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BR-main Before Reading 1. English Song -- Out in the Country Questions about the Song Blank Filling 2. The Countryside 3. Ivy League 4. Fahrenheit and.

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Presentation on theme: "BR-main Before Reading 1. English Song -- Out in the Country Questions about the Song Blank Filling 2. The Countryside 3. Ivy League 4. Fahrenheit and."— Presentation transcript:

1 BR-main Before Reading 1. English Song -- Out in the Country Questions about the Song Blank Filling 2. The Countryside 3. Ivy League 4. Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales 5. Buying Insurance 6. Sports Illustrated 7. Individual Retirement Account

2 BR1.11 Questions about the Song Listen to the song and answer the following questions. ■

3 BR1.12 Questions about the Song 1. What is the song about? Taking a break from city life and escaping from the crowd. 2. How is the song related to the theme of this unit? The singer needs a break because the pace of life has quickened, the environment has changed, and the old life style has gone.

4 BR1.21 Blank Filling Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Whenever I need to leave it all behind Or feel the need to I find a quiet place, far from the Out in the country Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ get away ___________ human race___________ a bright spot __________ stand alone __________ ■

5 BR1.22 Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Whenever I feel them closing in on me Or need When life becomes too fast, I find at last Out in the country Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the I stand alone and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ a bit of room to move__________________ relief _____ rivers like to run_____________ Blank Filling

6 BR1.23 Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ _______________________________ Blank Filling

7 BR2.1 The Countryside The countryside of Britain is well known for its beauty and many contrasts: its bare mountains and moorland, its lakes, rivers and woods, and its long, often wild coastline. Many of the most beautiful areas are national parks and are protected from development. When British people think of farmland, as well as open spaces, they imagine cows or sheep in green fields enclosed by hedges or stone walls, and fields of wheat and barley. Many people associate the countryside with peace and relaxation. They spend their free time walking or cycling there, or go to the country for a picnic or a pub lunch. Only a few people who live in the country work on farms. Many commute to work in towns. Many others dream of living in ■

8 BR2.2 the country, where they believe they would have a better and healthier life style. America has many areas of wild and beautiful scenery, and there are many areas, especially in the West in states like Montana and Wyoming, where few people live. In the New England states, such as Vermont and New Hampshire, it is common to see small farms surrounded by hills and green areas. In Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and other Midwestern states, fields of corn or wheat reach to the horizon and there are many miles between towns. Only about 20% of Americans live outside cities and towns. Life may be difficult for people who live in the country. Services like hospitals and schools may be further away, and

9 BR2.3 going shopping can mean driving long distances. Some people even have to drive from their homes to the main road where their mail is left in a box. In spite of the disadvantages, many people who live in the country say that they like the safe, clean, attractive environment. But their children often move to a town or city as soon as they can. As in Britain, Americans like to go out to the country at weekends. Some people go on camping or fishing trips, others go hiking in national parks.

10 BR2.1.1 Click the picture to return mountains

11 BR2.1.2 Click the picture to return moorland

12 BR2.1.3 lakes Click the picture to return

13 BR2.1.4 Click the picture to return coastline

14 BR2.1.5 Click the picture to return national parks

15 BR2.1.6 Click the picture to return farmland

16 BR2.1.7 Click the picture to return picnic

17 BR2.2.8 Click the picture to return Ohio

18 BR3.1 Ivy League refers to eight long-established colleges and universities in the United States with prestigious academic and social reputations. Members of the Ivy League are Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island; Columbia University in New York City; Cornell University in Ithaca, New York; Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire; Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts; University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia; Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey; Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The members of the Ivy League compete in intercollegiate athletics. Ivy League ■

19 BR3.1.1 Click the picture to return Brown University

20 BR3.1.2 Click the picture to return Columbia University

21 BR3.1.3 Cornell University Click the picture to return

22 BR3.1.4 Dartmouth College Click the picture to return

23 BR3.1.5 Harvard University Click the picture to return

24 BR3.1.6 University of Pennsylvania Click the picture to return

25 BR3.1.7 Princeton University Click the picture to return

26 BR3.1.8 Yale University Click the picture to return

27 BR3.2 If you want to know more about these schools, you are welcomed to log on to their websites: Brown University Columbia University Cornell University Dartmouth College Harvard University University of Pennsylvania Princeton University Yale University

28 BR4.1 Fahrenheit Scale refers to a scale of temperature, first established by the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit in The unit of temperature is the degree Fahrenheit (°F), and 0 °F was originally the coldest temperature Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit could achieve using a freezing mixture of salt and ice. On his scale, water freezes at 32 °F and boils at 212 °F (under set atmospheric conditions). No longer used in scientific work, Fahrenheit temperatures still feature in everyday language; hot days “in the eighties”, for example. To convert a Fahrenheit temperature to Celsius (centigrade), subtract 32, then multiply by 5/9. ■

29 Fahrenheit Scale refers to a scale of temperature, first established by the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit in The unit of temperature is the degree Fahrenheit (°F), and 0 °F was originally the coldest temperature Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit could achieve using a freezing mixture of salt and ice. On his scale, water freezes at 32 °F and boils at 212 °F (under set atmospheric conditions). No longer used in scientific work, Fahrenheit temperatures still feature in everyday language; hot days “in the eighties”, for example. To convert a Fahrenheit temperature to Celsius (centigrade), subtract 32, then multiply by 5/9. ■

30 BR4.2 Celsius Scale refers to a scale of hotness, or temperature, first established by the Swedish scientist Anders Celsius (1701~1744) in On this scale, the unit of temperature is the degree Celsius (°C); water freezes Celsius Scale at 0 °C and boils at 100 °C (under agreed standard atmospheric conditions), although when Celsius originally devised the scale he made 0° the boiling point and 100° the freezing point. The Celsius scale was formerly commonly known as the centigrade scale because of the 100 divisions between the freezing and boiling points of water. To convert from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit multiply by 9/5 and add 32. ■

31 Celsius Scale refers to a scale of hotness, or temperature, first established by the Swedish scientist Anders Celsius (1701~1744) in On this scale, the unit of temperature is the degree Celsius (°C); water freezes Celsius Scale at 0 °C and boils at 100 °C (under agreed standard atmospheric conditions), although when Celsius originally devised the scale he made 0° the boiling-point and 100° the freezing-point. The Celsius scale was formerly commonly known as the centigrade scale because of the 100 divisions between the freezing- and boiling-points of water. To convert from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit multiply by 9/5 and add 32. ■

