Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3: The Promise Is Fulfilled in Christ"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3: The Promise Is Fulfilled in Christ THE MYSTERY OF REDEMPTION
2 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation ANTICIPATORY SET Incorporate a reading of the Annunciation (cf. Lk 1:26–38) into the class’s opening prayer. You may wish to make this the basis of a meditation during which you pray the first decade of the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary.
3 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation BASIC QUESTIONSWhy is Mary said to be “full of grace”?How did Mary respond to grace?Who is St. Joseph?KEY IDEASMary is “full of grace” because of her Immaculate Conception, a gift appropriate in virtue of her role as Mother of God.Wholly borne by grace, Mary assented to and cooperated in God’s plan and never committed an actual sin.Mary’s spouse, Joseph, a “just man,” also freely cooperated with God’s plan and became Jesus’ foster father, helping provide a human family for Christ.
4 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the Paschal Mystery? The redemption accomplished by the Suffering, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. What is the geographical difference between the events of the Annunciation and the Nativity? The Annunciation took place in Nazareth, a small town in the region of the north of Israel called Galilee, whereas the Nativity occurred in Bethlehem near Jerusalem in Judea. What does “full of grace” mean, according to CCC 490? It means that Mary was enriched by God with gifts appropriate to someone who would be the mother of the Savior. Mary was wholly borne by God’s grace, which made it possible for her to make her free assent of faith.
5 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation GUIDED EXERCISE Have the students write for a few minutes on the questions listed under “This Chapter Will Address Several Questions” that they currently know the most about. Briefly share responses.
6 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat does “full of grace” mean in relation to the term “kecharitomene”? Luke relates the angel Gabriel giving this Greek word, which we translate as “full of grace,” as a proper name for Mary, a term never before used as a title in Sacred Scripture. What is the relationship of “full of grace” to the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception? “Full of grace” expresses the fully developed doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, which is “The most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin.”
7 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the significance of the name that God gives his Son? The name, Jesus, means, “God saves.” It expresses Jesus’ identity and mission as the Son of God who would save the people from their sins. Why is Mary traditionally called the spouse of the Holy Spirit? Because, as Gabriel explained, the child would be born of the Holy Spirit. For the first and only time in human history a woman would conceive a child by divine intervention. What does the Virgin Birth mean? It means that Jesus was conceived solely by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary. Jesus was conceived “by the Holy Spirit without human seed.”
8 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation GUIDED EXERCISE Have the students work with a partner to make a bullet point summary of implications of the Immaculate Conception for Mary based on the paragraph beginning, “This perennial teaching of the Church” (p. 73) and CCC 493.
9 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the theological meaning of Jesus’ divine sonship? Jesus is a divine Person with two natures, one human and one divine. What is the relationship between Mary’s “yes” and Eve’s “no”? Mary’s “yes” to God overturned Eve’s “no” to him, which created the need for a Savior.
10 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the Incarnation? It is the conception of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In what sense does salvation depend on Mary? The Incarnation required Mary’s consent. What is Mary’s “fiat”? “Fiat” is Latin for “be it done to me” and refers to Mary’s consent to the Angel’s announcement.
11 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation GUIDED EXERCISE Conduct a think/pair/share on the following question: How does Mary fulfill Isaiah’s prophecy that “a virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and his name shall be called Emmanuel (which means, God with us)”?
12 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSHow do Mary’s and Joseph’s cooperation indicate man’s role in God’s salvation? God counts on faith-filled human cooperation to implement his plan of salvation. Man’s role is to cooperate freely with God. What does Scripture mean when it refers to Joseph as a “just man”? It means he was someone faithful to God’s will. What was Joseph’s role in Jesus’ life? He was Jesus’ legal, not biological, father. God wanted Jesus to be born into a family so he could be formed by both a father and a mother, thus sharing fully in the human experience.
13 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat was Joseph’s annunciation? Joseph had discovered that Mary was going to have a baby. In a dream he learned from an angel that he should not be afraid to take Mary as his wife because the child was conceived of the Holy Spirit. What was Joseph’s “fiat”? Without saying a word, Joseph “did as the angel of the Lord commanded him.” Which persons best exemplify cooperation with God in the work of salvation? The saints, beginning with Mary and Joseph.
