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Medical Arts of the Maya of Yucatan & Chiapas. Five Areas of Traditional Practice  I´lolPulse Reader  Koponej witzPrayer Healer  Jve´t´omeMidwife 

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Arts of the Maya of Yucatan & Chiapas. Five Areas of Traditional Practice  I´lolPulse Reader  Koponej witzPrayer Healer  Jve´t´omeMidwife "— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Arts of the Maya of Yucatan & Chiapas

2 Five Areas of Traditional Practice  I´lolPulse Reader  Koponej witzPrayer Healer  Jve´t´omeMidwife  Tzac´Bak Bone Healer  Ac´vomol Herbalist

3 Mayan Medicine offers:  Prayers  Wooden Crosses  Incense  Flowers  Posh  Soda (Coke)  Herbs  Candles

4 I´lol (Pulse Reader)  Diagnosis from blood flow.  Source: fear, envy, bad spirits or organic.  Cure: elements of nature

5 Koponej witz (Prayer Healer)  To: spirit of Earth in cardinal directions.  Uses: candles, incense, basil.  During: family or community crisis.

6 Midife Jve´t´ome(Midwife)

7  Tut Vomol: post-partum bleeding  San Martin Vomol: hurry birth  Meste: hemorrage, vomiting  Sitit: post-partum bleeding  Altamixa Vomol: bleeding & pain  Veronika Vomol: fever

8 Don Rodolfo: Our First Informant  Modern food disease.  Traditional healing & the new generation.  Remedies.  Eye Cleansing: Albahaca seeds (Basil)

9 Doña Fermenia  Household herbal remedies.  Cancerora Xiu  Ka´nan: pimples.

10 Don Antoñio: Our Unofficial Guide  The poet  The politician  Views on pesticides

11 Doña Marga: Curandera Prayer Healer  Who comes to see you?  Will you pass on the Sastun?  Los Dioses or The Four Dwarves.  The sacredness of the healing arts.

12 Remedies & Fortune Telling  Gallstones & Evil Eye.  The Candles: a way to see.  3 Our Fathers – Syncretism.  Communication with 3 brothers.  The Gift.

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14 Museo De la Medicina Maya  Centre for Development of Mayan medicine was established to preserve traditional knowledge  Informant Miguel Medicinal information has been passed down from traditional Mayan healers for centuries

15 The sacred and organic connected  Earth with plants  Alcohol with water  Candles with fire  Air with prayer  When we die, we return to the earth

16  All parts of the plant and animals are used  leaf, bark, stem, root, fruit, nut, seeds  PICHE –Use- shampoo –Use- diarrhea  One plant can be used for multiple ailments  MEXICAN APPLE –Use-hypertension –Use-dysentry

17 Animal Uses  STINGRAY –For Migraines –Part Used: Spine  BEE –For Body Cramps –Part Used: Stinger  SNAKE –For Reumatism –Part Used: Fat

18 Animal Uses  OPPOSUM –For Speeding up child birth –Part Used: Tail  BLACK SPIDER –Inflamation of the testicles –Part Used: Fangs

19 Minerals  LIMESTONE –For fallen womb  OBSIDION –For asthma  BLACK MUD –For intestinal inflamation

20 Hot and Cold Plants Exemplify Principles of Balance  Hot and cold are determined in the preparation  Cough - cold  Eucalyptus -warm (vicks) (vicks)  Whooping cough - warm  Hibiscus - cold

21 Hot and Cold  Childbirth - warm  Ramon Tree - cold –used to help speed up childbirth Ramon tree located at the Botanical Gardens in Merida

22 Present Status of Knowledge  Museum located on outskirts of town  Financial struggle  Knowledge not easily disceminated or passed on

23 Modern Ailments  Pop & Junk Food –Factory food was ruining people´s diets, he scolded. People were being afflicted with what he called ´modern food disease.´ Junk, or cochinada (pigged) food was at the root of most of his patients ailments, which he noticed were worsening in the recent decades –Rosita Arvigo, SASTUN

24 Modern Ailments  Diabetes  Miscarriages & Birth Problems  Heart Disorders

25 Contemporary Views  Don Elijio: –Traditional healing has become so confused with black magic that many now fear working with spiritual forces, even when used for healing and service –Don Elijio, SASTUN

26 Credibility  Only helps, never harms  Count the successes, not the failures  Often an untapped resource  Examples –Oranges back –Mary´s knee

27 Oranges BEFOREAFTER

28 BEFOREAFTER

29 Tzac´Bak (Bone Healer)  Fractures, joints, sprains, swelling  Treatment contains: posh, blowing, spitting, whistling, manipulation of joints and muscles, bandaging  Herbs, candles, incense.

30 Doña Julia  Town of Zinacantan  Mary and I went to visit her, but were only shown the directions after Mary expressed her knee pain

31 Doña Julia and Mary  Read Pulse  Put posh in her mouth, and sprayed it on her knee  Massaged and moved around the joint  Pain was relieved after only 15 minutes of her work!  Refused payment

32 Remedies From Mayan Pharmacy  We have been passing around: –Reumaetik Ointment, –Golpetik Ointment –Pomada para las vías respiratorias –Romero –Tronadora –Turasnu Vomol –Compuesto Vegetal –Angelica –Eucalipto –Ajetetes  Also, a table of various herbs and ailment remedies.

33 Last Words from Don Elijio ”Fewer than one-half of 1 percent of the planet´s 250,000 species have been exhaustively analyzed for their chemical composition and medicinal properties. From that one-half of one percent, some 25 percent of all our prescription pharmaceuticals have been discovered.” ---Don Elijio, SASTUN


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