Presentation on theme: "Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing"— Presentation transcript:
1Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Chip SealsThis module describes recommended materials and procedures for the application of chip seals on asphalt pavements.The following are possible initial discussion questions that can be used to assess the host agency’s practice.Q: How often do you use chip seals locally?Q: What functions do they serve?Q: What kind of construction or performance problems have you experienced?Q: How long do you estimate that your chip seals last?
2Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Learning OutcomesList the purposes of chip seal applicationsDescribe different chip seal variationsDescribe recommended materialsList the steps of the chip seal design processBuild slide. Introduce these learning outcomes by stating “At the end of this module, you will be able to….”Ask the participants if there is anything specific that they hope to learn/discuss in the module. If an additional discussion topic (not covered in the list on this slide) is identified, write it on the flip chart for discussion later.
3Learning Outcomes (cont.) Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Learning Outcomes (cont.)Describe recommended construction proceduresList key quality control activitiesDescribe potential construction and performance problemsIdentify associated solutions
4Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017IntroductionDescriptionApplication of asphalt binder on existing pavement followed by a layer of aggregate chips. The treatment is then rolled to embed the aggregate into the binder.Chip seals are a type of pavement surface treatment in which one or more layers of crushed aggregate are “glued” to an existing roadway surface using an asphalt binder.Hot binder or lightweight chip on high volume roads.Commonly used on low-volume roads
5Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Project SelectionSurface for light to medium trafficWaterproof layerSkid resistant surfaceRestore weathered surfaceAddress bleedingTemporary base course coverDefine shouldersQ: What types of applications make the choice of a chip seal an appropriate treatment candidate? Note: this is an indirect way of asking the class to identify the benefits/purposes of chip seal applications.A: This slide summarizes the purposes of a chip seal application.Historically used on low volume roads (< 2000 ADT) as a wearing surface on untreated granular roadbeds; however, they have more recently been used on higher volume roads (over 10,000 ADT) because of their ability to waterproof the surface, provide low severity crack sealing, and improve surface friction.The first Pavement Preservation International Scanning Tour reported the use of this treatment on high volume roads in both Australia and South Africa. The possibility of loose chips and traffic disruptions has limited the use of chip seals on higher volume facilities in the United States (Raza 1992). However, using a stiffer binder and a greater initial embedment of the aggregate chips has been shown to overcome loose chip problems (Shuler 1999).The list of chip seal uses shown on this slide are from the Asphalt Institute’s Basic Asphalt Emulsion Handbook.
6Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017LimitationsStructurally deficient pavementsCracks >6 mm (0.25 in) wideMedium- to high-severity alligator crackingLarge number of potholesRutting >25 mm (1 in)Very rough surfaceThis is a build slide that identifies pavement characteristics that make a chip seal an inappropriate treatment selection. As you show each limitation, ask the participants if they can identify why the characteristics makes a chip seal an inappropriate treatment.Like other thin surface treatments, chip seals provide no additional structure to the pavement.Wide cracks experience large movements that will reflect through the chip seal.More severe alligator cracking and potholes indicate a localized structural problem that needs to be addressed by another technique.Deeper rutting or a very rough surface will not be corrected with a chip seal application.Point out that rubber-modified chip seals have been used on more distressed pavements.
7Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Performance and CostPerformanceProper application of binder and aggregateProper embedmentTypical treatment life: 4 to 7 yearsAverage cost$0.96/m2 to $1.32/m ($0.80 to $1.10/yd2)The performance greatly depends on the quality of the construction procedures.The cost data above is from the SPS-3 studies. Average cost data from Ohio showed a range of $0.96 to $1.32/m2 ($0.80 to $1.10/yd2).Cost can be $2.40 to 3.00/m2 ($2.00 to $2.50/yd2) for asphalt-rubber chip seals.New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa are constructing deep granular bases covered with chip seals and are getting 10 to 15 years performance.
