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Forestry and GAP by Michelle Gauthier (Forestry Conservation Service) (FORC) Christine Holding-Anyonge (Forestry Policy and Institutions Service) (FONP)

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Presentation on theme: "Forestry and GAP by Michelle Gauthier (Forestry Conservation Service) (FORC) Christine Holding-Anyonge (Forestry Policy and Institutions Service) (FONP)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Forestry and GAP by Michelle Gauthier (Forestry Conservation Service) (FORC) Christine Holding-Anyonge (Forestry Policy and Institutions Service) (FONP) Laura Russo (Forest Products Service) (FOPP) Presented at FAO Workshop on GAPs Thursday 28 October 2004 Working PowerPoint updated April 2006

2 GAP Concept and Forestry Good Agricultural Practices is the application of available knowledge to the use of the natural resource base in a sustainable way for the production of safe, healthy food and non-food agricultural products, in a humane manner, while achieving economic viability and social stability.

3 Complexity of the forestry resource Resources: Forests, planted forests, agroforestry systems, other trees outside forest systems Lands: Forests and other wooded lands, agricultural Urban and Rural Products: Wood, pulp and paper, fuelwood Non Wood Forest Products (nwfp), Agroforestry products Services: Watershed conservation, soil fertility, erosion Control, windbreak, landscape management * Definition of nwfp (land origin); and agroforestry

4 Driving forces… Challenges Tree and land tenure - Public and privateTree and land tenure - Public and private Scale/level: farming systems; watershed; landscape; production systemsScale/level: farming systems; watershed; landscape; production systems Goods and servicesGoods and services Stakeholders: small-farmer, community, private enterprise, government, local authoritiesStakeholders: small-farmer, community, private enterprise, government, local authorities Three pillars Economic, social and environmental “Good Practices in Forestry” … GAP, GAFP, SFMP, GHP, GMP, …..Good Agricultural Practices, ‘Good Agroforestry Practices’, Sustainable Forest Management Practice, Good Hygiene Practice, Good Manufacturing Practice..

5 Three Pillars Promotion of the sustainable forestry Social equitable Environmental friendly Economic viable Forest Products and Economics Division (FOP) Forest Resources Division (FOR) Forestry Policy and Information Division (FON)

6 FAO Expertise in GAP and Good Forestry Practice (GFP) (Speedy dot classification system) GAP PAPER II Food safety BFood safety B Environment MEnvironment M Social SSocial S FORESTRY Environmental Social Food Safety … Synergy, Complementarity, Commonalities …

7 FAO Forestry Department role as it relates to GAP and GFP Assist member countries in developing & implementing Good Practices in the Forestry SectorAssist member countries in developing & implementing Good Practices in the Forestry Sector Provides with a Neutral Forum for dialogue – equitable corporate & small-holders partnership, negotiations processProvides with a Neutral Forum for dialogue – equitable corporate & small-holders partnership, negotiations process Facilitates International and National Processes – C&I, standards, codes of conducts, codes of practices, guidelines.Facilitates International and National Processes – C&I, standards, codes of conducts, codes of practices, guidelines.

8 Equitable Partnerships, Markets, and Forest Extension (C. Holding – FONP) Forest extension seeks to: Promote problem solving and multi-stakeholder approaches to enhance the contribution of trees and forests to sustainable land use and food securityPromote problem solving and multi-stakeholder approaches to enhance the contribution of trees and forests to sustainable land use and food security Tackles issues of social justice, using principle of dialogue, learning processes, and balanced with parameters of environmental sustainabilityTackles issues of social justice, using principle of dialogue, learning processes, and balanced with parameters of environmental sustainability Emphasis on partnerships that facilitate access to markets and market informationEmphasis on partnerships that facilitate access to markets and market information Forest extension is elaborating and implementing a variety of partnership approaches base don the principles social, economic equity and environmental sustainabilityForest extension is elaborating and implementing a variety of partnership approaches base don the principles social, economic equity and environmental sustainability