14 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation CLOSURE Have the students write a paragraph explaining the meaning of the Angel’s greeting that Mary is “full of grace.”
15 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTReadingGenealogy of Christ through the sidebar The Ark of the Covenant (pp. 76–79)Study QuestionsQuestions 1-6.Practical Exercise 1.WorkbookQuestions 1–10.
16 1. The Announcement of Jesus’ Incarnation ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENTHave the students create a graphic organizer comparing the two “annunciations” to each Mary and Joseph.Possible categories to compare them are:To whom the announcement is made.Who makes the announcement.The role of fear.The message of the announcement.How the persons respond.
17 2. The Genealogies and the Visitation ANTICIPATORY SET Incorporate a reading of the events surrounding the Visitation (cf. Lk 1: 5–25, 39–80) into the class’s opening prayer. You may wish to make this the basis of a meditation during which you pray the second decade of the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary.
18 2. Man’s Early Immortality BASIC QUESTIONSWhat do the genealogies of Christ teach?How is Mary the Ark of the Covenant?KEY IDEASLuke’s and Matthew’s genealogies teach us that Jesus Christ is the son of Abraham in the line of the Davidic kings and a son of Adam whose salvation is for all men: both the Chosen People and Gentiles of every age and condition.Mary’s visit to Elizabeth reveals that the pregnant Mary is the Ark of the New Covenant.
19 2. Man’s Early Immortality GUIDED EXERCISE Conduct a think/pair/share on the following question: How does Matthew’s genealogy imply that Jesus is the perfect descendant or “doubly perfect” son of David and Abraham?
20 2. Man’s Early Immortality FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the most basic difference between Luke’s and Matthew’s genealogies of Christ’s ancestry? Luke begins with Jesus and traces him back to Adam. Matthew begins with Abraham and traces his descendants forward through David to Jesus. What is the basic point of Luke’s genealogy? Jesus is the “new Adam.” Not only is he a descendant of Adam but he will redeem every descendant of Adam. Is Matthew’s genealogy a listing of Jewish saints? No. It includes great figures in Jewish history as well as horrible failures.
21 2. Man’s Early Immortality FOCUS QUESTIONSHow does Matthew’s genealogy support Jesus’ kingship? It shows that Jesus is descended from the long line of Davidic kings. What is significant in Matthew’s inclusion of women in his genealogy? It was customary to limit genealogies to a person’s male ancestors, reflecting the attitude of the “insignificance” of women. Matthew’s inclusion reflected that Christ would restore women to their original dignity and equality with men.
22 2. Man’s Early Immortality FOCUS QUESTIONSHow did Pilate acknowledge Jesus’ universal kingship? He directed that a parchment with the words, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews,” be placed on the Cross in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, languages, which represent the universality of Christ’s kingship, which includes both the Chosen People and the Gentiles. What is one way that David’s transfer of the Ark to Jerusalem and Mary’s visit to Elizabeth were similar? When the Ark was brought into Jerusalem, David danced for joy. When Mary came into Elizabeth’s presence, the baby in her womb “leapt for joy.”
23 2. Man’s Early Immortality FOCUS QUESTIONSWhy is Mary properly called the Ark of the New Covenant? In her womb, she carried Jesus Christ, the presence of God on earth, who would establish the New Covenant in his Blood. How does Elizabeth acknowledge that Mary is the Mother of God? Elizabeth calls Mary “the Mother of my Lord.” How is the Hail Mary prayer one way in which Mary’s declaration that “All generations will call me blessed” came true? In the Hail Mary, we repeat the words of the angel Gabriel and Elizabeth, a prayer said by millions every day.
24 2. Man’s Early Immortality FOCUS QUESTIONSDo we know why Mary visited her cousin Elizabeth? We don’t know why. We only know she did immediately after the angel told her that Elizabeth was going to have a child in three months, the length of time Mary stayed with her. Extension: It was probably to help Elizabeth in the final months of her pregnancy. What is the Ark of the Covenant? It was an ornate box, designed by God, which contained some manna, Aaron’s rod, and the tables of the covenant. What did the Ark of the Covenant represent for the Chosen People? The presence of God.
