Presentation on theme: "Indirectly Messianic Psalms Psalm 45:6-7 Sung at a Hebrew monarch’s wedding; the king is addressed as “God” by virtue of his office. But Christ addressed."— Presentation transcript:
Indirectly Messianic Psalms Psalm 45:6-7 Sung at a Hebrew monarch’s wedding; the king is addressed as “God” by virtue of his office. But Christ addressed as “God” by virtue of His nature (Hebrews 1:8-9). Present-Day Historical Events Psalm 1:1-3 Gentile kings revolted against their tribute status during Solomon’s reign. But David also foresaw final fulfillment in Messiah, the King.
Indirectly Messianic Psalm Psalm 45:6-7 – “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteous- ness is a scepter of Your kingdom. You love righteousness and hate wickedness. Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.”
The Way of the Ungodly is the Way of Rebellion First Scene on Earth: The psalmist angrily questions why enemies would think up a plot that could not succeed (vv. 1-3). They form a rebel coalition against the King of Israel. The Psalmist Presents His Message in Four Scenes.
Enemies During Jesus’s First Coming Peter applies Psalm 2:1-2 (See Acts 4:25-27) Gentiles (nations): Represented by the Romans People: Represented by Israel Kings: Pontius Pilate – represented by Rome Rulers: Herod with chief priests and scribes
Comparing Psalm 1:2b and Psalm 2:1 Psalm 1:2bPsalm 2:1 “And in His law he meditates day and night.” “The people imagine, plot, meditate upon, devise a vain thing.” While the blessed man meditates upon Torah, the Gentiles and the people meditate upon a vain thing (that is, overthrowing the King).
Comparing Psalm 1:2b and Psalm 2:1 The righteous man wants to deepen his fellowship with and understanding of the L ORD (Ps. 1). The wicked want their independence; therefore they rebel against the L ORD and His Anointed (Ps. 2). Two Widely Divergent Purposes of Meditation
Second Scene in Heaven: The psalmist declares the Sovereign L ORD ’s attitude toward His opponents (vv. 4-6). Psalm 2:4-6 Outline The psalmist presents the L ORD ’s attitude with a series of contrasts and comparisons. Contrast: Spiritual Status Comparison: Contempt Comparison: Anger Contrast: Official Action
The Evolution of Kingship in Israel I.Abrahamic Covenant – Land, Seed, Blessing II.Enlargement of Seed Aspect – Gen. 35 (kings) III. Mosaic Covenant Made – Exodus (Sinai) [The Law: Moral, Civil, Ceremonial] IV. Mosaic Covenant Renewed – Deuteronomy V. Responsibilities of the King (Deut. 17) VI. The Judges – Mediators (Samson, Gideon) VII. Israel Rejects Yahweh as King – 1 Samuel 8 VIII. The Davidic Covenant – 2 Samuel 7 IX. The Mediatorial Kingdom Split (931) X. Northern (722); Southern (586); No King
Third Scene in Heaven: The psalmist quotes the Son’s affirmation (vv. 7-9). Psalm 2:7-9 Outline
Psalm 2:7 in the New Testament Acts 13:33 – Speaks of His Resurrection Day Hebrews 1:5 – Son “Begotten” into a Royal Position By His Anointing Hebrews 5:5 – Begotten into a Melchizedekian priesthood
Revelation 2:26-27 and Psalm 2:9 Overcomers and the Kingdom “And he who overcomes, and keeps My works until the end, to him I will give power over the nations. He shall rule them with a rod of iron; they shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’s vessel.
Allusion to Psalm 2:9a in Revelation 19:15 Enemies At Jesus’s Second Coming John in Revelation 19:15 alludes to Psalm 2:9a: “You shall break them with a rod of iron.” “Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron (19:15).
Fourth Scene on Earth: The psalmist exhorts the heathen (vv ). Psalm 2:10-12 Outline
Example of Antithetical Parallelism Psalm 1:6 – “For the L ORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the ungodly shall perish.” Notice how the contrastive conjunction (“but”) introduces the opposite half of the parallelism: “The way of the righteous” corresponds to “the way of the ungodly,” and “knows” corresponds to “shall perish.”
Psalm 2 Psalm 2 provides no explicit identification of historical background or authorship. Possible historical background occurred when kings were rebelling against Israel’s king. Israel’s king is styled as a son of Yahweh by the word of Yahweh.
Psalm 2 Psalm 2 does not contain a “title.” The person who arranged Book One (possibly David) placed Psalm 1 and Psalm 2 together because of the framing device. Psalm 1 begins with “blessed,” and Psalm 2 ends with “blessed.”
Psalm 2 Psalm 2 is a prophecy, stressing Messianic themes. Psalm 2 is concerned for Torah in terms of the Son’s rule. Acts 13:33—the “second Psalm”: David’s words of assurance to Solomon. Connection with 2 Samuel 7: son of the father.
Psalm 2 Psalm 2 is known as an “indirectly Messianic” psalm. The writer may have had in mind a current Israelite king first, yet he also awaited final fulfillment in the ultimate King (cf. Psalm 45, 72).
Typico-Prophetic Messianic Psalm Psalm 22:1 – “My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me?” Psalm 110:1 – The L ORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” Purely Prophetic Messianic Psalm
Psalm 2’s New Testament Connections Present-Day Historical Event (Psalm 1-3) Enemies At Jesus’s First Coming (Acts 4:25-27) Enemies At Jesus’s Second Coming (Rev. 19:15) Gentile kings revolted against their tribute status during the reign of Solomon. Gentiles: Romans People: Israel Kings: Pontius Pilate – represents Rome Rulers: Herod with chief priests and scribes You shall break them with a rod of iron (Ps. 2:9a); Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron (19:15).
Basic Outline: Psalm 1 I.What the Righteous Man Does Not Do (v. 1) II.What the Righteous Man Does Do (v. 2) III.What the Righteous Man is Likened To (v. 3) IV.What the Wicked are Likened To (v. 4) V.What the Wicked Shall Not Do (v. 5) VI.What the L ORD Knows (v. 6)