Presentation on theme: " In two sentences answer the following question: What is the difference between a City-State and an Empire?"— Presentation transcript:
In two sentences answer the following question: What is the difference between a City-State and an Empire?
Upper Egypt Crown Lower Egypt Crown ???
Lived around 3000 B.C.E. Created alliances and conquered Unified Upper and Lower Egypt Died by hippopotamus Narmer
From 2700 B.C.E. – 2200 B.C.E. Papyrus is used During this time the king/pharaoh solidified power Pharaohs are thought of as a god Only pharaohs had the privilege of an afterlife The Old Kingdom
How do you want people to remember you?
Created during the Old Kingdom Period starting with a step pyramid The Pyramids of Egypt
Bent Pyramid built by Sneferu The Pyramids of Egypt
The Great Pyramid at Giza is built by Khufu The Pyramids of Egypt
Monument and tomb of Pharaohs 20 years to build Farmers worked during flooding season Volunteers to work year round Wooden sleds use to move stone The Pyramids of Egpyt
LongOuterInternal Ramp Theories
Do you think King/Pharaoh Bob was a good leader? Why?
After a period of instability 2000 B.C.E. to 1800 B.C.E. Emphasized art and architecture Main Leader: Pharaoh Senusret I Built the White Chapel The Middle Kingdom
Egypt: The New Kingdom Follows the Hyksos Kings 1600 B.C.E B.C.E. Pharaohs expanded the empire Massive building projects
Pharaohs buried in tombs Pharaoh Hatshepsut Increased trade Women gained rights in religion Signed the 1 st peace treaty The Kingdom grew too large and weak rulers could not hold the land Egypt: The New Kingdom
In one paragraph in your Journal please respond to the following: Imagine you have entered this country at the age of 18 with no family or friends. You get a part time job working at a local fast food restaurant What things would you need to do to improve your social standing? (ex: go to school, work harder, new job, make friends) Journal Response
What do scientists think caused King Tut's death? What evidence in the texts could be used to back up their theory? Support your answer with facts and details from the texts. Read King Tut Article and answer the following
With your partner. List the many ways America does or has interacted with other countries. America’s relations with foreign countries
If you lived in the Kingdom of Kush, which one of the periods of time discussed in class (A, B, C, or D) would you prefer to live during? Give two pieces of evident from the handout or Chapter 10 in your textbook to support your response. Your response should be at least one paragraph long. Journal Response
Who is the most important god/goddess and why? Osiris – God of the Dead Ra – God of the Sun Anubis - God of funeral ceremonies/mourning Thoth – God of Wisdom Horus – God of war/sky/falcons Tefnut – Goddess of water and fertility Set – God of deserts/storms/evil/chaos
Polytheism The belief in only one god The one god is all powerful A more modern type of religion Examples: Judaism Christianity Islam The belief in multiple gods gods have limited power (air, sun, sea, etc.) Historically, the oldest forms of belief Examples: Ancient Egypt Greece and Rome Hinduism Monotheism
Monotheistic Religion Formed around 2000 B.C.E. Major Religious Text: Torah Place of Worship: Temple/Synagogue Judaism
Our story begins…
Ancient Hebrews: Abraham Abraham is called the “father of the Hebrews” God told Abraham to move his family from Mesopotamia to Canaan. God made a promise to Abraham to become the father of a great nation and that Canaan would belong to his people From his grandson Jacob, a great nation of 12 tribes was formed
Ancient Hebrews: Moses Born around 1250 B.C.E. Moses and the Hebrew people were living in Egypt God told Moses to go to the pharaoh and free the Hebrews The Pharaoh refused and 10 plagues were sent to the Egyptians The Exodus – the Hebrews leaving Egypt In the Wilderness God gave to Moses 10 commandments to be followed by the people
The Ten Commandments 1.You shall have no other Gods but me. 2.You shall not make for yourself any idol, nor bow down to it or worship it. 3.You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. 4.You shall remember and keep the Sabbath day holy. 5.Respect your father and mother. 6.You must not kill. 7.You must not commit adultery. 8.You must not steal. 9.You must not give false evidence against your neighbor. 10.You must not be envious of your neighbor's goods. You shall not be envious of his house nor his wife, nor anything that belongs to your neighbor.
David About 1000 B.C.E. David defeated Goliath Later, God made David king, and promised the Hebrew kingdom will remain with his children The capitol of Israel was Jerusalem The Ark of the Covenant, a sacred object, was brought to Jerusalem Samuel 16:1-13 Samuel 37: 1-19
Solomon Solomon was David’s son, and king. He built a great temple to honor God. To build the temple the Hebrews were taxed heavily. Near his death the northern tribes broke away forming their own kingdom of Israel Solomon’s descendants ruled until taken captive by the Neo-Babylonians Kings 6:1-38
True or False Moses moved from Mesopotamia to Canaan David built the first temple in Jerusalem Abraham means the father of many According to the Torah 8 plagues were unleashed on Egypt According to the Torah: the Exodus is the Hebrew people leaving Egypt Solomon is the son of David The stories of Abraham and Moses are found in the Torah
Chanukah Dec 8, 2012 – Dec 16, 2012 The 2 nd temple was treated incorrectly Chanukah is the celebration of the rededication of the 2 nd temple The story is found in 1 Maccabees In the Talmud the story is that 1 day of oil lasted for 8 days