Construction #3 Registrering | Notation | Kortlægning | Diagrammatisering Registration | Notation | Mapping | Diagrammatisation R:\Institut_I\D_0506_II\Gibraltar\Construction#3_intro\ [D] Institut I, Arkitektur & Æstetik Arkitektskolen Aarhus TiN
Notation + mapping, before Gibraltar
Datafield R:/Institut_I/Gibraltar/datafelt The datafield deliminates a potential ‘global’ foundation for further project development
”Even to point is always to point…somewhere; and this not only marks a place but it makes it the subject of the particular attention that pointed there instead of…somewhere else. The one who points: author, mapmaker; the place pointed: subject, location; the particular attention: the aspect attended to, the theme – nothing more is involved (and nothing less) in any map.” Wood, Denis m. Fels, John: The Power of Maps, The Guildford Press, N.Y.C. 1992, s. 24
Example ”Houses are worse than people”, an article from New Scientist on diminishing average household sizes / excalating growth in ressource demands + Wikipedia information that the Gibraltar Government ‘pushes’ people with a low income across the Spanish border by enforcing high housing standards by law. + Information from (amongst others) the newspaper Information on Africans migrating to Europe = potentially a programme for an urban densification / low income housing project
Paulette Bernege, 1928, diagram fra Bernege, Paulette, Si les Femme faisaint les Maisons. Kilde: McLeod, Mary (red.), Charlotte Perriand – An Art of Living, Harry N. Abrams, N.Y.C. 2003
Notation + mapping, Gibraltar
Koreografi af en danseinstruktør fra WolfenbüttelDaidalos 47, 1993, s. 66 Fra: Recueil de Contre dances mises en choregraphie par Ernest August Jayme, Wolfenbüttel: Lannais 1717, s. 56
Louis Kahn, Urban space as place for movement, Studies forSergei M. Eisenstein, The path taken by Vladimir Andrejevich from Philadelphia, Pa., the Palace to the Cathedral in ”Ivan the Terrible”, 1942 Daidalos 47, 1993, s. 73Daidalos 47, 1993, s. 78
Edward M. Muybridge, Woman Descending a stairway, 1887 (ø.); Woman Jumping over a Chair, (n.) Daidalos 27, 1988, s. 65 (ø.); František Kupka A Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim, N.Y.C., 1975, s. 59
Etienne-Jules Marey, Fencer, 1882 František Kupka A Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim, N.Y.C., 1975, s. 56
Etienne-Jules Marey, Walking Horse František Kupka A Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim, N.Y.C., 1975, s. 63
Etinenne-Jules Marey, Bird in Flight František Kupka A Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim, N.Y.C., 1975, s. 60
Etienne-Jules Marey, Chronographic Study of Human Locomotion, František Kupka A Retrospective. Solomon R. Guggenheim, N.Y.C., 1975, s. 57
Robbert Flick, At Cambria A Robbert Flick, Trajectories, Steidl Verlag 2004, s
Robbert Flick, Bar Road C (udsnit) Robbert Flick, Trajectories, Steidl Verlag 2004, s (297)
Diagram (gr. di′agramma det (af linjer) omskrevne, figur) tegnemæssig skematisk fremstilling af fx forholdet ml. klasser, talværdier, sproglige størrelser; skematisk tegning af fx maskine, plante, hjerte Gyldendals Fremmedordbog, 11. udg., 5. opl., Gyldendal 1960, 1993 Diagram (L; Gr. di′agram(ma) that is marked out by lines) 1. a figure, usually consisting of a simple line drawing, made to accompany and illustrate a geometrical theorem, mathematical demonstration, etc. 2. a drawing or plan that outlines and explains the parts, operation, etc. of something: the diagram of a machine. 3. a chart*, plan**, or scheme***. Webster´s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Dilithium Press / Gramercy Books, N.Y.C. 1989
As a creative practice, mapping pricipitates its most productive effects through a finding that is also a founding; its agency lies in neither reproduction nor imposition but rather in uncovering realities previously unseen or unimagined, even across seemingly exhausted grounds. Thus, mapping unfolds potential; it remakes territory over and over again, each time with new and diverse consequences. Not all maps accomplish this however; some simply reproduce what is already known. Corner, James, ”The Agency of Mapping: Speculation, Critique, Invention”, in Denis (ed.), Mappings, Reaktion Books Ltd. London 1999, pp
”(…) every map facilitates some living by virtue of its ability to grapple with what is known instead of what is merely seen, what is understood rather than what is no more than sensed.” Wood, Denis; Fels, John: The Power of Maps, The Guildford Press, N.Y.C. 1992, s. 7
The power inherent in the map lies in conveying a knowledge beyond the sum of the many bits of information it encompasses. Local data are given new meaning, are integrated into a set of relationships that bring forth new information about them, in an interplay between the center and the periphery, empirical data and geometrical construction. Jakob, Christian, ”Mapping the Earth from Ancient Alexandria” i Cosgrove, Denis (ed.), Mappings, Reaktion Books Ltd. London 1999, p.32
(…) an abstract machine in itself is not physical or corporeal, any more than it is semiotic; by function, not form (…).The diagrammatic or abstract machine does not function to represent, even something real, but rather constructs a real that is yet to come, a new type of reality. Deleuze, Gilles & Guattari Felix, 1987, A Thousand Plateaus. Athlone, London, 1992, pp
”Abstrakte maskiner” benævnes maskiner, fordi de ikke – som f.eks. et arkiv – blot noterer (dvs. repræsenterer) en virkelighed, men fordi de producerer en (ny) virkelighed. ”Abstract maschines” are maschines in that they do not – as for example an archive – merely contain (i.e. represent) a reality, but produce a (new) reality.