8What a Chip Seal Can & Can’t Do Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017What a Chip Seal Can & Can’t DoA Chip Seal CAN:Seal the surface of a roadwayRestore or improve skid resistancePreserve a good road for 5 to 10 yearsA Chip Seal CAN’T:Increase the strength of a roadwayRestore a failed roadway
9Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Chip Seal VariationsSingle chip sealsDouble or triple chip sealsCape SealsSand sealsFabric and chip sealsThis slide lists the major chip seal variations. Each of these will be briefly introduced and illustrated in the upcoming slides.Detailed information on the chip seal variants may be found in reports by Raza (1992) and the Asphalt Institute (AI 1997). Schematic illustrations of these applications are shown in figure on p of the Reference Manual.
10Chip Seal Variations Single Chip Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Single Chip SealsPneumatic- Tired RollerThis is an animated build slide. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of binder to the existing pavement.Application of larger sized aggregate.Pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate to about 70% embedment.Curing of the binder is illustrated by the binder automatically changing to a gray color.Single (conventional) chip seals consist of the application of an asphalt or emulsion directly on the existing pavement, followed by the application of an aggregate that is rolled with a pneumatic roller. Emphasize that the majority of this presentation focuses on conventional single chip seals.Rubberized asphalt chip seals are similar to chip seals except that the asphalt binder is replaced with a blend of ground tire rubber (or latex rubber) and asphalt cement (Raza 1992). The rubber additive enhances the elasticity and adhesion characteristics of the binder. Rubberized asphalt chip seals are commonly used in conjunction with an overlay to retard reflection cracking.70%BinderExisting Pavement
11Chip Seal Variations Double Chip Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Double Chip SealsPneumatic- Tired RollerPneumatic- Tired RollerSecondBinderApplicationThis is an animated build slide. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of binder to the existing pavement.Application of larger sized aggregate.First pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate to about 70% embedment.Second binder application.Application of smaller sized aggregate.Final pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate.Curing of the binder is illustrated by the binder automatically changing to a gray color.Double or triple chip seals are obtained through two or three applications of a chip seal operation over the same roadway, each subsequent layer being placed after the previous layer has cured. These multiple chip seals are dense-wearing, waterproofing applications that in some instances may approach thicknesses of 25 mm (1 in) (AI 1997).BinderExisting Pavement
12Chip Seal Variations Cape Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Cape SealsPneumatic- Tired RollerBroomingSlurry SealThis is an animated build slide. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of binder to existing pavement.Application of larger sized aggregate.Pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate to about 70% embedment.Brooming of the chip seal surface.Application of a Slurry Seal.Curing of the slurry seal and binder is illustrated by these layers darkening in color.Cape seals are a chip seal covered with a slurry seal and are used to provide a dense, waterproof surface with improved skid resistance (Raza 1992). For cape seals, the application of the slurry seal also helps reduce stone loss.BinderExisting Pavement
13Chip Seal Variations Sand Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Sand SealsPneumatic- Tired RollerThis is an animated build slide. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of binder to the existing pavement.Application of sand and small sized aggregate.Pneumatic-tired rolling.Curing of the binder is illustrated by the binder automatically changing to a gray color.Sand seals are similar to single chip seals, except that a sand or fine aggregate is used instead of a larger aggregate chip.BinderExisting Pavement
14Chip Seal Variations Fabric and Chip Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Fabric and Chip SealsPneumatic- Tired RollerBinderApplicationThis is an animated build slide. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of tack coat to existing pavement.Apply paving fabric.Application of chip seal binder on top of the fabric.Application of larger sized aggregate.Pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate to about 70% coverage.Curing of the binder is illustrated by the binder automatically changing to a gray color.Paving FabricTackCoatExisting Pavement
15Chip Seal Variations Fabric and Chip Seals Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Variations Fabric and Chip SealsThis photo shows the application of fabric on a freshly placed binder.
16Material Selection Binder Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection BinderSegue to the materials and mix design section.As demonstrated in the chip seal variation section, chip seal materials primarily consist of a binder and aggregate cover. The next few slides discuss specific binder and aggregate considerations.
