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C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 1 1 Culturally Responsive Environments TOPIC Making a Difference: Culturally Responsive Teaching.

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Presentation on theme: "C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 1 1 Culturally Responsive Environments TOPIC Making a Difference: Culturally Responsive Teaching."— Presentation transcript:

1 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 1 1 Culturally Responsive Environments TOPIC Making a Difference: Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) May 14, 2012 PRESENTER Dr. Patrick C. Coggins, PhD., LLD (Hon.) Sponsored by Stetson University Diversity Council

2 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 2 2 “Cultural Competence is a Philosophy and a way of life that enables us to appreciate, respect and help people to achieve their highest level of Humanness.” (Patrick Coggins, 2000, CDC accepted definition) Cultural Competence Philosophy

3 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Why CRT ?  Two Human Rights issues that Eleanor Roosevelt was involved in? 1.Tuskegee Airmen Experience in The 1948,Universal Declaration of Human Rights— (30 Rights) 3

4 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights  “Whereas, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and unalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.” (U.N., 1948) 4

5 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Article 1  “ All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” 5

6 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Article 15  “Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change its nationality.” 6

7 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Article 26  “Everyone has the right to education.’  “Education shall be directed to the full development of human personality and to strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.”  “It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, peoples, racial or religious groups…” 7

8 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 8 Presentation Purpose This presentation will provide participants with experiential and practical applications that enable educators to bridge existing gaps in cross cultural interaction with ethnically and racially diverse student groups in Stetson University. 8 Questions to be Answered  What is Culturally Responsive Teaching?  Why is Cultural Competence necessary in the delivery of educational services?  What Cross Cultural values should drive educational and learning practices?  Which cultural competence issues and strategies are research based?  What are the benefits to be derived from the use of a Cultural Assessment regimen by educational professionals?

9 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 9 Methodology  This session will be conducted through the use of active didactic information and diverse interactive processes.  There will be a major emphasis on the practical application of the content to the faculty’s realities in higher education settings. 9

10 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 10 Cultural Competence Paradigm Shift 10 PAST MONOCULTURAL Focusing on one dominant culture Primarily White or Black or Native American. PRESENT BICULTURAL Tend to Focus on two dominant cultures e.g. Black and White or White and Hispanic FUTURE MULTICULTURAL Focusing on all cultures in our schools, colleges, communities, and agencies. BUILDING PEACE, HARMONY, APPRECIATION, RESPECT, UNDERSTANDING FOR CULTURAL/ETHNIC DIVERSITY (Changing our Cultural Perspectives)

11 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 11 Cultural Paradigm Shift 11  U.N. Declaration of Human Rights  1960s – Civil Rights. Cultural Sensitivity (T Groups)  1970s – Women’s Rights 1972: (Amendment EEOC)  1980 – Human Rights (Carter)  1990 – Global Rights, Multicultural Education, Cultural Diversity  2000 – Cultural Competence & CRT Focus  Beyond Sensitivity  Beyond Awareness  Beyond Understanding  Today! It is doing, thinking and feeling culturally connected, habitually, and most of all, feeling culturally empowered that matters.

12 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 12 Acquiring Cultural Competence +(CRT)  Starts with the recognition/awareness of one’s own Biases/Prejudices.(Gary Howard,2006)  Decision to become less Ethnocentric but rather more Bicultural – acceptance of at least one outside culture.(De Anda,1984)  Grows with knowledge and acceptance of three or more culture (Becoming Multicultural).(Gay,2000)  Enhanced with sustained cross cultural contact(s) of OPENNESS (Cultural Competence and Proficiency).  (Randy Lindsey, et al,2006)  Actualized through the acquisition of cross cultural skills based on substantive cross cultural encounters that leads to cultural proficiency and empowerment (see Banks, 2007). 12 The Journey…

13 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 13 THE CULTURAL COMPETENCE CONTINUUM * (Cross 2002 *Cultural Empowerment added by Coggins (2006)

14 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 14 Why CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE TEACHING Is Needed Cognition is Shaped by Cultural Ideas/Information. “When an individual fails to teach or learn their history and culture sooner or later their history and culture will be forgotten and the individual or group will be rendered nameless and faceless.” (Carter G. Woodson, 1926) Key: Relevant culture specific and reinforcing information is crucial in cross cultural communication. We should also put a face on the cultures in our learning environments. Closing the Cultural GAP will require Educators who: Think systematically about their practice and learn from experiences and, “exemplify the virtues they seek to inspire in students: curiosity, tolerance, honesty, fairness, respect for diversity, and appreciation of cultural differences and, examine their practice, seek to expand their repertoire of skills, deepen their knowledge and adapt their teaching to new research and theories.” (NEA, 2004)