32 BR5.1 Buying Insurance ■

33 BR6.1 Sports Illustrated Sports illustrated is a popular US sports magazine published each week by Time Inc, part of Time Warner. It first appeared in 1954, and is read mainly by men. The magazine also publishes the Sports Illustrated Sports Almanac every year. ■

34 BR7.1 Individual Retirement Account Individual Retirement Account refers to a US government plan that allows people to put part of their income into special bank accounts. No tax has to be paid on this money until they retire. In fact, “ IRA” is used more often. ■

35 GR-main Global Reading 1. Part Division of the Text 2. Further Understanding For Part 1 True or False For Part 2 Interview For Part 3 Multiple Choice For Part 4 Questions and Answers

36 Part Division of the Text PartsLines Main Ideas ~14 15~44 45~77 The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one. Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard. After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family can manage to get by. 478~101 A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for the family to enjoy their life in the country. GR-1-text

37 GR-Part1-1 True or False 1. The writer is a famous writer who is living in the countryside. 2. He is not famous. F “Go picnicking in the summer” tells us he is satisfied with F ( ) In the writer's opinion, their life in the countryside is self- reliant because they can grow all kinds of fruits and go picnicking in the summer. ( ) the life there.

38 5.The writer uses the following words or phrases to tell readers that he is satisfied with the life in the countryside: canoe, picnic, bicycle rides, deer, hawks, fruits and honey. The writer and his family live in the countryside because they were dissatisfied with the life in the city and suburbs. The writer is satisfied with the life in the countryside only because their hens can lay eggs for them and their bees can provide them with honey. GR-Part F The last two words show he has a self-reliant life. F ( ) 3. T ( ) Their hens, eggs, fruits, etc. contribute to their self-reliant life in the countryside.

39 GR-Part2-1 Interview The words in the brackets are the hints about the questions. 1.How long have you been here since you left your city? ( 3 years) 2. Just now you mentioned that the country life is self-reliant and satisfying. But can you tell us something about the tough side of the country life? ( firewood; corn; strawberries; chickens; outdoor toilet) Suppose one of your classmates is the writer of this unit and you and another classmate are the college students in the near city. When you learn that the writer has moved to the countryside from the city, you are very interested in it and ask for an interview with him. The following tips may give you some help in the interview.

40 GR-Part Besides what you mentioned just now, what do you and your wife usually do? (freelance articles; household routine; garden; beehives; bread; music lessons; flower beds; wood; eggs; old saying) 4. We were told that the first winter has left a deep impression on you. Could you please say something about that? (snow; storm; wood; apples) 5. What did you do when spring came? ( two floods; growing season; wave of produce; freezer; cupboards; basement; barn)

41 GR-Part3-M1 Multiple Choice Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside B) he would have more work to do in the year to come C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country

42 GR-Part3-M1-A Multiple Choice Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. A A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside B) he would have more work to do in the year to come C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country

43 GR-Part3-M1-B Multiple Choice Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. B A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside B) he would have more work to do in the year to come C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country

44 GR-Part3-M1-C Multiple Choice Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. C A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside B) he would have more work to do in the year to come C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country

45 GR-Part3-M1-D Multiple Choice Choose the best answer to complete the sentence. 1. The writer quitted his job because __________. D A) he thought he would have a better time in the countryside B) he would have more work to do in the year to come C) he was sure that he had enough money to support his family D) he just wanted to improve the quality of his family’s life in the country

46 GR-Part3-M2 Multiple Choice 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota

47 GR-Part3-M2-A Multiple Choice 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. A A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota

48 GR-Part3-M2-B Multiple Choice 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. B A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota

49 GR-Part3-M2-C 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. C Multiple Choice A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota

50 GR-Part3-M2-D 2. In order to write stories for Smithsonian the writer had to _______. D Multiple Choice A) crawl into black-bear dens B) hitch up dogsled racing teams C) check out the Lake Champlain “monster” D) canoe through the Boundary Water wilderness area of Minnesota

51 GR-Part3-M3 Multiple Choice 3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. A) $960 B) $2,000 C) $400 D) $560

52 GR-Part3-M3-A Multiple Choice 3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. A A) $960 B) $2,000 C) $400 D) $560

53 GR-Part3-M3-B Multiple Choice 3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. B A) $960 B) $2,000 C) $400 D) $560

54 GR-Part3-M3-C Multiple Choice 3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. C A) $960 B) $2,000 C) $400 D) $560

55 GR-Part3-M3-D Multiple Choice 3. The total premium of the writer’s family every year is _____. D A) $960 B) $2,000 C) $400 D) $560

56 GR-Part3-M4 Multiple Choice 4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 the insurance company has to pay _____.

57 GR-Part3-M4-A Multiple Choice 4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, A A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 the insurance company has to pay _____.

58 GR-Part3-M4-B Multiple Choice 4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, B A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 the insurance company has to pay _____.

59 GR-Part3-M4-C Multiple Choice 4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, C A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 the insurance company has to pay _____.

60 GR-Part3-M4-D Multiple Choice 4. Suppose the medical fee for the writer’s wife is $3,000, D A) $2,400 B) $2,000 C) $3,000 D) $500 the insurance company has to pay _____.

61 GR-Part3-M5 Multiple Choice 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month

62 GR-Part3-M5-A Multiple Choice 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. A A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month

63 GR-Part3-M5-B Multiple Choice 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. B A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month

64 GR-Part3-M5-C Multiple Choice 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. C A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month

65 GR-Part3-M5-D Multiple Choice 5. In order to save money the writer’s family ______. D A) drink less wine B) never go to see any ballet C) go to some less expensive restaurants once or twice a month D) attend the opera twice a month

66 GR-Part4-1 Questions and Answers 1. According to the author, what special qualities are necessary for people to live in the countryside? 2. How does the writer think he and his family will feel when they have to leave the farm someday? 3. Why did the writer and his family choose to live in the country? Do you think their dream has come true? Why?

