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Medicare and Medicaid Drug Payments for Medicare Only and Medicare/Medicaid Dual Eligible Populations APHA Conference Washington, DC November 2, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Medicare and Medicaid Drug Payments for Medicare Only and Medicare/Medicaid Dual Eligible Populations APHA Conference Washington, DC November 2, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medicare and Medicaid Drug Payments for Medicare Only and Medicare/Medicaid Dual Eligible Populations APHA Conference Washington, DC November 2, 2011

2 Presenter Disclosures (1)The following personal financial relationships with commercial interests relevant to this presentation existed during the past 12 months: Brian O’Donnell, PhD No relationships to disclose

3 Buccaneer Team  Brian O’Donnell, PhD  Michelle Roozeboom, PhD  Greg Lessman, MS  Glenda Martens, MS

4 Background - CCW  The Chronic Condition Data Warehouse (CCW) contains Medicare and Medicaid Analytic Extract (MAX) claims data for  Linkage of the Medicare and MAX files allows for complete analysis of services for the dual eligible population

5 Background  Dual eligible population Accounts for a disproportionate share of Medicare spending Higher proportion of chronic conditions compared to Medicare only  Medicare Prescription Drug benefit began in 2006 Dual Eligible Prescription coverage included

6 Methods The Beneficiary Summary, Chronic Condition Summary and MAX Personal Summary files are merged by the unique CCW beneficiary identifier (BENE_ID). The merged file is rolled up to one record per BENE_ID/State and the derived demographic and enrollment variables are defined Medicare Enrollment DataMedicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) Data Medicare Claims Data  Beneficiary Summary File  Chronic Condition Summary File  Personal Summary (PS)  Long Term Care (LT)  Inpatient Care (IP)  Prescription Drug (RX)  Other Services (OT)  Part A  HOP  Part B  Part D

7 Methods  Dual eligibility determined from merging the MAX Personal Summary file with the CCW Beneficiary Summary file by beneficiary ID monthly enrollment and eligibility codes were used to determine dual status.  Full dual - determined as an individual with at least one month of both full fee for service Medicare without HMO and full Medicaid  QMB dual – not full dual with QMB only dual code  Partial dual – not full or QMB dual with restricted Medicaid benefits

8 Methods – Identification of Dual Status  Full Dual – at least one month where: Medicare Buyin ≠ 0 (Not Eligible) Medicaid Uniform Eligibility ≠ 00 (not eligible) or 99 (unknown)  MAX reported Medicare Dual code = 02 (QMB plus), 04 (SLMB plus), 08 (other dual), 52 (QMB plus), 54 (SLMB plus) or 58 (other)  Or Unknown Dual Code with restricted benefits flag indicating full dual coverage 8

9 Methods – Identification of Dual Status  QMB Dual – not classified as full dual and at least one month where: Medicare Buyin ≠ 0 (Not Eligible) Medicaid Uniform Eligibility ≠ 00 (not eligible) or 99 (unknown) MAX reported Medicare Dual code = 01 or 51 (QMB only) 9

10 Methods – Identification of Dual Status  Partial Dual – not classified as full or QMB dual and at least one month where: Medicare Buyin ≠ 0 (Not Eligible) Medicaid Uniform Eligibility ≠ 00 (not eligible) or 99 (unknown)  MAX reported Medicare Dual code = 03 (SLMB only), 05 (QDWI), 06 (QI-1), 07 (QI-2), 53 (SLMB only), 55 (QDWI), 56 (QI-1), or 57 (QI-2)  Or Unknown Dual code with Restricted Benefit indicating pharmacy coverage 10

11 Methods – Identification of Dual Status  Medicare Only – Eligible for Medicare (buyin ≠ 0) and not identified as full, QMB, or partial dual  Medicaid Only – Eligible for Medicaid based on disability and not identified as full, QMB, or partial dual Disability indicated by MAX eligibility code = 12 (blind/disabled, cash), 22 (blind/disabled, medically needy), 32 (blind/disabled, poverty), 42 (other blind/disabled, 52 (disabled, 1115) 11