9 Corporate Small-holder partnership (1) Why now? Demand for forest productsDemand for forest products Harvesting in natural forests proscribed: environmental and conservation concerns; biodiversity; indigenous rightsHarvesting in natural forests proscribed: environmental and conservation concerns; biodiversity; indigenous rights Future production foci: planted forests and trees on farmsFuture production foci: planted forests and trees on farms Livelihoods diversification opportunities for smallholdersLivelihoods diversification opportunities for smallholders

10 Corporate small-holder partnership (…2) Conditions for mutually beneficial partnerships PolicyPolicy EconomicEconomic Socio-culturalSocio-cultural EcologicalEcological ManagementManagement - Preconditions - Mutually beneficial - Recognition of diverse and multiple objectives - Sustainability - Respectful practices, joint action learning Outgrower schemes in Brazil, Colombia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, New Zealand, Portugal, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Vanuatu, Zimbabwe…

11 Corporate small-holder partnerships Vision (…3) Improved effectiveness, efficiency and equity of partnerships between corporate and smallholder investors in planted trees and forests landscapesImproved effectiveness, efficiency and equity of partnerships between corporate and smallholder investors in planted trees and forests landscapes Corporate smallholder partnerships exhibiting greater equity supported by and integrated into institutional, legal frameworks, corporate strategies and policy process in their respective countriesCorporate smallholder partnerships exhibiting greater equity supported by and integrated into institutional, legal frameworks, corporate strategies and policy process in their respective countries

12 Corporate small-holder partnerships (…4) How to get there Understanding of appropriate contexts for partnerships improvedUnderstanding of appropriate contexts for partnerships improved Guidance for partnerships improvedGuidance for partnerships improved Capacity for partnerships improvedCapacity for partnerships improved Governance of partnerships improvedGovernance of partnerships improved

13 C&I, Guidelines, Codes of conduct/practices, E&S assessments, Standards and Certification Sustainable forest management (SFM) –International and national processes on criteria and indicators for SFM C&I as a framework for SFM and certification schemesC&I as a framework for SFM and certification schemes 9 international processes, 150 countries9 international processes, 150 countries Tenure and use rights and responsibilities; Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, Benefits from the forests, Environmental impact, Management plan, Monitoring and Assessment; Maintenance of high conservation values forest; plantationsTenure and use rights and responsibilities; Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, Benefits from the forests, Environmental impact, Management plan, Monitoring and Assessment; Maintenance of high conservation values forest; plantations StakeholdersStakeholders –FAO Model Code of Forest Harvesting Practices (next …) –Model and demonstration forests (next …)

14 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…2) Sustainable forest management (SFM) (…2) –FAO Model Code of Forest Harvesting Practices Social dimension in codes of forest practices: ILO and labour standards in forest industriesSocial dimension in codes of forest practices: ILO and labour standards in forest industries Environmental and social assessment of forest utilizationsEnvironmental and social assessment of forest utilizations Regional codes: Asia-Pacific (1999), Central and West AfricaRegional codes: Asia-Pacific (1999), Central and West Africa National codes (e.g. Australia, British Colombia, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, South Africa)National codes (e.g. Australia, British Colombia, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, South Africa)

15 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…3) Sustainable forest management (SFM) (…3) –Model and demonstration forests Canada … voluntary partnership of all individual, organizations, interest groups and private companies who have a stake in the SFMCanada … voluntary partnership of all individual, organizations, interest groups and private companies who have a stake in the SFM International Model Forest Network (IMFN) in 32 model forests in 12 Countries (Canada, USA, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Russian Federation, Japan, China, Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines and Indonesia)International Model Forest Network (IMFN) in 32 model forests in 12 Countries (Canada, USA, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Russian Federation, Japan, China, Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines and Indonesia) FAO/Japan Regional Forest Project in Asia covering China, the Philippines, Thailand and MyanmarFAO/Japan Regional Forest Project in Asia covering China, the Philippines, Thailand and Myanmar FAO/Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) project in ArgentinaFAO/Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) project in Argentina FAO : Identification of potential future model and demonstration forestsFAO : Identification of potential future model and demonstration forests Other partners: CIFOR, ITTO, CATIE, …Other partners: CIFOR, ITTO, CATIE, …