67 AR-Main 5. Talking about the Pictures 1. Useful Expressions 2. Compound Dictation 3. Discussion and Debate 4. Writing Practice From Topic Sentences to Development / Supporting Sentences Homework After Reading 6. Proverbs and Quotations

68 After-1.useful-1 Useful Expressions 1. 过得去 get by 2. 寻觅心灵的满足 find contentment 3. 自力更生的生活 a self-reliant life 4. 艰苦的生活 a tough life 5. 日常的家务 household routine

69 After-1.useful-2 Useful Expressions 6. 正如老话说的那样 as the old saying goes 7. 温馨快乐每一分钟 Love / enjoy every minute of sth. 8. 过冬 get through the winter 9. 常青藤联合会学校 Ivy League schools 10. 带着 …… 的祝福 with sb.’s blessings

70 After-1.useful 总的来说 on balance 12. 担任全职工作 be employed full time 13. 贷款按揭 mortgage payments 14. 至于 …… When it comes to … 15. 除 …… 以外 apart from … Useful Expressions

71 After-1.useful 外出吃饭 dine out 17. 生活水准 / 水平 standard of living / living standard 18. 弥补收入差额 make up the difference in income 19. 听歌剧看芭蕾演出 attend the opera and ballet 20. 耐得住寂寞 a tolerance for solitude Useful Expressions

72 After-1.useful 自给自足 self-sufficiency 22. 抵制诱惑 resist the temptation to do sth. 23. 怆然离去 leave with a feeling of sorrow 24. 自豪感 a sense of pride 25. 一旦形势好转 once economic conditions improve Useful Expressions 26. 赚钱 earn money

73 After-2-1 You will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 1 to 7 with the exact words you have just heard. For the blanks numbered from 8 to 10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Compound Dictation

74 laboratories After-2-2 Most American workers travel each day to jobs in factories, offices,, shops and schools. But for a number of people in the United States, the work place is changing. More Americans are to work at home.There are several reasons for this. One reason is many parents want more time to be with their children at home. Another is that people want the to decide for themselves how and when to do their job. The most important reason, however, is the in computer technology. With computers, there is need for people to come together to work. __________ growing _______ choosing ________ change ______ freedom _______ revolution _________ Working at Home less ____ ■

75 . A worker can write a report or add information to company records on a computer at home and then send the finished work to a computer in another city.. Many highly skilled workers, for example, ask their computers for the chance to work at least part of time at home. They say. After-2-3 Working at Home computers far away Computers can be linked by telephone lines with other_________________________________________________ _________________ kinds of jobs at home Americans are already using computers to do many different _________________________________________________ _________________ they can think more clearly and be more creative in the quiet, peaceful atmosphere of their home __________________________________________________ _____ _______________________

76 After-3.11 Discussion and Debate One of the most popular topics many people talk about is whether city life is better than suburban life. Some people think city life is better than suburban life while others just have the opposite opinion. Now let us discuss this topic in small groups. Each group will be given two outlines of the advantages of city life and suburban life.

77 After-3-12 Please talk about the advantages of city life according to the outline given below: Outline 1 Advantages convenience for people to do the shopping better education easy access to the entertainment more chances to get jobs

78 After-3-13 Please talk about the advantages of suburban life according to the outline given below: Outline 2 Advantages less pollution safe, clean, attractive environment peaceful life smaller living expenses

79 After-4.11 From Topic Sentences to Development / Supporting Sentences One of the basic skills for students to write a composition is to know how to develop a paragraph from topic sentences to development / supporting sentences. The author of this unit employs this skill successfully. Now let’s take Para 2 for example. It’s a self-reliant sort of life.(1) We grow nearly all of our fruits and vegetables.(2) Our hens keep us in eggs, with several dozen left over to sell each week.(3) Our bees provide us with honey, and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season.(4)

80 After-4.12 Sentence 1 is a topic sentence. The controlling idea ( 主题思想 ) is “self-reliant”. Therefore, in sentences 2, 3 and 4 the author develops this controlling idea by means of providing details. In sentence 2 he uses “fruits and vegetables”, in sentence 3 “eggs” and in sentence 4 “honey” and “wood”. In this way he develops this paragraph logically and coherently. Now you are required to analyze the structures of Para 3 and Paras 12~13 by pointing out the controlling ideas of the topic sentences and details in the development sentences. For Para 3 For Paras 12~13

81 After Sentence 1 is a topic sentence. The controlling idea ( 主题思想 ) is “self-reliant”. Therefore, in sentences 2, 3 and 4 the author develops this controlling idea by means of providing details. In sentence 2 he uses “fruits and vegetables”, in sentence 3 “eggs” and in sentence 4 “honey” and “wood”. In this way he develop this paragraph logically and coherently. Now you are required to analyze the structures of Para 3 and Paras 12~13 by pointing out the controlling ideas of the topic sentences and details in the development sentences. For Para 3 For Paras 12~13 Controlling idea:satisfying 1)in summer: canoe; go picnicking; take bicycle rides 2) in winter: ski and skate; sunsets; smell and sound; hawks and deer Details: Click the return For Para 3

82 After For Paras 12~13 Controlling idea of the topic sentence: a couple of special qualities These two paragraphs are a little bit complicated for they have one topic sentence and two sub-topic sentences. Click to return Controlling idea of the sub-topic sentences: 1. tolerance 2. energy Details for the 1st sub-topic sentence: no entertainment; no social activities; Jim and Emily at home Details for the 2nd sub-topic sentence: no money to buy expensive labor-saving devices

83 After-4-2 Homework Passage One: Topic sentence: John is a good student. Details: 1) study hard 2) be too ready to help others Write two passages based on the two topic sentences and other words given. Passage Two: Topic sentence: T-shirts are very popular in USA. Details: 1) people at different places wearing T-shirts 2) people at different ages wearing T-shirts

84 After-4-21 John is a good student. He studies very hard. Every morning he is always the first one in the school. In class, he listens carefully to the teacher’s lessons. After class, he finishes homework as soon as possible. Besides, John is too ready to help others. Whenever his classmates ask him for help, he will help them at once. For example, Jack was ill last week. John went to his home and told him what teachers had talked about in class. Because of these, all the teachers and his classmates think John is a top student. Click to return Passage One

85 After-4-22 T-shirts are very popular in USA. Wherever you go, you can see people wearing T-shirts. When you go to the beach, you can see almost all the people there wearing T- shirts. If you go to buy something in the supermarket, you can see most customers are in their colorful T-shirts. Besides that, it seems to me American people at different ages like wearing T-shirts. You can see not only kids and students in elementary schools but also workers and college students wearing T-shirts. You can even meet some old ladies wearing T-shirts in the street. All in all, T- shirts are really a favorite of American people. Click to return Passage Two

86 After-5-1 Talk about the Pictures

87 After-5-11 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

88 After-5-12 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

89 After-5-13 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

90 After-5-14 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

91 After-5-15 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

92 After-5-16 Talk about the Pictures Click the picture to return

93 After-6-proverbs-1 Proverbs and Quotations 人生在于有所追求。一个人满足时,无异于死亡。 工作原艰苦,果实却香甜。 生活充实,生命久长。 2. Work has a bitter root, but sweet fruit. 3. Life is long if it is full. 4. I do not like work -- no man does -- but I like what is in the work -- the chance to find yourself. -- Conrad Joseph, British novelist 我不喜欢工作 -- 没有人会喜欢工作。 但是我喜欢工作的本质 -- 发 现自我的机会。 — 英国小说家 C. 约瑟夫 1. Life consists in wanting something. When a man is satisfied he is as good as dead.

