Presentation on theme: "Robo-Ethics Rafael Capurro ラファエル・カプーロ International Center for Information Ethics 国際情報倫理学研究センター Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation."— Presentation transcript:
Robo-Ethics Rafael Capurro ラファエル・カプーロ International Center for Information Ethics 国際情報倫理学研究センター Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation - University of Tsukuba Joint Symposium Robo-Ethics and „Mind-Body-Schema“ of Human and Robot Challenges for a Better Quality of Life University of Tsukuba, Japan January 23, 2015
2 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? How quickly?
3 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? Who will use them?
4 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? For what purposes?
5 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? With what kind of inbuilt rules of behaviour?
6 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? What are the social risks and opportunities?
7 A Robot Age With what consequences for: Self-awareness Everyday life Working environment Ecology Privacy / Publicness Safety / Security Surveillance
8 Robots and Humans A world of networked robots Sharing the world with others
9 Robots and Humans What is a robot?Who are we?
10 Robots and Humans The more computable a being is, the more and the better it is. Freedom: the capacity to opt for diverse forms of being-in-the-world.
11 Robots and Humans The more computable a being is, the more and the better it is Feelings open dimensions of being-in-the-world
12 Robots and Humans Being a robot is more and better than being a human Sharing bodily the world with others
13 Robots and Humans Linear robot timeThree-dimensional human (spatial-)temporality Situation - Ba 場
14 Ethics of Care More subjected to linear time More free time
15 Ethics of Care Care tends to take the place of the other, Care opens up a path for the other to care for him or herself. a “care for the other” (“Fürsorge”) from one pole in which such “care” tends to take the place of the other, to the other pole that opens up a path for the other to care for him or herself. (
16 Ethics of Care Replacing humansDeplacing humans
17 Ethics of Care DominatingLiberating
18 Ethics of Care Exacerbating capitalismTaming capitalism
19 Ethics of Care Dehumanizing warA-humanizing war?
20 Ethics of Care AlgorithmsRules of fair play
21 Humans and Robots What are we in the robot era? Who are we in the robot era?
22 Humans and Robots Human-Robot interactionHuman-Human interplay
23 Humans and Robots Culturally detached view of robots Cultural embeddedness of humans
24 Conclusion Adapting social ‚immune systems‘ (Sloterdijk) to robots Adapting robots to social ‚immune systems‘ 免疫系（め んえきけい ) (me nekikei)
25 Conclusion Taking care of robots in the robot era Taking care of each other in the common world
26 Conclusion Self and selfless robotsHuman self and selflessness
27 Conclusion What are robots? They are masks of human desire(s)
28 Conclusion Cosima Wagner writes in her book „Robotopia Nipponica. Research on the Acceptance of Robots in Japan“ (2013): "[...] "social robots" illustrate the "negotiation character of the creation and use of technological artefacts" (Hörning), which for example includes the rejection of military applications of robot technology in Japan.
29 Conclusion On the other hand, as a cultural topos, they mirror dreams, desires and needs of human beings at a certain time and therefore have to be interpreted as political objects as well.
30 Conclusion As a source for a Japanese history of objects "social" robots exemplify the cultural meaning of robots, the expectations of the Japanese state and economy, the mentality of Japanese engineers and scientists
31 Conclusion and last but not least the socio-cultural change, which the ageing Japanese society is about to face.„ (Cosima Wagner, 2013)
32 どうも 有難う 御座います
33 References Capurro, Rafael: Medicine 2.0. Reflections on a pathology of the information society. In: Innovation, journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa, Nr 46, June 2013 (Special Issue: Information Ethics, ed. Stephen Mutula) pp Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Biometrics. Contribution to Tabula Rasa (FP : Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks, Deliverable D 7.2) (Questions by Andrew P. Rebera) Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Value Ageing. (Questions by Barry Guihen)(FP 7, 2013)
34 References Capurro, Rafael: Toward a Comparative Theory of Agents. In: AI & Society, Vol. 27, 4 (2012), Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. Contribution to the Workshop organized by Cybernics, University of Tsukuba (Japan), September 30, In: Cybernics Technical Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba 2011, (CYB CYB March 2011). Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. In: IEEE ISTAS – International Symposium Technology and Society, Australia Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvB6cYzDkcg Proceedings: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvB6cYzDkcg
35 References Capurro, Rafael: Toward a comparative theory of agents. In AI & Society, 27, 4 (2012), Capurro, Rafael: Ethics and Robotics. In: Rafael Capurro and Michael Nagenborg: Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg 2009, Capurro, Rafael and Nakada, Makoto: An Intercultural Dialogue on Roboethics. In: ibid. (Eds.): The Quest for Information Ethics and Roboethics in East and West. Research Report on trends in information ethics and roboethics in Japan and the West. ReGIS and ICIE, March 31, 2013, pp (ISSN ). Capurro, Rafael, Eldred, Michael and Nagel, Daniel: Digital Whoness: Identity, Privacy and Freedom in the Cyberworld. Frankfurt Capurro, Rafael and Marsiske, Hans-Arthur: Der Moment des Triumphs. -Dialog über ein Bild. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012,
36 References Capurro, Rafael: Wer ist der Mensch? Überlegungen zu einer vergleichenden Theorie der Agenten. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012, Capurro, Rafael and Nagenborg, Michael (Eds.): Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg ETICA: Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT Applications (FP 7, ): Deliverable 3.2 Evaluation Report (M. Rader, ed.) Deliverable Ethical Evaluation (M. Nageborg, R. Capurro) Deliverable 2.2 Normative Issues Report (R. Heersmink, J. van den Hoven, J. Timmermans)
37 References ETHICBOTS: Emerging Technoethics of Human Interaction with Communication, Bionics and Robotic Systems (FP 6, ): Deliverable 4 : Analysis of national and international EU regulations and Ethical Councils Opinions related with technologies for the integration of human and artificial entities (R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel) See also: R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel: Ethical Regulations on Robotics in Europe. In: AI & Society, 22 (2008), Deliverable 5 Technoethical Case Studies in Robotics, Bionics, and Related AI Agent Technologies(R. Capurro, G. Tamburrini, J. Weber, eds.)
38 References Kimura, T, Nakada, M., Suzuki, K., Sankai, Y. (Eds.): Cybernics Technical Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba, March CYB – CYB Nishigaki, Toru: Is a Society of Cohabitation with Robots Possible? In: Toru Nishigaki and Tadashi Takenouchi (Eds.): Information Ethics. The Future of Humanities. Nagoya City 2012, Wagner, Cosima: Robotopia Nipponica – Recherchen zur Akzeptanz von Robotern in Japan. Marburg frankfurt.de/japlehre/English_abstract_Robotopia_Nipponica_CW.pdf frankfurt.de/japlehre/English_abstract_Robotopia_Nipponica_CW.pdf