17Material Selection Binder Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection BinderRapid setting emulsionsPolymer-modified emulsionsAsphalt cementRubberized asphaltConventional chip seals typically use rapid setting emulsions (anionic grades RS-1, RS-2 or cationic grades CRS-1, CRS-2) that are designed to react quickly with the aggregate. Anionic grades are intended for use with positively charged aggregates (such as limestone) and the cationic grades are intended for use with negatively charged aggregates (such as siliceous gravel) (Roberts et al. 1991).Some agencies have used polymer-modified emulsions, particularly on high-volume roads. The polymer modification reduces temperature susceptibility, provides increased adhesion to the existing surface, and allows the road to be opened to traffic earlier (Zaniewski and Mamlouk 1996).A few agencies use asphalt cement as the binder for chip seals. Softer grades, such as AC-2.5 and AC-5, are recommended for use in chip seal applications (AI 1996), although AC-10 grade asphalts have also been used. Adhesion agents may be added to these asphalt cements to enhance chip retention. These are typically used in hot weather regions.
18Material Selection Emulsion Ingredients Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection Emulsion IngredientsAsphaltWaterEmulsifying agent (surfactant)The three basic ingredients of an emulsion are listed here, along with some general discussion of their attributes.Rapid setting emulsion contains up to 35 percent water (compared to 43 percent for slow setting emulsions).Emulsifying agent – keeps asphalt droplets in stable suspension.Water impurities can be harmful.
20Material Selection Emulsion Classification Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection Emulsion ClassificationElectrical charge (+ or –)Speed of break: slow (SS), medium (MS), and rapid set (RS)Asphalt relative viscosity: hard (h) or soft (s)Polymer-modified asphalt (P or L)High float (HF)This slide is intended to give a brief introduction to emulsions. Specifically, it indicates the four factors that classify an asphalt emulsion:The charge is important because of its effect on the adhesion of the emulsion to the pavement surface and aggregate. The typical charge on emulsions used for pavement application are either anionic (negative) or cationic (positive).Anionic – Fatty acids or wood-product derivatives (tall oils, rosins, and lignins).Cationic – Fatty amines (diamines, imidazolines, and amidoamines).The speed of the break refers to how quickly the asphalt droplets in the emulsion coalesce after spraying. Different types of seals call for different break times.The relative viscosity refers to the degree of hardness of the asphalt binder used in the emulsion.A code is used to identify the type of modifier used in the asphalt binder, i.e., P for polymer and L for latex.
21What is “AC” Asphalt Cement? Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017What is “AC” Asphalt Cement?Hot applied asphalt binderGenerally graded by viscosityTypically modified with polymer or tire rubber to improve qualities
23Material Selection Emulsion Classification Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection Emulsion ClassificationEmulsionTypeSlowSettingMediumRapidAnionicSS-1SS-1hMS-1MS-2MS-2hHFMS-1HFMS-2HFMS-2hHFMS-2sRS-1RS-2HFRS-2CationicCSS-1CSS-1hCMS-2CMS-2hCRS-1CRS-2This table illustrates some of the different emulsion classifications.
24Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Curing of BinderTime depends on temperature and relative humidityEmulsion break should begin just after first roller passIf delays occur, allowing the asphalt to set or cure before rolling is completed, chips will not be effectively seated, therefore, resulting in chip loss.Emulsion should ideally begin to break just after first roller pass.If potential for rock loss exists (with emulsions) traffic control will be required for a longer period of time.
25Material Selection Rubberized Asphalt Chip Seal Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection Rubberized Asphalt Chip SealThis photo illustrates the advantage of using rubberized asphalt chip seals.
26Material Selection Aggregates Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection AggregatesClean and durableOne size: 6 to 16 mm (0.25 to 0.6 in)Cubical shapeFlat and elongated particles limited to 25 to 30 percentFines limited to 1 to 2 percentNote: Pass around any aggregate samples you may have.Clean aggregates enhance the coating of the asphalt. Durable aggregates resist wear from traffic.The aggregate should be crushed and screened to as close to one size as possible (AI 1997).The size of the aggregate will largely dictate the resultant thickness of the chip seal.Flat or elongated particles tend to align on their flat sides and may be completely covered with asphalt, whereas rounded aggregate may roll under traffic and dislodge (AI 1997).Fines are limited to limit dust and ensure proper coating of aggregate.The goal is to achieve about 70 percent embedment of the aggregate after compaction of the chip seal, with additional embedment occurring from traffic (Raza 1992).More detailed information on typical aggregate gradations is summarized in table (p ) and figure (p ) of the Reference Manual.