15 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 15 Exercise 1: Development of Culturally Responsive Educators National Education Association Standards (2004) said that effective educators and schools demonstrate: “Awareness of the influence of context and culture on behavior” “Exemplify the virtues of appreciation and respect for the individual’s cultural, religious, and racial differences and appreciation of the group’cultural differences” (NEA, 2004). Exercise: Discussion on the difference between tolerance vs. appreciation? We need to move to a level of appreciation! What is that difference? Please write your response below.____________________________________________________________

16 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 16 Exercise 2: Culture Culture represents the histories, attitudes, behaviors, languages, values, beliefs and uniqueness, which distinguish each racial or sub-cultural group in a society. Each of us has a historical heritage and a contemporary heritage that comprise our present culture. Exercise: Please define in your own words the term of culture and identify 2 values that are expressed in your definition. _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ ________________ ________________________________

17 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 17 Understanding Diverse Cultures TWO TYPES OF CULTURE  Material Culture= Surface Culture  Immaterial Culture = Deep Culture Material = Surface Culture This specifically represents the external and observable processes, which we see as part of the composite of one’s culture. Some examples of this material culture are:  Artifacts  Language  Dress  Behaviors  Color  Food  Songs  Others: (explore)

18 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 18 Understanding Diverse Cultures Immaterial = Deep Culture -The areas we do not see This specifically represents the internal or intrinsic processes, which we cannot see. The oral culture requires cultural translators. Some examples of this immaterial culture are:  Myths  Folklore  Stories  Feelings  Values  Oral Culture  Spiritualism  Messages Behind the Values  Others: (explore)

19 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y What is Cultural Competence?  Cultural Competence refers to the ability of an individual to interact effectively with people of various cultures.  In order to do this, a teacher must have an awareness of their own culture, an attitude towards cultural differences, knowledge of different cultural practices/views, as well as cross cultural skills.  In effect, a Culturally Competent person must have the ability to see “beyond the tip of the iceberg” and understand other cultures in a much greater depth. (Geneva Gay & Carl Grant,2000) 19

20 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culture  Central to learning.  Beliefs, customs, practices, and social behavior of a particular nation or people.  Shapes the thinking process in groups and individuals as well as an vital part in communication and receiving information. 20

21 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 21 THE NEW FLORIDA LAWS

22 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 22 Understanding the Florida Educational Goals and Laws in MCE F.S (2002)  The Declaration of Independence  Republican Form of Government  U.S. Constitution  Flag Education, Display and Flag Salute  Civil Government  History of Holocaust ( )  History of African Americans  Study of Hispanic Contributions to the United States  Study of Women’s Contributions  Character Development  Education for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) FS  Accomplished Practices Diversity: Uses teaching and learning strategies that reflect each student’s culture, learning styles, special needs and socio-economic background. FL Statute , (2002)

23 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 23 What is Cultural Competence? Research-based Definitions in Cultural Competence

24 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 24 Definition of Cultural Competence  Most definitions of cultural competence use terms to describe an increased cultural awareness, knowledge, and change in attitude. Other authors take the definition of cultural competence further, describing it as a process, rather than an endpoint. For example:  Weneger (1999) discusses the need for a lifelong commitment to a journey of increasing cultural understanding.  Meleis (1999) stresses the need to actively seek cultural experiences that expand one’s own cultural worldview. Additionally,  Campinha-Bacote (2000) includes the educator’s ability to effectively work within the cultural context of a student as the practical outcome of cultural competence. Effectively working within the student’s cultural context requires a developmental process for the professional.

25 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 25 Definition of Cultural Competence  “The ability to relate and communicate effectively when individuals involved in the interaction do not share the same culture, ethnicity, language, or other salient variables” Based on Hains, Lynch, and Winton’s (1997).  Basic cultural competence occurs when organizations and practitioners respect differences, engage in ongoing cultural self- assessment, expand their cultural knowledge and skills, and adapt services to fit the community’s culture, situation, and perceived needs (Harvey and Rauch, 1997).