16 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…4) Sustainable forest management (SFM) (…4) –Forest management certification: Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Pan European Forest Council (PEFC), Rainforest Alliance SFM for goods (e.g. wood, pulp & paper, nwfp, fuelwood, wildlife) … services and welfare

17 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…5) Planted Forests Code –Draft publicly released – a framework of guiding principles & key considerations for planted forest developments (multi-stakeholder process on-going) –Feedback & dialogue (on-going) Fire Management Code –2 nd draft Code & Strategy to Enhance International Cooperation in Implementation of the Fire Management Code (multi-stakeholder process on- going) –Expert consultation, Madrid, May 2006 to review Code and Strategy Processes for Planted Forests Code & Fire Management Code & Strategy supported by Africa Forestry & Wildlife & Asia Pacific Forestry Commissions (March/April 06), Private Sector Associations & International NGOs Final Drafts of Planted Forests Code & Fire Management Code & Strategy to COFO, 2007 for consideration & appropriate action, incl. capacity building, monitoring & reporting

18 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…6) Non-wood forest products (nwfp) –Best practices for selected NWFP: TCP on gum arabic, agarwoodTCP on gum arabic, agarwood Case studies Bolivia (brazil nut, Nuevo Milenio); Ghana (shea, TechnoServe), Namibia (Devil’s caw, CRIAA SA- DC), Germany (devil’s claw, TRAFFIC) and UK (Brazil nuts, consultant)Case studies Bolivia (brazil nut, Nuevo Milenio); Ghana (shea, TechnoServe), Namibia (Devil’s caw, CRIAA SA- DC), Germany (devil’s claw, TRAFFIC) and UK (Brazil nuts, consultant) –FOP is assessing the impact of trade and marketing on the sustainable use of nwfp –Publications: e.g. “Labelling, standards and certification issues for forest gathered food products” –Collaborators for certification and guidelines: WHO, ILO, ITTO, IFOAM, IUFRO, CIFOR, CRIAA SADC, IUCN, WWF/TRAFFIC, UNCTAD

19 C&I, Codes, Standards, Guidelines (…7) Agroforestry, urban forestry and other Trees outside forests –Agroforestry and Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) such as: Nigeria - introduction of an agroforestry component; with ICRAFNigeria - introduction of an agroforestry component; with ICRAF Guatemala – community forestryGuatemala – community forestry –Agroforestry Extension and Food Security: Web material (in preparation) –1 st World Congress of Agroforestry (Orlando, USA, 2004): Parallel session on Agroforestry & Food Security –Low forest cover countries (LFCC) and the Tehran Process –Trees Outside Forests (TOF) and Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) – assessment (data collection and methodology development) –Certification : IFOAM, Forest Garden Initiative (FGI), Rainforest Alliance/Smartwood Programme (FSC Draft Principle # 11)

20 Sustainable Forest Management and NWFP Certification (1) Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) CertificationSustainable Forest Management (SFM) Certification Organic CertificationOrganic Certification Social CertificationSocial Certification Product Quality CertificationProduct Quality Certification

21 Sustainable Forest Management and NWFP Certification (...2) Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Generic guidelines for assessing the management of NTFP in natural forests: 1. Commitment to FSC principles and legal requirements; 2. Land tenure and use rights and responsibilities; 3. Forest management planning and monitoring; 4. Forest management practices; 5. Environmental impacts & conservation; 6. Social & cultural impacts; 7. Community & worker relations; 8. Benefits from the forest and economic viability; 9. Chain of custody. Draft Principle # 11 on NTFP

22 Some publications

23 Thank you


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