25 2. Man’s Early Immortality GUIDED EXERCISE Have the students complete the following table to show how Mary is the Ark of the New Covenant.ContentArk of the CovenantThe Pregnant MaryNourishmentAuthorityTeaching
26 2. Man’s Early Immortality GUIDED EXERCISEContentArk of the CovenantThe Pregnant MaryNourishmentThe Ark contained a jar of manna, the heavenly food with which God fed the Chosen People while they wandered in the desert.Mary’s womb held Jesus who called himself the true Bread from Heaven who gives us his Body and Blood as spiritual food and drink.AuthorityAaron’s rod indicated his authority and leadership over Israel as priest.Jesus in Mary’s womb would one day reign over the universal and everlasting Kingdom of God. Jesus would be eternal High Priest of the New Covenant.TeachingThe Ark held the two tablets of the law, which God gave to Moses.Jesus would correct and perfect the Mosaic Law with hisCommandment of Love.
27 2. Man’s Early Immortality Closure Have the students write a paragraph summarizing either what the genealogies reveal about Christ or how Mary is the Ark of the New Covenant.
28 2. Man’s Early Immortality HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTReadingThe Birth of the Redeemer through The Finding in the Temple and Christ’s Obedience (pp. 80–86)Study QuestionsQuestions 7-12.Practical Exercise 2.WorkbookQuestions
29 2. Man’s Early Immortality ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Have the students work with a partner to complete Practical Exercise 2 on what ideas are present in Mary’s Magnificat (cf. Lk 1:46–55).
30 3. Jesus’ Hidden LifeANTICIPATORY SET Incorporate a reading of the Nativity (cf. Lk 2:1–21) into the class’s opening prayer. You may wish to make this the basis of a meditation during which you pray the third decade of the Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary.
31 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life BASIC QUESTIONS What is the Nativity? What is Christian poverty?What is the Presentation?What is the Finding in the Temple?Why did Jesus live obedience during his hidden years?KEY IDEASJesus was born in poverty in a stable in Bethlehem, witnessed by lowly shepherds and wise Gentiles.We are called to live the virtue of Christian poverty, which is detachment from material things.At the Presentation, Jesus was recognized as the Messiah by Anna and Simeon.At the Finding of Jesus in the Temple the child was revealed as wise Son of the Father.Jesus lived obedience in his ordinary, hidden life to undo the disobedience of Adam.
32 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS What are examples of the poverty that Christ lived at the beginning and end of his life? He was born in a stable and on the Cross he died stripped of everything. What is Christian poverty? It is detachment from the material possessions of the world. How is Christian poverty both negative and positive? It is negative in that it means voluntarily not having or using things. It is positive in that this poverty gives us the freedom to put material things in their place and God in his.
33 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS Who are the first persons to receive the good news of Jesus’ Birth? The shepherds who were watching their flocks in the fields surrounding Bethlehem. Why were the shepherds unlikely candidates to receive the news that a new King of the Jews had been born? They were poor and ignorant members of the lowest class in Jewish society. What does the privilege the shepherds received probably signify? It is for the poor and the humble that Christ had come.
34 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS What does the angels’ announcement “for to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord” mean? (1) Christ was born for them, the poor and lowly. (2) He is the one indicated in Micah’s prophecy that a ruler will come from the city of David, and so from David’s line. (3) He is the long-awaited Messiah. (4) Jesus as Lord means he is Son of God. What is the significance of Christ being placed in a manger? It shows his poverty and that he came for the poor.
35 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS What is the significance of the visit from the wise men from the east? The visit from these Gentiles show that Christ came not only for Jews but for all people. What is the significance of the three gifts the wise men brought? Gold, frankincense, and myrrh represented, respectively, Christ’s kingship, his priesthood, and his crucifixion.
36 3. Jesus’ Hidden LifeGUIDED EXERCISE Have the students free write on ways they can practice a voluntary poverty in their current lives and what they might get out of it. Share responses.
37 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS Can we live without material possessions? No. It is impossible. Why are material things a problem for religious life? Because they can become our “gods,” suffocating friendship with Christ. How is the episode with the rich young man a warning about attachment to material things? Even though he was obviously a good man, obeying all the commandments, he turned down the offer to be “perfect” and to be a follower of Christ because of his many possessions. What is the message of CCC 544? God has a preference for the poor and lowly.