27Aggregate used for a chip seal Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Aggregate used for a chip sealThis is a crushed aggregate surface, which provides good skid resistance.
28Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Aggregate used for a chip sealThis is a surface where pea gravel was used. It is important to be aware that when uncrushed aggregate, such as pea gravel, with the individual particles having rounded and smooth surface (as opposed to angular or jagged) is used, the road can become extremely slick when wet. The use of uncrushed aggregate is not recommended.
39Material Selection Problem With Flat Aggregates Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Material Selection Problem With Flat AggregatesPneumatic- Tired RollerCracks in AggregateThis is an animated build slide that illustrates the problem with flat aggregates. Hit a key or click the mouse to advance through the following steps of the process.Application of binder to existing pavement.Application of larger sized aggregate.Pneumatic-tired rolling seats the aggregate to greater than 70 percent embedment.Curing of the binder is illustrated by the binder automatically changing to a gray color.Point out how the flat aggregates can become embedded too far (i.e., covered with binder).BinderExisting Pavement
40Chip Seal Design Process Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Design ProcessAssess existing pavementSelect chip seal variationSelect compatible binder and aggregateQuantity selectionThe four main parts of the chip seal design process are shown here.The first steps are to assess the existing pavement to make sure a chip seal is an appropriate treatment and to select the most appropriate chip seal variation.A critical part of the design process is the selection of a compatible binder and aggregate. For emulsions, this involves making sure that an emulsion with the correct particle charge is used with the chosen aggregate.The last step is the determination of the material quantities.
41Design Considerations Quantity Selection Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Design Considerations Quantity SelectionResidual asphalt contentAsphalt cement factor = 1.0Emulsion factors range = 0.55 to 0.65Aggregate application rateSingle chip layerNo more than 10% excess chips70% embedment recommendedThe residual factor is the percentage of asphalt cement remaining after the other additives (water or solvent) have evaporated.In an emulsion, the water will evaporate along with a small amount of solvent. With any given aggregate size, there will be a difference between the necessary application rate for a cutback and the application rate for an emulsion to get the same residual asphalt and chip embedment. Emulsions generally have a lower residual ratio and require a higher application rate to get the same residual.The amount of residual asphalt should produce about 70 percent embedment of the stone after construction.
42Chip Seal Design Methods Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Chip Seal Design MethodsMcLeod procedureAsphalt Institute (Table in the Reference Manual)The most common is the McLeod procedure that has been used since the late 1960s.To simplify this process, the Asphalt Institute prepared a design table (presented as table on p in the Reference Manual) to estimate the quantities of asphalt and aggregate for single chip seals.Agencies may use this Asphalt Institute method as a general guide and modify the recommended rates based on local conditions and experience.
43Asphalt Institute Method Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Asphalt Institute MethodDetermine aggregate size and specific gravityAggregate and asphalt emulsion quantities from tableAdjust aggregate (if necessary)Adjust asphalt content based on condition of road (if necessary)This slide introduces the basic steps of the Asphalt Institute chip seal design method that uses table (p ) in the Reference Manual. Note: Have class participants open the Reference Manual to look at this table.Determine the nominal aggregate size and the specific gravity of the aggregate.Find the row of the table that corresponds with the determined nominal aggregate size.Select an aggregate quantity, asphalt quantity, and grade of asphalt from the recommended values associated with the selected row (line).Adjust aggregate quantity (if necessary) based on specific gravity. The mass weight of the aggregate shown in the table is based on a specific gravity of If the known specific gravity is lower than 2.55 or higher than 2.75, the aggregate amount in the table should be multiplied by the ratio of the actual aggregate specific gravity divided by 2.65.Adjust asphalt content (if necessary) based on pavement condition. The last step is to adjust the asphalt content based on the condition of the road. Use the five pavement descriptions at the bottom of table (p in the Reference Manual) to adjust the asphalt content recommended in the table above.
44Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/20175 Keys to SuccessRepair old surface ( days ahead)Calibrate equipment prior to useInspect surface to determine ratesChoose the right materialsTimely application of asphalt and aggregate
45Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017ConstructionPoint out that although many different chip seal variations have been introduced in this module, this section focuses on the construction steps for a “conventional” single chip seal.
