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Content Area Vocabulary Child Development I
#1 an assessment for newborns that can identify problems not requiring emergency medical movement, reflexes, responses and general state
#2 the natural ending of a pregnancy after the fifth month; spontaneous abortion
#3 all the traits that are passed down from one generation to the next
#4 disorders a person is born with that result from heredity; sometimes called birth defects
#5 single-celled organism that is formed when the separate nuclei of sperm and egg combine into one nucleus
#6 a thread-like structure that carries the hereditary information of genes; humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in every cell of their body
#7 the family in which you were raised
#8 violent outbursts of negative behavior common in toddlers and some preschoolers
#9 the first stage of labor when the cervix dilates so the baby can be pushed out of the uterus
#10 an infant during their first month of life
#11 period of time following delivery of a baby when the woman recovers from pregnancy and childbirth; lasts from delivery until about six weeks
#12 the mental image a person has of him/herself
#13 the development of a person’s mental and thinking abilities
#14 a condition in which a scaly crust appears on a baby’s scalp
#15 the changes in a person’s size, height, weight or appearance
#16 the basic unit of heredity; genes carry all the characteristics that will transfer from parent to child
#17 two or more people who are related birth, marriage, adoption or other circumstances
#18 the recognition of feelings or emotions and the expression of those feelings
#19 a flexible cord that contains blood vessels and connects the placenta to the developing baby
#20 all the development that occurs between conception and birth
#21 childbirth method in which attention is focused on the health of the mother and baby and on the mother’s comfort anesthetics are administered as needed, and the baby’s health is monitored
#22 prenatal test usually given during weeks 14 and 16 in pregnancy in which a sample of amniotic fluid is drawn and tested for possible congenital disorders
#23 a change of function as a result of growth
#24 inability to conceive despite having intercourse regularly without birth control for at least one year
#25 overwhelming fear shown by infants when their primary caregivers are not in sight
#26 a three-month period; pregnancy consists of three trimesters
#27 the name given to the process of raising a child
#28 the eating, dressing and grooming skills children must learn in order to provide routine care for themselves
#29 the process of transferring a child’s legal guardianship from his or her birthparents to adoptive parents
#30 an operation in which a baby is delivered through incisions in the mother’s abdomen and uterus
#31 pains felt during labor when the muscles of the uterus tense in order to open the cervix and push the baby out of the uterus
#32 name for the developing baby from the second to the eighth weeks of pregnancy
#33 soft spot on the top of a baby’s head
#34 skills that require the use of the small muscles of the body, such as those of the eyes, hands, feet, fingers or toes
#35 second stage of labor, which begins when the cervix is fully dilated and ends when the baby is born
#36 the overall process of growth and development from infancy to adulthood
#37 fluid inside the amnio-chorionic membrane that regulates baby’s temperature, cushions baby against injury and allows baby to move around easily
#38 a syndrome in which a seemingly healthy infant dies without warning; more common among infants of parents who smoke
#39 phasing out of taking milk from a breast or bottle
#40 a thick, yellowish liquid in a mother’s breasts that nourishes the baby until the mother’s milk supply is established; contains many important substances and antibodies
#41 treatment that prevents people from developing certain diseases
#42 automatic reactions a baby has to certain stimuli; rooting, grasping, stepping, Moro/startle, Babinski
#43 a test that is used at birth (and then again at five and ten minutes) to evaluate a baby’s overall physical condition
#44 self-centeerdness of young children whose main concern is themselves
#45 five-stage cycle that explains how families change over time as they expand and contract in size
#46 a special organ formed during pregnancy that functions as the interchange between the developing baby and its mother
#47 small cut made at the opening of the birth canal to allow more room for the baby to be delivered
#48 a doctor who specializes in providing medical care for regnant women and delivering babies
#49 how a person feels about his/her self-concept
#50 delivery in which the baby’s rear end or feet are delivered first
#51 surgical removal of the foreskin of the head of the penis
#52 a set of beliefs, customs and behaviors shared by members of a cultural or ethnic group
#53 a refined grasp in which objects are picked up with just the thumb and forefinger
#54 a child from his/her first birthday to his/her third birthday
#55 a special room in a hospital where a woman can labor, deliver, recover and rest
#56 all the special care a woman and her baby need during pregnancy; includes obtaining medical care, monitoring nutrition and weight gain, exercising and avoiding factors that increase health risk
#57 the union of sperm and egg cell; the beginning of pregnancy
#58 skin rash caused by bacteria that build up on the warm moist skin in a baby’s diaper area
#59 all that has been passed down through generations in a family
#60 a doctor who specializes in providing medical care for infants and children
#61 prenatal test, usually given the tenth week of pregnancy that involves removing a sample of fetal tissue studied for congenital disorders
#62 a prenatal test in which sound waves are used to create a “map” of the fetus; it shows the position and development of the fetus
#63 a process that begins at the moment of conception and continues through adulthood
#64 child from birth to one year of age
#65 third stage of labor when the placenta is delivered
#66 genetically passed from a parent to an unborn child
#67 play in which two children play separately but beside one another in the same activity
#68 grasp made with the palm and fingers opposing the thumb
#69 spontaneous learning experiences that can be used to expand children’s natural curiosity
#70 birth in which both parents have been taught about the birth process, often in childbirth classes
#71 severe and intermittent abdominal pain caused by air or gas in a baby’s digestive system
#72 a regional anesthetic that can be injected into the spinal cord during labor to take away feeling in the lower half of the body
#73 the name given for a developing baby from the ninth week of pregnancy until birth
#74 a law that allows certain employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave after the birth or adoption of a child, when a family member is seriously ill or when the employee is seriously ill
#75 skills that require the use of the large muscles of the body, such as the trunk, neck, arms and legs
#76 concept that unseen objects have not necessarily disappeared
#77 intense fear of strangers that occurs in the last half of the first year
#78 playing with others in a play activity
#79 the process of learning to relate to other people
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