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 Hawk Hook Competition for 5 pt extra credit coupon  10 minutes:  Rules: You talk you are disqualified  Make a list of as many things as you can think.

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Presentation on theme: " Hawk Hook Competition for 5 pt extra credit coupon  10 minutes:  Rules: You talk you are disqualified  Make a list of as many things as you can think."— Presentation transcript:

1  Hawk Hook Competition for 5 pt extra credit coupon  10 minutes:  Rules: You talk you are disqualified  Make a list of as many things as you can think of that exemplify American popular culture. This is all the info you get…GOOD LUCK!  Top 3 CORRECT lists will get a 5 pt extra credit coupon to use on an upcoming quiz

2  Some of you have not been performing as well as you may like or I would like you to  As a result, we are going to try something different.  Every Thursday will be a Reading Quiz. You will be given a reading assignment at the beginning of the week and on that day I will give you a quiz with questions from the reading.  Here’s the kicker…If you outline the Chapter, you can use that outline on the quiz  This week: Pages starting with Key Issue 1 and stopping before Folk Housing

3  Turn to your elbow partner and move your desks together.

4  Find out how your partner got their full name…that is First, Middle, and Last  You will then introduce your partner to the class by explaining what you found out and anything new you may have found out about this person and their background from this story…The origins of their family? Etc?

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6 The Material Artifacts of People!

7  What is culture?  Learned Behavior  Combines values, material artifacts, and political institutions  What are connections?  The relationships people form when separated  What is globalization?  A force or process that makes something local become global  What is a Hearth?  The center of an innovation

8  Broad areas that internally are more similar than different. Do not show distinct regional variations

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10  Habit: a consistent action of one person  Custom: a consistent action of a group  Culture: a group’s collection of customs

11  Wearing jeans, green and gold, holding pep rallies, cheerleaders, and Spirit Week all show school spirit  Mrs. Moneta will pay $5 to wear jeans on Friday to support staff or students that are in need  The teacher’s wear green and gold on Fridays

12  Folk Culture: customs often practiced by small, rural, and homogenous (uniform) peoples  Sarongs  Saris  Gullah Culture  Also Called Ethnic

13  Popular Culture: Certain habits shared by large, heterogeneous (mixed) societies despite personal differences  Originate in the Core Areas  Billboard Top 40  Blue Jeans  McDonald's  Coca Cola  The list goes on and on…

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15  Anonymous, unknown origins  Multiple origins in isolated areas  4 Ancient Cultural Hearths: Indus Valley (India), Mesopotamia, Nile Valley, North China  Ex. Folk Music  No origin, passed on orally  Convey stories of daily life  Connected to specific group and environment  Hip Hop  Folk music turned popular due to endless boundaries of internet

16  Relocation Diffusion  Happens primarily through migration  Example: Gullah Culture

17  Read the Article The Gullah: Rice, Slavery, and the Sierra-Leone- American Connection  Answer the Following questions. You must write in complete sentences. 1. What are 2 examples of the Gullah’s material culture (anything solid that is not symbolic like religion, language, etc). 2. Explain 2 ways that the Gullah people are still connected to Sierra-Leone. 3. Explain how the Gullah people represent a folk culture. 4. From the article what are2 ways that Gullah culture has diffused into American popular culture. (This is not written explicitly. You will have to think about things that you read that you remember knowing from pop culture)

18  Product of the MDCs  What would the top three be?  1900,Result of :  Mass production Technology  More leisure time (Not farmers = More free time)  Ex: Popular Music  Written by specific people for mass distribution  1900

19  Tons of people like, watch, talk about and buy the same products.

20 Free School: More people attended CauseCause/EffectEffect So more people learned how to read Now, more people wanted to read books and newspapers Increased Tech: More people could communicate with each other People wanted telephones, radios, and phonographs So that created a mass market for all of those products, especially the music!! Labor Laws: Shorter work hours (10) Shorter work week (5-6 days) More free time for fun! Leisure… What to fill it with? People wanted mass entertainment!

21  Developed on Tin Pan Alley, NY

22  During the 1880s, inventors worked at making photo images move in a sequence.  The earliest movies were black and white and lasted less than a minute.

23  What type of diffusion?  Hierarchical  From Prominent cities to world  Rapid with modern technology  Result of what? GLOBALIZATION!!!  History  Began WWII  Broadcasting American Entertainment abroad for soldiers  Result: English dominant language for mass culture American Movies, shows top

24  With all this extra time on their hands more people began to enjoy sports and outdoor activities.  Spectator sports now became entertainment. “The first recorded baseball game in 1846 when Alexander Cartwright's Knickerbockers lost to the New York Baseball Club. The game was held at the Elysian Fields, in Hoboken, New Jersey. In 1858, the National Association of Base Ball Players, the first organized baseball league was formed.”