94 After-6-proverbs-2 5. It is impossible to enjoy idling thoroughly unless one has plenty of work to do. -- Jerome Klapka Jerome, British humorist 6. When work is a pleasure, life is joy! When work is duty, life is slavery. -- Maxim Gorky, Russian writer 除非有大量的工作,否则一个人不可能充分领略悠闲的乐趣。 — 英国幽默家 J. K. 杰罗姆 当工作是一种乐趣时,生活是一种享受!当工作是一种义务时,生 活则是一种苦役。 — 俄国作家 M. 高尔基 Proverbs and Quotations

95 MR. DOHERTY BUILDS HIS DREAM LIFE There are two things I have always wanted to do -- write and live on a farm. Today I’m doing both. I am not in E. B. White’s class as a writer or in my neighbors’ league as a farmer, but I’m getting by. And after years of frustration with city and suburban living, my wife Sandy and I have finally found contentment here in the country. Article1_S

96 It’s a self-reliant sort of life. We grow nearly all of our fruits and vegetables. Our hens keep us in eggs, with several dozen left over to sell each week. Our bees provide us with honey, and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season. Article2_S

97 Article3_S It’s a satisfying life too. In the summer we canoe on the river, go picnicking in the woods and take long bicycle rides. In the winter we ski and skate. We get excited about sunsets. We love the smell of the earth warming and the sound of cattle lowing. We watch for hawks in the sky and deer in the cornfields.

98 Article4_S But the good life can get pretty tough. Three months ago when it was 30 below, we spent two miserable days hauling firewood up the river on a sled. Three months from now, it will be 95 above and we will be cultivating corn, weeding strawberries and killing chickens. Recently, Sandy and I had to retile the back roof.

99 Article5_S Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. Later this month, we’ll spray the orchard, paint the barn, plant the garden and clean the hen house before the new chicks arrive.

100 Article6_S In between such chores, I manage to spend 50 to 60 hours a week at the typewriter or doing reporting for the freelance articles I sell to magazines and newspapers. Sandy, meanwhile, pursues her own demanding schedule. Besides the usual household routine, she oversees the garden and beehives, bakes bread, cans and freezes, drives the kids to their music lessons, practices with them, takes organ lessons on her own, does research and typing for me, writes an article herself now and then, tends the flower beds, stacks a little wood and delivers the eggs. There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either.

101 Article7_S None of us will ever forget our first winter. We were buried under five feet of snow from December through March. While one storm after another blasted huge drifts up against the house and barn, we kept warm inside burning our own wood, eating our own apples and loving every minute of it.

102 Article8_S When spring came, it brought two floods. First the river overflowed, covering much of our land for weeks. Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. Our freezer filled up with cherries, raspberries, strawberries, asparagus, peas, beans and corn. Then our canned-goods shelves and cupboards began to grow with preserves, tomato juice, grape juice, plums, jams and jellies. Eventually, the basement floor disappeared under piles of potatoes, squash and pumpkins, and the barn began to fill with apples and pears. It was amazing.

103 Article9_S The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went.

104 Article10_S There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations.

105 I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. Article11_S

106 Article12_S We’ve been able to make up the difference in income by cutting back without appreciably lowering our standard of living. We continue to dine out once or twice a month, but now we patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. We still attend the opera and ballet in Milwaukee but only a few times a year. We eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. Extravagant Christmases are a memory, and we combine vacations with story assignments…

107 Article13_S I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home.

108 Article14_S The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw.

109 Article15_S How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for.

110 It’s a self-reliant sort of life. We grow nearly all of our fruits and vegetables. Our hens keep us in eggs, with several dozen left over to sell each week. Our bees provide us with honey, and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season. Article2_S_popwin_and… Tell the meaning of the phrase “make it” in this sentence and paraphrase this part. The phrase “make it” means “succeed.” The meaning of this part is “With the wood they cut, their family can succeed in getting through the cold winter.”

111 Article5_S_popwin_soon… Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. Later this month, we’ll spray the orchard, paint the barn, plant the garden and clean the hen house before the new chicks arrive. 1. Analyze the structure of the sentence. The structure of this sentence is complicated. 1)“The youngest of our four children” is in apposition to “Jim, 16 and Emily, 13.” 2) “That supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside” is an attributive clause modifying “the outdoor toilet.” 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 过些时候,四个孩子中的两个小的, 16 岁的吉米和 13 岁的 埃米莉,会帮着我一起把拖了很久没修的室外厕所修葺一 下。当我们在室外干活时,这个厕所便成为室内卫生设备 的补充。

112 Article6_S _there… In between such chores, I manage to spend 50 to 60 hours a week at the typewriter or doing reporting for the freelance articles I sell to magazines and newspapers. Sandy, meanwhile, pursues her own demanding schedule. Besides the usual household routine, she oversees the garden and beehives, bakes bread, cans and freezes, drives the kids to their music lessons, practices with them, takes organ lessons on her own, does research and typing for me, writes an article herself now and then, tends the flower beds, stacks a little wood and delivers the eggs. There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either. 1.Tell the class the origin of the saying “There is no rest for the wicked.” The saying comes from the Bible, Isiah 57:21, “… no peace, saith my god, to the wicked.” It means that you must continue with your work or other activity that you should be doing, not rest. 2. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 正如老话说的那样,在这种情形之下,坏人不得闲 — 贤德之人 也歇不了。

113 Article7_S_while… None of us will ever forget our first winter. We were buried under five feet of snow from December through March. While one storm after another blasted huge drifts up against the house and barn, we kept warm inside burning our own wood, eating our own apples and loving every minute of it. Translate this part into Chinese. 暴风雪肆虐,一场接着一场,厚厚的积雪覆盖着屋子和谷仓 …

114 Article8_S_when… When spring came, it brought two floods. First the river overflowed, covering much of our land for weeks. Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. Our freezer filled up with cherries, raspberries, strawberries, asparagus, peas, beans and corn. Then our canned-goods shelves and cupboards began to grow with preserves, tomato juice, grape juice, plums, jams and jellies. Eventually, the basement floor disappeared under piles of potatoes, squash and pumpkins, and the barn began to fill with apples and pears. It was amazing. Read this paragraph and tell what “two floods” refer to here. The first flood refers to “great overflow of water” while the other refers to “agricultural products.”

