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ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER Properties Quality Control An overview of the

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Presentation on theme: "ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER Properties Quality Control An overview of the"— Presentation transcript:

1 ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER Properties Quality Control An overview of the
Components Properties Quality Control Presented by: Sam Huddleston Law Engineering 4634 South 36th Place Phoenix, Arizona 85040 (602)

2 COMPONENTS Crumb Rubber Asphalt Cement Additives Asphalt Rubber Binder

3 CRUMB RUBBER Asphalt Rubber Binder
Crumb rubber is produced from grinding up whole scrap tires and other waste rubber products. Crumb rubber comes in a variety of grades and designations presented by particular size and/or source. Crumb Rubber Grades are usually identified by the following types Type 1 or Grade A: Coarse CRM, 10 mesh, usually for spray applied applications like chip sealing Type 2 or Grade B: 14 to 20 mesh, used for spray applied applications and hot mix design for both moderate and cold climates Type 3 : 30 mesh, used for hot mix design in extreme cold climate regions Mesh size designation refers to the first sieve with an upper range specification between 5.0 & 10.0 percent retained. Asphalt Rubber Binder

4 CRUMB RUBBER Asphalt Rubber Binder Handling and Storage
A variety of packaging is available from 50 lb. paper sacks to 1 ton bulk bags. Special consideration should be given to transporting and site storage to protect from moisture. Moisture content specifications usually are less than 0.75%. Excessive moisture content can cause rapid foaming and boil over of the asphalt rubber binder. If bulking of the crumb rubber is evident, talc can be added to reduce bulking up to 4.0% max. Asphalt Rubber Binder

5 ASPHALT CEMENTS Asphalt cements come in a variety of grades and designations. Typically softer grades are used in blending asphalt rubber binder for a particular region than are used for production of conventional hot mix. Asphalt Rubber Binder

6 USED FOR ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements
Type 1: Hot Climate PG (AC-20) Type 2: Moderate Climate PG (AC-10) Type 3: Cold Climate PG (AC-5) Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements

7 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements
PERFORMANCE GRADED ASPHALTS Example: PG 64-16 PG = performance grade 64 = 64°C High pavement design temperature based on average 7 day max. -16 = -16°C Minimum pavement design temperature. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements

8 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements
VISCOSITY GRADED ASPHALTS 1st Example: AC-10 AC-20 AC = Asphalt Cement 10 = Viscosity in hundreds of poises at 60°C ± 20% AC-10 will have an absolute viscosity of 1000 ± 200 poise 2nd Example: AR-1000 AR-2000 AR = Aged Residue 1000 = Viscosity in poises at 60°C ± 25% after exposure to rolling thin film oven test AR-1000 will have an absolute viscosity after RTFO of 1000 ± 250 poise. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Asphalt Cements

9 ADDITIVES Asphalt Rubber Binder
Used in conjunction with crumb rubber to aid or help produce a desirable property. Some additives include: Extender oils - aid in the reaction of the crumb rubber by providing aromatics which are absorbed by the rubber, and help with dispersion by chemically suspending the rubber in the asphalt. Anti-stripping agents - used to increase or improve adhesion. High natural rubber - used to improve adhesion and flexibility. Polymers Asphalt Rubber Binder

10 PROPERTIES Asphalt Rubber Blend Design Profile Reactions
Specification Testing Asphalt Rubber Binder

11 ASPHALT RUBBER BLEND DESIGN PROFILE Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
A design profile is typically developed to evaluate the compatibility between materials used, component interaction and to check for stability of blend over time. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

12 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

13 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

14 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

15 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

16 REACTIONS BETWEEN COMPONENTS Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
Dependant on: Time Temperature Component interaction based on the chemical makeup. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

17 SPECIFICATION TESTING Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
Various tests are performed to identify and monitor various properties. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

18 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
APPARENT VISCOSITY Measurement is achieved by a rotational viscometer and presented in centipoise (cP) or Pascal Seconds (Pa-s). Brookfield Viscometer Haake Viscometer Monitors fluid consistency of asphalt rubber binder to ensure pumpability, to identify binder changes which might affect hot mix placement and compaction. If the Brookfield is the required method for acceptance, then the Haake viscometer should be calibrated and corrected to the Brookfield measurement for field use. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

19 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
PENETRATION ASTM D 5 AASHTO T 49 Measurement is achieved by a penetromometer and presented in tenths of a millimeter units. Asphalt rubber binder consistency can be evaluated at low, moderate, and high temperatures. Needle penetration is usually the standard at 39.2°F and 77.0°F. Cone penetration is typically used with asphalt rubber binder with larger particle size crumb rubber (10 mesh and up). Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

20 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
SOFTENING POINT ASTM D36 AASHTO T 53 Measurement is achieved by the ring and ball method and presented in °F or °C and is an indicator of material stiffness. This shows the tendency of the material to flow at elevated temperatures. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

21 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
DUCTILITY ASTM D113 AASHTO T 51 Measurement is achieved by pulling a sample apart at a specified rate and temperature until fracture. This is one measure of the tensile properties of the asphalt rubber binder. Ductility should not be considered a reliable measure of ductile properties for an Asphalt Rubber Binder. The crumb rubber particle interference within the reduced area of the test specimen is most likely to cause premature failure Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

22 Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties
RESILIENCE ASTM D5329 Measures the elastic properties of the asphalt rubber binder and is expressed as a percentage of rebound for the binder. Resilience is one of the most important properties in the specifications and is a more reliable measure of elasticity. Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

23 % rubber is usually expressed 1 of 2 ways:
% by weight of total binder % by weight of asphalt cement Example: 19.0% by total binder = 23.5% by asphalt cement Asphalt Rubber Binder - Properties

24 QUALITY CONTROL Asphalt Rubber Binder
Begins with pre-job testing to set the standard from which field testing can be compared. The asphalt rubber blend design evaluates the compatibility of the components to economically produce a binder that meets the project specifications. The design profile is a good tool to indicate appropriate testing for monitoring the project. This profile establishes a target viscosity for field testing. Monitoring: Significant fluctuation in viscosity (even if still meeting project specifications) can cause challenges with the hot mix placement or suggest that other specifications such as resilience, softening point, etc. are no longer being met. Asphalt Rubber Binder

25 Sampling Consideration
QUALITY CONTROL Sampling Consideration It is important during field sampling of the Asphalt Rubber Blend holding tanks to consider the required testing. Reheating of the retained one gallon sample for Central Laboratory test preparation has shown to alter the physical properties of some AR Binders. Typically viscosity is lowered, resilience and softening points decrease, with penetrations increasing at both 77oF and 39.2oF. Individual test specimens should be prepared at the time of sampling for later testing. Asphalt Rubber Binder

26 Sampling Consideration
QUALITY CONTROL Sampling Consideration If individual test specimens are not obtained during tank sampling and central laboratory testing is required. The one gallon container should not be reheated over direct flame or hot plate. This would result in significant devulcanization, impacting the test results. Reheating of sample should be achieved by placing in a forced draft oven at 350oF for approximately 1-2 hours until fluid. Then transferred to a hot plate, while continuously stirring, until proper test temperature is obtained. Asphalt Rubber Binder

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