Presentation on theme: "FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT (FLSA) AND MORE MICHIGAN MUNICIPAL LEAGUE Public Employment Law Seminar January 23, 2013 Presented by:John J. Gillooly Garan Lucow."— Presentation transcript:
FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT (FLSA) AND MORE MICHIGAN MUNICIPAL LEAGUE Public Employment Law Seminar January 23, 2013 Presented by:John J. Gillooly Garan Lucow Miller, P.C. 1000 Woodbridge Street Detroit, MI 48207 313.446.5501 – direct www.garanlucow.com
Major Provisions Overview Issue Spotting In effect since 1938 Coverage Minimum Wage Overtime Pay Youth Employment Record Keeping
FLSA = Garcia Act ?? The 1985 decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Garcia v. San Antonio held that the FLSA applies to both public and private sector jobs.
Employment Relationship In order for the FLSA to apply, there must be an employment relationship between the “employer” and the “employee”.
Coverage More than 130 million workers in more than 7 million workplaces are protected or “covered” by the Fair Labor Standards Act. Coverage is very broad; interpreted broadly. Same broad interpretation that we see in cases involving Open Meetings Act or Freedom of Information Act. Enforced by U.S. Department of Labor - Wage and Hour Division.
Coverage At least two (2) employees At least $500,000 annual business Federal, state and local governments Bottom line: Almost every employee in U.S. is covered.
Minimum Wage: Basics Employees must be paid not less than the federal minimum wage for all hours worked. Minimum wage is $7.25 per hour effective July 24, 2009.
Deductions Examples of illegal deductions Tools used for work Damages to employer’s property Cash register shortages
Hours Worked: Issues Waiting Time On-Call Time Meal and Rest Periods Training Time Travel Time Sleep Time
Waiting Time Almost always counted as hours Even when not able to use time effectively Happens a lot for part-time or seasonal employees Must relieve from duty or send home Anderson v. Mt. Clemens Pottery Co. (1946) - “Portal to Portal” case
Meal and Rest Periods Meal periods are not hours worked when the employee is relieved of duties for the purpose of eating a meal. Rest periods of short duration (normally 5 to 20 minutes) are counted as hours worked and must be paid.
Training Time Time employees spend in meetings, lectures or training is considered hours worked and must be paid. Travel Time Ordinary home to work travel is not work time. Travel between job sites during normal work day is work time.
Overtime Pay Covered, non-exempt employees must receive one and one-half times the regular rate of pay for all hours worked over forty (40) in a work week. Workweek is seven (7) consecutive 24- hour periods (168 hours) Tip - Employee does not have to “put in for” overtime.
Exemptions and Exceptions “White collar” Exemptions. The most common FLSA minimum wage and overtime exemption applies to certain: –Executive Employees –Administrative Employees –Professional Employees There are numerous exemptions and exceptions from the minimum wage and/or overtime standards of the FLSA.
Three Tests for Exemptions Salary Level Salary Basis Job Duties
Minimum Salary Level: $455.00 For most employees, the minimum salary level required for exemption is $455.00 per week. The $455.00 per week may be paid in amounts for periods longer than one (1) week: –Biweekly:$910.00 –Monthly:$1,971.66
Permitted Salary Deductions There are five (5) exceptions from the “no pay- docking” rule 1. Absence from work for one (1) or more full day(s) for personal reasons, other than sickness or disability. 2. To offset amounts received as payment for jury fees, witness fees, or military pay. 3. Unpaid disciplinary suspensions. 4. Proportionate part of full salary for time actually worked in the first and last weeks of employment. 5. Unpaid leave taken pursuant to the Family and Medical Leave Act.
Youth Employment Federal youth employment rules set both hours and occupational standards for youth.
Youth Employment 16 and 17 Year-Olds: 16 and 17 year-olds may be employed for unlimited hours in a non-hazardous occupation. 14 and 15 Year-Olds: 14 and 15 year-olds may be employed outside school hours in non- manufacturing/non-hazardous job. Limited time.
Record Keeping The FLSA requires that all employers make, keep and preserve certain records. Records not kept in any particular form. Time clocks not required. Posting explaining the FLSA required in a conspicuous place.
The FLSA Does Not Require: Vacation, holiday, severance or sick pay. Premium pay for weekend or holiday work. Pay raises or fringe benefits.
Enforcement FLSA enforcement is carried out by Wage and Hour Division. A two-year statute of limitations applies to recovery of back pay. Wage and Hour Division may bring suit for back wages and liquidated damages. Employee may bring suit for back pay, liquidated damages and attorney’s fees plus court costs. Double the amount of unpaid back wages. Money recovered in FLSA case is taxable. Get a Release.
Additional Information Visit the WHD homepage at: www.wagehour.dol.gov www.wagehour.dol.gov Toll-free helpline: 1-866-487-9243