115 Article8_S_then… When spring came, it brought two floods. First the river overflowed, covering much of our land for weeks. Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. Our freezer filled up with cherries, raspberries, strawberries, asparagus, peas, beans and corn. Then our canned-goods shelves and cupboards began to grow with preserves, tomato juice, grape juice, plums, jams and jellies. Eventually, the basement floor disappeared under piles of potatoes, squash and pumpkins, and the barn began to fill with apples and pears. It was amazing. 1. What’s the function of the phrase “swamping us under wave after wave of produce”? This v-ing form is one of the non-finite verbs ( 非谓语动词 ). It serves as an adverbial in the sentence and it indicates another action by the subject of the sentence. 2.Paraphrase the sentence. 3.What attitude of the author can we infer from this sentence towards his country life? Then the growing season came and it brought us a lot of agricultural products. We can see that he was very satisfied with it and enjoyed the harvest.

116 Article8_S_it… When spring came, it brought two floods. First the river overflowed, covering much of our land for weeks. Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. Our freezer filled up with cherries, raspberries, strawberries, asparagus, peas, beans and corn. Then our canned-goods shelves and cupboards began to grow with preserves, tomato juice, grape juice, plums, jams and jellies. Eventually, the basement floor disappeared under piles of potatoes, squash and pumpkins, and the barn began to fill with apples and pears. It was amazing. What can we infer from the sentence? 1) The big harvest was beyond expectation. 2) He was filled with joy because of the big harvest.

117 Article9_S_popwin_the timing… The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went. 1. What’s the meaning of this sentence in Chinese? 时机选得实在太差。 2. Why does the author think so? 1) He had to pay the expensive tuition for his two girls. 2) He had only a few thousand dollars in the bank.

118 Article9_S_popwin_the answer… The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went. Why did the author decide to quit his job even though he knew that there would not be a better time? You can choose one or more of the following possible answers. (Possible answers:) A) He didn’t think his job was good. B) He was a man who liked to run risks in his life. C) He was attracted by the good harvest their family had got the year before. D) He thought he could make a fair profit on the sale of their farm.

119 Article11_S_popwin_it picks I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. What does the word “that” in the sentence refer to? It refers to “the first $500 the family pays.” Suppose the medical fee is $1,000, the family has to pay $500 while the insurance company will pay $400.

120 Article11_S_popwin_year I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. Translate this part into Chinese. 而且我们给自己生大病保了险。

121 Article11_S_popwin_Aside I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. What does the word “that” in this part refer to? It refers to “a poor man’s major-medical policy”, which costs them $560 a year only.

122 Article12_S_popwin_Extravagant We’ve been able to make up the difference in income by cutting back without appreciably lowering our standard of living. We continue to dine out once or twice a month, but now we patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. We still attend the opera and ballet in Milwaukee but only a few times a year. We eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. Extravagant Christmases are a memory, and we combine vacations with story assignments… What can we infer from this part of the sentence? We can infer that the family used to spend much more money on Christmases.

123 MR. DOHERTY BUILDS HIS DREAM LIFE There are two things I have always wanted to do -- write and live on a farm. Today I’m doing both. I am not in E. B. White’s class as a writer or in my neighbors’ league as a farmer, but I’m getting by. And after years of frustration with city and suburban living, my wife Sandy and I have finally found contentment here in the country. Article1_w

124 It’s a self-reliant sort of life. We grow nearly all of our fruits and vegetables. Our hens keep us in eggs, with several dozen left over to sell each week. Our bees provide us with honey, and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season. Article2_w

125 Article4_w But the good life can get pretty tough. Three months ago when it was 30 below, we spent two miserable days hauling firewood up the river on a sled. Three months from now, it will be 95 above and we will be cultivating corn, weeding strawberries and killing chickens. Recently, Sandy and I had to retile the back roof.

126 Article5_w Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. Later this month, we’ll spray the orchard, paint the barn, plant the garden and clean the hen house before the new chicks arrive.

127 Article6_w In between such chores, I manage to spend 50 to 60 hours a week at the typewriter or doing reporting for the freelance articles I sell to magazines and newspapers. Sandy, meanwhile, pursues her own demanding schedule. Besides the usual household routine, she oversees the garden and beehives, bakes bread, cans and freezes, drives the kids to their music lessons, practices with them, takes organ lessons on her own, does research and typing for me, writes an article herself now and then, tends the flower beds, stacks a little wood and delivers the eggs. There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either.

128 Article7_w None of us will ever forget our first winter. We were buried under five feet of snow from December through March. While one storm after another blasted huge drifts up against the house and barn, we kept warm inside burning our own wood, eating our own apples and loving every minute of it.

129 Article8_w When spring came, it brought two floods. First the river overflowed, covering much of our land for weeks. Then the growing season began, swamping us under wave after wave of produce. Our freezer filled up with cherries, raspberries, strawberries, asparagus, peas, beans and corn. Then our canned-goods shelves and cupboards began to grow with preserves, tomato juice, grape juice, plums, jams and jellies. Eventually, the basement floor disappeared under piles of potatoes, squash and pumpkins, and the barn began to fill with apples and pears. It was amazing.