26 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 26 Research on Cultural Competence Coggins (2000) The habit of exhibiting the appropriate behaviors with respect to the diverse cultural ethnic and racial student population. Habit is used to indicate the automatic responsive actions of the educator based on personal knowledge and the individual’s cues and preferences. Thus, cultural competence is a process where the practitioner automatically exhibits cultural diversity awareness, culturally Competent Behaviors, and Cultural Sensitivity, all of which are integrated into the Cultural Assessment of the student.(American Journal of Health Studies:21(4)2006.p9.; CDC (2006). Key words are:  Habit  Exhibiting  Automatic  Cultural Diversity Awareness  Culturally Competent Behaviors  Cultural Sensitivity  Cultural Assessment

27 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 27 Research in Support Thus, Ruby Payne, Irvine (1990), Erickson (1987), Au and Kawakami (1991), Asante (1998) and Banks,2007,2010 all argued that their research and experiences conclude that “only when teachers understand the cultural and historical background of students can they comprehend and react positively to minority students while enhancing their academic achievement.”

28 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 28 Cultural Competence Share resources and credit. Have patience and stay for the long haul. Behave in ways that acknowledge interdependence and diversity. Take some risks, experience cultures in non- patronizing ways. Beyond Sensitivity and Awareness

29 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y

30 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 30 The Culturally Responsive School “Teachers and school leaders must develop a shared vision of the culturally and linguistically responsive school and teacher.” “Approaching a student's education in these culturally and linguistically responsive ways—rather than emphasizing deficits— has the potential to truly engage all students in learning, both in college and beyond.” Villegas, Ana M. and Lucas, Tamara (Mar. 2007). Responding to Changing Demographics: The Culturally Responsive Teacher. Educational Leadership, Vol. 64, Number 6. (pgs )

31 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 31 Culture and Its Impact on Academic Achievement 31 Culture is the glue that enables an individual to make sense of the world. It is the frame of reference for our intentions, behaviors and impact and influence on others. 31

32 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 32 Culturally Responsive Teaching Means  Integrating cultural content that enhances achievement for all  “Students are more likely to master essential reading writing and computational skills when the teacher uses content that deals with significant diverse, human history and cultural events, especially the history and contemporary contributions of their ethnic group.” (Banks, 2007,p. 28) (Howard, 2006 p.2)

33 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 33 Exercise 5: Five Foundations to CRT Five strategies for sustaining a culturally competent school Phase 1: Building Trust Proposition:  90% of US College and Public School teachers are white, middle class, English speaking, Received degree in predominantly white college (Gay, Dingus and Jackson, 2003)  No experiential and educational background prepare teacher for their student’s diversity (Ladson-Billings, 2002; Vaurus, 2002) Your strategy: As an educator to build trust is:________________________________________________________ 33

34 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 34 Phase II: Engaging Personal Culture Proposition: Educator’s need to build their cultural competence i.e. “Their ability to form and model effective cross cultural relationships across racial/ethnic differences” (Howard, 2006, Coggins, 2005).Help students to develop: 1. Feeling of belonging 2. Trust in people around them, 3. Belief that teachers value their intellectual competence impacts in student motivation and performance (Aronson and Slede, 2005) Exercise 6: Engaging Personal Culture Your Strategy: As an educator to “engage personal culture that positively impacts on student motivation and performance, I will do the following ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ 34

35 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 35 Phase III: Confronting Social Dominance/Social Justice (White Privilege) Proposition: Systems of white privilege and preference create enclaves of exclusivity in colleges/schools. Some demographics are served well. Other languish in limitations, mediocrity and failure (Howard, 2006, Banks, 2003, Gay, 2004, Hirsh, 2005, Peggy McIntosh, 1988). Could your college/school show clear and convincing evidence of equitable participation of ethnic minorities in all aspects of University life, etc. Your strategy: As an educator, I would implement the following strategy: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Ex 6: Social Dominance/White Privilege 35

36 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 36  Phase IV: Transforming Instructional Practices Proposition: It is essential that schools shift the instructional strategies to meet the increasing numbers and diverse learning needs of students by instituting CRT (Culturally Responsive Teaching). CRT in no way avoids having high expectations for all students (Gay, 2000, Ladson-Billings, 1996, McKinley, 2005, Shade, Kelly and Oberg, 1997, Howard, 2006, Coggins, 2005) Exercise 6: Transforming Instruction 36