Konfrontationen af data kan i kortlægningen / diagrammatiseringen bringes til at sige andet og mere end summen af enkelt-data. In the map or diagram the confrontation of data is potentially “conveying a knowledge beyond the sum of the many bits of information it encompasses”. Jakob, Christian, ”Mapping the Earth from Ancient Alexandria” i Cosgrove, Denis (ed.), Mappings, Reaktion Books Ltd. London 1999, p.32
Konfrontationen er betinget af den klare adskillelse; den klare adskillelse definerer mellemrummet, der kan bringes til at ”tale”. Uklare adskillelser og definitioner derimod udvisker mellemrummet; konfron- tationen. Der udløses et behov for forklaring, formidling af sammenhæng. Separation conditions confrontation; separation defines the void that potentially can be made to ‘speak’ Lack of precision blurs or erases the void; the confrontation. A need for explanation arises, filling in the void, establishing connection.
The hallucinatory effect derives from the extraordinary clarity and not from mystery or mist. Nothing is more fantastic ultimately than precision. Robbe-Grillet on Kafka. Cit. fra: Hejduk, John, Mask of Medusa, Rizzoli int. Publishers, N.Y., p. 39
data source (site) must be announced in maps and diagrams in order to enable further investigation by others. Additionally it is the precontion of any new or further development of notations; produced maps and diagrams.
rules of production must be announced (examples: announcement of exact registration time / timespan; use of scale; symbols, etc.). This preconditions any new or further development of notations; produced maps and diagrams.
before hand in maps and diagrams are given a subtitle naming the object (-s) of the mapping / diagrammatization before hand in maps and diagrams are given a title naming the subject (theme) of the mapping / diagrammatization Example: Title: Nosy trajectories Subtitle: Stray dog (unleashed), stalked monday am-11am through Gibraltar
Land Ordinance Act of 1785 (George Washington): The Survey Landscape 14 x 20” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 48.
Land Ordinance Act of 1785 (George Washington): Grid Correction Lines 14 x 20” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 57.
Dry-Farming Strip 14 x 20” ”In the Northern Plains, strips of wheat run north and south, alternating with strips that lie fallow in order to accumulate precious water in these arid, windswept prairies. Sometimes a mile long and only 140 feet wide, the planted strips protect the exposed fallow soil from the drying and erosional effects of strong winds that blow from the west. The ridge and furrow of plow lines mirror this orientation with seed being sown in the protected and damper troughs. The width of each band derives from a carefully gauged degree of effective wind-shelter length for the fallow strips in combination with the dimensions of harvester headers.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 125.
Pivot Irrigators I, 14 x 20” ”Sometimes a mile in diameter, these vast circles are constructed using highly specialized survey instruments to make their surfaces level. As the water cools the circular area relative to its surroundings, space satellites sometimes use the resulting infrared temperature patterns as reliable registration marks for orientation.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 90.
Windmill Topography, 14 x 20” ”The combination of high mountains and desert leads to dramatic contrasts in air temperature and wind pressure. Atmospheric inversions and turbulent airflows are common, resulting in high winds (as strong as smog when winds subside). The energy that these airflows yield is captured by strategically sited windmill turbines.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 83.