38 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS What was the dual purpose of the Presentation ritual? The cleansing of the mother from ritual impurity and the redeeming of the firstborn son. Why should Mary and Jesus have been exempt from these sacrifices? Mary had no need of purification, and Jesus didn’t need to be redeemed because he is the Redeemer. What conclusion can be drawn from the fact that the Holy Family nevertheless carried out the precepts of the Mosaic Law? They wanted to be obedient in everything. What did Simeon and Anna recognize in the baby Jesus? They recognized him as the Messiah.
39 3. Jesus’ Hidden LifeGUIDED EXERCISE Have the students read the Canticle of Simeon (cf. Lk 2:29–32) and work with a partner to explain what it means.
40 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS Why was Jesus able to be lost for a whole day without his parents knowing it? The men and women were traveling separately in large groups. Jesus was twelve and he would have been able to travel with either the men or women. Both Joseph and Mary probably though Jesus was with the other. How long was Jesus lost to Mary and Joseph? Three days. How was the finding in the Temple a revelation of Christ’s divinity? Even though Jesus was only twelve, the teachers of Judaism were amazed at Jesus’ understanding. Jesus told his parents he was in his Father’s house, meaning that God was his Father.
41 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life FOCUS QUESTIONS What virtue seems to be overriding in Jesus’ hidden life? Obedience. What does obedience involve inside a person? Obedience essentially involves submitting one’s actions to the will of another and, in many instances, consists in renouncing one’s own particular desires and preferences in deference to someone else’s.
42 3. Jesus’ Hidden LifeCLOSURE Have the students write a paragraph summarizing Jesus’ early life using the five Joyful Mysteries of the Rosary.
43 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Reading ReadingWhy the Word Became Flesh through The Word Became Flesh to Manifest God’s Love (pp. 86–91)Study QuestionsQuestions:Practical Exercise 3.WorkbookQuestions
44 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Conduct a mini-lecture on the evangelical counsels.Christ requires all Christians to live the Ten Commandments interpreted in the sense of the new Law of Love. If we reject these we cannot be saved, so they are obligatory.There are also additional “counsels,” which Jesus advised but did not require, as when he told the rich young man, “If you would be perfect ” He also spoke of voluntary celibacy for the kingdom of God.Christian tradition has identified three particular freely adoptable counsels, called the evangelical counsels because they come from the Gospel and can help perfect people on earth: they are chastity, poverty, and obedience.
45 3. Jesus’ Hidden Life ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT (continued) Chastity means celibacy for the kingdom of God in which one voluntarily gives up the good of marriage.Poverty means giving up the ownership and the security of possessions for the sake of the kingdom of Heaven.Obedience means rather than seeking honors and ruling over others, one becomes subject to a superior.The evangelical counsels are the basis of monasticism and the religious orders that have done so much good for the Church and her individual members.It is possible for a person to be married, rich, and powerful and live an exemplary Christian life if he or she also practices chastity, a voluntary detachment from material possessions, and humility.
46 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love ANTICIPATORY SET Teach the students the Angelus (p. T194). Explain that the Angelus honors Mary and calls to mind the Incarnation in which the “Word became flesh and dwelt among us.” Have them pray it for the class’s opening prayer.
47 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love BASIC QUESTIONSWhy did God become man?KEY IDEASGod became man to reconcile us with God by making expiation for our sins by his life and sufferings.God became man to show us the depths of his love.
48 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love FOCUS QUESTIONSOf the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity, why is it appropriate that God the Son be entrusted with the redemption of the world? Since in the original creation all things were made through him it is appropriate that all things would be redeemed by him. What are the four reasons presented in this chapter for why God became man? (1) To make expiation for our sins. (2) To manifest the depths of God’s love. (3) To give us a model of holiness. (4) To allow us to share in God’s divine life. What do reconcile and expiation mean? Reconcile means to be put in a right relationship. Expiation means to pay what is owed as a penalty for wrong doing.
49 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love FOCUS QUESTIONSWhy did our first parents’ sin create an “ever-widening” rift between God and the human race? Original Sin opened the rift and every subsequent actual sin widens it. Why is Original Sin—and by extension every mortal sin—infinitely serious? Because these are offenses against a Person of infinite dignity. Why is it impossible for a human being or all human beings together to offer just atonement for sin? Because we are limited beings, we can only offer limited reparation. But, because infinite reparation is called for, only an infinite being—God—can offer adequate reparation.