46Construction Conventional Chip Seal Procedure Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Conventional Chip Seal ProcedureClean existing pavementApply binderSpread aggregateRollAllow binder to cureBroom loose aggregateThe construction sequence for most chip seal projects is shown on this slide.
47Construction Cleaning Existing Pavement Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Cleaning Existing PavementThe first step is to clean the existing pavement surface to ensure good bond with the applied asphalt. The existing pavement surface should be dry.The work should be conducted in warm weather, and should not be attempted when air temperatures are below 16 °C (60 °F).
48Construction Start and Stop Application on Mat Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Start and Stop Application on MatThis photo shows construction paper set in place where the binder application is to start.Start and stop binder on construction paper.Makes a nice looking clean end to chip seal application.Shows good workmanship and complies with most specifications.
49Construction Binder Application Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Binder ApplicationThis photo shows the application of asphalt on the existing pavement.
50Construction Binder Overlap Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Binder OverlapSpray Bar and NozzleshhhSingle OverlapDouble OverlapRoadway SurfaceRoadway SurfaceTriple OverlapRoadway SurfaceBuild slide. Illustrates single, double, and triple overlap.Point out to the participants that best results are usually achieved with double overlap, although triple overlap can sometimes be used for spray bars with nozzles spaced at 100-mm (4-in) intervals (AI 1997). Note that spray fans at a higher height setting may be susceptible to wind effects.
51Construction Binder Application Overlap Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Binder Application OverlapThis photo shows a close up of the application of asphalt on the existing pavement.This slide illustrates the triple overlap. Also, point the participants to figure on p in the Reference Manual.Triple Overlap
52Construction Binder Application Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Binder ApplicationThis photo shows a further close up of the spray nozzles applying asphalt on the existing pavement.
53Binder Application Asphalt Distributor—Spray Nozzles Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Binder Application Asphalt Distributor—Spray Nozzles15o45o90oTravelDirectionLateral CoverageThis diagram demonstrates the effects of nozzle orientation on later coverage of the emulsion application. The top of this diagram depicts the top view of nozzles with varying degrees rotation. The typical orientation of the nozzles (with respect to the spray bar) is between 15 and 45 degrees.
54Construction Aggregate Application Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Aggregate ApplicationThis photo shows an aggregate (or chip) spreader.A self-propelled, pneumatic-tired, motorized unit has a hopper on the front where the chips are dumped.The chips are then transported to the back where a specialized gate system drops the chips uniformly across the pavement.This equipment also includes a screen on the hopper to reject oversized rock, individually controlled gates that allow varying rock application rates across the pavement, and a system using sloped screens that can separate out the larger chips and drop them ahead of the smaller chips.
55Construction Aggregate Application Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Aggregate ApplicationThis photo shows the spreading of chips behind the asphalt applicator truck.
56Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Construction RollingImmediate rolling of aggregatePneumatic-tired rollersNo fewer than three passesFull coverage necessary before asphalt hardeningRolling begins immediately after the aggregate has been spread to seat or embed the chips (not compact them).Typically, 4.5 metric ton (5 T) pneumatic-tired rollers are used, although rollers with weights of 2.7 metric tons (3 T) to 7.3 metric tons (8 T) are also used.Steel-wheeled rollers are not used because they may crush the aggregate and have a tendency to bridge over low spots so that no embedment occurs in those areas.Once the asphalt begins to harden, the aggregate cannot be adequately seated and may be pulled out by traffic.The maximum amount of rolling should be determined by costs, while the minimum amount should be no fewer than three passes.
58Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Construction RollingAnother photo of pneumatic-tired rollers rolling the chip seal close to the aggregate supply truck.
59Construction Curing of Binder Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Curing of BinderTime depends on temperature and relative humidityEmulsion break should begin just after first roller passOpen to traffic in about 2 hoursIf delays occur, allowing the asphalt to set or cure before rolling is completed, chips will not be effectively seated, therefore, resulting in chip loss.Emulsion should ideally begin to break just after first roller pass.If potential for rock loss exists (with emulsions) traffic control will be required for a longer period of time.
60Construction Brooming Loose Aggregate Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Construction Brooming Loose AggregateAfter the binder is cured the surface is swept to remove loose (non-embedded) chips. The typical timing of sweeping is between 15 to 24 hours after the application of the chips.A chip seal with a hot binder can be broomed much sooner than a chip seal with an emulsion.