12 Methods

13 Consideration When Merging Medicare and Medicaid Files  One Beneficiary Record in Medicare can merge to multiple records in MAX Multiple states for a beneficiary in MAX  Medicare and Medicaid Rx payments can appear for the same NDC with the same date of service

14 Results – Dual Status Dual Status# Beneficiaries% Of Medicaid% of Medicare Medicaid Only - Disabled5,380, % Medicare Only36,494, % Partial Dual1,020, %2.24% QMB Dual847, %1.86% Full Dual7,240, %15.88%

15 Results – Full Dual Status as a Percentage of Medicare Beneficiaries Percentage of Medicare Beneficairies - Full Dual

16 Results – Full Dual Status as a Percentage of Medicaid Beneficiaries

17 Results – Race/Ethnicity RaceMedicaid Only Medicare OnlyPartial Dual QMB DualFull Dual White45.40%88.23%77.29%67.16%64.07% Black27.07%7.71%18.18%25.44%19.98% Asian1.35%1.04%1.06%1.35%6.43% Hispanic1.55%1.03%1.85%0.85%7.79% Other15.34%1.96%0.59%0.52%1.73%

18 Results – Current Reason for Entitlement

19 Results – Number of Chronic Conditions

20

21 Results –Percentage with Condition Medicare OnlyPartial DualQMB DualFull Dual Alzheimer's or Related Disorders6.30%5.54%5.57%19.66% Breast Cancer2.16%1.84%1.82%1.72% Cancer7.29%5.30%4.98%5.14% Congestive Heart Failure13.39%17.98%18.57%25.51% Chronic Kidney Disease8.94%11.38%12.15%16.29% COPD11.21%17.62%19.51%20.38% Colorectal Cancer1.17%1.03%1.01%1.16% Depression12.11%20.99%26.62%32.94% Diabetes19.81%27.36%29.94%33.29% Ischemic Heart Disease27.18%29.66%30.46%34.36% Lung Cancer0.93%1.03%1.01%0.97% Osteoporosis15.80%13.37%14.68%18.79% Prostate Cancer3.34%1.64%1.37%1.54% Rheumatoid/Osteoa rthritis18.13%19.74%23.31%25.93% Stroke5.73%6.32%6.79%10.96%

22 Prescription Drug Analysis  Medi-Span was used for determination of Therapeutic class  Max RX and Part D Medicare was merged by a unique Beneficiary ID  Duplicate Medicare and MAX records for a beneficiary/NDC/date were attributed to Medicare  Duals consisted of Partial, QMB, and Full 22

23 Prescription Drugs – % Medicare by State

24 Prescription Drugs – Therapeutic Class Medi-Span Therapeutic Classification MedicareMedicaid Payment% Total Payment Fills% Total FillsPayment% Total Payment Fills% Total Fills UNKNOWN $30,389,2194.8%680, % ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS$1,930,501,5557.9%18,320,6184.6%$39,599,1476.2%505, % BIOLOGICALS$52,914,6650.2%67,2310.0%$1,258,3510.2%5, % ANTI-NEOPLASTIC AGENTS$418,460,7551.7%2,028,2870.5%$12,395,0711.9%34, % ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC DRUGS$3,049,012, %58,607, %$41,363,3746.5%626, % CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS$4,656,186, %144,527, %$60,736,7889.5%1,419, % RESPIRATORY AGENTS$1,852,611,9417.6%25,343,6686.3%$56,113,5168.8%2,057, % GASTROINTESTINAL AGENTS$2,571,530, %35,745,4678.9%$49,061,8417.7%1,617, % GENITOURINARY AGENTS$614,293,2412.5%9,237,3452.3%$6,813,7541.1%125, % CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AGENTS$5,852,320, %57,717, %$123,110, %3,098, % ADHD/ANTINARCOTIC/ANTI-OBESITY/ANOREXIC AGENTS $108,303,2610.4%815,1320.2%$2,727,7090.4%21, % MISC. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC/NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS $1,316,248,1835.4%7,599,5991.9%$14,689,3502.3%101, % ANALGESICS AND ANESTHETICS$1,949,134,9368.0%41,974, %$39,360,2796.2%1,957, % NEUROMUSCULAR DRUGS $48,621,5277.6%973, % NUTRITIONAL PRODUCTS $12,695,6842.0%1,338, % HEMATOLOGICAL AGENTS $41,469,9296.5%1,013, % TOPICAL PRODUCTS $22,948,1733.6%877, % MISCELLANEOUS $33,355,3395.2%421, % TOTAL $24,371,519,124100%401,983,548100%$636,709,976100%16,874,806100%