130 Article9_w The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went.

131 Article10_w There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations.

132 Article11_w I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA.

133 Article12_w We’ve been able to make up the difference in income by cutting back without appreciably lowering our standard of living. We continue to dine out once or twice a month, but now we patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. We still attend the opera and ballet in Milwaukee but only a few times a year. We eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. Extravagant Christmases are a memory, and we combine vacations with story assignments…

134 Article13_w I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home.

135 Article14_w The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw.

136 Article15_w How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for.

137 MR. DOHERTY BUILDS HIS DREAM LIFE There are two things I have always wanted to do -- write and live on a farm. Today I’m doing both. I am not in E. B. White’s class as a writer or in my neighbors’ league as a farmer, but I’m getting by. And after years of frustration with city and suburban living, my wife Sandy and I have finally found contentment here in the country. Article1_w_popwin_get by get by: be good enough but not very good; manage to live or do things in a satisfactory way My parents managed to get by on a small amount of money. She never works but somehow she gets by. It is a little bit difficult for the old couple to get by on such a small pension. 我父母亲靠很少的一些钱凑合着过下去。

138 Article4_w_popwin_haul-1 But the good life can get pretty tough. Three months ago when it was 30 below, we spent two miserable days hauling firewood up the river on a sled. Three months from now, it will be 95 above and we will be cultivating corn, weeding strawberries and killing chickens. Recently, Sandy and I had to retile the back roof. haul: vt. The farmers haul vegetables to the market on a truck every morning. 1)1)transport, as with a truck, cart, etc. Rescue workers hauled passengers out of the crashed train. 2)pull or drag sth. with effort or force 救援队把药品和食物运到被淹的村庄。 A crane had to be used to haul the car out of the stream. The rescue team hauled medical supplies and food to the flooded villages.

139 Article4_w_popwin_haul-2 But the good life can get pretty tough. Three months ago when it was 30 below, we spent two miserable days hauling firewood up the river on a sled. Three months from now, it will be 95 above and we will be cultivating corn, weeding strawberries and killing chickens. Recently, Sandy and I had to retile the back roof. CF: haul, drag & pull 这几个词都是动词,都有 “ 拖 ” 、 “ 拉 ” 、 “ 拽 ” 之意。 Lorries haul heavy goods from factories to the ports. haul 指缓慢而费力地拖一极重之物,有时可表示很困难地拽。例如: drag 指施力者在地面或表面上缓慢而沉重地把东西拖过一段距离,该词 通常使人想到主动或被动的阻力。例如: 大卡车把沉重的货物从工厂运到港口。 You might drag a heavy box across the ground if you couldn’t lift it. 如果你提不动一个重箱子,你可以在地上拖着它走。

140 Article4_w_popwin_haul-3 But the good life can get pretty tough. Three months ago when it was 30 below, we spent two miserable days hauling firewood up the river on a sled. Three months from now, it will be 95 above and we will be cultivating corn, weeding strawberries and killing chickens. Recently, Sandy and I had to retile the back roof. CF:haul, drag & pull They pulled hard but the rock remained immovable. 他们拼命地拉,但这块石头仍然不动。 pull 指朝任何方向移动,一般后接副词或副词词组以表示移动方向。 例如:

141 Article5_w_popwin_supplement Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. Later this month, we’ll spray the orchard, paint the barn, plant the garden and clean the hen house before the new chicks arrive. supplement: Peter supplements his ordinary income by writing books. 1)1)vt. add to sth. in order to improve it (followed by with) She has been ill and must have supplements to her ordinary food. 2)n. an additional amount of sth. 医生建议在我的饮食中补充维生素 E 和 A 。 Do you read the Sunday color supplements? The doctor suggested supplementing my diet with vitamins E and A.

142 Article5_w_popwin_spray Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, will help me make some long-overdue improvements on the outdoor toilet that supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside. Later this month, we’ll spray the orchard, paint the barn, plant the garden and clean the hen house before the new chicks arrive. spray: vt. force out liquid in small drops upon (followed by with) I’ll have to spray the roses with insecticide to get rid of the greenfly ( 蚜虫 ). They sprayed the President’s car with bullets. A car went past and sprayed me with water. 汽车开过,溅了我一身水。

143 Article6_w_popwin_pursue In between such chores, I manage to spend 50 to 60 hours a week at the typewriter or doing reporting for the freelance articles I sell to magazines and newspapers. Sandy, meanwhile, pursues her own demanding schedule. Besides the usual household routine, she oversees the garden and beehives, bakes bread, cans and freezes, drives the kids to their music lessons, practices with them, takes organ lessons on her own, does research and typing for me, writes an article herself now and then, tends the flower beds, stacks a little wood and delivers the eggs. There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either. pursue: vt. 1)1)be busy with; continue (steadily) with He is pursuing his studies at the university. After graduation Martin chose to pursue the same career as his father as a doctor. 2)follow esp. in order to catch, kill, or defeat The police are pursuing an escaped prisoner.

144 Article6_w_popwin_ wicked In between such chores, I manage to spend 50 to 60 hours a week at the typewriter or doing reporting for the freelance articles I sell to magazines and newspapers. Sandy, meanwhile, pursues her own demanding schedule. Besides the usual household routine, she oversees the garden and beehives, bakes bread, cans and freezes, drives the kids to their music lessons, practices with them, takes organ lessons on her own, does research and typing for me, writes an article herself now and then, tends the flower beds, stacks a little wood and delivers the eggs. There is, as the old saying goes, no rest for the wicked on a place like this -- and not much for the virtuous either. wicked: adj. evil or bad We are all born good, but can be taught to be wicked. 他真邪恶。 I have such a wicked toothache. That was wicked of him.

145 Article9_w_get through The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went. get through: come successfully to the end 当地政府已采取一些措施以确保全体人民熬过冬天。 The local government has taken some measures to ensure that all the people will get through the winter. She got through the entrance examination and was accepted by the college.

146 Article9_w_at that point The next year we grew even more food and managed to get through the winter on firewood that was mostly from our own trees and only 100 gallons of heating oil. At that point I began thinking seriously about quitting my job and starting to freelance. The timing was terrible. By then, Shawn and Amy, our oldest girls were attending expensive Ivy League schools and we had only a few thousand dollars in the bank. Yet we kept coming back to the same question: Will there ever be a better time? The answer, decidedly, was no, and so -- with my employer’s blessings and half a year’s pay in accumulated benefits in my pocket -- off I went. at that point: at that very moment; right then The man suddenly held up a poster. At that point, all TV cameras were pointed at him. The train was now only a couple of yards from the kids on the track. At that point, Anthony threw himself forward and pulled them clear.

