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South-Western Publishing©2002 By Charles J. Jacobus Real Estate Principles Ninth Edition Real Estate: An Introduction to the Profession Ninth Edition South-Western Publishing©2002
Chapter 15 Taxes and Assessments _______________________________________ Note the original presentation has been edited by the presenter
South-Western Publishing©2002 Property Taxes ad valorem taxes = according to value source of income for local government tax district appraisers all taxable property tax rate calculation
South-Western Publishing©2002 How Does the Government Compute the Tax Rate? Various agencies submit budgets Assessor determines assessment roll Divide Roll by Budgets Tax Rate
South-Western Publishing©2002 Expressing Property Tax Rates Mill RateDollars per HundredThousand School district 40 mills$4.00$40.00 City303.0030.00 County101.0010.00 Total80 mills$8.00$80.00 Dollars per
South-Western Publishing©2002 Calculations using Mills 85 mills =.085 215 mills = 2.15 5 mills =.005 Move decimal: Assessed value times Millage rate (e.g., 80 mills; see previous slide) Result: Tax Bill
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Taxing Matters Unpaid property taxesLien on Real Property Tax Sale –Certificate –Deed Redemption
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Taxing Matters Unpaid property taxes Assessment appeal Appeal deals only with amount of assessment not with tax rate or amount of tax Appeal board to review the assessment of like properties
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Taxing Matters Unpaid property taxes Assessment appeal Property tax exemption Exempt: –Government Property –Charitable Property –Homestead exemptions –Exemption as incentives
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Taxing Matters Unpaid property taxes Assessment appeal Property tax exemption Property tax variations Special assessments Differences in assessment Times of high appreciation assessor may be behind Differences between cities may be result of differing services
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Taxing Matters Unpaid property taxes Assessment appeal Property tax exemption Property tax variations Special assessments To pay for construction of improvements benefiting particular area “Special Improvement District” Bond issues if owner doesn’t pay total amount Apportioned on a “front- foot” basis or per lot Like property tax, a lien on the real estate
South-Western Publishing©2002 Federal Income Tax Basis is the price originally paid for the home plus any fees paid for closing and improvements.
South-Western Publishing©2002 Capital Gains To calculate the gain you must take the sale price and subtract the selling expenses; then subtract the basis to determine the gain. Installment Sales Like kind exchange
South-Western Publishing©2002 Calculation of Gain Purchase price $90,000; closing costs are $500 Basis $ 90,500 Add landscaping and fencing for $3,500Basis $ 94,000 Add bedroom and bathroom for $15,000 Basis $109,000 Sell home for $125,000; sales commissions Amount realized $117,000 and closing costs are $8,000 Amount realized $117,000 Less basis -$109,000 Equals gain $ 8,000
South-Western Publishing©2002 Income Tax Exclusion Sale of principal residence Used for 2 of the last 5 years Married – exclude up to $500,000 gain Single – exclude up to $250,000 gain
South-Western Publishing©2002 Adjusted Sales Price Selling price of old home Less selling expenses Less fix-up costs Equals adjusted sales price $250,000 -18,000 -7,000 $225,000
South-Western Publishing©2002 Other Tax Incentives and Home Ownership Itemized Deductions –Property Tax –Home Mortgage Interest Example: Single taxpayer earning $75,000 per year will pay income tax of about $13,500. Example: Same taxpayer with home (paying mortgage and property tax) will pay only about $12,900 in federal taxes
South-Western Publishing©2002 Conveyance Taxes & Recording Fee Federally imposed, phased out State, present rate $2.25 per $1000 of sales price or any part thereof Must be paid when filing the deed Certain transactions exempt Recording Fee: $5.00 per page, $.50 per index
South-Western Publishing©2002 Key Terms Adjusted sales price Ad valorem taxes Assessed value Basis Installment sale Documentary tax Mill rate Tax certificate Tax lien
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