50 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love FOCUS QUESTIONSWhy is it necessary, though, that man offer reparation to God for sin? Because man is the one who brought sin into the world. What exactly was the redemptive sacrifice that Christ offered? Every action of Christ on earth from his conception until his Ascensions was redemptive, but especially, of course, his Passion. What are some less dramatic examples of Christ’s redemptive actions? Some examples are Christ’s poverty, which enriches us; his hidden life of submission, which atones for our disobedience; his preaching, which purifies us; and his taking on our infirmities, which heals and exorcises us.
51 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is a second reason God became man? To show how much he loves us. How does creation itself show God’s love? God had no reason to create anything except to share his goodness and happiness. Since he did create, it shows he loves his creation. How does God’s plan of redemption show his love? Since in his plan he would share in the human experience and suffer for our sins, he shows radical love for us. What is the greatest love of which man is capable? To lay down his life for his friends.
52 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love GUIDED EXERCISE Have the students work with a partner to build an argument to show why the Incarnation was “necessary” for us to be reconciled to God.
53 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love FOCUS QUESTIONSWhy can every person who suffers feel close to Christ? Because Christ not only suffered but suffered for them. How was Christ’s Passion a seeming tragedy for Jesus’ followers? It looked like Jesus entirely failed in his mission. Why is Christ’s Passion part of Adam’s “felix culpa”? Christ won our salvation and showed the depths of his love, something that would not have happened without Adam’s sin.
54 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love GUIDED EXERCISE St. Paul spoke of “filling up what was lacking in the sufferings of Christ.” Work with a partner to come up with ten ways a student can make reparation for the sins of the world in ordinary, nondramatic ways.
55 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love CLOSURE Have the students write a paragraph summarizing the two reasons presented in this lesson why God became man.
56 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTReadingThe Word Became Flesh to Offer a Model of Holiness through The Word Became Flesh to Allow a Share in Divine Life (pp. 91– 96)Study QuestionsQuestions:Practical Exercises 4-5.WorkbookQuestions
57 4. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Reconcile Us and Show God’s Love ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Have the students work with a partner to select a Passion narrative from one of the four Gospels and to list every suffering Christ endured as reported in that account.
58 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature ANTICIPATORY SET Introduce the students to meditative prayer. Explain meditative prayer as defined in CCC Have the students turn to the Parable of Lazarus and the Rich Man in their Bibles (cf. Lk 16: 19–31). Incorporate a prayerful reading of this parable into the class’s opening prayer. Then give the students five minutes to think about the parable, talk to God about it, and then reflect on how this parable might relate to their lives. Then give them five minutes to free write on what happened inside them during their meditation. Share responses.
59 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature BASIC QUESTIONSWhy did God become man?KEY IDEASGod became man to give us a model of holiness for us to imitate.God also became man to give us a share in his own divine life by making us his children.
60 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is a third reason God became Incarnate? To give us a model of holiness for us to imitate. How do we make Christ incarnate in our lives through reading the Gospels? We can make Christ incarnate in our lives by reading the Gospels prayerfully, using meditation and contemplation, and then making resolutions, which we put into effect. What is meditation? It is prayer which engages thought, imagination, emotion, and desire, relating what we read to our lives. What is contemplation? It is a silent, loving “looking” at and listening to God.
61 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat are the Beatitudes in regard to our spiritual development? They are a kind of “manual” to reach true spiritual greatness. What does it mean to make a resolution? It means to make a decision to take some concrete action. In regard to the spiritual life, it means to make a decision to do something or to act in a different way in order to be more like God or to do his will better. How can we work toward heroic sanctity? By putting Christ’s words and example into practice. Why should Christ be our model of imitation? Because he is the perfect man.