147 Article10_w_popwin_on balance There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations. on balance: with all things considered On balance, it’s probably not advisable to change the company’s name. I think, on balance, I prefer the new system. 我想,总的来说我更喜欢新的体制。 NB: balance 的反义词是 imbalance 。 此外,与 balance 有关的其他搭 配有: keep one’s balance 保持平衡 lose one’s balance 失去平衡 strike a balance 力求折中 in the balance 不确定,成败或安危未定

148 Article10_w_popwin_illstrate-1 There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations. illustrate: vt. provide with visual features; clarify by use of examples, etc. Let me use another example to illustrate this difficult point. 抽水机抽水的原理能够用来说明心脏怎样使血液周身循环。 The way that a pump works is used to illustrate how the heart sends blood around the body. CF: illustrate, exemplify & demonstrate 这三个词都是动词,都有 “ 举例说明 ” 之意。 illustrate 表示不仅使用具体事例而且有时使用图画,目的是使说明 生动、逼真或有效,从而真实地说明某一观点。例如:

149 Article10_w_popwin_illstrate-2 There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations. Knights exemplified courage and courtesy. 武士们是勇敢与礼貌的榜样。 Galileo demonstrated that objects of different weights fall at the same speed. CF: illustrate, exemplify & demonstrate exemplify 表示使用事例说明一个笼统而抽象的陈述,或佐以揭示某一 提法的真实。例如: demonstrate 表示用足够数量及可靠的证据说明 某一学术争论、结论的真实性,也 可用于说明人或事。例如: 伽俐略证实了重量不同的物体以同样的速度下落。

150 Article10_w_popwin_ digest There have been a few anxious moments since then, but on balance things have gone much better than we had any right to expect. For various stories of mine, I’ve crawled into black-bear dens for Sports Illustrated, hitched up dogsled racing teams for Smithsonian magazine, checked out the Lake Champlain “monster” for Science Digest, and canoed through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for Destinations. digest: 1.1.n. a short account of written materials or data 2.v. Reader’s Digest is a popular magazine in the US. 1)1)change sth. into a form that the body can use He was so busy that he only read a concise digest of their project. 2) think about sth. carefully and understand it 玛丽吃肥肉不消化。 Mary can’t digest fat. I heard her speech, but I haven’t digested it yet. 吸收新思想往往需要很长时间。 It often takes long time to digest new ideas.

151 Article11_w_popwin_generate I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. generate: vt. bring into existence; produce 煤燃烧时,产生热量。 When coal burns, it generates heat. The widespread use of Spanish in some American cities has generated a public debate over language use in the country. The teacher’s remark generated loud laughter.

152 Article11_w_popwin_insurance I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. insurance: n. guarantee of compensation for loss, damage, sickness, death, etc. in return for regular payment Our firm carries fire insurance. Does your insurance cover damage by flooding?

153 Article11_w_popwin_pick up I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. pick up: Where did you pick up your excellent English? 6) collect someone or something from a place Please pick up all your toys when you’ve finished playing. If he loses the case, Michael will have to pick up the bill for legal costs. I’ll pick you up at your hotel. She picked up a stone and threw it at the window. Mary has been ill, but she’s picking up now. 1) be ready to pay2) take hold of and lift up 3) gain; get 4) improve 5) gather together; collect Click the sentence to match the definition (3) (5) (1) (6) (2) (4)

154 Article11_w_popwin_ premium I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. premium: n. a sum of money paid regularly to an insurance company to protect sb. against some risk of loss or damage The employers make the employees pay for a large portion of their health insurance premium. 他抱怨说,今年汽车保险费增加得太多。 He is complaining that car insurance premiums have increased too much this year.

155 Article11_w_popwin_ aside from I’m not making anywhere near as much money as I did when I was employed full time, but now we don’t need as much either. I generate enough income to handle our $600- a-month mortgage payments plus the usual expenses for a family like ours. That includes everything from music lessons and dental bills to car repairs and college costs. When it comes to insurance, we have a poor man’s major- medical policy. We have to pay the first $500 of any medical fees for each member of the family. It picks up 80% of the costs beyond that. Although we are stuck with paying minor expenses, our premium is low -- only $560 a year --and we are covered against catastrophe. Aside from that and the policy on our two cars at $400 a year, we have no other insurance. But we are setting aside $2,000 a year in an IRA. aside from: except for; in addition to (more usual in American English; same as apart from) Aside from an occasional game of tennis, he doesn’t take any exercise. This composition is good aside from a couple of spelling mistakes. 万籁俱寂,只有从远处偶尔传来汽车喇叭声。 Everything was quiet, aside from the occasional sound of a car in the distance.

156 Article12_w_popwin_cutting back We’ve been able to make up the difference in income by cutting back without appreciably lowering our standard of living. We continue to dine out once or twice a month, but now we patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. We still attend the opera and ballet in Milwaukee but only a few times a year. We eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. Extravagant Christmases are a memory, and we combine vacations with story assignments… cut back: reduce in size or amount The government has cut back on defense spending. We oppose any plans to cut back (on) education budget. 我们反对任何削减教育预算的计划。 Pattern:cut back sth.; cut back on sth.

157 Article12_w_popwin_dine out We’ve been able to make up the difference in income by cutting back without appreciably lowering our standard of living. We continue to dine out once or twice a month, but now we patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. We still attend the opera and ballet in Milwaukee but only a few times a year. We eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies. Extravagant Christmases are a memory, and we combine vacations with story assignments… dine out: eat a meal away from home (usu. in a restaurant) I’m going to dine out with Peter tonight. With the improvement of living standards, more and more people dine out at weekends.

158 Article13_w_popwin_suspect-1 I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home. suspect: Scientists realized that Mars’ evolution had been more complex and fascinating than they had suspected. 1)1)believe to be true, likely or probable 2)believe to be guilty The police suspect him of murder. 1. v. Pattern: suspect that … Pattern:suspect sb./sth. of sth. 2. n. 3. adj. That is a rather suspect answer; I don’t believe it. a person who is suspected of guilt, esp. in a crime The police have arrested two suspects in connection with the bank robbery. of uncertain truth, quality, etc.

