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STANDARDS ELACCW8.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient.

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Presentation on theme: "STANDARDS ELACCW8.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient."— Presentation transcript:

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2 STANDARDS ELACCW8.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. ELACCRI8.10: Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.

3 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What is pre-writing and how do we use it within the Writing Process? What are some effective ways to write an engaging introduction paragraph? Explain what are transition words and there purpose in writing?

4 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

5 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

6 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

7 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

8 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

9 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

10 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

11 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

12 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

13 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

14 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

15 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

16 TIME TO READ Read: “Position on Dodge Ball in Physical Education” on p “The Weak Shall Inherit the Gym” on p Compare and contrast the two articles identifying the claims, engaging openings, thesis statements, and supporting details.

17 WRITING PROMPT Writing Prompt: There is a saying, “there ought to be a law.” You are to create your own law or change an existing law, and write a speech to your classmates to convince them that your law should be passed. Your essay should include the following: Engaging Opening (use one of the five engaging openings we went over in class) A thesis statement and three sub points/subtopics Transitions An effective conclusion (use one of the four we went over in class) RAFT St5. rategy (your role as a writer, the audience, the format you are writing in, and the topic)

18 Some DOS and DON’Ts Do: Divide into 5 paragraphs Have a thesis statement in your introduction Come up with 3 main points to support your argument—these will be your 3 body paragraphs Have a conclusion that contains a clincher statement Come up with a catchy title Don’t Begin with “hello my name is___ and I’m going to write about____” Take out the word I (instead of I think we shouldn’t wear uniforms say “Uniforms shouldn’t be required” Be wishy washy. Pick a side. Forget to support your opinions with facts and example

19 Stages of writing Prewriting (brainstorming) Rough draft (pencil) Revising/editing Final draft (in pen)

20 Brainstorming Hamburger

21 These are things that make a fabulous persuasive essay A terrific title A thought provoking thesis statement An interesting introduction with a hook 3 banging body paragraphs with innovative ideas Tremendous transition words between paragraphs A killer conclusion with a clincher statement

22 What is a thesis statement? A thesis statement is one sentence at the end of your introduction that states your opinion. It needs to be strong.

23 3 banging body paragraphs with innovative ideas You should come up with three points to support your opinion Each of the points will be turned into a body paragraph Try to think of ideas that no one else would think of

24 3 banging body paragraphs with innovative ideas (an example) Your school has a uniform policy. Some people argue that uniforms in schools are beneficial because they cause less distractions, and some argue that they are not a good idea because they take away a student’s individuality. Do you agree or disagree with uniform policy? Make sure to support your position

25 3 banging body paragraphs with innovative ideas (an example) Thesis: Uniform policies are beneficial in schools, and should be implemented nationwide. Reason 1: Allows for less bullying based on wardrobe. Reason 2: Students will concentrate more on school and less on attire. Reason 3: It cuts down on cost of school clothes and time spent getting ready in the morning.

26 Tremendous transition words Transition words move from one thought to the next Usually at the beginning of 3 body paragraphs Avoid the same weak transition words (first, next, last)

27 A killer conclusion with a clincher statement Clincher statement is the last lline of your paper. It should almost shock your reader Conclusion leaves a lasting impression…

28 A killer conclusion with a clincher statement In conclusion, over 95% of parents polled are in agreement with a school wide uniform policy. Uniforms allow students to be who they are, not what they wear. After all, shouldn’t school be about academics rather than apparel? It’s time our nation got back to reading, writing, and arithmetic….not Baby Phat, Apple Bottom, and FUBU.

29 How will I be graded? On these four areas: Style Organization Ideas Conventions

30 Writing situation appears first Writing Situation The Department of Education is considering a ban on the use of cell phones in public schools. Students would not be able to bring phones into school buildings for any reason. Many teachers and school administrators approve of the plan because they believe that cell phones are a distraction and disrupt class. Students and parents, on the other hand, feel that schools are limiting the ability of parents and children to keep in touch in case of emergencies. Writing Directions Write a letter to your principal either supporting or opposing the cell-phone ban. Provide convincing reasons and specific examples to support your position.

31 Prewriting Four fold method

32 Now… For the following prompt, create –A terrific title –An interesting introduction with a hook –A killer conclusion with a clincher statement

33 PEER EDITING Please exchange papers with an elbow partner. Read over your partner’s paper. Use the “Peer Editing” form and give them feedback on their writing. Return the writing sample and the form to your partnner when done.

34 HOMEWORK Complete Transition Word Worksheet Create poster using one persuasive technique to support your law

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36 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

37 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

38 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

39 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

40 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

41 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

42 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

43 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

44 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

45 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

46 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

47 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

48 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

49 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

50 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

51 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

52 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

53 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

54 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

55 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

56 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

57 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

58 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

59 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

60 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

61 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

62 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

63 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

64 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

65 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

66 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

67 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

68 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

69 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

70 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

71 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

72 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

73 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

74 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

75 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

76 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

77 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

78 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

79 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

80 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

81 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

82 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

83 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

84 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

85 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

86 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

87 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

88 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

89 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

90 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

91 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

92 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

93 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

94 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,

95 Transition Words Words to Add, Compare, Contrast, Exemplify, Summarize, and Sequence.

96 The Functions of Transition Words Transitions function to connect words, phrases, and clauses. 1.Apples and oranges are types of fruit. 2.Not only fast cars but also slow trucks make up highway traffic. 3.Henri stopped writing so that he could listen to his friend.

97 Transitions Add, Compare, and Contrast 1.Addition We also visited Miami Beach. 2. Comparison We like them have to study. 3. Contrast Instead of riding, they walked.

98 Transitions for Example, Summary, and Sequence 4. Example: To illustrate, I will tell a story. 5. Summary: In sum, you must try hard. 6. Time Sequence: At last, she said yes.

99 Transitions of Addition Common Words 1.And 2.Also 3.Besides 4.Too 5.First 6.Next 7.Last Power Terms 1.Moreover 2.Furthermore 3.In Addition

100 Transitions of Comparison Simple Ones 1.Also 2.Too Complex Ones 1.In the same way 2.Likewise 3.Similarly

101 Transitions of Contrast Simple Contrast 1.But 2.Yet 3.Still 4.Even so 5.Instead 6.Otherwise 7.Regardless Complex Contrast 1.Although 2.At the same time 3.Despite that 4.In contrast 5.In spite of 6.Nevertheless 7.Notwithstanding 8.On the other hand

102 Transitions of Example Simple Example 1.For example 2.For instance 3.Indeed 4.In fact 5.Of course Complex Example 1.As an illustration 2.In other words 3.In short 4.That is 5.To illustrate

103 Transitions of Summary Simple Ones 1.Altogether 2.Finally Complex Ones 1.In brief 2.In conclusion 3.In other words 4.In particular 5.In short 6.In summary 7.On the whole 8.That is

104 Sequence Transitions Simple Ones 1.Afterward 2.again 3.before 4.finally 5.last 6.lately 7.meanwhile 8.Next 9.soon 10.then Complex Ones 1.as long as 2.at last 3.at length 4.at that time 5.in addition 6.in the past 7.So far 8.Until now

105 Watch out for Transition Words Just like traffic signals on busy roads, transitions words tell good readers to watch out for a change of direction in the passage. “Good readers follow the signals. Hence, you will too!”

106 Practicing Transitions 1.In addition, 2.Likewise, 3.Even so, 4.For instance, 5.In general, 6.Finally,


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