62 Example from Christ’s Life One Way to Live this Quality 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His NatureGUIDED EXERCISEHave the students complete the following table to synthesize the material on ways we can imitate Christ. For each quality, provide a simple definition, one example from Christ’s life, and one way a student could live the same quality in his or her own life.WoundDefinitionExample from Christ’s LifeOne Way to Live this QualityServiceSacrificeCharityHumilityObediencePrayer
63 Example from Christ’s Life One Way to Live this Quality 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His NatureWoundDefinitionExample from Christ’s LifeOne Way to Live this QualityServiceDoing something to help another person.Christ washed the feet of hisdisciples at the Last Supper.Putting away the dishes when you come home from school because it needs to be done.SacrificeGiving up something or enduring something voluntarily.Dying on the Cross.Taking the smaller piece of chocolate cake.CharityDesiring the best for anotherperson.Wanting to save humanity from sin and death.Explaining to a friend that looking at pornography on the Internet is not good for him.HumilityMaking yourself “small,” realizing you are not that important.Enduring mockery and abuse, which was completely undeserved.Not justifying yourself when corrected by a friend, teacher, or parent.ObedienceDoing what someone in authority tells you, even when you do not want to.Jesus said to his Father, “Not my will but thine be done,” when he did not want to endure his coming Passion.Not complaining when assigned homework, and then doing it.PrayerTalking to God.On the Cross, Jesus said, “Father forgive them, they know not what they do.”Offering our day to God first thing in the morning.GUIDED EXERCISE
64 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is a fourth reason God became a human being? God wants to give us some of his own divine life. What is sanctifying grace? It is the free and unmerited favor of God given through the Sacraments. This grace heals human nature wounded by sin by giving man a share in the divine life infused into the soul by the Holy Spirit.
65 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat are actual graces? They are specific interventions by God that help us, whether at the beginning of conversion or in the course of the work of sanctification. What is the primary way God gives us both sanctifying and actual grace? The Seven Sacraments. Which is the Sacrament that establishes sanctifying grace in us? Baptism.
66 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature GUIDED EXERCISE Have the students work with a partner to identify three ways St. Charles Borromeo lived a life of Christian service. Share responses.
67 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSHow is our participation in divinity the opposite of what Adam and Eve tried to accomplish? Adam and Eve tried be become “like gods” apart from God. We become like gods through God, by participating in the life of the Blessed Trinity. How does sanctifying grace change our relationship with God the Father? We go from being images of God to sons and daughters of God. Extension: This is also called divine filiation. How is divine filiation more than just imitation of Christ? We actually share Christ’s life.
68 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the indwelling of the Blessed Trinity? It means that the Blessed Trinity actually lives in our souls through the gift of Baptism. What is required for us to be intimate with God? We have to make an effort to conform our lives to the words and actions of Christ: “He who has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me; and he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him” (Jn 14: 21). Can a person become Christlike through his or her own effort alone? No; he or she must remain united to Christ—like a branch to a vine—so as to cooperate with his grace.
69 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature FOCUS QUESTIONSWhat is the new commandment of Christ? You must “love one another as I [Christ] have loved you.” What did St. Paul mean when he wrote that through Christ we become “gods”? He didn’t mean we become omnipotent, omniscient, or eternal, but rather we become “partakers of the divine nature” and become adopted children of God the Father in union with Jesus Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit. According to CCC 460 what does it mean to be “partakers of the divine nature”? It means becoming sons of God.
70 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature CLOSURE Have the students write a paragraph on the two reasons God became man presented in this lesson.
71 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTReadingChrist’s Life Was for Redemption through Conclusion (pp. 97–101)Study QuestionsQuestions:Practical Exercise 6.WorkbookQuestions
72 5. Why the Word Became Flesh: To Model Holiness and To Let Us Share in His Nature ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Have the students complete Practical Exercise 6, reading a brief life of a Catholic saint and then writing a paragraph about how that saint’s life reflected one of the reasons why God became man.
73 6. RedemptionANTICIPATORY SET Incorporate John 8:2–11 (the woman caught in adultery) into the class’s opening prayer and then have a class discussion, asking students to identify how Jesus’ actions and words caused contrition in the Pharisees and show compassion to the woman.
74 6. Redemption BASIC QUESTIONS What part of Christ’s life is redemptive?What is the meaning for us of Christ’s hidden life?What is the power of Christ’s words?Is Christ compassionate?What is justification?KEY IDEASAll of Christ’s life has redemptive value, from his Incarnation until his Ascension.The redemptive value of Christ’s hidden life shows our ordinary life is also a means of sanctification.Christ’s words have power to bring us to conversion, forgiveness of sins, and transformation.Christ’s compassion is available to every person in his or her suffering.Christ has justified us, that is paid the debt owed for sin and transformed our souls.