25 Prescription Drugs - Medicare Top Therapeutic Classes (96 categories) Therapeutic Classification System Description Medicare Payments Percent Medicare ANTIPSYCHOTICS $4,082,630, % ULCER DRUGS $1,985,941, % ANTIDIABETICS $1,853,583, % ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMICS $1,844,983, % ANTIASTHMATIC AND BRONCHODILATOR AGENTS $1,442,881, % ANTIDEPRESSANTS $1,404,334, % PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC AND NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS - MISC $1,316,248, % ANTIVIRALS $1,292,554, % ANALGESICS - OPIOID $1,231,672, % ANTIHYPERTENSIVES $1,208,373, % ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC AGENTS - MISC $910,214, % CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS $620,181, % ANALGESICS - ANTI-INFLAMMATORY $618,413, % BETA BLOCKERS $521,673, % ANTINEOPLASTICS $418,460, % GASTROINTESTINAL AGENTS - MISC $386,651, % URINARY ANTISPASMODICS $310,316, % HYPNOTICS $306,443, % GENITOURINARY AGENTS - MISCELLANEOUS $246,777, % 25

26 Prescription Drugs – Medicaid Top Therapeutic Classes (96 categories) 26 * Only found in Medicaid Payments Therapeutic Classification System DescriptionMedicaid PaymentsPercent Medicaid ANTIPSYCHOTICS $61,284, % ANTICONVULSANTS $43,054, % ULCER DRUGS $31,314, % UNKNOWN$30,389, % ANTIDIABETICS $26,028, % ANTIDEPRESSANTS $25,726, % ANTIASTHMATIC AND BRONCHODILATOR AGENTS $24,390, % ANTIANXIETY AGENTS $24,200, % ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMICS $23,040, % ANTIVIRALS $20,664, % ANALGESICS - OPIOID $20,265, % HEMATOPOIETIC AGENTS* $19,534, % COUGH/COLD/ALLERGY $19,055, % HEMATOLOGICAL AGENTS - MISC* $16,802, % DIAGNOSTIC PRODUCTS* $15,596, % ANTIHYPERTENSIVES $15,360, % ASSORTED CLASSES* $14,775, % PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC AND NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS - MISC $14,689, % DERMATOLOGICALS* $13,946, %