Contour Farming, 14 x 20” ”These striking landscapes of curves, rolls, and turns are literally measured expreseions of the farmer´s elaborate negotiations with topography, soils, and weather. A dimensional vocabulary accompanies such measures, including phrases such as slope tolerance, pitch, strike, plow depth, plow line, overplow, cross-sow, swale and datum.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 131.
Cahokia Mounds along the Mississippi, Collinsville Ill., 14 x 20” ”The elaborate geometry at Cahokia suggests that the mounds functioned as great symbols of perfection, platforms upon which the most sacred rites would occur and within which the dead where buried and made immortal – measures of permanence across an otherwise undifferentiated, shifting horizon.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 155.
Hopi Horizon Calendar, 14 x 20” ”Hopi time is constructed by the track of the sun across the dramatically marked horizon. As the sun rises and sets in the more extreme location along the horizon each day, and turns back at times of solstice, the Hopi use the geological callibrations across the distant landscape as a timepiece, a calendar to predict times for planting, harvest, and religious ceremony. The solstices are the most important times of observation for the Hopi, as the sun´s movement slows and rests for a few days prior to returning along the horizon and bringing in the new season. If the sun were to stay too long in its ”winter house”, a long, cold winter followed by sprin g frosts might delay planting and damage young crops; whereas if it failed to stay long anough in its ”summer house”, the growing season might be too short for a good harvest. Measured with anticipation and hope, the track of the sun along the horizon constructs the varying rhythms of being in time.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 158.
Hopi Cosmography, 14 x 20” ”Surrounded and watched over by the four sacred mountains (to the east, west, north, and south) and oriented by a striking horizon of distant cones and clefts, the Hopi believe themselves to be duly positioned to receive favorable treatment from the gods.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 157.
Spiral Calendar at Fajada Butte, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, 14 x 20”. ”Close to the summit of Fajada Butte, on a vertical cliff, an arrangement of large stones shields two spirals, one large and one small, drawn into the rock wall. With remarkable precision, the morning sun on the day of summer solstice draws a ”dagger” of bright light through the center of the larger spiral. At winter solstice, two daggers of light exactly frame the outer edges of the spiral. Times of equinox are also recorded. Moreover, at times of lunar standstill a dark shadow bisects the spiral. There are also ten turns of the spiral on the left of center and nine on the right, paralleling the alternation of ten- and nine-year ecliptic cycles. The total of ninteen turns parallels the lunar declination cycle, which is slightly less than nineteen years. Shrine and observatory, the calendrical spiral at Fajada Butte both measures and embodies the unity of natural and human time.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 167.
Acoma Pueblo, Acoma, New Mexico, 14 x 20” ”The orientation and depth of the houses are such that the dwellings are shaded during the summer but penetrated deeply by light and warmth in the winter. Furthermore, the tiered organization exposes a large surface for solar gain in the winter, wherein the low angle of winter sunlight is absorbed by thick, heat-retentive clay walls. The three-story- high wall on the northern side is especially thick and has few windows or doors, thereby protecting inhabitants from cold winter winds. During both winter and summer, the third-floor rooms are ablaze in the red light of sunsets. From afar, the city beckons. From within, the thermal radiation of warmth stored in the thick walls helps the family sleep comfortably through the cold desert nights.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 147.
Longhouse Cave, Mesa Verde, Colorado, 14 x 20” Longhouse is strategically oriented to the south, but the blazing summer sun enters the cave only early in the mornig. Large areas of the cave remain in deep shadow for most of the day. In winter, however, the lower altitude and azimuth of the sun allows light to enter the cave immediately at sunrise and to remain there until sunset. The massive sandstone formation absorbs the heat and radiates it slowly during the cold nights. Furthermore, the disposition of buildings within the cave is such that daily activities, like milling corn, cooking, eating, playing, and dancing, move across the cave according to the daily and seasonal movement of temperature, light, and shadow.” Corner, J. & MacLean, A. S., Taking Measures Across the American Landscape, Yale Univ. Press 1996, s. 141.
Further examples: R:/Institut_I/D_0506_II/Gibraltar/map_examples
1st presentation, Construction #4 Construction #1 + #2 + #3
15th IFHP Film/Video Competition Main themeUrban life, Boundaries and Transformations Three sub-themesliving over the border deconstructing suburbia the invisible city 5 member international jury. Prizes 1st – 4.000,00 EURO 2nd – 3.000,00 EURO 3rd – 2.000,00 EURO Submission dead-line: 25th of August R:/Institut_I/D_0506_II/Gibraltar/videokonkurrence