7Greek Name Roman Name Responsibilities Aphrodite Venus goddess of beauty and loveAresMarsgod of warArtemisDianagoddess of hunting and childbirthAthenaMinervagoddess of war, wisdom, and craftsDemeterCeresgoddess of the harvestHeraJunoprotector of women; wife of Zeus/JupiterHermesMercurymessenger of the godsHadesPlutogod of the UnderworldPoseidonNeptunegod of the seaZeusJupiterking of the gods
11Binder Organization Front: Assignment Log, Syllabus Tabs Bellringers Current UnitReviews and ExamsToolsGlossary
12Objective #1PrehistoryThe class is organized around the Objectives. You’ll see what objective we are talking about in the upper right hand corner. Everything after this slide is in Objective 1, until you see something that says Objective 2.Prehistory – the time in human history before the invention of writingWhat sources can we use to understand the “prehistoric” world?Pay attention to your notes sheet and what is next. This is an honors class – I’m not going to call out every time you need to write.But you can always ask!Words you see in bold, underlined red need to be added to your glossary! Sometimes the slide will define the word. Sometimes you have to listen for the definition!
13Unwritten HistoryOral historiesDrawingsStuff they left behind
14Oral HistoriesStorytellers prized in many cultures, and stories are passed down for generationsProblems:“Whisper down the lane” effectDead people don’t tell stories
15DrawingsMostly, cave paintingsFamous pictures from Lascaux (France)
16Cave Paintings Art is in the eye of the beholder Stories? Actual events?Religious beliefs?Nice pictures?Textbooks?
35Source of FoodHuntingMain source, whatever they could catch, kill, and cook!GatheringWild fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, etc.Get it? Hunter-gatherers!
36Size of Groups Small groups Clans: people, one or a few extended familiesWhy?
37Permanent Settlements No! They were nomadsWhy move?Follow herdsNo food leftSeasons changeToo cold or hotNo water left
38Location FactorsMainly, Paleolithic (and prehistoric) people followed their foodAnimals migrate, so did the peopleOverpopulation (of people)Overconsumption (of resources in one spot)
39Getting Along Cooperation was necessary for survival Knew everyone in their clan – all relativesNo private property – no where to put itNo fighting other groups – no one aroundFinding food…just not that hard
42Some Tips Use structure and organization Include major details Leave out unimportant informationShow connections between ideasDON’T COPY THE TEXT!!!
43Some PracticeRead the excerpt from page 12 of your textbook and write a VERY short summary
44Bad SampleFor a long time people used to wander like nomads. Cro-Magnons hunted and gathered. Then they made technology and hunted better.
45Good SampleOver time, humans became more effective at finding food. At first, nomads moved often to find more food to hunt or gather. Later, Cro-Magnons invented tools and then technology (like knives and needles) to improve their lives.
46Some More PracticeRead the article about cannibalism and write a short summary
47Ending ClassAll the summarizing practice goes under Tools in your binderHomework: Guided Reading notes for Chapter 1.2!