Father Charles E. Coughlin referred to as demagogues?They manipulated people with half-truths and scare tactics.They called for state ownership of factories and farms.They planned, but did not receive credit for, most New Deal programs.They resorted to bribery in order to pass FDR’s programs.
21Which of the following aroused the greatest opposition? the Wagner Actthe Social Security systemFDR’s attempt to “pack” the Supreme Courtgovernment funding of the arts
22Why did FDR cut back on expensive relief programs in 1937? He had lost faith in government programs.He was worried about the rising national debt.He wanted to put the money into weapons programs instead.He wanted to lower the Social Security tax.
23Which of the following was part of the New Deal legacy? guaranteed health insurance for all citizensan end to recessions in the economya restored sense of hope among the peoplean end to discrimination against African Americans and women
24This major New Deal agency provided jobs to young, unmarried men to work on conservation and resource development projectsAgricultural adjustmentPublic Works AdministrationCivilian Conservation CorpsFederal Emergency Relief Act
25This group was founded in 1934 and opposed the New Deal. American Liberty LeagueBonus ArmyFarmersDemagogue
26What did someone involved in a sit-down strike do? refuse to go to worknot pay taxesstop working but refuse to leave the workplacego to work