Presentation on theme: "Three Learning Domains"— Presentation transcript:
1Three Learning Domains Bloom et al. are well known for dividing categories of learning into the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The cognitive domain involves the learning and application of knowledge. The affective domain addresses the acquisition of attitudes and values, and the psychomotor domain involves development of the body and skills it performs.
2Domain TaxonomiesA taxonomy classifies information into a hierarchy of levels. Domain taxonomies reveal that what educators want students to accomplish (expressed by educational objectives) can be arranged into levels of complexity, and that those levels are best fulfilled sequentially.Example: The food guide pyramid is a taxonomy of levels based on number of servings, or relative contribution of a particular food group to total food intake.nutrition/pyramid.htm
3Cognitive DomainThe cognitive domain involves the learning and application of knowledge. The taxonomy contains six levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device:1/Bin-Thinking-logo.jpgKnowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis EvaluationKickball Can Almost Always Seem EnjoyableB. Bloom, ed., Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: McKay, 1956.
4Cognitive Domain Levels DescriptionVerbsObjectiveKnowledgeTo recall or recognize information in some pre-arranged form.DefineListDefine levels of cognitive domain.Comprehen- sionTo understand meaning of information based on prior learning.Describe ExplainInterpretExplain purpose of cognitive domain.ApplicationTo utilize information to complete a task with limited direction.ComputeSolve UseWrite objective for levels of cognitive domain.AnalysisTo classify and relate assumptions or evidence.ContrastExamineCompare cognitive & affective domains.SynthesisTo integrate or combine ideas into a new product or plan.Design Develop OrganizeDesign way to write objectives that combines 3 domains.EvaluationCritique idea based on specific standards and criteria.Appraise Judge JustifyJudge effectiveness of writing objectives using taxonomy.
5Cognitive Domain Levels Research over the last 40 years has confirmed the taxonomy as a hierarchy, with the exception of the last two levels. It is uncertain whether synthesis and evaluation should be reversed, or whether synthesis and evaluation are at the same level of difficulty, but use different cognitive processes.Creative ThinkingCritical ThinkingSynthesisEvaluationAnalysisApplicationComprehensionKnowledge
6Affective DomainThe affective domain addresses the acquisition of attitudes and values. The taxonomy contains five levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device:archive htmlReceiving Responding Valuing Organization CharacterizationRegular Rude Vices Offend ChristKrathwohl, D., et al. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook II: Affective domain. New York: McKay.
7Affective Domain Levels DescriptionVerbsObjectiveReceivingBeing aware of, or attending to something in the environment.Listen Notice TolerateListen attentively to badminton introduction.RespondingShowing some new behavior as a result of experience.Comply Enjoy FollowVoluntarily help set up badminton nets.ValuingShowing some definite involvement or commitment.Carry out ExpressAttend optional badminton match.OrganizationIntegrating a new value into one's general set of values relative to other priorities.Choose Consider PreferPurchase own badminton racket.CharacterizationActing consistently with the new value; person is known by the value.Act on Depict ExemplifyJoin intramurals to play badminton twice per week.
8Psychomotor DomainThe psychomotor domain involves development of the body and skills it performs. The taxonomy contains seven levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device:Specialist-04/Tennis-01.jpgPerceiving Patterning Accommodating Refining Varying Improvising ComposingPremium Pandas Acquire Rare Value In ChinaBressan’s adaptations of Jewett et al., “Educational change through a taxonomy for writing physical education objectives,” Quest 15, 35-36, 1971.
9Psychomotor Domain Levels DescriptionVerbsObjectivePerceivingRecognizing movement position or pattern.Listen ObserveDiscover headstand movement principles.PatterningReproducing movement position or pattern.Imitate PracticePerform headstand following modeling.AccommodatingUsing or modifying movement position or pattern.Adjust ModifyUse headstand in routine.RefiningDemonstrating efficient control in performing pattern.Improve MasterPerform headstand with pointed toes.VaryingPerforming movement pattern in different ways.Design DevelopPerform headstand in three positions.ImprovisingOriginating novel movement or movement combinations.Construct InventCombine headstand with new skill.ComposingCreating unique movement pattern.Create InventCreate floor exercise routine.