Presentation on theme: "Indirectly Messianic Psalms"— Presentation transcript:
1 Indirectly Messianic Psalms Present-Day Historical Events Psalm 1:1-3Gentile kings revolted against their tribute status during Solomon’s reign. But David also foresaw final fulfillment in Messiah, the King.Psalm 45:6-7Sung at a Hebrew monarch’s wedding; theking is addressed as “God” by virtue of hisoffice. But Christ addressed as “God” by virtueof His nature (Hebrews 1:8-9).
2 Indirectly Messianic Psalm Psalm 45:6-7 – “Your throne, O God, isforever and ever; a scepter of righteous-ness is a scepter of Your kingdom. Youlove righteousness and hate wickedness.Therefore God, Your God, has anointedYou with the oil of gladness more thanYour companions.”The writer to the Hebrews quoted these verses in reference to Jesus. They originally referred to Solomon.
3 The Psalmist Presents His Message The Way of the Ungodly is the Way of RebellionThe Psalmist Presents His Messagein Four Scenes.First Scene on Earth: The psalmist angrilyquestions why enemies would think up a plotthat could not succeed (vv. 1-3).They form a rebel coalition against the King ofIsrael.
4 Enemies During Jesus’s First Coming Peter applies Psalm 2:1-2 (See Acts 4:25-27)Gentiles (nations): Represented by the RomansPeople: Represented by IsraelKings: Pontius Pilate – represented by RomeRulers: Herod with chief priests and scribes
5 Comparing Psalm 1:2b and Psalm 2:1 “And in His law he meditates day and night.”“The people imagine, plot, meditate upon, devise a vain thing.”While the blessed man meditates upon Torah,the Gentiles and the people meditate upona vain thing (that is, overthrowing the King).
6 Comparing Psalm 1:2b and Psalm 2:1 Two Widely Divergent Purposes of MeditationThe righteous man wants to deepen his fellowship with and understanding of the LORD (Ps. 1).The wicked want their independence; therefore they rebel against the LORD and His Anointed (Ps. 2).
7 Psalm 2:4-6 OutlineSecond Scene in Heaven: The psalmist declares the Sovereign LORD’s attitude toward His opponents (vv. 4-6).The psalmist presents the LORD’s attitude with a series of contrasts and comparisons.Contrast: Spiritual StatusComparison: ContemptComparison: AngerContrast: Official Action
8 The Evolution of Kingship in Israel Abrahamic Covenant – Land, Seed, BlessingEnlargement of Seed Aspect – Gen. 35 (kings)Mosaic Covenant Made – Exodus (Sinai)[The Law: Moral, Civil, Ceremonial]IV. Mosaic Covenant Renewed – DeuteronomyResponsibilities of the King (Deut. 17)VI. The Judges – Mediators (Samson, Gideon)VII. Israel Rejects Yahweh as King – 1 Samuel 8VIII. The Davidic Covenant – 2 Samuel 7IX. The Mediatorial Kingdom Split (931)X. Northern (722); Southern (586); No King
9 Psalm 2:7-9 OutlineThird Scene in Heaven: The psalmist quotes the Son’s affirmation (vv. 7-9).
10 Psalm 2:7 in the New Testament Acts 13:33 – Speaks of His Resurrection DayHebrews 1:5 – Son “Begotten” into a Royal Position By His AnointingHebrews 5:5 – Begotten into a Melchizedekian priesthood
11 Revelation 2:26-27 and Psalm 2:9 Overcomers and the Kingdom“And he who overcomes, and keeps My worksuntil the end, to him I will give power over thenations. He shall rule them with a rod of iron;they shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’svessel.
12 Enemies At Jesus’s Second Coming Allusion to Psalm 2:9a in Revelation 19:15Enemies At Jesus’s Second ComingJohn in Revelation 19:15 alludes to Psalm 2:9a: “You shall break them with a rod of iron.”“Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword,that with it He should strike the nations.And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron (19:15).
13 Psalm 2:10-12 OutlineFourth Scene on Earth: The psalmist exhorts the heathen (vv ).
14 Example of Antithetical Parallelism Psalm 1:6 – “For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the ungodlyshall perish.” Notice how the contrastive conjunction(“but”) introduces the opposite half of theparallelism: “The way of the righteous” corresponds to “the way of the ungodly,” and “knows”corresponds to “shall perish.”Common in Proverbs.
15 Psalm 2Psalm 2 provides no explicit identification of historical background or authorship. Possible historical background occurred when kings were rebelling against Israel’s king. Israel’s king is styled as a son of Yahweh by the word of Yahweh.
16 Psalm 2 Psalm 2 does not contain a “title.” The person who arranged Book One (possibly David) placed Psalm 1 and Psalm 2 together because of the framing device. Psalm 1 begins with “blessed,” and Psalm 2 ends with “blessed.”
17 Psalm 2Psalm 2 is a prophecy, stressing Messianic themes. Psalm 2 is concerned for Torah in terms of the Son’s rule. Acts 13:33—the “second Psalm”: David’s words of assurance to Solomon. Connection with 2 Samuel 7: son of the father.Most Psalms are laments (individual and community) and individual songs of thanksgiving.
18 Psalm 2Psalm 2 is known as an “indirectly Messianic” psalm. The writer may have had in mind a current Israelite king first, yet he also awaited final fulfillment in the ultimate King (cf. Psalm 45, 72).
19 Typico-Prophetic Messianic Psalm Psalm 22:1 – “My God, My God, whyhave you forsaken Me?”Purely Prophetic Messianic PsalmPsalm 110:1 – The LORD said to myLord, “Sit at My right hand till I makeYour enemies Your footstool.”In the first, David described his present experience; Jesus quoted it from the cross. Christ used the second as fulfillment in every respect.
20 Psalm 2’s New Testament Connections Present-Day Historical Event (Psalm 1-3)Gentile kings revolted against their tribute status during the reign of Solomon.Enemies At Jesus’s First Coming (Acts 4:25-27)Gentiles: RomansPeople: IsraelKings: Pontius Pilate – represents RomeRulers: Herod with chief priests and scribesEnemies At Jesus’s Second Coming (Rev. 19:15)You shall break them with a rod of iron (Ps. 2:9a); Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron (19:15).
21 Basic Outline: Psalm 1 What the Righteous Man Does Not Do (v. 1) What the Righteous Man Does Do (v. 2)What the Righteous Man is Likened To (v. 3)What the Wicked are Likened To (v. 4)What the Wicked Shall Not Do (v. 5)What the LORD Knows (v. 6)