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29  Art of folk cultures often mirrors environment  Folk Cultures Influenced by cultural institutions (religion)and environment – climate, landforms, vegetation  Food and Shelter especially!  Environment often dictates culture here, lack of technology to overcome these

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31  Soil, climate, terrain, vegetation impact food production  Terroir: physical features affecting taste of food  Impact of Fuel and Environment  Energy shortages leads to: quick frying, low prep techniques (often hot environments where less cooking means cooler home)  Abundant energy: slow stewing, roasting (often cold environments where slow cooking keeps the house warm)  Food longest lasting Folk Culture “Cooking is even more uniquely characteristic of our species than language. Animals do at least bark, roar, chirp, do at least signal by sound; only we bake, boil, roast, and fry”

32  Desire or avoid foods based on perceived natural traits  Jaguars, Bulls for bravery and strength  Taboo: restriction on behavior based on social customs and environment  Japan and Otters  Potatoes in Europe  Antelope and Mbum Kpau  Pork, Hebrew, and Muslims  Cows and India  Insects and US

33 1.If you had to guess (and you do), how much money does your family spend on food in a week, including drinks, eating out, and of course, your school lunch? 2.How many countries have McDonald's Restaurants? How many McDonald’s restaurants are there in the world?

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35 1.In groups of 2 or 3, we will dig through the Hungary Planet books learning about the foods and economic situations of the people in countries all over the world. 2.Every group will read through the introduction and answer the questions. 3.Then each group will be assigned a different country which they are responsible for learning about and then reporting to the group as a whole. 4.Every group must turn in one sheet but I will be grading you individually on participation! 5.You have 45 minutes to finish your research! Get to work!

36  Jean Brunhes: House essential fact of human geography  Product of cultural traditions and natural conditions  Fred Kniffen: Good reflection of cultural heritage, fashion, functional needs, and environment

37  Mud bricks Mud bricks  Log homes Log homes  Sacred walls  Laos sleeping arrangements  Heat and windows

38 1.New England  Northward, along Great Lakes  Salt-Box 2.Middle Atlantic  Ohio Valley, Appalachia 3.Lower Chesapeake  Southward along Coast

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40  Variety of physical environments  High level of economic development  Regional distinctions disappearing in MDC’s

41  Reflect vogue not available materials

42  Became popular from 50-70’s  Popular in South  Why? Environmentally: Single floor required large lot, South less developed so more land for this type Hurricanes: upper level homes more dangerous for this weather pattern Economic Structural Changes: Migration trend was from where to where? Large influx of people to the South when this style popular added to its growth Effects of this Style: encouraged the concept of Urban Sprawl: the growth of huge suburbs to the detriment of rural areas

43  North East  They build up instead of out  Why would this be good in the North? Highly Developed, little land 2 floor home allowed to grow up instead of out (smaller lots still accommodating the same # of people Did not have as many weather issues, so basements and 2 nd floors not dangerous

44  Great Room instead of separate family and living rooms

45  Reflect occupations and income level  Technology diffuses style quickly  Original from Paris  Faxed to corporate headquarters  Designs to factories in Asia  On the shelves in 6 weeks  Continued use of folk costumes for memories and tourism

46  Original symbol of youth and independence  Levis status symbol worldwide  Regional differences  Levis reclaiming the market with ipods

47  MDC’s greater alcohol and snack food consumption  Some regional variations  Religious effects Little alcohol use in Utah (Mormon background)  Dependent on Income and Advertising

48  In your opinion how has television impacted life. Think in terms of popular culture, politics, globalization, diffusion, connections between places, and your personal experiences.

49  Most popular leisure activity in MDC’s  Most important means to diffuse pop culture  US monopoly at first now even  Force for political change  Undoing censorship  Gov. try to control access  Internet diffuses much the same way

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51  Answer in Complete sentences. A. Identify and describe the 2 main types of popular housing in the United States B. Identify and describe 2 causes, each, for the geographic distribution of these housing types

52  Threat to Folk Culture  Environmental impact of pop culture

53 Rising Incomes Desire for pop culture items Death of traditions Spread of Western Perspective

54  Clothing: western dress  Status symbol  Threat to values Ex. Fundamentalist Muslim cultures  Role of Women  More equality  More prostitution

55  Effect on Cultural Landscape: Placelessness  Cities all over the world look homogenous, same restaurants, homes, clothing, values  Threat to Independence  TV Spreads Western Values:  Social Mobility  Freedom for Women  Glorify Youth  Violence  Attractive but conflict with traditions  US and Britain dominate news  LDC answer: government control

56  No pure ethnic/folk cultures left in MDCs  Ex Amish: New Order and Old Order groups, new order more open to technology, many in both will use electricity, phones, and mechanized farming equipment. High cost of farming lead to sale of crafts and tourism to supplement income and ending isolation

57  Little regard for physical features  Modify environment to promote activity or product (ex golf)  Promote uniformity People recognize and want the product

58  Name reasons why people LOOOVVVVEE fast food. Convenient Cheap Familiarity

59  Increased demand for scarce resources  Petroleum  Extinction of animals  Pollution

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