61Quality Control Preliminary Responsibilities Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Quality Control Preliminary ResponsibilitiesProject reviewDocument reviewMaterial checksPreliminary responsibilities include project review, document review, and materials checks. A detailed listing of quality control preliminary responsibility tasks can be found in table on page of the Reference Manual.Some project review questions include the following:Is the project a good candidate for a chip seal?What types of distresses are present and at what extent and severity levels?Is crack sealing needed?Is existing bleeding/flushing expected to be a problem?For the following two questions see how many answers the class participants can come up with without looking in the Reference Manual. Possibly write answers on white board.Q: What types of documents should be reviewed prior to construction?A: See the list below:Bid specifications.Special provisions.Construction manual.Traffic control plan.Agency requirements.Manufacturers instructions.Material safety data sheets.Q: What types of material checks are required prior to construction?Compatibility between emulsion and aggregate.Confirm that asphalt is from an approved source (if required).Asphalt is sampled and submitted for testing (if required).Aggregate chips are close to same size, clean, and free of excess fines.Asphalt application temperature range is specified.
62Quality Control Pre-Application Inspection Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Quality Control Pre-Application InspectionSurface preparationEquipment inspectionAsphalt distributorChip spreaderHaul trucksRollersBroomsThis slide highlights some of the pre-application inspection activities included in a quality control plan. A more detailed listing of these quality control tasks can be found in tables and on page of the Reference Manual.
63Quality Control Pre-Application Inspection (continued) Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Quality Control Pre-Application Inspection (continued)Weather requirementsDetermining application ratesChecking application ratesTraffic control plan and setupThis slide highlights some of the pre-application inspection activities included in a quality control plan. A more detailed listing of quality control tasks can be found in tables and on page of the Reference Manual.
64Quality Control Project Inspection Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Quality Control Project InspectionAsphalt applicationAggregate applicationTruck operationRollingLongitudinal jointsTransverse jointsBroomingThis slide highlights some of the project inspection activities included in a quality control plan. A more detailed listing of quality control tasks can be found in table on page of the Reference Manual.
65Quality Control Post-Application Inspection Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing4/13/2017Quality Control Post-Application InspectionCleanupOpening to trafficThis slide lists two post-application activities included in a quality control plan.
66Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Quality Control PlanClass groups: preliminary responsibilities, pre-application inspection, and project inspectionLabel QC items as Always Included, Sometimes Included, or Frequently OmittedUse Reference Manual and your experienceThis slide introduces workshop on quality control methods. Try to keep this exercise to about 20 to 25 minutes total. Worksheets for this exercise are found on p of the Instructor Guide and on p of the Participant Workbook.The objectives of this exercise are to use the provided course materials to identify those QC items recommended for inclusion in a comprehensive QC plan, and to understand how each of those QC items affects treatment performance.Divide the class into groups associated with preliminary responsibilities, pre-application inspection, and project inspection and post-application inspection considerations. If a fourth group is needed, consider instructing the fourth group to think “out of the box” in an effort to try to come up with QC items that groups one, two, and three may forget to include.Note: pay close attention to the progress of each group as the workload may become unbalanced. If the workload between groups does appear unbalanced, you may want to assign specific task items to groups that finish early.Each group should first use a combination of the Reference Manual and their experience to put together their own QC checklist for their assigned topic.Group members should discuss their agency’s current practice and determine if each listed item is Always Included, Sometimes Included, or Frequently Omitted from the host agency’s list of QC activities.The point here is to generate discussion/debate over how important each QC item is to obtaining a good quality treatment.Each group should elect a group spokesperson.After about 15 to 20 minutes, the group’s spokesperson should report the findings back to the class.
67Module 4-2 : Joint Sealing 4/13/2017Chip SealsThis module describes recommended materials and procedures for the application of chip seals on asphalt pavements.The following are possible initial discussion questions that can be used to assess the host agency’s practice.Q: How often do you use chip seals locally?Q: What functions do they serve?Q: What kind of construction or performance problems have you experienced?Q: How long do you estimate that your chip seals last?QUESTIONS?