159 Article13_w_popwin_suspect-2 I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home. We suspected that he was lost, even before we were told. CF: suspect, assume & presume assume 意思是 “ 假定 ” 、 “ 设想 ” ,指把一件尚未证实的事作为事实或 真理。例如: He is suspected of murdering that old lady. He assumed that the train would be on time. suspect 意思是 “ 猜想 ” 、 “ 觉得会 ” 、 “ 有点感觉到 ” ,表示 有(某事物)存在的想法。另外,该词有 “ 怀疑 ” 、 “ 怀疑某 人有 … 罪 ” 之意。例如: 别人告诉我们之前,我们就怀疑他失踪了。 他被怀疑杀了那位老妇人。 他假定火车会准时到达。 这几个词都可用作动词,都有 “ 主观想像 ” 之意

160 Article13_w_popwin_suspect-3 I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home. The court presumed the death of the man that disappeared during the war. CF: suspect, assume & presume presume 也有 “ 假定 ” 、 “ 设想 ” 的意思,但它指根据过去的经验或某些 现实的感觉把某事认为事实,虽然还没有确定的证据。例如: 法庭假定那个在战争中失踪的人已死亡。

161 Article13_w_popwin_budget-1 I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home. The General Assembly has exclusive authority to set the UN budget, paid for by all members according to an agreed quota. budget: n. a plan of how to arrange private or public income or spending At last, the government’s efforts to balance the budget ended in failure. 最后,政府使预算平衡的努力以失败告终。

162 I suspect not everyone who loves the country would be happy living the way we do. It takes a couple of special qualities. One is a tolerance for solitude. Because we are so busy and on such a tight budget, we don’t entertain much. During the growing season there is no time for socializing anyway. Jim and Emily are involved in school activities, but they too spend most of their time at home. Article13_w_popwin_budget-2 Collocation: 制定预算 draw up a budget submit a budget balance a budget cut/reduce a budget a federal/household/municipal/national budget exceed a budget 提交一项预算报告 平衡预算 超出预算 减少预算 联邦 / 家庭收支 / 市政 / 国家预算

163 Article14_w_popwin_scale The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw. We tested our new teaching methods on a small scale. Indeed only six classes were involved in it. scale: n. a relative level or degree (usu. used in the phrase on a … scale) The project was undertaken on a grand scale. 工程以宏大的规模开始了。

164 Article14_w_popwin_ temptation-1 The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw. The kids can’t resist the temptation of McDonald’s. temptation: n. the feeling of being tempted to do sth. wrong or harmful; the thing you want to have (uncount or count) He couldn’t resist the temptation to steal the jewel.

165 Article14_w-popwin_ temptation-2 The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw. Collocation: 不受诱惑 overcome temptation resist temptation be exposed to temptation succumb to temptation place/put temptation in sb.’s way face temptation 抵制诱惑 受到诱惑 面临诱惑 向诱惑屈服 让某人受诱惑

166 Article14_w_popwin_device-1 The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw. They suspected that an explosive device had been left somewhere inside the building. device: n. a piece of equipment designed to serve a special purpose CF: device, instrument & implement 这几个词都可用作名词,都有 “ 用具 ” 、 “ 器具 ” 之意。 device 表示 “ (为某种用途而制作或改装的)装置、器具 ” 。例如: 她发明了一种能在下雨时自动关闭窗户的装置。 I have fitted a device to my car which opens the garage doors automatically. She invented a device that automatically closes windows when it rains. 我车上装了一个能自动开启车库门的装置。

167 Article14_w_popwin_device-2 The other requirement is energy -- a lot of it. The way to make self-sufficiency work on a small scale is to resist the temptation to buy a tractor and other expensive laborsaving devices. Instead, you do the work yourself. The only machinery we own (not counting the lawn mower) is a little three-horsepower rotary cultivator and a 16-inch chain saw. CF: device, instrument & implement instrument 表示 “ 器械 ” 、 “ 仪器 ” 、 “ 发动机(或航海、航空等)的测 量仪器 ” 、 “ 仪表 ” ,是为技术工作设计的工具,着 重于工具的精密与复杂。例如: All surgical instruments must be sterilized before use. 所有外科手术器械使用前都必须消毒。 implement 指 “ 工具 ” 、 “ 器具 ” ,是通常用于户外的工具,尤指园艺的或 农用的。例如: Man’s earliest implements were carved from stone and bone. 人类最早的工具是用石头和骨头制成的。

168 Article15_w_popwin_ profit-1 How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for. profit: n. Finishing college will be your profit. 1)1)money gained by business 2)advantage gained from some action He makes a big profit from selling waste material to textile companies. He sold his house at a profit. 他出售房子赚了钱。 I have read this book with profit.

169 Article15_w_popwin_ profit-2 How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for. CF: profit, interest & advantage 这几个词都可用作名词,均有 “ 利益 ” 、 “ 好处 ” 之意。 profit 指在物质与精神方面的好处,但以金钱方面为主。例如: As is known to the world, capitalists are tireless in hunting for super profit. 众所周知,资本家对超额利润的追求总是不知疲乏的。 interest 当 “ 利益 ” 讲时常用复数形式。例如: A public servant is to work in the interests of the public. 公务员应该为公众谋利益。

170 Article15_w_popwin_ profit-3 How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for. CF: profit, interest & advantage advantage 常指有利条件或优势地位。例如: Don’t you think it a double advantage for us? 难道你不认为这对我们来说是一件一举两得的事吗? The world situation now is quite to our advantage when we are going all out for our economic construction. 目前的世界形势对我们全力以赴搞经济建设十分有利。

171 Article15_w_popwin_ invest How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for. invest: v. use money to make a profit out of something that will increase in value She decided to invest $10,000 in the gas industry. My parents intend to invest in stocks and bonds. Many businessmen are investing in farming. 许多商人正在向农业投资。

172 Article15_w_popwin_primarily How much longer we’ll have enough energy to stay on here is anybody’s guess -- perhaps for quite a while, perhaps not. When the time comes, we’ll leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what we’ve been able to accomplish. We should make a fair profit on the sale of the place, too. We've invested about $35,000 of our own money in it, and we could just about double that if we sold today. But this is not a good time to sell. Once economic conditions improve, however, demand for farms like ours should be strong again. We didn’t move here primarily to earn money though. We came because we wanted to improve the quality of our lives. When I watch Emily collecting eggs in the evening, fishing with Jim on the river or enjoying an old-fashioned picnic in the orchard with the entire family, I know we’ve found just what we were looking for. primarily: adv. mainly; chiefly We are primarily concerned with improving our working conditions. Men can usually run faster than women, primarily because they have greater muscular strength. 男子通常比女子跑得快,主要是因为他们的肌肉力量更大。


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