Presentation on theme: "Child Poverty in California Sarah Bohn Bay Area Early Childhood Funders February 20, 2014 Portions of this research supported by The Walter S. Johnson."— Presentation transcript:
Child Poverty in California Sarah Bohn Bay Area Early Childhood Funders February 20, 2014 Portions of this research supported by The Walter S. Johnson Foundation
Child poverty remains high, despite recent turnaround 2 SOURCE: “Child Poverty” PPIC Just the Facts (2013). And author’s calculations from Current Population Survey ASEC
Poverty rates are relatively lower in the Bay Area 3 SOURCE: Author’s calculations from Census Bureau, 2011 ACS
Official statistics are lacking Do not reflect many large-scale antipoverty programs Have not been modified to reflect changes in the cost of living National effort to design alternative measures began in 1990s –Census Bureau releases “Research Supplemental Poverty Measure” in 2011 –PPIC & CPI release “California Poverty Measure” in
The California Poverty Measure is more accurate and comprehensive 5 Family Resources = cash income + safety net benefits – work & medical expenses Threshold of basic needs = food + clothing + utilities + housing (varies by county)
Most Californians live in high-cost areas 6 Official poverty threshold: $22,811 Average poverty threshold (family of four) SOURCE: Bohn, Danielson, Levin, Mattingly, and Wimer (2013)
Our measure finds more people of all ages in poverty 7 SOURCES: Bohn et al. California Poverty Measure estimates for 2011; official poverty estimates from the California sample of the ACS (2011).
Clear role for safety net in reducing child poverty 8 SOURCE: California Poverty Measure estimates for 2011
Overall, need-based programs cut the poverty rate sharply 9 SOURCE: California Poverty Measure estimates for 2011.
Overall, need-based programs cut the poverty rate sharply 10 SOURCE: California Poverty Measure estimates for 2011
A different regional picture based on the California Poverty Measure 11 SOURCE: California Poverty Measure estimates for 2011.
8.1 million Californians in poverty –2.2 million more than official estimates Safety net resources substantially moderate the child poverty rate Still, safety net resources offset by California’s higher cost of living and by nondiscretionary expenses Our findings alter understanding of poverty 12
Alleviating poverty 50 years after the war started California, the “golden state,” ranks last California Poverty Measure potential to –Better targeting those in need –Predict how changes will play out –Assess what works, and for whom Poverty is really a problem of health, development, educational achievement, family formation, opportunity A key to the puzzle: poverty transitions over a lifetime 13