75 6. RedemptionGUIDED EXERCISE Have the students consider the following episode from Jesus’ life: A woman named Martha received [Jesus] into her house. And she had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching. But Martha was distracted with much serving; and she went to him and said, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her then to help me.” But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things; one thing is needful. Mary has chosen the good portion, which shall not be taken away from her.” (Lk 10:38–42) Ask the students what advice they would give to Martha to turn her activity into prayer.
76 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS In theology, what is a mystery? It is a reality that can never be fully comprehended by the light of human reason alone. What portion of Christ’s life is a mystery? Christ’s entire life is a mystery of redemption, from the Incarnation through his Ascension into Heaven. When did Christ’s intervention in creation begin? At the creation, everything that was made was made through him.
77 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS What does it mean to say that Christ is like us in every way but sin? In his human nature, Christ experienced everything we experience but without ever sinning. Extension: Christ did not program computers on earth, but he did do work, so even computer programmers can relate to him. Christ did not marry and have sexual relations, but he had a human body so he did have a normal attraction to the opposite sex, without either sinning or being inclined to sin in that regard. Why is Christ’s human nature a Sacrament? It is a sign and instrument of grace. What aspect of Christ’s life cannot be brought to our prayer? No part. All of it can be meditated on to discover more about redemption.
78 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS What are some examples of Christ’s hidden life? In his hidden life, Christ lived with his family, worked at a trade, and had a circle of friends. What are some examples of everyday activities we engage in that can be means of union with Christ? Mowing a lawn, writing a term paper, being a good friend, and giving someone a kind greeting. How do we turn all of our activities into prayer? We do them out of love of God with as much human perfection as possible.
79 6. RedemptionGUIDED EXERCISE Have the students work with a partner to come up with two ways that Christ “gives rest” to or lightens the burden of suffering persons who come to him.
80 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS What does it mean to say that the words of Christ are redemptive and can purify consciences? It means that the actual words Christ spoke save us and take away our sins. What is an example of the power of Christ’s words in the Sacraments? When a priest repeats Christ’s words from the Last Supper at Mass, “This is my body,” the bread over which he says the words actually transforms into the Body of Christ. How do Christ’s words provoke conversion? Hearing them teaches us to love our enemies, practice detachment from material possessions, embrace our crosses, and forgive others.
81 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS How do Christ’s words help us examine our consciences? Christ’s words prompt us to see the gap between Jesus’ teaching and conduct and our own. This can cut us to the heart and lead to contrition and conversion. What is the two-step process that transforms us into another Christ? (1) Bringing the Gospel texts to prayer. (2) Striving to put them into practice. What is compassion? Compassion is a special kind of love in which a person identifies with the sufferings of another with a desire to relieve his or her pain.
82 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS How did Christ show compassion during his earthly life? He fed the hungry, healed the sick, raised the dead, cast out demons, gave sight to the blind, forgave sins, and so on. Is Christ’s compassion limited to the time he was on earth? No. It extends to every person in every age. How is Christ’s healing ministry not just physical but allegorical as well? Healing a leper, for example, is an image of healing from sin, a kind of spiritual disfigurement and uncleanness.
83 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS Why did Christ not abolish every instance of suffering from the earth? He did not come to remove every suffering, but to redeem men from sin, which is the greatest evil. What is justification? The sacrifice Christ made for the sins of mankind, which paid the debt owed, and which reconciled us with God. What is the etymology of “redemption”? It comes from a Latin word redemere, meaning to buy back.
84 6. Redemption FOCUS QUESTIONS What does redemption give the soul in addition to forgiveness of sins? It gives the soul sanctifying grace, the infused virtues of faith, hope, and charity, and the gifts of the Holy Spirit. What does redemption take away and give? Redemption takes away sin, which gives us a new start. It also transforms the soul, producing a profound change in the interior of the human person.
85 6. RedemptionCLOSURE Have the students write a paragraph summarizing one of the five key ideas of this lesson.
86 6. Redemption HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Study Questions Questions: 40-51. Study QuestionsQuestions:WorkbookQuestions
87 6. RedemptionALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Have the students select a passage of any of the four Gospels at random and free write for five minutes on how the theme of redemption is present in that passage. Share responses.