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1 The Syndicated Loan Market - Definition and sizing - Market segments - Trends and issues Meredith Coffey – The Loan.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Syndicated Loan Market - Definition and sizing - Market segments - Trends and issues Meredith Coffey – The Loan."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Syndicated Loan Market - Definition and sizing - Market segments - Trends and issues Meredith Coffey – The Loan Syndications and Trading Association is the trade association for the corporate loan market. The LSTA promotes a fair, orderly and efficient corporate loan market, and provides leadership in advancing the interest of all market participants. The LSTA undertakes a wide variety of activities to foster the development of policies and market practices designed to promote equitable marketplace principles and to encourage cooperation. The LSTA seeks to enhance public understanding of the corporate loan market and plays a pivotal role in monitoring and bringing consensus to the asset class.

2 2 U.S. Corporate loan market is a vital source Of capital for American business According to government data, the U.S. syndicated loan market totals nearly $2.8 trillion of committed lines and outstanding loans It is a key source of financing for many large and middle market companies in the U.S. U.S. Corporate loan and loan commitments outstanding Commits/outstandings ($Bils.) Source: Shared National Credit Review

3 3 Defining the U.S. syndicated loan market SNC definition  Commercial & Industrial (C&I) loans  >= $20 million  >= 3 lenders Syndicated  Loan originated by a lead bank  Can be underwritten or best efforts  Pieces of the loan sold to other bank and non-bank lenders (syndication) Senior (investment grade and leveraged loans) Secured (leveraged loans) Key types  Term loan: Like a mortgage – drawn down once and repaid over time  Revolver: Like a credit card – drawn down, repaid, drawn down again  Letter of Credit: In effect, a guaranty by the lending group to repay debt or obligations if the borrower cannot Pricing  Drawn is usually a “spread” in basis points over a base rate like LIBOR  Revolvers typically have a fee on undrawn portions as well

4 4 4 key U.S. large corporate loan market segments Investment grade loan market Loans to companies rated >= BBB- /Baa3 AND with a relatively low LIBOR spread 2007 lending: $658 billion 2008 lending: $319 billion Leveraged loan market Loans to companies rated < BBB-/Baa3 or unrated & with a high spread* Divided into bank (pro rata) and non-bank segments 2007 lending : $689 billion 2008 lending : $294 billion Institutional loan market Leveraged loans with non-bank lenders (such as mutual funds, CLOs, insurance companies, hedge funds, etc) 2007 lending: $426 billion 2008 lending: $69.6 billion Secondary loan market Market in which loans trade following the close of primary syndication Most U.S. loan trading involves leveraged loans 2007 trading: $442 billion 2008 trading: $510 billion Source: Reuters LPC for primary lending; LSTA for secondary trading *Traditionally LIB+150, increased to LIB+350 in 1Q09

5 5 Investment grade loan characteristics Purpose: Often “backstops” commercial paper (CP)  CP is short-term (1-270 day) financing for working capital  If CP cannot be refinanced, company can draw on investment grade loan to repay CP Structure  Usually undrawn revolvers  Combination of 364-day and multi-year revolvers  Senior, unsecured  Pari passu with senior, unsecured bonds Pricing  Undrawn fee (usually facility fee or commitment fee)  Drawn margin (LIBOR spread + facility fee)  Spreads usually below that of bond market  Migration toward “Market-Based Pricing” – pricing based off CDS spreads Lenders  Relationship banks Rationale  Relationship loan  Positions bank to bid for other, more lucrative, business from the borrower

6 6 Leveraged loan characteristics Purpose: Often used for a corporate acquisitions or LBOs Structure:  Revolver (purchased by banks) plus one or more term loans (purchased by banks and non- bank investors)  Usually senior and secured (above high yield bonds in capital structure)  Usually many restrictions, including maintenance financial covenants as well as affirmative and negative covenants Pricing  Drawn margin has spread over LIBOR (generally at least 150 bps; currently far higher)  Revolver has a commitment fee (usually 37.5-50 bps) on undrawn portions  May be sold with an upfront fee or OID (Original Issue Discount)  May have a LIBOR floor Lenders  Relationship banks (revolvers and possibly term loans)  Non-bank investors (term loans) Rationale  Usually a relationship loan for banks  Stand-alone return for non-bank investors; usually weighed against HY bond returns

7 7 U.S. Syndicated loan volumes Overall primary loan volume is down materially At $764B, new loan volume in 2008 was at lowest level since 1994 Lending contracted further in 1Q09 Loan volume ($Bils.) Source: Thomson Reuters LPC U.S. syndicated lending volume

8 8 Dislocation: Loan prices decline sharply, defaults rise Bid (% of par) Source: LSTA/LPC MTM Pricing, S&P LCD Loan prices come under considerable pressure Phases of price changes:  2007: Supply-demand imbalances  2008: Deleveraging  2009: Credit U.S. non-bank loan bids Average bid Leveraged loan default rate Default rate (%)

9 9 Leveraged loan prices fall, secondary yields increase, Primary squeezed out Source: LSTA/LPC MTM Pricing, Standard & Poor’s LCD Secondary loan yield (yield to 3 years) LIB+(bps) Default rates have climbed, but currently are below peak of last cycle Loan prices well below last downturn Secondary spreads go into the thousands over LIBOR Primary market cannot compete Primary yields (higher rated loans) LIB+(bps)

10 10 Investment grade loan spreads rise sharply Spreads on BBB rated loans Spread (bps) Source: Thomson Reuters LPC Sample of loans contracted in 2009 Migration toward Market Based Pricing Often spread cap of 250 bps/floor of 50 bps

11 11 Key issues in today’s loan market Lehman bankruptcy  Unsettled trades get stuck  LSTA helps unstick some trades before Lehman files  Lehman issue drives focus on improving settlement Bankruptcy & DIPs  Roll-ups: Can create tiering among senior, secured lenders  CAM (Collateral Allocation Mechanism): Can create “overdelivering” in CDS auctions CODI – Cancellation Of Debt Income  Initially treated as taxable income; sought and received legislative relief  Debt buybacks, exchanges now may result in rating agencies applying a Selective Default  LSTA helping to drive an industry solution CLOs  What is the price demarcation between a “par” and “distressed” loan?  Debt buybacks and exchanges – impact on CLO defaults  Should CLOs be “TALF-able”?  LSTA provides a forum for analysis and consensus-building

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