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Common Trees of North Carolina Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01.

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Presentation on theme: "Common Trees of North Carolina Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01."— Presentation transcript:

1 Common Trees of North Carolina Environmental and Natural Resources I- Objective 29.01

2 American Elm Leaves are oval, long, curved and pointed, sharply toothed margins Bark is dark gray Common on bottomlands 75-100 feet, diameter 2-5 feet

3 American Holly Leaves are spiny, wavy- edged, 2-4 inches long, dark green in color Red berries on female trees Bark is light gray, roughened wart-like growths 15-40 feet by 1-2 feet

4 American Sycamore 3-4 lobed leaves, shallow sinuses, 4-7 inches long and broad, palmate, toothed margins Multi-colored, mottled trunks Fruit is a ball 1” diameter 80-110 feet by 3-8 feet

5 Bald Cypress Leaves are ½ to3/4 inches long and are arranged in a featherlike fashion along two sides of small branchlets Trunk has a broad, fluted based “knee” Bark is dark reddish brown to silver and is finely divided by longitudinal fissures Swamplands

6 Black Walnut Leaves are alternate, 12-24 inches long, 15-23 sharply oval, finely toothed, leaflets that are 2 inches long, pinnately compound Bark is thick dark brown to black, deep fissures Lower slopes to bottomlands 50-90 feet by 2-3 feet

7 Common Persimmon Leaves are broadly oblong, pointed, 4-6 inches long, small dark veins on the underside Fruit is reddish purple, 1-2 inches and only on females Bark is dark and deeply divided in to small, square plates Not found in mountains Used to make clubheads for golf clubs

8 Eastern red Cedar Leaves are smooth, dark green, 1/16 inch in length, whorls of three Bark is light reddish-brown, think and separates into long, peeling, fibrous strips Found all over 40-50 feet by 1-2 feet

9 Eastern White Pine Needles are bluish- green, 3-5 inches, clusters of five, white line on two surfaces of each needle Bark is smooth, greenish on young, dark gray on old Cones are 4-8 inches Does best in mountains 100 feet by 4 feet Largest conifer in East U.S.

10 Loblolly Pine Needs occur in clusters of three and are 6-9 inches long Oblong cones are 2-6 inches long, with a spine at the tip of each scale Mature bark is thick, bright reddish to brown and is divided by shallow fissures Coastal Plain throughout the eastern Piedmont 90-110 feet by 2-3 feet Most common and commercially important pine

11 Red Maple Leaves are 3-5 lobed, serrated, 2-6 inches long Samaras are reddish in color, V-shaped Bark is smooth and light gray on young, dark gray on old 40-70 feet by 1-2 feet

12 River Birch Leaves are oval, pointed, double toothed serrated margins Bark varies from reddish brown to cinnamon red in color and peel back tough papery layers Found on rivers, swamps… not in high mountains 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet

13 Shagbark Hickory Leaves are 8-14 inches long with five (rarely 7) leaflets that are tapered, oval, smoth, and finely toothed Bark is light gray that separates into thick plates a foot or more long Tree likes damp soil Hickory Nuts 60-80 feet by 1-2 feet

14 Southern Red Oak Irregularly shaped lobes that are narrow and bristle tipped or pear-shaped with three rounded lobes Leaves are dark green above and tan below, 5-9 inches long Bark is rough light gray on young, dark gray on old 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet Higher ridges of Coastal Plain and throughout Piedmont

15 Sweetgum Leaves are star shaped, 5 deeply separated lobes Bark is light gray, corky scales 60-80 feet by 2-3 feet Grows in swamps, rivers, and even on drier uplands Large, valuable forest tree

16 White Oak Leaves are 5-9 inches, 7-9 rounded lobes Acorn is ¾ inche long and chestnut brown when mature Thin bark is light gray and covered in loose scales on broad plates Abundant in the Piedmont and lower mountains, found in Coastal Plains 80-100 feet by 3-4 feet

17 Yellow Poplar Tulip tree, composed of four large lobes, 5-6 inches long Bark is light gray Flowers are tulip-like 90-110 feet by 2-5 feet Grows best in deep moist soils of streams and lower mountains Greenish yellow heartwood

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