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Tackling Poverty in Sheffield Child and Household Poverty Strategy September 11 th 2014 Anna Brook.

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Presentation on theme: "Tackling Poverty in Sheffield Child and Household Poverty Strategy September 11 th 2014 Anna Brook."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tackling Poverty in Sheffield Child and Household Poverty Strategy September 11 th 2014 Anna Brook

2 Background and context Definitions of poverty Themes from the Needs Assessment Draft evidence review Anti-poverty plan What’s next Outline

3 Child Poverty Act 2010 including new Local Authority duty to co- operate with partners to tackle child poverty and mitigate its effects Two National Child Poverty Strategies: published 5th April 2011, covering and published 26 th June 2014 covering 2014 – 17 Current Sheffield Strategy published 2012 and runs to 2014 New consultation documents published 4 th July 2014 Council corporate plan includes Tackling Poverty & Increasing Social Justice as one of the key outcomes Background and context

4 Definitions of poverty “ You don’t live...you survive.” Parent in Sheffield ‘Individuals, families and groups in the population can be said to be in poverty when they lack the resources to obtain the types of diet, participate in the activities and have the living conditions and amenities which are customary, or are at least widely encouraged and approved, in the societies to which they belong. Their resources are so seriously below those commanded by the average individual of family, that they are, in effect, excluded from ordinary living patterns, customs and activities’ Peter Townsend (Poverty in the United Kingdom)

5 Definitions of poverty Current measures of child poverty Relative low income: whether the poorest families are keeping pace with the growth of incomes in the economy as a whole. This indicator measures the number of children living in households below 60 per cent of contemporary median household income Absolute low income whether the poorest families are seeing their income rise in real terms. The level is fixed as equal to the relative low-income threshold for the baseline year of expressed in today’s prices (this was updated to 2010/11 in 2013) Material deprivation and low income combined: provides a wider measure of people’s living standards. This indicator measures the number of children living in households that are both materially deprived and have an income below 70 per cent of contemporary median household income Persistent poverty: this means that his or her family has had its net income for the year at less than 60% of median net household income for the past 3 years Severe poverty: this measures the depth of poverty that people experience. This indicator measures the number of children living in households below 50 per cent of contemporary median household income.

6 35.62% of households in Sheffield were living below 60% of the median income level (relative poverty measure), compared with UK Mean rate of 28.83% (Experian Mosaic data 2012) 23% of children in Sheffield were living in relative poverty in This is the latest available data (data for 2012 should be released later in 2014). This is 26,480 children. Sheffield

7 Emerging themes from Needs Assessment Summary – life spiral Definitions – what do we mean by poverty? How many people are in poverty and for how long? How much people are struggling and what sorts of things they are struggling with How many people are affected by the most negative impacts of poverty Which people or communities are more likely to experience poverty than others and how What helps people to escape poverty and reduce its negative effects

8 Family size and type Ethnicity Disability Those with caring responsibilities People in work and in poverty People who are out of work Emerging themes from Needs Assessment

9 Nationally, relative poverty rate for white British households is half that for other groups More than 40% of children from Gypsy Roma, Somali and Yemeni families are eligible for free school meals Using FSM eligibility as a proxy will exclude some groups not because they are not living in poverty but because their immigration status means that they are not eligible for FSM. It also underrepresents families in-work and in poverty. Ethnicity

10 Families in which an adult or child has a disability (including learning difficulties) are more likely to be in poverty nationally. Disability rights groups are campaigning to recognise the increased financial requirements that come with increased needs in a similar manner to family size. This has not been done and we have not found a way of doing this locally, but we want to acknowledge this. Using Disability Living Allowance claimant rates as a proxy for numbers of disabled people across the city, there tend to be fewer disabled people living in the more affluent western wards in the City (particularly Fulwood and Ecclesall) and more disabled people living in the more deprived central-eastern wards (particularly Southey, Firth Park, Manor Castle and Arbourthorne). Disability

11 DLA claimants

12 Those with caring responsibilities - people undertaking unpaid caring roles - have a decreased ability to earn income and potentially higher outgoings. We have not been able to compare data on caring with poverty data Carers

13 Women are often more impacted on poverty by men, both in terms of the numbers of women living in poverty and in terms of the impact on women in poverty Within households, income will not always be shared evenly and women are more likely to be in poverty as a result of their employment situation, while men are more usually in poverty as a result of family circumstances, including their partner’s employment Material is drawn from JRF, Reducing Poverty in the UK: A collection of evidence reviews, 2014 Gender

14 Themes Food Fuel Transport Credit / money management Benefit take-up Advice /advocacy / access to service Housing and homelessness Work and progression within work (this will mainly be included in the next section on root causes) Tackling poverty today and mitigating its worst effects - improving living standards Tackling some of the root causes of poverty - supporting people into work and increasing their earnings Breaking the intergenerational cycle of poverty - giving children the best start in life, improving educational attainment for children Evidence review – how do we know what works? Themes Work and progression within work Growing the economy with a focus on higher level skills Work conditions – including pay Improving skills Childcare – as an enabler to work Themes Maternal health Home life (including home learning environment, interactions with primary care giver, emotional development) High quality early years provision (childcare to support child development) Education Reducing barriers (e.g. youth offending, DV, teen pregnancies, safeguarding)

15 Evidence review – how do we know what works? “ If you gain someone’s trust and get to know that person, sooner or later you will know if something isn’t right. It’s not about sitting in front of someone with a checklist. That doesn’t build the relationship. It’s hard work to admit you need help. But if somebody in poverty trusts you they will, sooner or later, come to you for that help. If they don’t trust you then they’re just on their own, they’re too scared.” “It’s ten times worse if they’ve got a bad attitude. That’s worse than anything, whether they give you any help or not. If you leave that building feeling like dirt, you won’t want to go back and ask for help again.”

16 Timetable What next? July 2014 Jan 2015 Aug 2014 Sept 2014 Oct 2014 Nov 2014 Dec 2014 Consultation Engagement and discussion with people and organisations by Council and partners Event Development Further detailed development of actions by all partners and sign- off processes by all partners Publish Final version

17 Today – tell us your priorities and what should go into the action plan from an equalities viewpoint Until the end of September to respond to the consultation Further event on 16 th October Would you like to be kept informed as this work progresses? What next? – Tell us what you think


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