Presentation on theme: "Bloom et al. are well known for dividing categories of learning into the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The cognitive domain involves the."— Presentation transcript:
Bloom et al. are well known for dividing categories of learning into the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The cognitive domain involves the learning and application of knowledge. The affective domain addresses the acquisition of attitudes and values, and the psychomotor domain involves development of the body and skills it performs. Three Learning Domains
A taxonomy classifies information into a hierarchy of levels. Domain taxonomies reveal that what educators want students to accomplish (expressed by educational objectives) can be arranged into levels of complexity, and that those levels are best fulfilled sequentially. Domain Taxonomies nutrition/pyramid.htm Example: The food guide pyramid is a taxonomy of levels based on number of servings, or relative contribution of a particular food group to total food intake.
Cognitive Domain The cognitive domain involves the learning and application of knowledge. The taxonomy contains six levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device: B. Bloom, ed., Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: McKay, Kickball Can Almost Always Seem Enjoyable Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation 1/Bin- Thinking-logo.jpg
Cognitive Domain Levels LevelDescriptionVerbsObjective KnowledgeTo recall or recognize information in some pre-arranged form. Define List Define levels of cognitive domain. Comprehen- sion To understand meaning of information based on prior learning. Describe Explain Interpret Explain purpose of cognitive domain. ApplicationTo utilize information to complete a task with limited direction. Compute Solve Use Write objective for levels of cognitive domain. AnalysisTo classify and relate assumptions or evidence. Contrast Examine Compare cognitive & affective domains. SynthesisTo integrate or combine ideas into a new product or plan. Design Develop Organize Design way to write objectives that combines 3 domains. EvaluationCritique idea based on specific standards and criteria. Appraise Judge Justify Judge effectiveness of writing objectives using taxonomy.
Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis SynthesisEvaluation Creative ThinkingCritical Thinking Research over the last 40 years has confirmed the taxonomy as a hierarchy, with the exception of the last two levels. It is uncertain whether synthesis and evaluation should be reversed, or whether synthesis and evaluation are at the same level of difficulty, but use different cognitive processes. Cognitive Domain Levels
Affective Domain The affective domain addresses the acquisition of attitudes and values. The taxonomy contains five levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device: Regular Rude Vices Offend Christ Receiving Responding Valuing Organization Characterization Krathwohl, D., et al. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook II: Affective domain. New York: McKay. archive html
Affective Domain Levels LevelDescriptionVerbsObjective ReceivingBeing aware of, or attending to something in the environment. Listen Notice Tolerate Listen attentively to badminton introduction. RespondingShowing some new behavior as a result of experience. Comply Enjoy Follow Voluntarily help set up badminton nets. ValuingShowing some definite involvement or commitment. Carry out Express Attend optional badminton match. OrganizationIntegrating a new value into one's general set of values relative to other priorities. Choose Consider Prefer Purchase own badminton racket. CharacterizationActing consistently with the new value; person is known by the value. Act on Depict Exemplify Join intramurals to play badminton twice per week.
Psychomotor Domain The psychomotor domain involves development of the body and skills it performs. The taxonomy contains seven levels that can be remembered by the following mnemonic device: Premium Pandas Acquire Rare Value In China Perceiving Patterning Accommodating Refining Varying Improvising Composing Bressan’s adaptations of Jewett et al., “Educational change through a taxonomy for writing physical education objectives,” Quest 15, 35-36, Specialist-04/Tennis-01.jpg
Psychomotor Domain Levels LevelDescriptionVerbsObjective PerceivingRecognizing movement position or pattern. Listen Observe Discover headstand movement principles. PatterningReproducing movement position or pattern. Imitate Practice Perform headstand following modeling. AccommodatingUsing or modifying movement position or pattern. Adjust Modify Use headstand in routine. RefiningDemonstrating efficient control in performing pattern. Improve Master Perform headstand with pointed toes. VaryingPerforming movement pattern in different ways. Design Develop Perform headstand in three positions. ImprovisingOriginating novel movement or movement combinations. Construct Invent Combine headstand with new skill. ComposingCreating unique movement pattern. Create Invent Create floor exercise routine.