37 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 37 Exercise 6: Transforming Instruction Transforming Instructional Practices Your strategy: As an Educator, I would “transform my instructional practices,” in the following ways:__________________________________________ 37

38 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 38 Phase V: Engaging the entire School Community Proposition: Changing demographics have profound implications for all levels and functions of College life. To create a welcoming and equitable environment for diverse students and their families, school leaders must engage the entire college/school community (Howard, 2006, Banks, 2003, Coggins, 2002). Exercise 6: The Entire College/School Your strategy: As an educator, how would you engage the Entire College/School Community?_____________________________________________________________ 38

39 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Cultural Responsive Teaching! What is it?  Children whose language and culture align closely to that of the school are advantaged in the learning process. Those that feel devalued or unrecognized become alienated and disengaged from the learning process.(Gay 2000)  Culturally Responsive Teaching does not focus on stereotypes of the culture, such as food and art. It is based on ways of communicating and learning that are familiar to the student, along with themes that are empowering to them. (Banks, 2007)  Culturally Responsive Teaching requires that teachers interpret their students' behaviors within the cultural context of the student. They know the cultures in their classrooms, and reflect on the impact of this cultural knowledge. 39

40 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y What is Culturally Responsive Teaching? Gay (2000) defines culturally responsive teaching as using the cultural knowledge, prior experiences, and performance styles of diverse students to make learning more appropriate and effective for them; it teaches to and through the strengths of the students. 40

41 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Seeks to maximize learning opportunities, teachers gain knowledge of the cultures represented in their classrooms and translate this knowledge into instructional practices. 41 Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT)

42 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Six (6) Culturally Responsive Teaching are… Validating Comprehensive Multidimensional EmancipatoryEmpowering Transformative Information from the “In-Time” website at 42

43 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Six Essential Characteristics Culturally Responsive Teaching is:  1. Validating  2. Comprehensive  3. Multidimensional  4. Empowering  5. Transformative  6. Emancipatory 43

44 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching  A pedagogy that provides equal access to education for all students of diverse cultures which recognizes, responds to and celebrates these cultures.  Students’ cultures are recognized as important and referenced in all facets of learning experiences. 44

45 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y What is Culturally Responsive Teaching? Culture is central to student learning. Empowers students intellectually, socially, emotionally, and politically Recognizes, respects, and uses students' identities and backgrounds as meaningful sources by using cultural referents to impart knowledge, skills and attitudes. 45

46 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is…Validating  Gay (2000) defines culturally responsive teaching as using the cultural knowledge, prior experiences, and performance styles of diverse students to make learning more appropriate and effective for them; it teaches to and through the strengths of these students. . When we teach with the intention of Florida Law, Statute , we validate all of our students by teaching them about a wide variety of cultures.  Validation comes by embracing what students have to share about their cultures. Information from the “In-Time” website at 46

47 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is Validating  It acknowledges the legitimacy of the cultural heritages of different ethnic groups, both as legacies that affect students' dispositions, attitudes, and approaches to learning and as worthy content to be taught in the formal curriculum.  It teaches students to know and praise their own and each others' cultural heritages.  It incorporates multicultural information, resources, and materials in all the subjects and skills routinely taught in schools. (Banks,2008,2009) 47

48 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally responsive teaching is… Comprehensive  Ladson-Billings (1992) explains that culturally responsive teachers develop intellectual, social, emotional, and political learning by "using cultural referents to impart knowledge, skills, and attitudes" (p. 382).  Hollins (2006) - education designed for racially diverse students incorporates "culturally mediated cognition, culturally appropriate social situations for learning, and culturally valued knowledge in curriculum content" (p. 13).  Culturally responsive teachers realize not only the importance of academic achievement, but also the maintaining of cultural identity and heritage (Gay, 2000). I 48

49 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is…Multidimensional  Multidimensional culturally responsive teaching involves many things: curriculum content, learning context, classroom climate, student-teacher relationships, instructional techniques, and performance assessments.  Teachers from various disciplines (language arts, science, social studies, music) may collaborate in teaching a single cultural concept, such as protest. Students can also participate actively in their own cultural presentations (Gay, 2000). 49

50 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Learning Within the Context of Culture Yet Multidimensional What Cultural expectations for learning may be different. Lessons should be adapted so that they are familiar to the student’s culture. Why Students may feel pressure to remove themselves from their culture. This behavior can interfere with development and make learning hindered. How Teachers should bridge cultural differences by using effective communication and examples across cultures. 50