27 Prescription Drugs – Medicare Plans for Dual Eligible Medi-Span Therapeutic Classification Employer Sponsored PlanMA PDPDPOther Medicare Payments # FillsMedicare Payments # FillsMedicare Payments # FillsMedicare Payments # Fills ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS$220,6686,367$188,551,5282,032,593$1,733,273,18216,095,249$8,456,176186,409 BIOLOGICALS$1,29511$3,526,09910,236$49,224,64455,368$162,6261,616 ANTI-NEOPLASTIC AGENTS$105,386918$48,369,948252,070$365,345,6001,746,965$4,639,82228,334 ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC DRUGS$754,75421,185$338,024,6337,844,979$2,673,392,50249,841,734$36,840,976899,246 CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS$1,132,87950,620$562,807,57120,420,645$4,034,480,624121,599,233$57,765,1892,457,199 RESPIRATORY AGENTS$374,9627,228$202,506,7062,998,710$1,628,485,47722,018,750$21,244,796318,980 GASTROINTESTINAL AGENTS$685,69614,667$209,172,4523,847,136$2,334,719,23431,233,390$26,953,145650,274 GENITOURINARY AGENTS$284,2895,423$62,173,0071,044,942$542,873,6278,027,794$8,962,319159,186 CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AGENTS$1,200,98523,491$467,200,4245,989,795$5,338,402,77950,919,884$45,516,745783,999 ADHD/ANTINARCOTIC/ANTI- OBESITY/ANOREXIC AGENTS $14,140173$8,893,07871,089$98,815,543737,390$580,5016,480 MISC. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC/NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS $846,1197,826$127,018,409757,601$1,169,214,1906,683,571$19,169,466150,601 ANALGESICS AND ANESTHETICS$399,98313,001$190,922,7254,981,833$1,742,302,09436,325,336$15,510,133654,021

28 Prescription Drugs – Medicaid Type of Program for Dual Eligible Medi-Span Therapeutic Classification No Special ProgramFamily PlanningRural Health Clinic Federally Qualified Health Center Indian Health Services Home and Community Based Waiver Services Medicaid Payments Medicaid FillsMedicaid Payments Medicaid Fills Medicaid Payments Medicaid Fills Medicaid Payments Medicaid Fills Medicaid Payments Medicaid Fills Medicaid Payments Medicaid Fills UNKNOWN$30,303,396675,057$12, $4,282199$7,147218$61,4974,239 ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS$39,428,886502,801$584$3466$50,5201,268$17,995251$101,3421,308 BIOLOGICALS$1,257,9375,524 $41421 ANTI-NEOPLASTIC AGENTS$12,337,54634,552$5704 $33,67088$3,65526$19, ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC DRUGS$40,458,557607,700$643,90813,591$131$92,2471,759$45,618517$123,0312,598 CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS$60,485,9401,410,474$443$1528$113,0304,767$32,905704$104,7173,382 RESPIRATORY AGENTS$55,624,6602,027,997$20020$302$61,3871,835$68,339855$358,90026,697 GASTROINTESTINAL AGENTS$48,417,3391,571,122$1816$1657$65,7221,285$70,127717$508,30744,148 GENITOURINARY AGENTS$6,769,810123,961$1,454116$1623$13,942294$4,76447$23, CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AGENTS$122,521,0013,069,168$18516$56328$73,7571,853$55,835537$459,58427,380 ADHD/ANTINARCOTIC/ANTI- OBESITY/ANOREXIC AGENTS $2,722,96421,158 $3,02919 $1,71618 MISC. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC/NEUROLOGICAL AGENTS $14,594,129100,412 $591$7,23966$4,66623$83, ANALGESICS AND ANESTHETICS$38,993,3781,920,084$817$413$46,6342,126$104,1631,790$215,98233,404 NEUROMUSCULAR DRUGS$48,323,038966,488$2,12337$2857$25,720745$25,034244$245,3275,779 NUTRITIONAL PRODUCTS$12,255,8521,290,479$907117$1055$3,800430$103,1221,796$331,89846,042 HEMATOLOGICAL AGENTS$41,201,793994,023$47145$1245$37,816672$42,345507$187,38017,996 TOPICAL PRODUCTS$22,608,891853,369 $834$29,0611,103$44,026828$266,11222,601 MISCELLANEOUS$33,212,714414,645$16,3932,004 $53,089525$41,2461,045$31,8973,048

29 Conclusions  Linking of Medicare and Medicaid data is not trivial  Dual eligible population has $24 billion in Medicare prescription drug payments and $636 million in Medicaid prescription drug payments for 2007  Largest percentage of payments for both Medicare and Medicaid are for Central Nervous System Agents 29


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