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ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, 13-19 Aug 2010 ORFEUS.

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Presentation on theme: "ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, 13-19 Aug 2010 ORFEUS."— Presentation transcript:

1 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 ORFEUS Data Center Quality Control Reinoud Sleeman Torild van Eck Gert-Jan van den Hazel Alessandro Spinuso Luca Trani Anton van Geyt & Virtual European Broadband Seismic Network Consortium Organizations and Research Facilities for European Seismology

2 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 VEBSN - Virtual European Broadband Seismograph Network status May BB stations 55 networks

3 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010  Collecting, validating and verification of metadata (new stations)  station code (NEIC/ISC registered:  network code (FDSN registered:  system information (sensor, digitizer, sampling rate, etc.)  system response (validation of completeness & consistency) Quality Control at ODC of real-time VEBSN stations

4 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010  Collecting, validating and verification of metadata (new stations)  station code (NEIC/ISC registered:  network code (FDSN registered:  system information (sensor, digitizer, sampling rate, etc.)  system response (validation of completeness & consistency)  Initial monitoring of communication and waveform quality  quarantine system ( reliability, stability, gaps, ……)  waveform data Quality Control at ODC of real-time VEBSN stations

5 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010  Quality Control Monitor (QCM)  automatic procedures for real-time data and meta-data - locations, magnitudes (Antelope ® ) - station histograms (time residuals, magnitude) - Power Spectral Density (PSD) vs. Time - PQLX  data completeness  visual check of pre-packed event data (SAC, PQL, PQLX)  polarization analysis (manually)  SeisComP 3 QC parameters (DB: gaps, RMS, spikes, clock quality …..) Quality Control at ODC of real-time VEBSN stations

6 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 X Mb (station) – Mb (VEBSN) MS (station) – MS (VEBSN) Time residuals ( P-phase) Antelope processing output  Quality Control at ODC – histograms per station

7 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Quality Control at ODC – PSD vs. Time  overall quality of data versus time (PSD vs. time)  to monitor changes in behavior of seismic system  malfunctioning of seismic instrumentation  verifying and monitoring changes in meta data  changes in local site conditions  long term behavior Julian day dB PSD at selected frequencies

8 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Quality Control at ODC – PQLX (McNamara, Boaz)  stacked PSD per frequency (statistical representation) Period (sec) dB high noise model low noise model

9 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Quality Control at ODC – PQLX  tool to select stations for specific scientific studies “Earth’s Hum” NL_HGN_BHZ NL_WTSB_BHZ Courtesy Rudy Widmer

10 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010  data extraction (30 min. segments) less than 28 minutes is represented as a gap Quality Control at ODC – PSD vs. Time procedure

11 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010  data extraction (30 min. segments) less than 28 minutes is represented as a gap  PSD estimation (periodogram averaging, Welch (1967) 50 % overlapping time sections (8192 samples at 40 sps) tapering (Hanning window) autocorrelation Fourier transform PSD averaging over the number of time sections one-sided PSD (USGS noise models) instrument response deconvolution (no digital filters, only poles, zeros and sensititvity) PSD smoothing over 1/10-th of a decade Counts 2 /Hz  (m/s 2 ) 2 / Hz Quality Control at ODC – PSD vs. Time procedure

12 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Synthetic input:  white noise  RMS = 1 x gain STS-1 sensor x gain Q330 digitizer   t = sec PSD estimation: deconvolve for STS-1 response and Q330 I(w) = O(w) / H(w) Expected result:  RMS = 1 [360 sec. – 10 Hz]  PSD = 10  log ( 2 x  2 x  t) = -13 dB (one-sided)  -10 corner frequencies (360 sec and 10 Hz ) Software calibration / testing

13 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 PSD = 10  log ( 2 x  2 x  t) (one-sided PSD) = -13 dB Synthetic test: result

14 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 PSD at selected frequencies vs. time ( 0.01, 0.05, 0.5, 2.0 Hz) Noise energy in two frequency bands vs. time ( 0.05 – 0.1 Hz and 0.1 – 1.0 Hz ) Minimum noise level vs. frequency

15 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 1

16 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 1 disconnected sensor ? seems not likely

17 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 2

18 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 2 New sensor + digitizer

19 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 4

20 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 4 New temperature isolation sensor

21 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 4 ?

22 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 4 ?

23 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 Example 5 suspicious gain in meta-data

24 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 ODC-VEBSN event, SOLOMON ISLANDS REGION On 2007/04/04 at 00:39:34.79 UTC Magnitude = mb 6.2 Latitude = 14.43S Longitude = E Depth = 30.0 ARRIVALS: Net Sta Dist EvAz Phase Time TRes Def SNR mb Ms ML : GR WET P 00:58: T OE MOA P 00:58: T OE OBKA P 00:58: T SL LJU P 00:58: T OE KBA P 00:58: T SL CEY P 00:58: T OE WTTA P 00:58: T GE STU P 00:58: T NL HGN P 00:58: T GE WLF P 00:58: T : mb difference

25 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug f Normalization

26 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 impulse response amplitude response before update after update

27 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 N E Z Polarization verification

28 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 SeisComp3 – RT QC station map / status origin information / review trace viewer QC parameter status

29 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 SC3 Real-Time Quality Control View

30 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 >= 90 % data : 53 % channels >= 95 % data : 36 % channels >= 99 % data : 10 % channels

31 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug hours ODC outage per year = 0.14 % average: 98.3 %

32 ORFEUS Quality Control – Reinoud Sleeman Managing Waveform Data and Related Metadata for Seismic Networks Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, Aug 2010 ORFEUS does not operate stations VEBSN is a complex, heterogeneous and dynamic system ODC operational for % Data gaps in order of days Missing data mainly due to station problems and/or communication problem ? Secondary data retrieval mechanisms


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