51 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is Empowering  Culturally Responsive Teaching empowers students to be better human beings and more culturally proficient  Students must believe they can succeed in the diverse classroom and have motivation to persevere. 51

52 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is…Empowering Information from the “In-Time” website at  Empowerment can be described as academic competence and self-efficacy  Teachers must demonstrate appropriate expectations and exhibit support for the student’s culture.  This can be done through providing resources and personal assistance, modeling positive self-efficacy beliefs, and celebrating individual and collective Cultures’ (Gay, 2000). 52

53 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching is…Transformative  Banks (1991,2007) asserts that if education is to empower marginalized groups, it must be transformative. This involves helping "students to become culturally responsive and be able to make reflective decisions and implement their decisions in effective personal, social, political, and economic action" (p. 131).  Culturally responsive teaching does not only incorporate traditional educational practices with respect to diverse students (Gay, 2000). It means respecting the cultures and experiences of various groups and then use these as resources for teaching and learning. (Banks,2009) Information from the “In-Time” website at 53

54 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Emancipatory Instruction What Cultural Emancipatory instruction should incorporate and integrate diverse ways knowing, understanding, and representing information. Why Students become active participants in teaching their own culture while learning the cultures of others. How Research student’s prior cultural experiences. Create an environment that encourages cultural infusion. 54

55 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y Culturally Responsive Teaching: in Summary  Instruction is culturally responsive when it incorporates and integrates diverse cultural ways of knowing, understanding and representing information. (Mayan,2012)  An environment that encourages multicultural viewpoints and allows for inclusion of knowledge that is relevant.  Learning happens in culturally dynamic situations. 55

56 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y CRT Reflection  Excluding the consideration of students’ cultures is liken to teaching reading with no prior knowledge. As teachers we are always looking for the meaningful activities that connect the known with the unknown. Incorporating individual aspects of cultures naturally produce the connections, but, taking it a step further nurtures the respect and appreciation for all cultures. 56

57 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 57 Building an Authentic Value System To Support your Cultural Competence Policies, Procedures and Programs  Thinking  Feeling  Acting  To culturally competent is to be authentic  Understanding the Five Values Driving a Culturally Competent Institution  Understanding the “Personal Responsibility Principle”.  Thank You! Feedback!

58 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 58 THESE VALUES/PERCEPTIONS ARE:  Justice – Fairness  Equality – Treating everyone similarly  Caring – Deep sensitivity to person and group  Closeness – Familiarity rather than isolation  Dialogue – Give and receive-sharing the healing field  The challenge is to integrate these behaviors into our practices and delivery of teaching and educational services.

59 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 59 “THE ATMOSPHERE YOU CREATE DETERMINES THE POSITIVE CROSS-CULTURAL RESULTS YOU PRODUCE.” “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” (Albert Einstein) “The future never first happened, it was created. SSC must create a culturally sensitive, linguistic, and culturally competent classroom/school environment.” (Coggins) So it is all about “students, faculty and administrators celebrating cultures in an inclusive atmosphere.” (Coggins) Cultural Responsive Teaching: A Final Perspective

60 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 60 Managing Culturally Responsive Teaching: A Final Perspective Let us create a partnership between you and your student/. (Coggins) “To promote cooperation and teamwork, Remember: People tend to resist that which is forced on them. People tend to support that which they help to create.” (Vince Pfaff) Therefore, let us create a College environment where people can see that there is a willingness to imagine new culturally competent ways.

61 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y UN Human Rights Epilogue  “The time is now for all men and women to work shoulder to shoulder for peace, freedom, racial, religious and reduction of racial hatred.”  “The prize is a world of peace and sanity where the pursuit of happiness is possible.” 61

62 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 62 Personal Responsibility Principle 62 “The price of greatness is taking responsibility for what you say and do.” (Winston Churchill,1930) “I cannot be responsible for someone I cannot change and that is you. I must be responsible for myself and the things I say or do in the conduct of myself. Only you have the power to change the things you do and yourself. If you will accept personal responsibility for your own behavior, and I accept personal responsibility for my behavior, then, together we will influence others around us to accept the same responsibility for the things they say or do and their behavior.” (Coggins, 2004)

63 C U L T U R A L C O M P E T E N C E D I V E R S I T Y 63


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