Presentation on theme: "Challenges and Opportunities of a Changing MBA Market Based on the report by Bob Garda, Melanie Kahn, Kevin McCarl May 2, 2005 Managers at Fuqua Retreat."— Presentation transcript:
Challenges and Opportunities of a Changing MBA Market Based on the report by Bob Garda, Melanie Kahn, Kevin McCarl May 2, 2005 Managers at Fuqua Retreat – August 9, 2005
MBA Task Force Fuqua daytime applications have also fallen off… …Volume appears to be driven by GDP and mean salary trends at the top 22 business schools…
MBA Task Force After a run-up in applications to Fuqua in the 1990s, applications from all regions have fallen sharply…
MBA Task Force Applications fall from new height after 2002 Top 22
MBA Task Force Worldwide GMATs have fallen off, suggesting declining interest in business school… Source: GMAC Profile of GMAT Candidates to …Vocal critics Pfeffer, Mintzberg, Tyson & Andrews, and Bennis & O’Toole have written articles highly critical of the MBA… “No one should be allowed out of a conventional MBA program without having a skull and crossbones stamped firmly on his or her forehead, over the words ‘Warning: NOT prepared to manage!’” – Mintzberg Business schools “stand accused of being too market driven, pandering to the ratings, failing to ask important questions, and…losing claims of professionalization as they "dumb down" the content of courses, inflate grades to keep students happy, and pursue curricular fads.” – Pfeffer “By allowing the scientific-research model to drive out all others, busienss schools are institutionaliing their own irrelevance.” – Bennis/O’Toole
MBA Task Force From Forbes, September 5, 2005 For the 90 full-time programs that completed a survey, only 3 saw an increase in applications last year (HEC, University of Alabama, and the University of Connecticut) and there was an average decline of 33% between 2002 and last year. Schools like Tuck, Kellogg, and Harvard saw better than 30% drops in applications. Last year, 42% of applicants were accepted across the schools in the survey. Top schools like Harvard are trying different strategies to increase applications. Harvard this year accepted 20 undergrads straight from school compared to 5 the previous year.
MBA Task Force Given recent trends, the US MBA market will probably grow slowly… …International student growth will probably be hit hardest… Underlying reasons for slow growth in domestic market Slowing economic growth Falling MBA salaries Poor image of US business For-Profit siphoning off part- time students due to cost and convenience Negative articles by Pfeffer, Mintzberg, and Tyson Price & ROI Underlying reasons for no international growth Growth in number of top- flight international schools Popularity of month programs Price versus int’l MBA Tighter US work visa restrictions Stringent entry restrictions Heavy marketing by English speaking international schools Key assumptions:Domestic student growth at GDP or 3% per year International student growth at zero
MBA Task Force Fuqua has seen the largest drop in student selectivity… …Since enrollment has remained relatively constant, the drop in acceptance rate is largely due to the fall-off in applications… Source: US News Rankings – please note US News rankings year leads publication by one year (i.e rankings were published in April of 2005). Class enrollment estimate comes from dividing total student body size by 2.
MBA Task Force Fuqua has also seen a significant decrease in yield… Source: Business Week Rankings – the most recent yield data available comes from BusinessWeek’s 2004 rankings.
MBA Task Force Summary of Market Situation After a run-up in applications to Fuqua in the 1990s, applications from all regions have fallen sharply through Worldwide GMATs have dropped, signaling a declining interest in the MBA. Given recent trends, the US MBA market should exhibit slow growth –International student growth will probably be hit hardest, largely due to many overseas schools considered to be on par with those in the US. –The one exception in the near term may be increased applications from Asia.
MBA Task Force It may no longer be enough to be very good. Fuqua may need to be (and be seen as) better than our competitors.
MBA Task Force Competitive Summary In US News, Fuqua dropped from #5 to #11 over a 3- year period due to its precipitous drop in relative salary and employment after graduation. From 2000 to 2004, Fuqua lost ground in the BusinessWeek rankings due to poor corporate, graduate, and peer rankings. Fuqua has seen the most dramatic fall-off in student selectivity Fuqua appears to have many strengths from which to build and is currently shoring up its weaknesses With employment figures and corporate scores figuring so strongly into rankings, the CMC today appears to be pushing Fuqua in the right direction.
MBA Task Force In US News, Fuqua dropped from #5 to #11 over a 3-year period due to its precipitous drop in relative salary and employment after graduation statistics… Source: US News Rankings – please note US News rankings year leads publication by one year (i.e rankings were published in April of 2005)
MBA Task Force From 2000 to 2004, Fuqua lost ground in the BusinessWeek rankings due to poor corporate, graduate, and peer rankings… Source: BusinessWeek Rankings – weightings are 45% on corporate, 45% on graduate, 10% on intellectual capital
MBA Task Force An analysis of BusinessWeek rankings in 2004 indicates Fuqua has many strengths from which to build… CategoryBW Ranking – Top 30 Recent Initiatives Student quality (i.e. GMAT)2 Responsiveness of faculty & administration7 Intellectual capital10*Dean’s push for publications Facilities-New buildings Faculty numbers-Almost 100 faculty …But needs to shore up perceived weaknesses… Teaching quality (core)28Teaching changes in core Value of investment22 Career management center21-24CMC management changes Network and connections24New alumni director International business23 Selectivity18 Teaching quality (electives)15Teaching changes Ethics14 Yield14PhD CRM project * #1 in 2000 BW rankings, highlighted rows are included in the graduate survey
MBA Task Force With employment figures and corporate scores figuring so strongly into rankings, the CMC today appears to be pushing Fuqua in the right direction… Source: Fuqua CMC Note: *Companies performed at least one recruiting activity on campus (SIP, FY interviews, SY interviews) New Returning Perennial Recruiters …Recruiters’ interest in Fuqua is on the rebound since the early 2000s recession lows…
MBA Task Force Initiatives to Consider – 1 (as proposed by Garda et al.) Boost marketing effort across all Fuqua programs to increase pool of qualified applicants and to improve yield Create an alliance of top business schools to promote the value of the MBA degree Focus on the growth sector of the MBA market: EMBA Develop sector-specific curriculum to address popular student interests, as Fuqua has done with HSM and as other peer schools have done to varying degrees Develop joint programs with top international schools as other top US schools have already done with top-tier international schools Launch an accelerated month MBA program as many international schools and some top US schools have done
MBA Task Force Initiatives to Consider – 2 (as proposed by Garda et al.) Raise the academic bar for students and recognize individual achievement Improve placement Enhance integration of international students Improve faculty research productivity Use the BOV more effectively