4#####.00 ScopeSection 710 – This work consists of applying emulsified asphalt and graded aggregates as shown or directed.Section 711- This work consists of applying a surface treatment using a modified hot asphalt binder and precoated graded aggregate as shown.
5#####.10 AggregatesSection Various Rock Sizes generally determined by the District Manager and Pavements Section. Plans will designate design. Generally “Graded Medium (3/8 – No. 4)”Section 711- Pre-Coated Aggregates have single option3/8 – No. 4
6#####.10 Aggregates710 & 711– Standard QC & QA Testing for Aggregates, but also require Unit Weight Testing according to AASHTO T19.
7#####.11 Asphalt710, Emulsified Asphalt – Non-Polymer (CRS-2 or HFRS-2) orPolymer (CRS-2P or HFRS-P1)711, Asphalt Binder- AC15-5TR or AC-15PAsphalt Samples required at the plant per AASHTO T40.
8Coated Aggregate Requirements – Asphalt and Additives for Pre-Coated Aggregate Aggregate to be coated with PG64-22– Pre-Coated Aggregate Mixture
9Section 00711.17 Pre-Coated Aggregate Mixture Use an Asphalt Hot Plant to Coat the AggregateAchieve at least a 90% Coating by applying between 0.7 and 1.0 percent liquid asphalt. Asphalt content determined by ODOT TM321.Plant Dryer Temperature between 190 and 230After Pre-Coating, Stockpile, cool, and cure the aggregate mixture for at least seven calendar days.Turn the Pre-Coated aggregatemixture with a loader or othermeans to accelerate cooling.If clumping occurs rescreeningof the mixture will be required.
10#####.21 Asphalt Distributors 710 & 711 Identical except for Computer Rate Control Device and Calibration Requirement on Hot Oil Applications.Variation Shall be within 0.02 gallons per square yardBar Height to be set for Triple Lap CoverageVolume Measuring Devices and Thermometer
11#####.22 Chip Spreaders- 710 & 711 Basically Identical except for computerized and surface temperature requirement for Pre-Coated Applications.Self Propelled Capable of Uniform Spread RatePre-Coated Rock requires surface temperature visible to the chip spreader operator
12Chip Spreader Calibration Each individual gate(s) should be calibratedCalibrate across the width of the spreader and in lineCalibration must occur at typical speedCalibration should occur each morning, and sometimes mid shift
13#####.23 Compactors #####.24 Power Brooms 710, Steel-Wheeled Roller711, Minimum 5 Rubber Tired Rollers RequiredMinimum 4 Power BroomsPick-up Brooms needed on Bridges or in town
14Asphalt Storage TankAsphalt Storage Tank - Provide a heated asphalt storage tank in close proximity to Project.This specification is not an absolute and should be reviewed for each project.
1500711.31 Technical Representative Technical Representative – Provide a qualified technical representative from the asphalt binder supplier, on site, during all surface treatment operations. The technical representative duties are to assist the Engineer in establishing the asphalt binder and pre-coated aggregate mixture application rates and to provide input on the temperatures for the application of the asphalt binder coat.
16#####.40 Season, Weather and Temperature Limitations Section 710July 1 to August 31Surface Temp above 70 degreesComplete application daily 3 hours before sunsetRemove weather damaged sections within 24 hoursSection 711Ambient Temperature 70 degreesSurface Temperature 75 degrees (Sun and Shade)Do not apply if rain is predicted (50% chance or more)After rain do not resume the surface treatment for at least two days.Complete by August 31st whenever possible.
17#####.41 Rate of Progress Section 710 Section 711 Complete no more than can be swept the following morningSpecific Traffic Control Plan required for operations exceeding 3 centerline milesSection 711Complete no more than can be swept in the same dayDaily Operations are usually limited by traffic control ability, allowable length of delay, maximum lane closure allowed, etc. Night time flagging can be utilized to sweep to maximize production.
18#####.42 Preparation of Underlying Surfaces Section 710 & 711Summary – Surface must be dry. Clean the surface prior to applying surface treatment.Usually not necessaryexcept for shoulders, oraround gravel accesses.
19#####.44 Application Rates APPLICATION RATES ARE DETERMINED BY THE ENGINEERSection 710Graded MediumEmulsified Asphalt 0.40 – 0.64 gallons per square yardAggregate – cubic yards per square yardSection 711Asphalt Binder 0.35 to 0.45 gallons per square yardPre-Coated Aggregate 10 to 20 pounds per square yard(Approximate to –Depends on Unit Weight)
20#####.44 Applying Asphalt Section 710Apply emulsified asphalt at a temperature between 140 and 185 FSurface treatment to be applied to both sides of roadway each shiftDo not apply emulsified asphalt a greater distance than can be immediately covered by aggregates before the emulsion breaks.Section 711Apply Asphalt Binder at a temperature between 330 and to 0.45 gallons per square yardApply asphalt binder at a distance that allows the pre-coated aggregate mixture to be applied at the binder surface temperature between 130 and 180 F.
22#####.46 Hauling and Spreading Aggregates Section 710Aggregates Shall be surface damp. Excess water will not be allowed.Provide Coverage without gaps or overlapping adjacent coverages.Section 711Cover the asphalt binder surface with pre-coated aggregate mixture when the asphalt binder surface termperature is between 130 and 180.Apply asphalt binder at a distance that allows the pre-coated aggregate mixture to be applied at the binder surface temperature between 130 and 180 F.
23#####.46 Hauling and Spreading Aggregates Route Hauling Equipment as uniformly as possible over the full width of the new surface.
24#####.47 Shaping and Compacting Section 710Compact the surface with a minimum of two coverages with a pneumatic tired roller and one coverage with a steel wheeled roller.Do not operate in excess of 5 mph.Section 711Compact the surface with a minimum of three roller passes.Make the initial compaction pass behind the spreader as soon as the pre-coated aggregate mixture is spread.Hauling Equipment may be used to assist in compaction behind the spreader.Roll in a staggered pattern.
26#####.60 Power Brooming Section 710 Section 711 Following the application of the surface treatment carefully broom the entire surface to remove loose aggregate. (Generally performed the following morning).Additional brooming within 2 days may be directed by the Engineer to ensure roadway is free of loose aggregate.Section 711After rolling the pre-coated aggregate mixture, remove loose aggregate by brooming the entire surface.Broom one pass in the opposite direction of traffic.Additional brooming may be required fro up to two days after placment.Seven calendar days after completion of a section of surface treatment, remove all loose aggregate from the shoulder.
27#####.80 Measurement Section 710 Section 711 Emulsified Asphalt will be measured on the weight basis.Aggregate will be measured on the weight basis or on the volume basis in the hauling vehicle.Section 711Asphalt in Pre-Coated Aggregate will be measured on the weight basis.Asphalt Binder will be measured on the weight basis.Pre-Coated Aggregate will be measured on the weight basis.
28Summary Specifications are more process based then “end product”. No testing of final in place products.100% Inspection is very critical.