Establishing Foundational Knowledge Interactive Slide Lecture Topic: The Civil Rights Movement Central Question: What actions were civil rights activists justified in using to achieve social justice in the 1960s?
Asking Questions of Witnesses Study the image closely for details. What do you see? Select 3 people in this picture. What questions would you want to ask these people? Speculate on how you think those individuals would answer your questions.
Foundational Knowledge: Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
Integration in Little Rock 9/3/1957 Governor Faubus orders National Guard to block the entrance of 9 black students to Central High School 9/20/1957 Faubus ordered by federal court to remove National Guard 9/23/1957 Black students admitted to Central HS but withdrawn after riots 9/25/1957 Pres. Eisenhower sends federal troops to enforce the desegregation order and escort students to classes 8/18/1958 Federal judge grants 2 ½ year postponement of integration. U.S. Court of appeals overrules integration postponement 9/27/1958 Little Rock votes against integration. All public schools are closed for the year 8/12/1959 Little Rock public high schools re-open. Four black students attend Central High
Strategies for Social Change What strategy for bringing about social change does Little Rock exemplify?
Historical Perspective Taking Study the image carefully. What do you see? Step into the slide and assume the role of one of the figures Answer questions posed by a news reporter as you think that person would
Sit-In Campaign February 1, 1960Sit-ins begin in Greensboro, NC February 13, 1960 Largest sit-ins begin in Nashville, TN March 15, 1960 Sit-ins at 10 locations in Atlanta, GA May 10, 1960 Six Nashville lunch counters begin serving blacks July 25, 1960 Greensboro lunch counters begin serving blacks Feb-Dec 1960 Over 70,000 activists have participated in sit-ins throughout South and in some northern cities September, 1961 Atlanta lunch counters begin serving blacks
Strategies for Change What strategy for bringing about social change does the Sit-In movement exemplify?
Document Analysis: Interpreting the Message of a Staged Photograph Study the image carefully. What do you see? What are the crucial elements included in this photograph? Why do you think the various items are included in the photograph? What impressions do those items make with you?
Document Analysis: Interpreting the Message of a Staged Photograph Who do you think is the audience for this photograph? Taken as a whole, what message does this photograph convey to its audience?
Black Panther Party October 1966: Black Panther Party for Self-Defense founded in Oakland, CA Advocated self-determination in black communities – Community programs to assist black citizens and spread BPP ideology – Armed Panthers monitor police activity in black neighborhoods May 1967: Protest at California legislature BPP chapters form in 25 cities across country Confrontations with police increase; FBI infiltrates
Strategies for Change What strategy for bringing about social change does the Black Panther movement exemplify?
Strategies for Change What actions were civil rights activists justified in using to achieve social justice in the 1960s? Working through the Legal System Non-violent Civil Disobedience Black Power